द्वारका  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dvaraka dakshin-pashchim gujarat rajy, pashchim-madhy bharat ka prasiddh nagar hai. yah kathiyavad prayadvip ke chhote pashchimi vistar, okhamndal prayadvip ke pashchimi tat par sthit hai. dvaraka kee dvaron ka shahar (snskrit men dvaraka ya dvaravati) ko jagath ya jigat ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. dvaraka bhagavan krishn ki pauranik rajadhani thi, jinhonne mathura se palayan ke bad isaki sthapana ki thi. isaki pavitrata ke karan yah sat pramukh hindoo tirthasthalon men se ek hai, halanki is nagar ke mool mndiron ko 1372 men dilli ke shasakon ne nasht kar diya tha. nagar ka adhikar rajasv tirthayatriyon se milata hai; jvar-bajara, ghi, tilahan aur namak yahan ke bndaragah se jahazon dvara bheje jate hain. vastut: dvaraka do hain-

  1. gomati dvaraka
  2. bet dvaraka, gomati dvaraka dham hai, bet dvaraka puri hai. bet dvaraka ke lie samudr marg se jana padata hai.

manyata hai ki dvaraka ko shrikrishn ne basaya tha aur mathura se yaduvnshiyon ko lakar is snpann nagar ko unaki rajadhani banaya tha, kintu us vaibhav ke koee chihn ab nahin dikhaee dete. kahate hain, yahan jo rajy sthapit kiya gaya usaka rajyakal mukhy bhoomi men sthit dvaraka arthath gomati dvaraka se chalata tha. bet dvaraka rahane ka sthan tha. (yahan samudr men jvar ke samay ek talab pani se bhar jata hai. use gomati kahate hain. isi karan dvaraka gomati dvaraka bhi kahalati hai). yah bharat ki sat pavitr puriyon men se ek hain, jinaki soochi nimnankit hai:

ayodhya mathura maya kashi kashi avantika.
puri dvaravati jaiv saptaita mokshadayika:॥

kushasthali

  • gujarat ka dvaraka shahar vah sthan hai jahan 5000 varsh poorv bhagavan krishn ne mathura chhodane ke bad dvaraka nagari basaee thi. jis sthan par unaka niji mahal 'hari grih' tha. vahan aj prasiddh dvarakadhish mndir hai. isalie krishn bhakton ki drishti men yah ek mahanh tirth hai.
  • dvaraka ka prachin nam hai. pauranik kathaon ke anusar maharaja raivatak ke samudr men kush bichhakar ygy karane ke karan hi is nagari ka nam kushasthali hua tha. bad men trivikram bhagavan ne kush namak danav ka vadh bhi yahin kiya tha. trivikram ka mndir dvaraka men ranachhodaji ke mndir ke nikat hai. aisa jan padata hai ki maharaj raivatak (balaram ki patni revati ke pita) ne pratham bar, samudr men se kuchh bhoomi bahar nikal kar yah nagari basaee hogi.

Blockquote-open.gif manyata hai ki dvaraka ko shrikrishn ne basaya tha aur mathura se yaduvnshiyon ko lakar is snpann nagar ko unaki rajadhani banaya tha, kintu us vaibhav ke koee chihn ab nahin dikhaee dete. Blockquote-close.gif

  • harivnsh puran [1] ke anusar kushasthali us pradesh ka nam tha jahan yadavon ne dvaraka basaee thi.
  • vishnu puran ke anusar,[2] anart ke revat namak putr hua jisane kushasthali namak puri men rah kar anart par rajy kiya. vishnu puran [3] se soochit hota hai ki prachin kushavati ke sthan par hi shrikrishn ne dvaraka basaee thi.
'kushasthali ya tav bhoop ramya puri purabhoodamaravativ, sa dvaraka snprati tatr chaste s keshavansho baladevanama'.
  • kushavati ka any nam kushavart bhi hai. ek prachin kinvadnti men dvaraka ka snbndh 'punyajanon' se bataya gaya hai. ye 'punyajan' vaidik 'panik' ya 'pani' ho sakate hain. anek vidvanon ka mat hai ki panik ya pani prachin gris ke phinishiyanon ka hi bharatiy nam tha. ye log apane ko kush ki sntan manate the[4]. is prakar kushasthali ya kushavart nam bahut prachin siddh hota hai. puranon ke vnshavritt men sharyaton ke mool purush sharyati ki rajadhani bhi kushasthali bataee gee hai.
  • mahabharat, [5] ke anusar kushasthali raivatak parvat se ghiri huee thi-'kushasthali puri ramya raivatenopashobhitamh'. jarasndh ke akraman se bachane ke lie shrikrishn mathura se kushasthali a ge the aur yahin unhonne nee nagari dvaraka basaee thi. puri ki raksha ke lie unhonne abhedy durg ki rachana ki thi jahan rah kar striyan bhi yuddh kar sakati thin.
'tathaiv durgasnskarn devairapi durasadamh, striyoapiyasyan yudhyeyu: kimu vrishnimaharatha:'.[6]
  • bhagavan krishn ke jivan se sambandh hone ke karan isaka vishesh mahattv hai. mahabharat ke varnananusar krishn ka janm mathura men kns tatha doosare daityon ke vadh ke lie hua. is kary ko poora karane ke pashchath ve dvaraka (kathiyavad) chale gaye. aj bhi gujarat men smart dhng ki krishnabhakti prachalit hai. yahan ke do prasiddh mandir 'ranachhodaray' ke hain, arthath us vyakti se sambandhit hain jisane rin (karj) chhuda diya. isamen jarasndh se bhay se krishn dvara mathura chhodakar dvaraka bhag jane ka arth bhi nihit hai. kintu vastav men 'bodhana' bhakt ki priti se krishn ka dvaraka se dakaur chupake se chala ana aur pndon ke prati bhakt ka rin chukana- yah bhav snnihit hai. ye donon mandir dakaur (ahamadabad ke samip) tatha dvaraka men hain. donon men vaidik niyamanusar hi ygy adi kiye jate hain.
  • tirthayatra men yahan akar gopichandan lagane ka vishesh mahattv samajha jata hai. yah age chalakar krishn ke netritv men yadavon ki rajadhani ho gayi thi. yah charon dhamon men ek dham bhi hai. krishn ke antardhan hone ke pashchath prachin dvarakapuri samudr men doob gayi. keval bhagavan ka mandir samudr ne nahin duboya. yah nagari saurashtr (kathiyavad) men pashchimi samudratat par sthit hai.

visheshata

yahan ke vishal bhavan soory aur chndrama ke saman prakashavanh tatha meroo ke saman uchch the. nagari ke chaturdik chaudi khaiyan thin jo gnga aur sindhu ke saman jan padati thin aur jinake jal men kamal ke pushp khile the tatha hns adi pakshi krida karate the[7]. soory ke saman prakashit hone vala ek parakota nagari ko sushobhit karata tha jisase vah shvet meghon se ghire hue akash ke saman dikhaee deti thi [8]. ramaniy dvarakapuri ki poorvadisha men mahakay raivatak namak parvat (vartaman giranar) usake abhooshan ke saman apane shikharon sahit sushobhit hota tha [9]. nagari ke dakshin men latavesht, pashchim men sukaksh aur uttar men veshnumnt parvat sthit the aur in parvaton ke chaturdikh anek udyan the. mahanagari dvaraka ke pachas pravesh dvar the- [10]. shayad inhin bahusnkhyak dvaron ke karan puri ka nam dvaraka ya dvaravati tha. puri charon or gnbhir sagar se ghiri huee thi. sundar prasadon se bhari huee dvaraka shvet atariyon se sushobhit thi. tikshn yantr, shataghniyan , anek yantrajal aur lauhachakr dvaraka ki raksha karate the-[11]. dvaraka ki lambaee barah yojana tatha chaudaee ath yojan thi tatha usaka upanivesh (upanagar) pariman men isaka dvigun tha [12]. dvaraka ke ath rajamarg aur solah chaurahe the jinhen shukrachary ki niti ke anusar banaya gaya tha.[13] dvaraka ke bhavan mani, svarn, vaidoory tatha sngamaramar adi se nirmit the. shrikrishn ka rajaprasad char yojan lnba-chauda tha, vah prasadon tatha kridaparvaton se snpann tha. use sakshath vishvakarma ne banaya tha [14]. shrikrishn ke svargarohan ke pashchath samagr dvaraka, shrikrishn ka bhavan chhodakar samudrasat ho gayi thi jaisa ki vishnu puran ke is ullekh se siddh hota hai-

'plavayamas tan shoonyan dvarakan ch mahodadhi: vasudevagrihn tvekn n plavayati sagar:,[15]

paryatan sthal

dvaraka ke paryatan sthalon men jagath mndir; 48mitar ooncha khoob naqqashidar minar vala panch mnzila prachin mndir 32 kimi door shnkhodvar dvip men prasiddh ranachhodarayaji mndir evn matsyavatar mndir; gopi jhil tatha dvarikavan shamil hai. dvarika men vyapak roop se siment ka kam hota hai.

moksh tirth

nngeshvar mahadev, dvaraka, gujarat

hinduon ke char dhamon men se ek gujarat ki dvarikapuri moksh tirth ke roop men jani jati hai. poornavatar shrikrishn ke adesh par vishvakarma ne is nagari ka nirman kiya tha. shrikrishn ne mathura se sab yadavon ko lakar dvaraka men basaya tha. mahabharat men dvaraka ka vistrit varnan hai jisaka kuchh ansh is prakar hai-dvaraka ke mukhy dvar ka nam vardhaman tha[16]. nagari ke sab or sundar udyanon men ramaniy vriksh shobhayaman the, jinamen nana prakar ke phal-phool lage the.

dvarikadhish mndir

dvarikadhish mandir, dvaraka, gujarat
Dwarkadhish Temple, Dwarka, Gujarat

dvarikadhish mndir kankaroli men rajasamand jhil ke kinare pal par sthit hai. mevad ke char dham men se ek dvarikadhish mndir bhi ata hai, dvarikadhish kafi samay poorv snvat 1726-27 men yahan braj se kankaroli padhare the. mndir sat mnzila hai. bhitar chandi ke sinhasan par kale patthar ki shrikrishn ki chaturbhuji moorti hai. kahate hain, yah mool moorti nahin hai. mool moorti dakor men hai. dvarikadhish mndir se lagabhag 2 kimi door ekant men rukmini ka mndir hai. kahate hain, durvasa ke shap ke karan unhen ekant men rahana pada. kaha jata hai ki us samay bharat men bahar se ae akramanakariyon ka sarvatr bhay vyapt tha, kyonki ve akramanakari n sirf mndiron ki atul dhan snpada ko loot lete the balki un bhavy mndiron v moortiyon ko bhi tod kar nasht kar dete the. tab mevad yahan ke parakrami v nirbhik rajaon ke liye prasiddh tha. sarvapratham prabhu dvarikadhish ko asotiya ke samip deval mngari par ek chhote mndir men sthapit kiya gaya, tatpashchath unhen kankaroli ke is bhavy mndir men bade utsahapoorvak laya gaya. aj bhi dvaraka ki mahima hai. yah char dhamon men ek hai. sat puriyon men ek puri hai. isaki sundarata bakhani nahin jati. samudr ki badi-badi laharen uthati hai aur isake kinaron ko is tarah dhoti hai, jaise isake pair pakhar rahi hon. pahale to mathura hi krishn ki rajadhani thi. par mathura unhonne chhod di aur dvaraka basaee. dvaraka ek chhota-sa-kasba hai. kasbe ke ek hisse ke charon or chaharadivari khinchi hai isake bhitar hi sare bade-bade mandir hai. dvaraka ke dakshin men ek lamba tal hai. ise gomati talab kahate hain. dvaraka men dvarakadhish mndir ke nikat hi adi shnkarachary dvara desh men sthapit char mathon men se ek math bhi hai.

nageshvar jyotirling

shri nageshvar jyotirling gujarat prant ke dvarakapuri se lagabhag 25 kilomitar ki doori par avasthit hai. yah sthan gomati dvaraka se bet dvaraka jate samay raste men hi padata hai. dvaraka se nageshvar-mandir ke lie bas,taiksi adi sadak marg ke achchhe sadhan upalabdh hote hain. relamarg men rajakot se jamanagar aur jamanagar relave se dvaraka pahuncha jata hai.

ranachhod ji mndir

kaha jata hai krishn ke bhavan ke sthan par hi ranachhod ji ka mool mndir hai. yah parakote ke andar ghira hua hai aur sat-mnzila hai. isake uchchashikhar par snbhavat: snsar ki sabase vishal dhvaja laharati hai. yah dhvaja poore ek than kapade se banati hai. dvarakapuri mahabharat ke samay tak tirthon men pariganit nahin thi.

  • jain sootr antakritadashang men dvaravati ke 12 yojan lnbe, 9 yojan chaude vistar ka ullekh hai tatha ise kuber dvara nirmit bataya gaya hai aur isake vaibhav aur saundary ke karan isaki tulana alaka se ki gee hai. raivatak parvat ko nagar ke uttarapoorv men sthit bataya gaya hai. parvat ke shikhar par nndan-van ka ullekh hai.
  • shrimadh bhagavat men bhi dvaraka ka mahabharat se milata julata varnan hai. isamen bhi dvaraka ko 12 yojan ke pariman ka kaha gaya hai tatha ise yntron dvara surakshit tatha udyanon, vistirn margon evn oonchi attalikaon se vibhooshit bataya gaya hai,[17].


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. harivnsh puran 1,11,4
  2. 'anartasyapi revatanama putrojgye yoasavanartavishayn bubhuje purin ch kushasthalimadhyuvas' vishnu puran 4,1,64.
  3. vishnu puran 4,1,91
  4. vedal-mekars av sivilijeshan, pri0 80
  5. mahabharat sabha parv 14,50
  6. mahabharat, sabha parv 14,51
  7. 'padyashndakulabhishch hnsasevitavaribhi: gngasindhuprakashabhi: parikhabhirnlnkrita mahabharat sabha parv 38
  8. 'prakarenarkavarnen pandaren virajita, viyanh moorghinivishten dyorivabhraparichchhada' mahabharat sabha parv 38
  9. 'bhati raivatak: shailo ramyasanurmahajir:, poorvasyan dishiramyayan dvarakayan vibhooshanamh'mahabharat sabha parv 38
  10. 'mahapuri dvaravatin pnchashadbhirmukhai ryutamh' mahabharat sabha parv 38
  11. 'tikshnayantrashataghnibhiryantrajalai: samanvitan ayasaishch mahachakrairdadarsh. mahabharat sabha parv 38
  12. 'asht yojan vistirnamachalan dvadashayatamh dvigunopaniveshanch dadarsh dvarakanpurimh'mahabharat sabha parv 38
  13. ('ashtamargan mahakakshyan mahashodashachatvaramh ev margaparikshiptan sakshadushanasakritamh'mahabharat sabha parv 38)
  14. 'sakshadh bhagavaton veshm vihint vishvakarmana, dadrishurdevadevasy-chaturyojanamayatamh, tavadev ch vistirnamapremayn mahadhanai:, prasadavarasnpannn yuktn jagati parvatai:'
  15. vishnu. 5,38,9
  16. 'vardhamanapuradvaramasasad purottamamh' mahabharat sabha parv 38
  17. 'iti snmantry bhagavan durg dvadashayojanamh, ant: samudrenagarn kritsnadbhutamachikarath. drishyate yatr hi tvashtrn vigyann shilp naipunamh , rathyachatvaravithibhiyathavastu vinirmitamh. suradrumalatodyanavichatropavananvitamh, hemashrringai rdivisprigbhi: sphatikattalagopurai:' shrimadbhagavat 10,50, 50-52

snbndhit lekh


suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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