टांगलिया बुनकरी और दह्या भाई (यात्रा साहित्य)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif yah lekh svatntr lekhan shreni ka lekh hai. is lekh men prayukt samagri, jaise ki tathy, ankade, vichar, chitr adi ka, snpoorn uttaradayitv is lekh ke lekhak/lekhakon ka hai bharatakosh ka nahin.
lekhak- sachin kumar jain
Kachchh-1.jpg

          main is alekh men koee gahara vishleshan pesh nahin karane vala hoon. is bar socha ki gujarat dekha jae. naksha dekha to pata chala ki poora rajy ghoomana to bada bhari mamala hai, to man kachchh par akar tik gaya. main apako is ilake ke bare men batana chahata tha, to bas likhane laga. ek bat saf kar doon ki is ilaqe, yahan ki zamin, yahan ke pakshiyon, logon, unaki bunakari ki kala, kapadon ko samane pratyaksh roop se dekh lene ke bad hi yah tay ho jata hai ki isaki anshik abhivyakti hi ki ja sakati hai. jab hamane (yani mere parivar ne) is ilaqe men pravesh kiya to ham ek ganv men ruke – bajana nam hai us ganv ka.
surendranagar zile ke is ganv men 30 sal pahale tak sabhi 73 parivar kapadon ki bunaee aur kadhaee ki 700 sal purani ek khas kala ka kam karate rahe, par ab inamen se ek hi parivar bacha hai. is bunakari ka nam hai 'tangaliya'. gujarat ke 26 ganvon men hi is kala ka vas raha hai. yahan rahane vali dangasiya samuday hi ekamatr aisa samuday raha hai jo is kala ki takanik men nipun raha hai. isame bandhani ke sath dhagon se bindiyon ki bunaee is tarah ki jati hai ki unake ubhar ko mahasoos kiya ja sake. bunakar soot ko is tarah pakad kar ubharate hain ki us ubhar ke asapas dhaga lapeta ja sake. zaroorat padane par kootani se kootate bhi hain. amataur par samuday apane khud ke upayog ke lie hi tangaliya bunakari ka kam karata raha hai. bharavad samuday ki mahilayen kadhaeedar bandhani kapadon (khasataur par bindidar kale ghaghare) ko pahane hue dikh jayengi.
          bindiyon ko jodakar ek roop ukerane men alag-alag roopon ka upayog hota hai; jaise ramaraj, dhusala, lobdi, gadiya, charmaliya. moolabhavon men ladava ya laddoo, mor pakshi, ambo (am ke ped), khajuri (khajoor ke ped) ko sabase jyada upayog men laya jata hai. chatak gulabi, lal, nila, hara, meharoon, baingani aur narngi rng jam ke upayog men laya jata hai is bunakari men. kale rng ki prishthabhoomi men safed rng ka upayog parnparik roop se hota raha hai. oon, resham aur sooti kapadon par (ye kapade bhi dangasiya samuday hi karata hai) inhi samagriyon oon, resham, katan ki dhagon se bindiyan ya dane rache jate hain. tagon ki bunaee aur kadhaee ki danon se nishchit doori tay ki jati hai. un par chhote-chhote bindi ke akar ke hisse dhagon se bandh kar rnge jate hain taki alag alag rngon ko ubhara ja sake. in par rngin dhagon ke aise kadhaee ki jati mano kapadon ko abhooshan pahanae ge hain. kapade ko dhagon se bindi ke akar men bandh kar dhagon se us par manaka kadhaee ka prabhav paida kiya jata hai. yahi is kala ki khasiyat hai. moolatah tangaliya hastakala men kapadon ki bunaee pit karaghon (pair dalakar baithane ke lie zamin men 3 phit gahare gaddhe se jod kar karagha lagana) men hoti hai. ye karaghe chaudaee men to 2 ya tin phit ke kapade bunate hain par inaki lambaee 20 phit tak hoti hai. aj bajana men keval dahya bhaee ka ek matr parivar ganv men bacha hai, jo yah kam karata hai.

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          janakar batate hain ki tangaliya kala ka udbhav do samudayon se sambandh rakhane vale ek yugal ke prati sambndhit samudayon dvara kiye ge bahishkar ke karan hua. ye samuday is yugal ke kala se sambndhit vicharon ko svikar nahin kar rahe the. is yugal ne jo kala rachi usane ek samuday ka roop le liya.
dahya bhaee batate hain ki tangaliya ka kam karana ab purata nahin hai. ek samay par kali bhedon ya oont ke oon ka upayog kachche mal ke roop men hota tha, jo ab itani matra men upalabdh nahin hai. log apane bistar ke lie chadar chahate hain, yadi tangaliya kala men use banaya jata hai to hamen poore 30 din kam karana padata hai. tab ek chadar ban pati hai. mal aur karaghe ki lagat nikali jae to is par 1200 roope ka to saman hi lagata hai. hamen yah chadar yah 2000 roope men bechani padati hai. isaki hamen 30 roope roz ke hisab se hi mazadoori milati hai. ve kahate hain ki “hastakala ko ab amiron ka shauk mana jane laga hai, jabaki hamare samaj men to ye kalaen am logon ke roz ke jivan ka hissa rahi hain. ab to bharavadi mahilayen bhi khas maukon par hi kalakari se poore kate-bune vastr pahanati hain. isi bich bazar men ab karakhanon men bane hue sinthetik dhage bhi ane lage, jisase bhed aur oont ke oon ka upayog kam ho gaya.”
hath karaghon aur mashin ke karaghon ke bich sngharsh hua aur hath ke karaghe yah sngharsh harane lage. dahya bhaee batate hain ki “hath karaghon men pair, hath, ankh, dimag aur man (rachana ki kalpana) ka ek sath kam hota hai. sabake bich samnjasy bhi zaroori hota hai. mashin ke karaghe mashin se chalate hain. ham, yani parivar ke 5 kamakaji sadasy mil kar, ek sal men 300 ikaeeyan (shaaul, parde, palng ki chadaren aur pahanane ke kapade) bana pate hain. ham panch shramikon ke kam se ham 6000 roope mahina kamate hain. thoda ruk kar ve batate hain ki khet aur makan banane vale mazadoor se bhi kam mol hai hamari mehanat ka dahya bhaee ka arthashastriy vishleshan bahut sidha sa hai. unake mutabiq ham apane saman ki qimat bahut zyada badha nahin sakate hain, kyonki am log use vahan nahin kar payenge. yadi am log hi tangaliya kala ka upayog n kar pae to yah kala to khatm honi hi hai. ab zyada se zyada yah kuchh shoroomon aur sngrahalayon men bachi dikhati hai. achchha hoga yadi sarakar tangaliya kalakaron aur dangasiya samuday ko snrakshan de. sarakari karmachariyon aur mazadooron ki ay ke bare men samitiyan ban rahi hain. ham 1.2 lakh bunakar parivaron ke lie bhi to socha ja sakata hai; yadi apaka man ho to!

{lekhak madhyapradesh men rah kar samajik muddon par adhyayan aur lekhan ka kam karate hain. unase [email protected] par sampark kiya ja sakata hai. is alekh ke sath die ge chitr bhi lekhak ke dvara khinche ge hain.}

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

svatntr lekhan vriksh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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