कुम्भ मेला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kumbh mela se snbndhit lekh
kumbh mela    arddh kumbh    kumbh parampara    rajim kunbh    sinhasth kunbh    kalpavas   naga sadhu    kumbh 2013    prayag    sngam    ilahabad
kumbh mela
kumbh mela, ilahabad
any nam mahakumbh, kumbh parv
anuyayi hindoo dharm
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi paush mas ki poornima
dharmik manyata rakshason aur devataon men jab amrit ke lie ladaee ho rahi thi tab bhagavan vishnu ne ek mohini ka roop liya aur rakshason se amrit ko jabt kar liya. bhagavan vishnu ne garud ko amrit parit kar diya aur ant men rakshason aur garud ke sngharsh men kimati amrit ki kuchh boonden ilahabad, nasik, haridvar aur ujjain men gir geen. tab se pratyek 12 sal men in sabhi sthanon men 'kumbh mela' ayojit kiya jata hai.[1]
snbndhit lekh kumbh mela 2013, haridvar, ilahabad, ujjain aur nasik

kumbh mela hindoo dharm ka ek mahattvapoorn parv hai, jisamen karodon shraddhalu kumbh parv sthal- haridvar, prayag, ujjain aur nasik men snan karate hain. inamen se pratyek sthan par prati barahaven varsh men is parv ka ayojan hota hai. mela pratyek tin varsho ke bad nasik, ilahabad, ujjain aur haridvar men bari-bari se manaya jata hai. ilahabad men sngam ke tat par hone vala ayojan sabase bhavy aur pavitr mana jata hai. is mele men karodon ki snkhya men shraddhalu sammilit hote hai. aisi manyata hai ki sngam ke pavitr jal men snan karane se atma shuddh ho jati hai.

dharmik manyata

rakshason aur devataon men jab amrit ke lie ladaee ho rahi thi tab bhagavan vishnu ne ek 'mohini' ka roop liya aur rakshason se amrit ko jabt kar liya. bhagavan vishnu ne garud ko amrit parit kar diya, aur ant men rakshason aur garud ke sngharsh men kimati amrit ki kuchh boonden ilahabad, nasik, haridvar aur ujjain men gir gee. tab se pratyek 12 sal men in sabhi sthanon men 'kumbh mela' ayojit kiya jata hai.[1]

arddh kumbh aur magh mela

haridvar aur prayag men do kunbh parvon ke bich chhah varsh ke antaral men arddhakunbh hota hai. arddh ya adha kumbh, har chhah varsho men sngam ke tat par ayojit kiya jata hai. pavitrata ke lie arddh kumbh bhi poori duniya men lakhon shraddhaluon ko akarshit karati hai. magh mela sngam par ayojit ek varshik samaroh hai.
gnga nadi, haridvar

inhen bhi dekhen: arddh kumbh evn magh mela

kumbh parv

'kumbh parv' ek amrit snan aur amritapan ki bela hai. isi samay gnga ki pavan dhara men amrit ka satat pravah hota hai. isi samay kumbh snan ka snyog banata hai. kumbh parv bharatiy janamanas ki parv chetana ki viratata ka dyotak hai. visheshakar uttarakhnd ki bhoomi par tirth nagari haridvar ka kumbh to mahakumbh kaha jata hai. bharatiy snskriti ki jivantata ka praman pratyek 12 varsh men yahan ayojit hota hai. poorvi uttar pradesh men gnga nadi ke kinare basa ilahabad bharat ka pavitr aur lokapriy tirthasthal hai. is shahar ka ullekh bharat ke dharmik granthon men bhi milata hai. ved, puran, ramayan aur mahabharat men is sthan ko prayag kaha gaya hai. gnga, yamuna aur sarasvati nadiyon ka yahan sngam hota hai, isalie hinduon ke lie is shahar ka vishesh mahattv hai. 12 sal bad yahan kumbh ke mele ka ayojan hota hai. kumbh ke mele men 2 karod ki bhid ikattha hone ka anuman kiya jata hai jo sambhavat: vishv men sabase bada jamavada hai.

Seealso.gifkumbh mela ka ullekh in lekhon men bhi hai: gnga nadi, haridvar, prayag, kartik, ilahabad, uttarakhnd evn ujjayini

snan parv

mukhy snan tithiyon par sooryoday ke samay rath aur hathi par snton ke rngarng juloos ka bhavy ayojan hota hai. pavitr gnga nadi men snton dvara dubaki lagaee jati hai. sngam tat ilahabad men sivil lains se lagabhag 7 ki.mi. ki doori par sthit hai. yahan par gnga, yamuna aur sarasvati nadi ka sngam hai, ise triveni sngam bhi kahate hain. yahin kumbh mela ayojit kiya jata hai jahan par log snan karate hain. is parv ko 'snan parv' bhi kahate hain. yahi sthan tirtharaj kahalata hai. gnga aur yamuna ka udh‍gam himalay se hota hai jabaki sarasvati ka udh‍gam alaukik mana jata hai. manyata hai ki sarasvati ka udh‍gam gnga-yamuna ke milan se hua hai jabaki kuchh grnthon men isaka udh‍gam nadi ke tal ke niche se bataya gaya hai. is sngam sthal par hi amrit ki boonden giri thi isilie yahan snan ka mahatv hai. triveni sngam tat par snan karane se sharir aur atma shuddh ho jati hai. yahan par log apane poorvajon ka pindadan bhi karate hain.[2]

kumbh ka yog

kumbh barah-barah varsh ke antar se char mukhy tirthon men lagane vala snan-dan ka grahayog hai. isake char sthal prayag, haridvar, nasik-pnchavati aur avantika (ujjain) hain. kumbh yog grahon ki nimn sthiti ke anusar banata hai-

  1. jab soory evn chndr makar rashi men hote hain aur amavasya hoti hai tatha mesh athava vrishabh ke brihaspati hote hain to prayag men kumbh mahaparv ka yog hota hai. is avasar par triveni men snan karana sahasron ashvamedh ygyon, saikadon vajapey ygyon tatha ek lakh bar prithvi ki pradakshina karane se bhi adhik puny pradan karata hai. kumbh ke is avasar par tirth yatriyon ko mukhy do labh hote hain- gnga snan tatha sant samagam.
  2. jis samay guru kumbh rashi par aur soory mesh rashi par ho, tab haridvar men kumbh parv hota hai.
  3. jab guru sinh rashi par sthit ho tatha soory evn chndr kark rashi par hon, tab nasik men kumbh hota hai.
  4. jis samay soory tula rashi par sthit ho aur guru vrishchik rashi par ho, tab ujjain men kumbh parv manaya jata hai.[3]

prayag kumbh

prayag kumbh ka vishesh mahatv isalie hai kyonki yah 12 varsho ke bad gnga, yamuna evn sarasvati ke sngam par ayojit kiya jata hai. haridvar men kumbh gnga ke tat par aur nasik men godavari ke tat par ayojit kiya jata hai. is avasar par nadiyon ke kinare bhavy mele ka ayojan kiya jata hai jisamen badi snkhya men tirth yatri ate hai. yah kumbh any kumbhon men sabase adhik mahattvapoorn hai kyonki yah prakash ki or le jata hai. yah aisa sthan hai jahan buddhimatta ka pratik soory ka uday hota hai. is sthan ko brahmand ka udgam aur prithvi ka kendr mana jata hai. aisi manyata hai ki brahmand ki rachana se pahale brahmaji ne yahi ashvamedh ygy kiya tha. dashvmegh ghat aur brahmeshvar mndir is ygy ke pratik svaroop abhi bhi yahan maujood hai. is ygy ke karan bhi kumbh ka vishesh mahatv hai. kumbh aur prayag ek doosare ke paryayavachi hai.[1]

kumbh parv chakr

kumbh parv vishv men kisi bhi dharmik prayojan hetu bhakton ka sabase bada sngrahan hai. sainkadon ki snkhya men log is pavan parv men upasthit hote hain. kumbh ka snskrit arth hai kalash, jyotish shastr men kumbh rashi ka bhi yahi chinh hai. hindoo dharm men kumbh ka parv har 12 varsh ke antaral par charon men se kisi ek pavitr nadi ke tat par manaya jata hai- haridvar men gnga, ujjain men kshipra, nasik men godavari aur ilahabad men sngam jahan gnga, yamuna aur sarasvati milati hain.

kumbh mela, vrindavan

kumbh parv ilahabad

jyotishashastriyon ke anusar jab brihaspati kumbh rashi men aur soory mesh rashi men pravesh karata hai tab kumbh mele ka ayojan kiya jata hai. varsh 2013 men 14 janavari se poorn kumbh mela ilahabad men ayojit hai. prayag ka kumbh mela sabhi melon men sarvadhik mahatv rakhata hai.

kumbh parv haridvar

haridvar himalay parvat shrinkhala ke shivalik parvat ke niche sthit hai. prachin grnthon men haridvar ko tapovan, mayapuri, gngadvar aur mokshadvar adi namon se bhi jana jata hai. haridvar ki dharmik mahath‍ta vishal hai evn yah hinduon ke lie ek pramukh tirthasthan hai. mele ki tithi ki ganana karane ke lie soory, chandr aur brihaspati ki sthiti ki avashyakata hoti hai. haridvar ka sambandh mesh rashi se hai. san 2010 ka kumbh mela makar snkranti (14 janavari 2010 ) se vaishakh poornima snan (28 aprail 2010) tak haridvar men ayojit hua tha.

kumbh parv nasik

bharat men 12 men se ek jyotirling tryambakeshvar namak pavitr shahar men sthit hai. yah sthan nasik se 38 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai aur godavari nadi ka udgam bhi yahin se hua. 12 varshon men ek bar sinhasth kumbh mela nasik evn trayambakeshvar men ayojit hota hai. aitihasik pramanon ke anusar nasik un char sthanon men se ek hai jahan amrit kalash se amrit ki kuchh boonden giri thin. kumbh mele men sainkadon shraddhalu godavari ke pavan jal men naha kar apani atma ki shuddhi evn moksh ke lie prarthana karate hain. yahan par shivaratri ka tyauhar bhi bahut dhoom dham se manaya jata hai.

kumbh parv ujjain

gnga nadi, haridvar

ujjain ka arth hai vijay ki nagari aur yah madhy pradesh ki pashchimi sima par sthit hai. indaur se isaki doori lagabhag 55 kilomitar hai. yah kshipra nadi ke tat par basa hai. ujjain bharat ke pavitr evn dharmik sthalon men se ek hai. jyotish shash‍tr ke anusar shoony ansh (digri) ujjain se shuroo hota hai. mahabharat ke arany parv ke anusar ujjain 7 pavitr moksh puri ya sapt puri men se ek hai. ujjain ke atirikt shesh hain ayodhya, mathura, haridvar, kashi, kanchipuram aur dvaraka. kahate hain ki bhagavan shiv ne tripura rakshas ka vadh ujjain men hi kiya tha.[4]

kumbh ka arth

kumbh ka shabdik arth kalash hota hai. kumbh ka paryay pavitr kalash se hota hai. is kalash ka hindoo sabhyata men vishesh mahatv hai. kalash ke mukh ko bhagavan vishnu, gardan ko rudr, adhar ko brahma, bich ke bhag ko samast deviyon aur andar ke jal ko snpoorn sagar ka pratik mana jata hai. yah charon vedon ka sngam hai. is tarah kumbh ka arth poornatah auchity poorn hai. vastav men kumbh hamari sabhyata ka sngam hai. yah atm jagrati ka pratik hai. yah manavata ka annt pravah hai. yah prakriti aur manavata ka sngam hai. kumbh oorja ka strot hai. kumbh manav-jati ko pap, puny aur prakash, andhakar ka ehasas karata hai. nadi jivan roopi jal ke annt pravah ko darshati hai. manav sharir pnchatatvon se nirmit hai yah tatv hain-agni, vayu, jal, prithvi aur akash.[1]

kalpavas

kalpavas ke dauran sadhu khana banate hue

prayag men kalpavas ka atyadhik mahatv hai. yah magh ke mah men aur adhik mahatv rakhata hai aur yah paush mah ke 11ven din se magh mah ke 12ven din tak rahata hai. kalpavas ko dhairy, ahinsa aur bhakti ke lie jana jata hai aur bhojan ek din men ek bar hi kiya jata hai. aisi manyata hai ki jo kalpavas ki pratigya karata hai vah agale janm men raja ke roop men janm leta hai.

itihas

kumbh mela, haridvar sanh 1850

uttar bharat ke madhy men sthit prayag ne hazaron varshon ka saphar kar logon ko gyan, vigyan, darshan, kala, dharm aur snskriti ki amooly shiksha di. aj is prayag ko ilahabad kahate hain. mugal shasak akabar ne lagabhag 1583 men isaka nam badal kar ilahabad kar diya. yah ek arabi shabd hai, jisaka arth hota hai allah dvara basaya gaya shahar. lekin ise prayag kahana hi uchit hoga, kyonki yah hinduon ka pramukh tirth sthal hai. mugal kal men bahut se aitihasik mndiron ko todakar unaka astitv mita diya gaya. prayag men hinduon ke bahut sare prachin mndir aur tirth hai. sngam tat par jahan kumbh mele ka ayojan hota hai, vahin yahan bharadvaj rishi ka prachin ashram bhi hai. ise vishnu ki nagari bhi kaha jata hai aur yahin par bhagavan brahma ne pratham ygy kiya tha. mana jata hai pavitr gnga aur yamuna ke milan sthal ke pas aryon ne prayag tirth ki sthapana ki thi. arddh ya adha kumbh, har chhah varshon men sngam ke tat par ayojit kiya jata hai.[5]

pauranik varnan

samudr mnthan ke samay bhagavan vishnu ka koorm avatar

kumbh parv ki mool chetana ka varnan puranon men milata hai. puranon men varnit sndarbhon ke anusar yah parv samudr mnthan se prapt amrit ghat ke lie hue devasur sngram se juda hai. manyata hai ki samudr mnthan se 14 ratnon ki prapti huee jinamen pratham vish tha to ant men amrit ghat lekar dhanvantari prakat hue. kahate hain amrit pane ki hod ne ek yuddh ka roop le liya. aise samay asuron se amrit ki raksha ke uddeshy se indr putr jaynt us kalash ko lekar vahan se palayan kar gaye. vah yuddh barah varshon tak chala. is dauran soory, chndrama, guru evn shani ne amrit kalash ki raksha men sahayog diya. in barah varshon men barah sthanon par jaynt dvara amrit kalash rakhane se vahan amrit ki kuchh boonde chhalak geen. kahate hain unhin sthanon par, grahon ke unhin snyogon par kumbh parv manaya jata hai. manyata hai ki unamen se ath pavitr sthan devalok men hain tatha char sthan prithvi par hain. prithvi ke un charon sthanon par tin varshon ke antaral par pratyek barah varsh men kumbh ka ayojan hota hai. gnga, kshipra, godavari aur prayag ke taton par sampann hone vale parvon ne bhaugolik evn samajik ekata ko pragadhata pradan ki hai. hazaron varshon se chali a rahi yah parampara roodhivad ya andhashraddha kadapi nahin kahi ja sakati kyonki is mahaparv ka snbadh sidhe taur par khagoliy ghatana par adharit hai. saur mndal ke vishisht grahon ke vishesh rashiyon men pravesh karane se bane khagoliy snyog is parv ka adhar hain. inamen kumbh ki raksha karane vale char sootradhar soory, chndrama, guru evn shani ka yog in dinon men kisi na kisi roop men banata hai. yahi vishisht bat is sanatan lokaparv ke prati bharatiy janamanas ki astha ka dridhatam adhar hai. tabhi to sadiyon se chala a raha yah parv aj snsar ke vishalatam dharmik mele ka roop le chuka hai.

sknd puran men kumbh

is sndarbh men ghatane vali khagoliy sthiti ka ullekh sknd puran men kuchh is prakar hai-

padmini nayake meshe kumbharashi gate gurau.
gnga dvare bhavedyogah kumbhanamratadottamah॥

pipon ka pul (paauntoon pul), kumbh mela, ilahabad

jisaka arth hai ki soory jab mesh rashi men aye aur brihaspati grah kumbh rashi men ho tab gngadvar arthath haridvar men kumbh ka uttam yog hota hai. aise shreshth avasar par sampoorn bharat ke sadhu-snnyasi, bade bade mathon ke mahnt aur pithadhish aur darshan shastr ke adhyeta vidvanh haridvar men ekatr hote hain. inake alava samaj ke sabhi vargon ke log chhote bade, amir garib, bade boodhe, stri purush bhi yahan ate hain. is pavan avasar par janamanas ki aisi vishalata aur vividhata ko dekhakar vishvas hota hai ki vastav men mahakumbh hi amrit sadhana ka mahaparv hai.

jyotishiy drishtikon

samudr mnthan ki katha men kaha gaya hai ki kumbh parv ka sidha sambandh taron se hai. amrit kalash ko svarg lok tak le jane men indr ke putr jaynt ko 12 din lage. devon ka ek din manushyon ke 1 varsh ke barabar hai isilie taron ke kram ke anusar har 12ven varsh kumbh parv vibhinn tirth sthanon par ayojit kiya jata hai. pauranik vishleshan se yah saf hai ki kumbh parv evn gnga nadi apas men sambndhit hain. gnga prayag men bahati hain parantu nasik men bahane vali godavari ko bhi gnga kaha jata hai, ise ham gomati gnga ke nam se bhi pukarate hain. kshipra nadi ko kashi ki uttari gnga se pahachana jata hai. yahan par gnga gngeshvar ki aradhana ki jati hai. is tathy ko brahm puran evn sknd puran ke 2 shlokon ke madhyam se samajhaya gaya hai-

" vindhyasy dakshine gnga gautami sa nigadyate uth‍tare sapi vindhyasy bhagiratyabhidhiyate . "
" ev mukh‍tva gata gnga kalaya van snsthita gngeshh‍varn tu yah pashyet snatva shiprambhasi priye. "

jyotishiy ganana ke anusar kumbh ka parv 4 prakar se ayojit kiya jata hai :

1. kumbh rashi men brihaspati ka pravesh hone par evn mesh rashi men soory ka pravesh hone par kumbh ka parv haridvar men ayojit kiya jata hai.
" padh‍mini nayake meshe kumbh rashi gate guroah . gnga dvare bhaved yogah kumbh nama tathottamaah.. "
2. mesh rashi ke chakr men brihaspati evn soory aur chandr ke makar rashi men pravesh karane par amavasya ke din kumbh ka parv prayag men ayojit kiya jata hai.
" mesh rashi gate jive makare chandr bhaskarau . amavasya tada yogah kumbhakhyastirth nayake .. "

ek any ganana ke anusar makar rashi men soory ka evn vrish rashi men brihaspati ka pravesh honen par kumbh parv prayag men ayojit hota hai.

3. sinh rashi men brihaspati ke pravesh hone par kumbh parv godavari ke tat par nasik men hota hai.
" sinh rashi gate soorye sinh rashau brihaspatau . godavarya bhavet kumbhon jayate khalu mukh‍tidah .. "
4. sinh rashi men brihaspati evn mesh rashi men soory ka pravesh hone par yah parv ujjain men hota hai.
" mesh rashi gate soorye sinh rashau brihaspatau . ujjiyanyan bhavet kumbhah sadamukh‍ti pradayakah .. "

pauranik grnthon jaise naradiy puran (2/66/44), shiv puran (1/12/22/-23) evn varah puran (1/71/47/48) aur brahma puran adi men bhi kumbh evn arddh kumbh ke ayojan ko lekar jyotishiy vishleshan upalabdh hai. kumbh parv har 3 sal ke antaral par haridvar se shuroo hota hai. kaha jata hai ki haridvar ke bad kumbh parv prayag, nasik aur ujjain men manaya jata hai. prayag aur haridvar men manaye jane vale kumbh parv men evn prayag aur nasik men manaye jane vale kumbh parv ke bich men 3 salon ka antar hota hai.[6]

kumbh ke anushthan

kumbh mela, vishv ka sabase vishal ayojan hai jisamen alag alag jati, dharm, kshetr ke lakhon log bhag lete hain. kumbh bharatiyon ke mastishk aur atma men racha-basa hua hai. aisi manyata hai ki kumbh men snan karane se sare pap door ho jate hain aur manushy jivan maran ke bndhan se mukt ho jata hai. yahan par any gatividhiyan, dharmik charcha, bhakti gayan ka ayojan kiya jata hai jisamen purush, mahilaen, dhani, garib sabhi log bhag lete hain.

  • kumbh mela sabhi hindoo tirth men pavitr mana jata hai. lakhon pavitr purush aur mahilaen (snt aur sadhu) vishvas ke is pratik men bhag lete hai .
  • is pavitr sthal ne logon ke man men vishvas prapt karake antararashtriy khyati prapt ki hai. prasiddh prachin yatri, chin ke hven sang pahale vyakti the jinhonne kumbh mele ka ullekh apani dayari men kiya tha. unaki dayari hindoo mahine magh (janavari - pharavari) ke 75 dinon ke utsav ka ullekh hai, jisako lakhon sadhuon, am adami, amir aur rajaon ne dekha hai.
  • jati, dharm, kshetr ke sabhi sansarik badhaon ke bavajood, kumbh mela ka prabhav am bharatiyon ke mastishk aur kalpanaon par hai. itihas men kumbh mela lakhon logon ke ekatr hone ke lie prasiddh hai. samay ke sath kumbh hindoo snskriti aur astha ka ek kendr ban gaya hai. vibhinn dharm aur sampraday ke log is laukik ayojan men sammilit hote hain.[7]

shahi aur pavitr snan

kumbh mele par bhndare ka ayojan, vrindavan

makar snkrati se prarambh hokar vaishakh poornima tak chalane vale haridvar ke mahakumbh men vaise to har din pavitr snan hai phir bhi kuchh divason par khas snan hote hain. isake alava tin shahi snan hote hain. aise maukon par sadhu snton ki gatividhiyan tirthayatriyon aur paryatakon ke akarshan ka kendr hoti hai. kumbh ke mauke par terah akhadon ke sadhu-snt kumbh sthal par ekatr hote hain. pramukh kumbh snan ke din akhadon ke sadhu ek shanadar shobhayatra ke roop men shahi snan ke lie har ki paudi par ate hain. bhavy juloos men akhadon ke pramukh mahnton ki savari saje dhaje hathi, palaki ya bhavy rath par nikalati hain. unake age pichhe susajjit oont, ghode, hathi aur baind bhi hote hain. haridvar ki sadakon se nikalati is yatra ko dekhane ke lie logon ke hujoom ikatthe ho jate hain. aise men in sadhuon ki jivan shaili sabake man men kautoohal jagati hai visheshakar naga sadhuon ki, jo koee vastr dharan nahin karate tatha apane sharir par rakh lagakar rahate hain. marg par khade bhaktagan sadhuon par phoolon ki varsha karate hain tatha paise adi chadhate hain. yah yatra vibhinn akhada parisaron se prarambh hoti hai. vibhinn akhadon ke lie shahi snan ka kram nishchit hota hai. usi kram men yah har ki paudi par snan karate hain.

gnga snan aur poojan ka mahattv

gnga nadi hinduon ke lie devi aur mata saman hai. isilie hinduon ke lie gnga snan ka bahut mahatv hai. gnga jivan aur mrityu donon se judi़ huee hai isake bina hindoo snskar adhoore hain. gngajal amrit saman hai. ilahabad kunbh men gnga snan, poojan ka alag hi mahatv hai. anek parvon aur utsavon ka gnga se sidha snbndh hai makar snkrati, kunbh aur gnga dashahara ke samay gnga men snan, poojan, dan evn darshan karana mahattvapoorn mana gaya hai. gngaji ke anek bhakti grnth likhe ge hain jinamen shrigngasahasranamastotram evn gnga arati bahut lokapriy hain. gnga poojan evn snan se riddhi-siddhi, yash-samman ki prapti hoti hai tatha samast papon ka kshay hota hai. manyata hai ki gnga poojan se mangalik dosh se grasit jatakon ko vishesh labh prapt hota hai. gnga snan karane se ashubh grahon ka prabhav samapt hota hai. amavasya din gnga snan aur pitaron ke nimit tarpan v pindadan karane se sadagati prapt hoti hai aur yahi shastriy vidhan bhi hai. hindoo dharm men aisi manyata hai ki kunbh sthal ke pavitr jal men snan karane se manushy ke sare pap-kasht dhul jate hain aur moksh ki prapti hoti hai. gngaji men snan karane se satvikata aur punyalabh prapt hota hai.[8]

naga sadhuon ka roop

kumbh mele men shaivapnthi naga sadhuon ko dekhane ke lie bhid umad padati hai. naga sadhuon ki rahasyamay jivan shaili aur darshan ko janane ke lie videshi shraddhalu jyada utsuk rahate hain. kumbh ke sabase pavitr shahi snan men sabase pahale snan ka adhikar inhen hi milata hai.
naga sadhu, kumbh mela, vrindavan
naga sadhu apane poore sharir par bhabhoot male, nirvastr rahate hain. unaki badi-badi jataen bhi akarshan ka kendr rahati hai. hathon men chilam lie aur charas ka kash lagate hue in sadhuon ko dekhana ajib lagata hai. mastak par ada bhabhoot laga, tinadhari tilak laga kar dhooni rama kar, nagn rah kar aur gufaon men tap karane vale naga sadhuon ka ullekh pauranik grnthon men bhi milata hai. yah sadhu ugr svabhav ke hote hain. naga jivan ki vilakshan parnpara men dikshit hone ke lie vairagy bhav ka hona zaroori hai. snsar ki moh-maya se mukt kathor dil vala vyakti hi naga sadhu ban sakata hai. sadhu banane se poorv hi aise vyakti ko apane hathon se hi apana hi shraddh aur pind dan karana hota hai. akhade kisi ko asani se naga roop men svikar nahin karate. bakayada isaki kathor pariksha li jati hai jisamen tap, brahmachary, vairagy, dhyan, sannyas aur dharm ka anushasan tatha nishtha adi pramukhata se parakhe-dekhe jate hain. kathor pariksha se gujarane ke bad hi vyakti snnyasi jivan ki uchchatam tatha atynt vikat parnpara men shamil hokar gaurav prapt karata hai. isake bad inaka jivan akhadon, snt parnparaon aur samaj ke lie samarpit ho jata hai.[9]

ekasootr ki kalpana

kumbh mele ke itihas ke shodharthiyon ka manana hai ki prachin snskrit vanmay ke adhyayan se aisa nahin pratit hota ki prayag, haridvar, nasik aur ujjain, in charon sthanon par kumbh melon ka sootrapat kisi ek kendriy nirnay ke antargat, kisi ek samay par, ek sath kiya gaya hoga. kumbh ki parampara ka kramash: vikas hua lagata hai. aisa pratit hota hai ki ye charon sthan apane-apane karanon se pavitr tirthasthal mane jate the. godavari, kshipra, gnga aur sngam ke pavitr tat par kinhin puny rashiyog par snan ke nimitt mele ki parampara pahale se chali a rahi thi, jinhen age chalakar ek pauranik katha ke madhyam se ek shrinkhala men piro diya gaya. kintu jisane bhi kiya, jab bhi kiya, usake pichhe bharat ki sanskritik chetana aur ekata ko jagrat v sudridh karane ki drishti avashy vidyaman thi. prachalit dharana ke anusar char sthanon par kumbh parampara prarnbh karane ka shrey bhi adi shnkarachary ko hi diya jata hai. yah sahaj lagata hai; kyonki adi shnkarachary ne bharat ke char konon par char dhamon ki sthapana ki, jisake karan char dham ki tirthayatra ka prachalan hua. kaha jata hai ki unhonne hi bharat ki sant-shakti ko giri, puri, bharati, tirth, van, arany, parvat, ashram, sagar tatha sarasvati namak das varnon men gathit kiya aur bharatiy samaj ke pratyek varg men dharm-chetana jagane ka dayitv unhen saunpa.[10]

jadunath sarakar ka kathan

suprasaddhi itihasakar jadunath sarakar gahare shodh ke pashchath is nishkarsh par pahunche ki kumbh parampara ka koee praman barahavin shatabdi se pahale nahin milata. kumbh mele ka sabase bada vaishishty hai, vahan vibhinn sadhu sampradayon ke akhadon ki upasthiti. shaiv, vaishnav aur udasin sampradayon ke sadhu anek akhadon aur mathon mn sngathit hain. pratyek akhade ke apane pratik chihn aur dhvaj-pataka hoti hai. kumbh ke mele men pratyek akhada apane dhvaj aur pratikon ke sath upasthit hota hai, vahan unaki apani chhavani hoti hai, jisake bichon-bich bahut oonche stambh par unaka dhvaj phaharata hai. in akhadon ke sadhu shastradhari hote hain. unaki rachana ekadam sainik paddhati par hoti hai. unamen shastr aur shastr ka adbhut sngam hota hai. ye sadhu sansarik jivan se virakt aur avivahit hote hain. unaki dinacharya bahut kathor hoti hai. shastradhari hote hue bhi ve sannyas margi tapasvi hote hain. yadi in akhadon men prachalit shabdavali ki or dhyan den to vah muslim kal ki sainik shabdavali hai. kumbh ke mele men mukhy akarshan in akhadon ka snan hi hota hai. use "shahi snan" kahate hain. pratyek akhade ke pramukh mahant rath par savar hote hain. unake dayen-bayen aur age nirvastr khadgadhari ghudasavar chalate hain, turahi nagade ka bheri nad hota hai.

kumbh mele men bhajan-kirtan karate shraddhalu, vrindavan

saval yah hai ki in snsar tyagi virakt sadhuon ko shastr dharan karane aur sainik sngathan paddhati apanane ki avashyakata kab aur kyon padi? mugal badashah babar ke poorvaj taimoor ki atmakatha ke anusar taimoor ne san 1394 men haridvar ke kumbh men kee sahasr tirthayatriyon ki akaran hi nirmam hatya kar di thi. jisase vidit hota hai ki un dinon hinduon ki tirth yatra bhi surakshit nahin bachi thi. spasht hai, nihatthe hindoo samaj ki raksha ke lie sadhu-snton ko moksh-sadhana ke sath-sath shastr dharan bhi karana pada hoga. muslim shasakon ke atyacharon ke viruddh sashastr sngharsh karane aur hindoo samaj ko apani dharmik asthaon ka nirvighn palan karane hetu snrakshan dene ka bida sadhu samaj ne uthaya hoga. shastr dharan karane ki disha men pahale naga sadhu age badhe. kumbh melon ki suraksha ka dayitv ve hi snbhalate the. bahut bad men ramanndi sampraday ke vaishnav vairagiyon ne bhi shastr dharan karane ka nirnay liya. yah nirnay san 1713 men jayapur ke samip 'galta' namak sthan par mahant ramanand ke math men liya gaya. jayapur naresh savaee jayasinh ka nam bhi is ghatana ke sath joda jata hai. isamen sandeh nahin ki us savaee jayasinh ne bahut kushalata ke sath ek or mugal badashahon ka vishvas prat karake hindoo tirth sthanon par 'jayasinhapura' namak kendr sthapit kie aur unamen ramanandi sampraday ke nirmohi akhado ko pravesh diya. ayodhya men nirmohi akhade ki bhoomika isi prakar prarnbh huee doosari or jayasinh ne sabhi hindoo shaktiyon, jaise marathe, bundele aur banda bairagi se sambndh sthapit kar unhen yathashakti sahayata dene ka prayas kiya. peshava bajirav pratham ki malava par vijay aur adhikar dilane men savaee jayasinh ki nirnayak bhoomika thi.[10]

ayojan ke sthan

kumbh mela, vrindavan

hindoo dharmagrnthon ke anusar indr ke bete jaynt ke ghade se amrit ki boonde bharat men char jagahon par giri- haridvar, ujjain, nasik aur prayag. haridvar men gnga nadi men, ujjain men shipra nadi men, nasik men godavari aur prayag (ilahabad) men gnga, yamuna aur sarasvati ke sngam sthal par. haridvar uttarakhand men, prayag uttar pradesh men sthit hai to nasik maharashtr men. ujjain madhy pradesh ke madhy men sthit hai. dharmik vishh‍vas ke anusar kumbh men shraddhapoorvak sh‍nan karane vale logon ke sabhi pap kat jate hain aur unh‍hen moksh ki prapti hoti hai. [11]

kumbh mela 2013

'kumbh mela 2013' ilahabad men 14 janavari se 10 march ke bich ayojit kiya jayega.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 kumbh 2013 (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) kumbh mela (adhikarik vebasait). abhigaman tithi: 7 janavari, 2013.
  2. ilahabad kumbh mela : triveni sngam par hi kyon snan parv (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 7 janavari, 2013.
  3. hindoo dharmakosh |lekhak: daau. rajabali pandey |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 190 |
  4. kumbh parv chakr (hindi) kumbh mela (adhikarik vebasait). abhigaman tithi: 10 janavari, 2013.
  5. prayag kumbh mela 2013 (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 7 janavari, 2013.
  6. jyotishiy drishtikon (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) kumbh mela (adhikarik vebasait). abhigaman tithi: 8 janavari, 2013.
  7. kumbh ke anushthan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) kumbh mela (adhikarik vebasait). abhigaman tithi: 8 janavari, 2013.
  8. gnga snan parv ka mahatv (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 7 janavari, 2013.
  9. ilahabad kumbh mela : naga babaon ki adh‍bhut ‍duniya (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 8 janavari, 2013.
  10. 10.0 10.1 bharatiy asmita ka raksha kavach- kunbh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 09 janavari, 2013.
  11. kumbh mela ayojan ke sthan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 7 janavari, 2013.

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