नेपाल में हिन्दी और हिन्दी साहित्य -सूर्यनाथ गोप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif yah lekh svatntr lekhan shreni ka lekh hai. is lekh men prayukt samagri, jaise ki tathy, ankade, vichar, chitr adi ka, snpoorn uttaradayitv is lekh ke lekhak/lekhakon ka hai bharatakosh ka nahin.
lekhak- sooryanath gop

bharat ke uttar men lagabhag 500 mil ki lambaee men poorab se pashchim tak phaila nepal jahan apani naisargik sushama aur snpada ke lie eshiya ka svitajaralaind kaha ja sakata hai, vahin apane shaury evn virata tatha sanskritik chetana ke lie himalay ki god men pala yah rashtr himalay ki hi tarah eshiya ka sajag prahari bhi kaha ja sakata hai. is rashtr ne apani sajagata ka parichay barahavin shatabdi se hi dena shuroo kar diya tha, jab bharat par pashchim se lagatar akramanon ka naya daur prarnbh hua tha. tab se lekar bharat men angrezi rajy ki sthapana tak anek hindoo rajaon jaise harisinh dev, bharat men angrezi upanivesh ke viruddh ladane valon, jaise tatya tope, begam hajarat mahal adi pramukh vyaktiyon ka sharanasthal bhi yah desh raha hai.
is desh men anek chhote-bade raja the, jo apas men ladate rahate the. bhavi anishton ki kalpana tatha bharat men lagatar hindoo rajyon ki parajay se shiksha lekar vartaman shahavnshiy shasakon men pratham tatha dooradarshi naresh prithvi narayan shahadev ne aj ke nepal ka ekikaran kiya tha. yah ek sukhad ashchary ki bat hai ki jis maharaja prithvi narayan shah ne nepal ko ek sootr men bandha, vah nath snpraday ke unnayak hindi ke suparichit kavi, uttar bharat men hindoo snskriti evn dharm ke mahanh rakshak yogi gorakhanath ke bade bhakt hi nahin, varanh svayn hindi ke achchhe kavi bhi the. unake bhajan abhi bhi rediyon nepal se pray: sunaee padate hain. udaharan ke lie unaka ek bhajan yahan prastut hai-
baba gorakhanath sevak sush daye, bhajahun to man laye.
baba chela chatur machhindranath ko, adhabadhu roop banaye..
shiv men ansh shivasan kave, siddhi maha bani aye.. baba 1 ..
sindhinad jatakuvari, tumbi bagal dabaye..
samrathan bandh badhambar baithe, tinihi lok varadaye.. 2 .. baba ..
mundra kan men ati sobhite, geroova vastr lagaye.
galaimal kadrachchhe seli, tan men bhasam chadhaye.. 3 .. baba ..
agam katha gorakhanath ki mahima par n paye..
narabhoopal sah jiuko nandan prithvinarayan gaye.. 4 ..
baba gorakhanath sevak sukh daye, bhajahoon to man bhaye..
 

hindi ka ek vishal kshetr nepal

anusndhan evn adhyayan hi nahin balki any bhi kee drishtiyon se nepal hindi ka ek aisa vishal kshetr hai, jisase hindi jagath ab tak lagabhag aparichit sa raha hai. yahan ke hindi sahity ka thoda parichay sarvapratham mahamahopadhyay haraprasad shastri ne diya, jab unhonne vidyapati ki kirtilata evn kuchh padon ko vahan se dhoondh nikala tha. rahul sankrityayan ne bhi un vyaktiyon ki thodi-bahut charcha ki hai, jinhonne vahan hindi ke bhndar men yogadan diya hai. unamen rajaguru hemaraj sharma ullekhaniy hain. sach kaha jae to nath snpradayi yogiyon se lekar josamani snton tak, mallakalin rajaon se lekar shahavnshiy naresh evn rajakul ke anek sammanit vyaktiyon, sadiyon se tibbat aur bharat ke sath saman roop se vyapar karane vali vahan ki vishisht nevar jati se lekar parvatiy pradesh men rahane vale vidvanh brahman varg aur vahan ke shooravir shreshth kshatriy varg tatha sena adi men kam karane vali any kee jatiyon ne hindi ki sahity dhara aur bhashayi pravah ko vahan sada gatishil banaye rakha. yah thik hai ki hindi is vikas dhara ke sath sath unaki apani matribhasha, khasakar nepali aur nevasi bhi vikasit hoti gee hai. parntu vikas ne hindi ke sath unake snbndh ko aur gahara banaya hai. isake pichhe snskriti aur dharm adi ki vah saman dhuri kam kar rahi hai, jisase donon hi deshon ke sahityik chakr barabar jude rahe hain. yahi karan hai ki nepal us snskriti, dharm aur sahity ki raksha men bharat ka sada se hath bntata raha hai, jise videshi akramanakari talavar aur sajish ke bal par nasht karane men lage rahe. nepal ke sngrahalay, sarakari v niji pustakalayon tatha vyaktiyon ke pas surakshit anek hastalikhit aur prakashit samagri is bat ka udaharan prastut karati hain.
 

nepal men hindi ka vyavahar kin-kin staron par

yon dekha jae to dedh karod ki abadi vale is desh men lagabhag pachahattar pratishat log hindi ka kisi n kisi roop men prayog karate hain. baki abadi men un nire ashikshit himalay ki oopari ya sudoor uttari sima par rahane vale tibbati ya unake mishrit nasl ke logon ko le sakate hain, jinaka koee snpark nichale bhag ya talahati ke logon se nahin ho pata. parntu aise log bhi samany vyavahar ki hindi ki samajh zaroor lete hain, kyonki tambakoo ya any kee chizon ke hindi bhashi vyapari vahan bhi pahunchate hi rahate hain. vastav men nepal ki taraee aur pahad ke logon ke bich apasi adan-pradan aur snpark ne vahan pahadi kshetron men hindi ko aur bhi sulabh aur grahay banaya. is snpark se nepali bhasha ka bhi bahut vikas hua hai aur nepali ke is vikas ke pichhe hindi ka mukhy roop se hath raha hai. hindi aur usaki boliyan jahan taraee ke logon ko asani se nepali ke nikat le geen vahin pahad ke logon ke bich sugam aur lokapriy bhi hoti geen. isake sath hi pahadon men chalane vali nepali ki samanantar any kee bhashaen jaise gurood, magar, lepcha, tamadu, doteli, sherpali, nevari adi anek bhashaon ke bich nepali ko teji se phalane-phoolane aur rashtrabhasha hone ka avasar bhi hindi ke karan mila. yadi nepali bhasha ki pravrittiyan hindi se snbaddh nahin hotin, usaki shailiyon se agar vah judi nahin hoti to aj nepali bhasha vahan ki rashtrabhasha kahalane ka avasar snbhavat: nahin pa sakati. kyonki nevari jaisi samriddh, prachin aur lokapriy bhasha pahale se hi dati thi. phir bhi vah to kathamandoo upatyaka ke sabhi rajyon ki rajabhasha bhi kabhi rah chuki thi. par choonki nepali (jisaka purana nam khasakura, parvate ya gorakha bhasha hai) hindi ki uttar-pashchimi dhara ki pahadi rajasthani boliyon se vikasit huee thi, isalie usamen hindi ki ve sabhi mool pravrittiyan jyon ki tyon aj tak bani huee hain. phalat: vah nepal ke pahadon men chalane vali magar, tamadu, lepcha, doteli, sherpali, nevari adi kee vikasit evn samriddh bhashaon ko pichhe dhakel kar asani se rashtrabhasha ke star tak pahunch gee.
nepal men hindi ka vyavahar mukhyataya tin roopon men hota hai. pratham to taraee ke lagabhag assi-pachasi lakh logon ki vah pahali bhasha hai. arthath bharat ke uttar pradesh aur bihar ki sima se lage abadi ki drishti se atynt mahattvapoorn nepal ke is taraee kshetr men hindi usi roop men pratham bhasha hai, jis roop men bihar aur uttar pradesh men hai. dvitiy : hindi vahan pahadon evn pahadi nagaron men nivas karane vale un bahusnkhyak logon ki dvitiy aur snpark bhasha hai, jinaki matribhasha nepali hai. is prakar us desh ki abadi ke lagabhag nabbe pratishat logon ki hindi pratham aur dvitiy evn snpark bhasha hai. sach to yah hai ki hindi ke is vyapak prayog ne hi use sarvapratham 1950-60 ke dashak aur phir bad ke dashakon men kuchh rajanitik pechidagi men jakad diya aur rashtrabhasha ke roop men svikar kie jane ki mang jor pakadane lagi. nepal-taraee-kangres tatha usake pramukh neta bedannd jha ne to ise hi apani parti ka mool mudda banaya aur hindi ko snvaidhanik star pradan karane ka har snbhav prayas jari rakha. udhar nepali kangres ke kee pramukh neta matrika prasad koirala, soory prasad upadhyay, ramanarayan mishr tatha praja parishad ke bhadrakali mishr adi mahattvapoorn vyaktiyon ne bhi hindi ko snvidhan men dvitiy rashtrabhasha ka darja dene ki mang ki. nepali kangres sarakar ke tatkalin pradhanamntri bi. pi. koeerala to hamesha hindi se snbaddh hi nahin rahe varanh usake achchhe lekhak bhi the. us samay snvidhan men hindi ko uparyukt dvitiy sthan dene ka nirnay lagabhag ho chuka tha. hindi ko snvaidhanik star to vahan nahin mil saka, lekin janastar par vah usi roop men vikasit hoti rahi, bhale hi bad ke sarakari ankadon men hindi bhashiyon ki snkhya chahe kitani kar karake dikhane ki koshish hoti rahi hai.
 

hindi ka vyavahar nepal men kab se?

nepal ke hindi ke vyavahar ka prachinatam roop shilalekhon evn upalabdh hastalikhit samagriyon se anuman kiya ja sakata hai. pashchim nepal ki dang ghati men prapt aj se alagabhag 650 varsh poorv ke shilalekh men dang ka tatkalin raja ratnasen, jo bad men yogi ban gaya tha, usaki ek 'dngisharan katha' namak rachana bhi milati hai. yah kriti nepal men hindi ke vyapak prayog aur gahari jad ko pusht karati hai. yah rachana sahityik drishti se to mahattvapoorn hai hi hindi ki bhashik vikas prakriya ko samajhane ki drishti se bhi atynt mahattvapoorn hai. hindi sahity ka jo itihas aj tak likha gaya hai, vah bharat ke hindi sahity ka hi itihas hai. vastav men bharat se bahar hindi ki jo dharaen chalati rahi hain, ve ab bhi itihasakaron ki drishti se ojhal hai. unaki or dhyan diya jana avashyak hai. mere vichar se to nepal ki hindi aur usake sahity ka ek alag hi bada itihas taiyar ho sakata hai. palpa ke sen vnshiy nareshon tatha poorab men morng aur any kee rajyon ke tatkalin nareshon ne to hindi ko apani rajabhasha hi banaya tha. kushnashah, mukndasen adi nareshon ke sabhi patr aur hukmanamen hindi men hi milate hain, jisase hindi ki tatkalin sthiti ka asani se anuman ho jata hai. kathamandoo upatyaka ke mall rajaon men se anek ne hindi men rachanaen kin. unake hindi prem ka karan bhi vahan hindi ka vyapak prayog aur prachar hi kaha ja sakata hai. is prakar hindi vahan kam se kam sat sau varshon poorv se hi bahusnkhyak logon ki pratham aur dvitiy bhasha ke roop men chalati aee hai.
 

nepal-bharat ke bich sanskritik-dharmik aur hindi ki bhoomika

barahavin shatabdi men bharat par muslim akraman ka silasila prarnbh hone se pahale tak, himalay ke dakshini bhoobhag men ek hi snskriti thi. muslim snskriti ne bharatiy samaj aur rajy vyavastha ko kafi prabhavit kiya hai. parntu nepal par isi karan bahut kam prabhav pada.
apani rashtrabhasha nepali ke vikas ke sath-sath nepal ne snskrit shiksha par bhi kafi jor de rakha hai. doosari or anek snt-sadhuon tatha vidvanon ka akasar bharat se agaman hota rahata hai aur pravachan adi hindi men hone ke karan vahan ke log use asani se grahan kar lete hain. udhar nepal ke log bhi prativarsh badi snkhya men khasakar uttar bharat ke tirth sthal kashi, prayag, haridvar ate hi rahate hain, jahan hindi unhen asani se ek doosare se jodane ka kam karati hai. bihar aur uttar pradesh ke logon aur nepal ke logon ka apas men vaivahik snbndh bhi pahale se chalata a raha hai aur svabhavik roop se hindi ek doosare ke bich adan-pradan ka madhyam banati rahi hai. phir uttar bharat ke vyapariyon aur udyogapatiyon tatha nepal ke vyapariyon ke bich apasi len den bhi prarnbh se hi chalata aya hai. nepal aur bharat ke aise samajik, vyaparik aur dharmik evn sanskritik snbndh men hindi ki pramukh bhoomika hi nahin, varanh vah aj tak bhi ek doosare ko samip lane men ekamatr sashakt madhyam rahi hai.
 

nepal ke lie hindi ki upadeyata

nepal men hindi jinaki vah pratham ya dvitiy bhasha nahin hai, un sabon ke lie bhi utani hi upayogi hai. hindi ka achchha gyan nepali ke achchhe gyan men svabhavik roop se sahayogi hota hai. isalie yah un logon ke lie bhi saral padati hai, jinaki matrabhasha nepali nahin hai. hindi sikh lene ke bad nepali sikhana aur bhi asan ho jata hai. khasakar uttari sima par rahane vale tibbati mool ke logon ne hindi ke madhyam se nepali sikhi hai. yah koee bhi vyakti unase pahali bar hi batachit karake samajh sakata hai.
hindi men takaniki aur gyan-vigyan ki pustakon ka jis teji se prakashan ho raha hai, usane nepali pathakon ko vigyan ki adhunatan pravrittiyon se jodane men badi madad ki hai. isake kee karan hain. jaise- angrezi men prakashit pustakon ki apeksha hindi madhyam se padhana unhen saral padata hai aur ve asani se samajh lete hain. doosari bat nepal ke shiksha bindu ki antarik ichchha hai ki nepali bhasha ka vikas ho. is mamale men vahan ke shiksha bindu aur sarakar ki rashtrabhasha ke prati kafi dilachaspi hai. nepali ko angrezi ki is mar se bachane men hindi ki takaniki, gyan-vigyan tatha any vishayon se snbndhi pathy pustaken badi sahayata kar rahi hain. nepali se aye hue pathak tatha adhyeta hindi ki in pustakon ke adhar par hi nepali madhyam ki parikshaon men baithate hain. yahan tak ki uchch shiksha men bhi angrezi madhyam se pariksha dene valon ki snkhya nagany-si hai.
 

nepal ka hindi sahity

nepal men upalabdh hindi sahity ki anek hastalikhit pratiyan milati hain. prachin sahityakaron men nathapnthi evn vidyapati ki rachanaon se lekar vigat shatabdi tak ki kee rachanaon ki hastalikhit pratiyan sthan-sthan par dekhane ko milati hain. kuchh varshon pahale ki khojon se udaghatit pranami sahity ka mool grnth 'kulajamasvaroop' ki bhi do hastalikhit pratiyan vahan surakshit hain. vahan ke anek mallakalin rachanaon ki hindi rachanaen bhi upalabdh hoti hain. mall rachanaon ka samay aj se do sau varsh poorv se lekar chh: sau varsh poorv se bhi adhik tak thaharata hai. jagatajyotirmall aur jayasthitimall ke hindi bhajan tatha natak atyant utkrisht hain. isi kal se ek manavir kachhipati nam ke vyakti ka likha natak 'shri krishnacharit pyakh' nepal ke tatkalin hindi sahity ka sundar namoona hai. mallakal ke natakon ki ek aur visheshata yah hai ki unake snvad to hindi men hain, par sthan-sthan par snket-nirdesh nevari bhasha men hain, jo mall rajaon ki rajabhasha thi. aj bhi kathamandoo upatyaka ki mool bhasha nevari hi hai. isaka purana tatha prachalit nam nepal bhasha hai. mallakal men hindi natakon tatha mnch ki khoob unnati huee. us samay kathamandoo upatyaka ke vibhinn sthanon par banae ge 'dabali' (eent aur patthar ka bana khula pakka rngamnch) aj bhi jyon ke tyon hain. jin par ab ya to muhalle ke bachche din bhar uchhalakood karate rahate hain ya parachoon ki dukane sajati hain. us samay un 'dabali' par dikhaye jane vale adhikansh natak hindi ke hi hua karate the. unnat rngamnch ke karan hi snbhavat: us samay sarvadhik natak rache ge.
idhar shahavnshiy nareshon men prithvivir vikram ke samay ki kee rachanaen milati hain. raja rajendr vikram shah to svayn hindi men achchhi kavitaen kiya karate the, jinamen se kee upalabdh bhi ho chuki hain. vishay ki drishti se moolataya nepal men hi rachit hindi sahity ka ayam bahut bada hai. aur yadi snkhya ki drishti se dekha jae to vibhinn vishayon par vahan rachit hindi grnthon ki snkhya ek hazar se bhi oopar ho jane ka anuman hai. inamen s adhikatar aprakashit hain. aur n inaki koee suvyavasthit soochi hi taiyar ki ja sakati hai. nepali sahity ki kee mahanh hastiyan, prachin evn samasamayik, jaise ashukavi shnbhuprasad dungel, motiram bhatt, lekhanath paudayal, girish ballabh joshi, raghunath bhant, udayannd arjyal se lekar adhunik kathakar upanyasakar bhavani bhikshu (shri bhikshu to moolat: hindi bhashi aur hindi lekhak hi the), saradar rudraj pandey, lakshmiprasad devakota, sooryavikram vyathit adi varishth nepali sahityakaron ki bhi kee hindi rachanaen milati hain. shubhaprasad ne devakinndan khatri ke 'chndrakanta' aur 'chndrakanta sntati' se prabhavit hokar hindi men 'premakanta' ath bhagon men tatha 'premakanta sntati' upanyas barah bhagon men likha, jo prakashit hain. unaka ek 'vatsaraj' namak aprakashit natak bhi upalabdh hua hai. isake atirikt ek any natak, jisamen urdoo-mishrit bhasha ka prayog hai, prapt hua hai. usi prakar girish ballabh joshi ka bhi 'girishavani' nam ka ek brihad upanyas tatha any kee rachanaen upalabdh huee hain, parntu ve sabaki sab aprakashit hain. adhunik lekhakon men jin vishisht nepali sahityakaron ki ullekhaniy hindi rachanaen hain, unamen mohanaraj sharma, daauktar dhruvachnd gautam, chetan karki, durgaprasad shreshth 'upendr', dhoosvan sayami adi ka nam pramukh hai.
mool roop se sirf hindi men likhane valon men shri bunnilal ek aise lekhak hain, jinaki rachanaon men nepal ke poorvachal ke jivan ka sundar chitran paya jata hai. inaki kuchh rachanaen hi prakashit hain tatha ek utkrisht upanyas 'nayan kahar dariyav' prakashanadhin hai. bunnilal nepal men phadhishvaranath renu aur nagarjun ki yad dilate hain. inaki shaili pathak ko bandh leti hai. inake atirikt tarini prasad yadav, kedar manndhar adi ki bhi kafi sashakt rachanaen hain. par in donon ki sabhi rachanaen abhi aprakashit hain. ek sooryadas manndh (sukubaba) hue, jinaka samay lagabhag 200 varsh pahale mana jata hai. unaki bhi kee hastalikhit hindi rachanaen upalabdh hain. aise anek lekhak aur anek kritiyon ka ullekh abhi baki hi hai, jinake snbndh men is lekh men likh pana snbhav nahin. vastav men nepal men hindi ki sahityik gatividhi kafi utsahavardhak hote hue bhi vahan ke hindi sahity evn sahityakaron ki anek gnbhir samasyaon ko bharat ki hindi snsthaen tatha vahan ki sarakar thoda dhyan dekar hal kar sakati hain. kuchh samasyaen hain-
(k)aprakashit hindi grnthon ke prakashan.
(kh)prachin evn madhyakal men rachit hindi grnthon ki khoj tatha usake samyak snrakshan ki vyavastha.
(g)vartaman samay men likhane vale lekhakon ko samay-samay par protsahan.
 
in sab samasyaon ko dhyan men rakhate hue vardha ke vishv hindi vidyapith se snbaddh ek vishv hindi akadami ki sthapana honi chahie, jo vishv men bharat ke atirikt any deshon ki hindi bhasha aur sahity ke prati in uparyukt dayitvon ko snbhale. vaise itana ho jane bhar se hi vishv men hindi ki samasyaon ka ant nahin ho jaega. par yah ek shubh shurooat hogi. jo khasakar nepal jaise bharat ke atynt nikat ke padosi desh-hindi sahity ki drishti se to kahin adhik mahattvapoorn aur nikatatam desh ke sath sanskritik tatha parapoorv se a rahe dharmik adi snbndhon ko aur bhi majaboot banaegi.



tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

tritiy vishv hindi sammelan 1983
kramank lekh ka nam lekhak
hindi aur samasik snskriti
1. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. karn rajasheshagiri rav
2. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ki sarjanatmak abhivyakti pro. kesarikumar
3. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. chndrakant bandivadekar
4. hindi ki samasik evn sanskritik ekata daau. jagadish gupt
5. rajabhasha: karyacharan aur samasik snskriti daau. en.es. dakshinamoorti
6. hindi ki akhil bharatiyata ka itihas pro. dineshvar prasad
7. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti daau. munshiram sharma
8. bharatiy vyaktitv ke snshlesh ki bhasha daau. raghuvnsh
9. desh ki samasik snskriti ki abhivyakti men hindi ka yogadan daau. rajakishor pandey
10. sanskritik samanvay ki prakriya aur hindi sahity shri rajeshvar gngavar
11. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ke tattv daau. shivanndan prasad
12. hindi:samasik snskriti ki snvahika shri shivasagar mishr
13. bharat ki samasik snskririti aur hindi ka vikas daau. haradev bahari
hindi ka vikasashil svaroop
14. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop daau. anndaprakash dikshit
15. hindi ke vikas men bhojapuri ka yogadan daau. udayanarayan tivari
16. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop (shabdavali ke sndarbh men) daau. kailashachndr bhatiya
17. manak bhasha ki snkalpana aur hindi daau. krishnakumar gosvami
18. rajabhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas, mahattv tatha prakash ki dishaen shri jayanarayan tivari
19. sanskritik bhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas daau. trilochan pandey
20. hindi ka saralikaran achary devendranath sharma
21. prashasanik hindi ka vikas daau. narayanadatt palival
22. jan ki vikasashil bhasha hindi shri bhagavat jha azad
23. bharat ki bhashik ekata: parnpara aur hindi pro. manik govind chaturvedi
24. hindi bhasha aur rashtriy ekikaran pro. ravindranath shrivastav
25. hindi ki snvaidhanik sthiti aur usaka vikasashil svaroop pro. vijayendr snatak
devanagari lipi ki bhoomika
26. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari shri jivan nayak
27. devanagari pro. devishnkar dvivedi
28. hindi men lekhan snbndhi ekaroopata ki samasya pro. p. ba. jain
29. devanagari lipi ki bhoomika daau. babooram saksena
30. devanagari lipi (kashmiri bhasha ke sndarbh men) daau. mohanalal sar
31. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari lipi pn. rameshvaradayal dube
videshon men hindi
32. vishv ki hindi patr-patrikaen daau. kamata kamalesh
33. videshon men hindi:prachar-prasar aur sthiti ke kuchh pahaloo pro. premasvaroop gupt
34. hindi ka ek apanaya-sa kshetr: snyukt rajy daau. ar. es. megregar
35. hindi bhasha ki bhoomika : vishv ke sndarbh men shri rajendr avasthi
36. marishas ka hindi sahity daau. lata
37. hindi ki bhavi antarrashtriy bhoomika daau. brajeshvar varma
38. antarrashtriy sndarbh men hindi pro. siddheshvar prasad
39. nepal men hindi aur hindi sahity shri sooryanath gop
vividha
40. tulanatmak bharatiy sahity evn paddhati vigyan ka prashn daau. indranath chaudhuri
41. bharat ki bhasha samasya aur hindi daau. kumar vimal
42. bharat ki rajabhasha niti shri krishnakumar shrivastav
43. videsh doorasnchar seva shri ke.si. katiyar
44. kashmir men hindi : sthiti aur snbhavanaen pro. chamanalal saproo
45. bharat ki rajabhasha niti aur usaka karyanvayan shri devendracharan mishr
46. bhashayi samasya : ek rashtriy samadhan shri narmadeshvar chaturvedi
47. snskrit-hindi kavyashastr men upama ki sarvalnkarabijata ka vichar daau. mahendr madhukar
48. dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan : nirnay aur kriyanvayan shri rajamani tivari
49. vishv ki pramukh bhashaon men hindi ka sthan daau. ramajilal jangid
50. bharatiy adivasiyon ki matribhasha tatha hindi se inaka samipy daau. lakshmanaprasad sinha
51. main lekhak nahin hoon shri vimal mitr
52. lokgyta sarvgyta (lokavartta vigyan ke sndarbh men) daau. haradvarilal sharma
53. desh ki ekata ka mool: hamari rashtrabhasha shri kshemachnd ‘suman’
videshi sndarbh
54. marishas: sagar ke par laghu bharat shri es. bhuvaneshvar
55. amarika men hindi -daau. kerin shomar
56. lipazing vishvavidyalay men hindi daau. (shrimati) marget gatslaf
57. jarmani snghiy ganarajy men hindi daau. lothar lutse
58. soorinam desh aur hindi shri sooryaprasad bire
59. hindi ka antarrashtriy pariprekshy shri bachchooprasad sinh
svaichchhik snstha sndarbh
60. hindi ki svaichchhik snsthaen shri shnkararav londhe
61. rashtriy prachar samiti, vardha shri shnkararav londhe
sammelan sndarbh
62. pratham aur dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan: uddeshy evn upalabdhiyan shri madhukararav chaudhari
smriti-shraddhanjali
63. svargiy bharatiy sahityakaron ko smriti-shraddhanjali daau. prabhakar machave

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