द्वितीय विश्व हिन्दी सम्मेलन : निर्णय और क्रियान्वयन -राजमणि तिवारी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif yah lekh svatntr lekhan shreni ka lekh hai. is lekh men prayukt samagri, jaise ki tathy, ankade, vichar, chitr adi ka, snpoorn uttaradayitv is lekh ke lekhak/lekhakon ka hai bharatakosh ka nahin.
lekhak- rajamani tivari

28 agast, 1976. prat: kalin vela. chaturdik mohak haritima. svagat karati shasy shyamala mahi. marishas ke suramy sthal moka men sthit mahatma gandhi snsthan ka vishal prangan. door-door par drishtigochar hoti huee parvatamalaen aur unaki upatyakaon men laharate eekh ke khet. unaki madhur manuhar man ko moh rahi thi. indr dev rah-rahakar jhini-jhini phuharon se abhishek karate pratit ho rahe the. ubharate-ghumadate badal kisi ka sndesh pahunchane ke lie baichen the. mano jo log vahan nahin pahunch pae the, unaki upasthiti ki soochana dene ka bhar unhin ke kndhon par ho. charon taraf prakriti ki nirali chhata bikhari huee thi.

mahatma gandhi snsthan ka snpoorn prangan vishv ki chuni huee manisha aur pandity ke sannidhy se pulakit ho raha tha. lekhakon, kaviyon, patrakaron, vidvanon, vicharakon, samikshakon, prashasakon adi ka vishal jamaghat laga hua tha. utsah, sphoorti, ullas aur umng ke bhav sakshath svaroop dharan karane ka udyat se pratit ho rahe the. dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ke udghatan ke kshan nikat a rahe the. vishv ke lagabhag 20 deshon ke vidvanh apani apani veshabhoosha men vahan upasthit the, phir bhi vahan bharatiy veshabhoosha aur bharatiyata ka aisa pradhany dikhaee pad raha tha, mano ham bharat se 3000 mil door n hokar bharat ke hi kisi nagar men baithe hon. is sammelan men bharat, inglaind, amarika, frans, fedaral ripablik aauf jarmani, halaind, japan, jarman janavadi ganatntr, chekoslovakiya, itali, svidan, hngari, kiniya, janbiya, malavi, tnjaniya, medagaskar adi lagabhag 20 deshon ke pratinidhi upasthit the. inake atirikt marishas ke kone-kone se ae sahityakar, lekhak, vidvanh tatha samany janata apar snkhya men upasthit thi.

bharat sarakar ki or se 30 vidvanon ka ek sarakari pratinidhi mndal bheja gaya tha, jisamen hindi ke moordhany vidvanon ke atirikt any bharatiy bhashaon ke vareny vidvan, sahityakar, prashasak adi bhi sammilit the. isake atirikt vibhinn rajy sarakaron, vishvavidyalayon, kalejon, svaichchhik hindi snsthaon tatha niji snsthanon ke lagabhag 150 vidvan, kalakar adi bhi is sammelan men upasthit the. us samay vishal pndal men upasthit apar jan samooh ke sammukh marishas, bharat aur any deshon ke vidvanh mnch par virajaman the. sammelan prarnbh hone ki udghoshana aur mngalacharan ke pashchath marishas ki kuchh balikaon ne nimnalikhit prarthana git prastut kiya :
he jagatrata vishv vidhata, he sukh shanti niketan he.
prem ke sindhu, din ke bndhu, du:kh daridr vinashak he.
nity akhnd annt anadi, pooranabrahm sanatan he.
jagashray jagapati jagavndan, anupam alakh nirnjan he.
pranasakha tribhuvan pratipalak, jivan ke avalnban he.
he jagatrata vishv vidhata, he sukh shanti niketan he.
 
is prarthana git ke udatt aur madhur svaron ne us vatavaran ko kisi punit mntr ki bhanti is prakar abhibhoot kar diya, jo keval anubhav ka vishay hai, vani ka nahin. aisa pratit ho raha tha, manon ham dharatal se oopar uthate ja rahe hon aur kisi anirvachaniy viratata ka anubhav kar rahe hon. aise hi ahladakari vatavaran men dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ka karyakram prarnbh hua.

is sammelan ki saphalata ke lie apani shubhakamanaen bhejate hue pradhanamntri shrimati indira gandhi ne kaha tha ki 'hindi vishv ki mahanh tatha sashakt bhashaon men se ek hai. hamare svatntrata sngram ke dauran aur azadi ke bad bharat men, aur doosare deshon men bhi hindi bhasha ki abhivriddhi huee hai tatha isake sahity ka bahut vikas hua hai. aj kee mahadeshon ke vishvavidyalayon men hindi padhaee jati hai, yah bahut achchhi bat hai ki vishv ke hindi premi aise sammelanon men milate hain, jisase 'vasudhaiv kutunbakamh' ki bhivana badhati hai. lekin hindi ko kisi any bhasha ka ahit karake age nahin badhana hai, balki unhen sath lekar chalana hai, jaise ki ek parivar chhote-bade sabhi sadasyon ke sahayog se chalata hai.'

sarvapratham upasthit pratinidhiyon aur jan samuday ka svagat karate hue is sammelan ki svagat samiti ke adhyaksh shri dayannd lal vasnt ray ne kaha, 'aj marishas ke itihas men yah ek sunahara din hai, jab is desh men dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ka ayojan ho raha hai. aj hamara hriday atynt harsh aur ullas se bhara hua hai aur ham is sammelan men padhare hue apane sabhi sammanit atithiyon, pratinidhiyon, paryavekshakon tatha any amntrit bhaiyon aur bahanon ka hardik svagat karate hain. hamara dhyan khasataur par un udaramana atithiyon ki or jata hai, jo bharat sahit anek door door ke deshon se yatra ke kasht aur asuvidhaon ko sahan kar hamare desh men padhare hain. unake agaman se hamare is virat ayojan ki shobha badhi hai. ap sab ke svagat men keval yahan ki hindi bhashi janata hi nahin, apitu samooche marishas ke telugu, marathi, tamil, urdoo, gujarati, chini, french, angrezi adi bhashaen bolane vale bhi sammilit hain.

isake bad marishas ke tatkalin pradhanamntri evn hindi ke anany premi daau. shivasagar ramagulam ne is sammelan ka udghatan karate hue bade hi marmasparshi shabdon men kaha, 'marishas men hindi ka vikas hamare samaj ke vikas ka dastavez hai. hamare jo poorvaj yahan ae the, ve khali hath the, unake pas ladane ka koee hathiyar nahin tha. unhonne bahut du:kh saha. janavar ki tarah kheton men rat aur din kam kiya. apane dhairy ko jatan se bachae rakha, kyonki unake pas apani bhasha thi. ve hindi, urdoo, tamil, telugu, marathi adi bolate the. in bhashaon men bahut ooncha gyan aur sahity hai. apani bhasha ki dori se unhonne apane dharm aur apani snskriti ko bandh rakha tha.' marishas men bharatiy bhashaon ke vikas ka kram batate hue unhonne age kaha, 'hamara vishvas hai ki in bhashaon ki raksha se hamare desh ki snskriti ki raksha honi hai aur in snskritiyon ke mel se ham marishas men nee snskriti ka nirman karenge, jisamen sabaka yogadan hoga.' 'mera vishvas hai ki hindi pyar aur ekata ki bhasha hai. yah hamesha se janata ki bhasha rahi hai. bharat aur marishas, donon ko svatntr karane men hindi ka hath raha hai.

apane saragarbhit adhyakshiy bhashan men bharatiy pratinidhi mndal ke neta daau. karn sinh ne hindi ki sanskritik aur aitihasik mahatta ka ullekh karate hue kaha, 'aj hindi sabhi prakar ke vicharon ki ek samarth vahini ban chuki hai aur bolane valon ki snkhya ko dekhate hue yah vishv ki char pramukh bhashaon men se ek hai. isamen any bhashaon ke shabdon ko grahan karane ki kshamata hai. devavani snskrit ke sath to hindi ka adhik samipy hai, kyonki vah hindi ki hi nahin, kee bhashaon ki janani hai. is avasar par ekatr sadasyagan ke samane main yah prarthana karana chahoonga ki jahan ve hindi ke prachar-prasar men agrasar hain, vahan unaka snskrit ki or bhi dhyan dena avashyak ho jata hai. is sashakt, sajiv bhasha ke sikhane ke prabndh har us desh men hone chahie, jahan par hindi bhasha-bhashi rahate hon. isase hindi sahityakaron tatha darshanikon ko hi labh nahin hoga, balki hindi bhasha ko samriddh banane men sahayata hogi. isake atirikt hindi tatha any bhashaon men paraspar anuvad zaroori hai. bharat men likhe jane vale hindi sahity ko any deshon tak, aur any deshon ke sahityakaron ki hindi rachanaon ko bharat pahunchana ek bada mahattvapoorn kary hai. isi se hindi jagath ki antarik shakti badhegi aur hindi ka antarrashtriy roop adhik nikharega. isake lie antarrashtriy hindi patrikaon ki avashyakata hai, jo hindi ka sndesh vishv ke har us kshetr tak pahunchae, jahan hindi bhashi tatha hindi premi rahate hon.
yah sammelan tin din tak chalata raha. sammelan men jin 4 pramukh vishayon par vichar-vimarsh hua, ve is prakar hai :

  1. hindi ki antarrashtriy sthiti, shaili aur svaroop,
  2. janasnchar ke sadhan aur hindi,
  3. svaichchhik snsthaon ki bhoomika,
  4. vishv men hindi ke pathan-pathan ki samasyaen.

 
pratyek vishay par vichar vimarsh karane ke lie tin tin vidvanon ka ek ek adhyaksh mndal banaya gaya tha. is adhyaksh mndal ka ek sadasy marishas ka, doosara bharat ka aur tisara inase bhinn any kisi desh ka vidvanh hota tha. inake atirikt ek vidvanh vishay ke snyojan ka kary karata tha. pahale vishay par banaye ge adhyaksh mndal men shri kher jagath sinh (marishas), pro. di.pi. yadav (bharat), pro. ke. doee (japan) tatha daau. lothar lutse (jarman snghiy ganarajy) shamil the. daau. dharmavir bharati ne isaka snyojan kiya tha. is vishay par bhag lene valon men jayanarayan ray, shrimati dhanavnti rikvay, shri ramadev dhurndhar, shri devavnshalal ramanath, shri somadatt bakhauri, shri lenart piyarsan, shrimati nikol balavir, shrimati iva aradi, shri odolen smekal, shrimati kohen tatha pro. ke. doee pramukh the. is sabhi vidvanon ne hindi ki mahanata batalate hue use rashtrasngh ki adhikarik bhasha banane par jor diya.

'jan snchar ke sadhan aur hindi' namak vishay par vichar karane ke lie shri vasudevasinh (bharat), pro. ke. doee (japan) aur shri mohan lal mohit (marishas) ka adhyaksh mndal banaya gaya tha. isake snyojak shri chndoolal chndrakar the. vaktaon men sarvashri shnkaradayal sinh, mahavir adhikari, dipachndr bihari, manoharashyam joshi, ravindr varma, shrikant varma, e. ramesh chaudhari arigapoodi, kamaleshvar, rajendr avasthi, dharmavir ji dhura, aravind kumar adi pramukh the. hindi ke aitihasik yogadan ki charcha karate hue vaktaon ne batalaya ki isake madhyam se kaviyon, sahityakaron, snton, vicharakon ne apani anubhootiyon se desh-videsh ko jagrat kiya hai aur ve ise sarvadeshik tatha antarrashtriy bhasha banane men nirntar prayatnashil rahe hain.

'hindi ke prachar-prasar men svaichchhik snsthaon ki bhoomika' namak vishay par hue vichar-vimarsh ke adhyaksh mndal men shri soorajaprasad sinh mngar (marishas), shri em. vi. krishnarav (bharat) aur shrimati nikal balavir (frans) shamil thin. isaka snyojan bharat ke shri anjaney sharma ne kiya. vaktaon men sarvashri madhukararav chaudhari, mohanalal mohit, daau. jayaraman, yogendr sharma, indradev bhola, daau. ratnakar pandey, hridayagrivachari, radhakrishn moorti, mngalaprasad tilakadhari, daau. rajeshvaraiya ityadi pramukh the. in vaktaon ne kaha ki agar hindi ke vikas, prachar aur prasar ka itihas dekha jae to saph ho jata hai ki isamen prarambh se agar kisi ka yogadan mila hai, to svaichchhik snsthaon ka, jinhonne apane athak prayatnon se hindi ka prachar, prasar aur vikas ahindi bhasha bhashi pranton men aur videshon men bhi kiya hai. shasan ke dvara to karravaee hoti rahi, lekin jahan par shasanon ki dikkaten rahin vahan svaichchhik snsthaon ne kary kiya hai.

chauthe satr men 'vishv men hindi ke pathan-pathan ki samasya' vishay par vichar-vimarsh hua, jisake adhyaksh mndal men daau. hajariprasad dvivedi ke atirikt shri satakam balail (marishas) aur pro. odolen (chekoslovakiya) shamil the. isaka snyojan pro. ravindranath shrivastav ne kiya. jin-jin vidvanon ne isamen bhag liya. unamen pro. haravnshalal sharma, shri ke.ke. mndal, daau. gopal sharma, daau. namavar sinh, pro.ji. sundar reddi, daau. kamil bulke, shri thakuradatt, shri poojannd nema, shri mohan gautam, shrimat kamalaratnam, pro. shyamanndan kishor tatha shri sudhakar pandey ke nam ullekhaniy hain. in vaktaon ka vichar tha ki hindi ke adhyayan evn adhyapan ki pranali ko aur sashakt banaya jae, isake lie ne avishkaron ka bhi prayog kiya jae aur shodh ke kshetron ko vyapak banaya jae. bhasha aur sahity ki raksha ke lie matribhasha ko hi adhyayan-adhyapan ka madhyam banaya jana chahie.

sabhi satron men vichar-vimarsh ka star bahut hi uchch koti ka raha. inamen hindi ke prachar, prasar, prayog, prashikshan ityadi sabhi pahaluon par gnbhirata aur vistar se vichar kiya gaya. is vichar-mnthan ke parinamasvaroop sammelan ke ant men ek mntavy pracharit kiya gaya, jisaki pramukh baten is prakar hain.

  • is adhiveshan ne pratham hindi vishv sammelan ke bodhavaky- 'vasudhaiv kutunbakamh' ko svikar kiya hai, jisake anusar vishv ki ek parivar ke roop men kalpana ki gee hai. is sammelan ka vishvas hai ki aj jab manavata ek chaurahe par ja khadi hai, hindi ka prem, seva aur shanti ki bhasha ke roop men un sari shaktiyon ko bal dena chahie, jo 'ek vishv ek parivar' ke adarsh ko aur bhi sudridh karen aur jahan manav ke lie jati, dharm, varn aur rashtriyata ki simaen n hon. yah sammelan usi drishtikon ko duharana chahata hai, jise pratham vishv hindi sammelan ne bhi svikar kiya tha ki vah hindi ke mamale men kisi bhi prakar ki zor-jabaradasti ya ladane ki drishti nahin rakhata hai aur isi prakar yah manata hai ki jo bhasha svechchha se svikar ki jaegi, vahi sare vishv men lokapriyata aur manyata prapt karegi.
  • sammelan ne pratham vishv hindi sammelan men parit is prastav ka phir samarthan kiya ki hindi ko snyukt rashtr sngh men ek adhikarik bhasha ke roop men sthan mile aur yah sipharish ki ki is uddeshy ki prapti ke lie ek kramabaddh karyakram banaya jae. sammelan ko yah janakar sntosh hua ki pratham vishv hindi sammelan ke any nirnayon ke bare men bhi thos kadam uthae ge hain, jinamen vishv hindi vidyapith ki sthapana ka nirnay bhi shamil hai.
  • sammelan men bharat men samachar patron ke snkalan ke bare men nirgut deshon ke us sammelan ka bhi svagat kiya gaya, jisamen sabhi snvad-samagri ka ek 'pool' banane ka nirnay liya gaya. sammelan ki dharana hai ki jan-snchar ke any sabhi sadhanon, jaise- rediyo, telivijan, philm tatha any prakar ke vaigyanik upakaranon ka hindi ke prachar-prasar men upayog kiya jae, taki vah 'ek vishv ek parivar' ki udatt bhavana ka prachar kar sake.
  • sammelan ki dharana hai ki marishas, bharat, fiji, trinidad, guyana jaise any deshon men vahan ki svaichchhik snsthaon ne hindi ke prachar-prasar ke lie atyant mahattvapoorn yogadan diya hai aur yah mana gaya hai ki in sabhi snsthaon ko un deshon ki sarakaron tatha janata se sahayata milani chahie. marishas aur bharat jaise deshon men to hindi ka abhiyan rashtriy evn sanskritik chetana ke andolan se hi juda raha hai, lekin in deshon ki snsthaon ne svatntrata prapti ke bad bhi apana hindi prachar-kary jari rakha hai.
  • sammelan ne vishv ke anek deshon men hindi ke pathan-pathan snbndhi samasyaon par bhi vichar kiya aur isamen pathy pustakon, vaigyanik upakaranon tatha any baton ke abhav men kin prakar ki kathinaiyon ka samana karana padata hai, is par bhi vichar kiya. in kathinaiyon ko door karane ka avashy hi prayatn hona chahie. sath hi sath yah bhi vichar prakat kiya gaya ki kshetr ke visheshgyon ko vishisht goshthiyon ka ayojan kar in samasyaon ke bare men vyavaharik sujhav aur samadhan prastut karane chahie. vishv hindi sammelan jaise vishal mnch par to in samasyaon ka nirdesh matr diya ja sakata hai.
  • dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan marishas men hua hai, is bat par sabhi pratinidhiyon ne apani hardik prasannata prakat ki aur usaka mukt knth se abhinndan kiya. sammelan jis kushalata ke sath snchalit hua, usaki bhoori-bhoori prashnsa ki gee. anek pratinidhiyon ne yah ichchha vyakt ki ki antarrashtriy kshetr men sammelan ki gatividhiyon ko age badhane ki drishti se kisi sngathan ka vichar kiya jae. ek vishesh sujhav diya gaya ki marishas men hi ek vishv hindi kendr ki sthapana ki jae, jo sare vishv ki hindi gatividhiyon ka samanvay kar sake aur ek antarrashtriy hindi patrika ka prakashan ho, jo bhasha ke madhyam se aise samuchit vatavaran ka nirman kar sake, jisamen manav vishv ka nagarik banakar rahe aur vigyan aur adhyatm ki mahanh shakti ek ne samanvit samnjasy ka roop le sake. sammelan ke vichar men yah uchit hoga ki is kary ke netritv ke lie marishas ke pradhanamntri daau. shivasagar ramagulam ji se hi nivedan kiya jae, jo dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ki rashtriy samiti ke adhyaksh hain aur jinaka suyogy, anubhavi evn prgyayukt marg darshan isake lie param upayogi hoga.
  • dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan men bhag lene vale sabhi pratinidhi aur paryavekshakon ka yah abhimat raha hai ki yah sammelan matr hindi ke itihas men hi nahin, varanh manavata ki nirntar yatra men bhi ek yugantakari ghatana hai. isalie yah sammelan vishv ke un samast stri-purushon ki or sneh aur maitri ka hath badhata hai, jo aise hi mahanh adarshon ke lie kam kar rahe hain. sammelan men yah sudridh dharana prakat ki gee ki tritiy vishv hindi sammelan ke ayojan hone tak ki avadhi tak hindi rashtriy tatha antarrashtriy donon kshetron men adarsh pragati kar legi.


in nirnayon ke kriyanvayan ke lie jahan tak bharat sarakar ka snbndh hai, pichhale 7 varshon se nirntar prayas chalata raha hai. isake lie rajabhasha vibhag men snbndhit mntralayon tatha snsthaon ke varishth adhikariyon ki 9 baithaken bulaee geen tatha unase vichar-vimarsh karake karravaee karaee gee. isake nirnayon ke kriyanvayan par vichar karane ke lie sabase pahali baithak rajabhasha vibhag ke sachiv evn bharat sarakar ke tatkalin hindi salahakar shri rama prasann nayak ki adhyakshata men 9-12-1976 ko bulaee gee thi. is baithak men nimnalikhit adhikari evn vidvanh upasthit the-

  1. shri sudhakar dvivedi, snyukt sachiv, rajabhasha vibhag.
  2. shri sanat kumar chaturvedi, nideshak (bhasha), shiksha mntralay.
  3. daau. haravnshalal sharma, nideshak, kendriy hindi nideshalay.
  4. daau. gopal sharma, nideshak, kendriy hindi snsthan.
  5. shri ve. anjaney sharma, sachiv, akhil bharatiy hindi snstha sngh, nee dilli.
  6. daau. ar.en. shrivastav, adhyaksh, bhasha vigyan vibhag, dilli vishvavidyalay, dilli.
  7. shri kevalakrishn sethi, upasachiv (bhasha), shiksha mntralay.
  8. shri rameshachndr tripathi upasachiv, soochana aur prasaran mntralay.
  9. shri bi.pi. sinha, visheshadhikari, hindi, videsh mntralay.
  10. shri haribaboo knsal, upasachiv, rajabhasha vibhag.
  11. shri ar.pi.em. tripathi, upasachiv, rajabhasha vibhag tatha
  12. shri rajamani tivari, varishth anusndhan adhikari, rajabhasha vibhag. in adhikariyon men se adhikansh dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ke karyakramon men upasthit the.
  • is baithak men mukhy roop se nimnalikhit vishayon par charcha huee-
hindi ko snyukt rashtrasngh ki adhikarik bhasha ke roop men sthan dilane ke lie kramabaddh karyakram banana-

baithak men yah vichar vyakt kiya gaya ki hindi ko snyukt rashtrasngh ki adhikarik bhasha banane ke lie yah zaroori hai ki pahale hamare sabhi bade-bade dootavason men hindi ka achchha prachar ho aur vahan hindi men kary bhi kiya jae. isake lie avashyak hai ki bade-bade dootavason men tatha un deshon men, jahan bharatiy mool ke log adhik snkhya men nivas karate hain, hindi adhikari, hind anuvadak, hindi taiparaitar, hindi pustakalay tatha hindi men kary karane se snbndhit sabhi upakaran aur suvidhaen sulabh karaee jaen. is snbndh men videsh mntralay dvara tatparatapoorvak karravaee ki jae aur hindi ke prayog ke lie thos adhar bhoomi taiyar ki jae. isake atirikt yadi dootavason men kam karane vale sarakari karmachariyon ke lie ab tak hindi padhane ki vyavastha nahin huee to unhen shighr hindi padhane ki vyavastha ki jae. baithak men yah vichar bhi vyakt kiya gaya ki videsh mntri ji dvara kendriy hindi samiti ki 26 mee, 1976 ki baithak men die ge us ashvasan ke sndarbh men ki jo sadasy rashtrasngh ki mahasabha ki baithakon men hindi men bhashan karenge, unake lie snyukt rashtrasngh men sthit hamare karyalay dvara anuvad dene ki vyavastha ki jaegi, anuvarti karravaee ki jae.

hindi ke prachar-prasar ke lie rediyo, telivijan, philm tatha any vaigyanik sadhanon ka prayog karana-

is vishay ke snbndh men vichar vyakt karate hue soochana aur prasaran mntralay ke pratinidhi shri rameshachndr tripathi ne bataya ki hindi ke prachar-prasar ke lie rediyo aur telivijan dvara avashyak karravaee ki ja rahi hai aur bhavishy men is kary ko aur adhik tej kiya jaega. baithak men sujhav diya gaya ki hindi ke prachar-prasar ka digdarshan karate hue ek philm taiyar ki jae aur usaka upayog dekhane ke bad is vishay par bhavishy men aur philmen banane ki vyavastha ki jae.

hindi ki svaichchhik snsthaon ko paryapt sarakari sahayata pradan karana-

shiksha mntralay ke rajabhasha nideshak shri sanat kumar chaturvedi ne bataya ki hindi ke prachar-prasar ke lie svaichchhik snsthaon ko paryapt sarakari sahayata di ja rahi hai aur zaroorat padane par isamen aur vriddhi ki jaegi.

hindi ki pathan-pathan snbndhi samasyaon ke samadhan ke lie pathy pustakon aur vaigyanik upakaranon adi ka prayog-

shri chaturvedi ne soochit kiya ki hindi ki pathan-pathan snbndhi samasyaon par shiksha mntralay ki taraf se karravaee ki ja rahi hai aur shighr ek baithak bulaee jayegi, jisamen is samasya ke sabhi pahaluon par vichar kiya jayega.

marishas men vishv hindi kendr ki sthapana-

is vishay par vistar se vichar kiya gaya aur yah sujhav diya gaya ki marishas men to vishv hindi kendr ki sthapana ki hi jae, sath hi vishv ke any bhagon men bhi, jahan hindi bhashi log rahate hain athava jahan bharatiy mool ke log adhik snkhya men nivas karate hain, vahan par char-panch vishv hindi kendr aur khole jaen.

marishas se vishv hindi patrika ke prakashan par vichar-

videsh mntralay ke pratinidhi shri bi.pi. sinha ne bataya ki marishas sarakar ne vishv hindi patrika ke prakashan ka bharat mahatma gandhi snsthan ke adhyaksh daau. ke. hajarisinh ko saunp diya hai, jo is snbndh men karravaee kar rahe hain aur ve shighr hi bharat akar usaki rooparekha ko antim roop denge. rajabhasha vibhag ke sachiv ne vichar prakat kiya ki patrika ke vishayon, stnbhon tatha any pramukh madon ke snbndh men jo rooparekha banaee jae, usake snbndh men yadi rajabhasha vibhag se bhi paramarsh kar liya jae to achchha ho.

hindi ki svaichchhik snsthaon ke pathyakramon men marishas ke hindi sahity ka samavesh karana-

baithak men soochana di gee ki hindi nideshalay men is kary ke lie samiti banaee gee hai, jo is vishay par vichar kar rahi hai. upasthit adhikariyon ne vichar prakat kiya ki hindi nideshalay ko is snbndh men shighr karravaee karani chahie aur svaichchhik snsthaon ki parikshaon ke pathyakramon men vikalp ke roop men marishas, fiji adi deshon ke hindi sahityakaron ki rachanaen tatha pustaken bhi shamil karani chahie.
uparyukt vishayon tatha inase utpann hone vale any snbndhit vishayon par karravaee karane tatha ki ja rahi karravaee ki samiksha karane ke lie rajabhasha vibhag men samay-samay par snbndhit mntralayon/vibhagon/karyalayon ke varishth adhikariyon evn pratinidhiyon ki kee baithaken bulaee geen, jinamen snbndhit snsthaon ke pratinidhiyon ko bhi amntrit kiya gaya. is prakar ki antim 2 baithaken rajabhasha vibhag ke sachiv shri jayanarayan tivari ki adhyakshata men kramash: 15-08-81 ko bulaee gee. in baithakon men bhag lene vale adhikariyon evn snsthaon ke pratinidhiyon men nimnalikhit ke nam ullekhaniy hain-

  1. shri ech.vi. gosvami, snyukt sachiv, rajabhasha vibhag,
  2. shri rajakrishn bnsal, upasachiv evn
  3. shri devendracharan mishr, nideshak (rajabhasha vibhag),
  4. shri bi.pi. sinha, visheshadhikari hindi, videsh mntralay,
  5. shri ke.ke. khullar, upasachiv shiksha mntralay,
  6. shrimati kanti dev, avar sachiv, soochana tatha prasaran mntralay,
  7. daau. ranavir rangra, nideshak, kendriy hindi nideshalay,
  8. shri ar.pi. malaviy, nideshak, kendriy anuvad byooro,
  9. shri rajanarayan bisariya, upanideshak, karyakram, dooradarshan kendr, nee dilli,
  10. daau. ravindranath shrivastav, bhasha vigyan vibhag, dilli vishvavidyalay, dilli,
  11. shri shnkaradev londhe, pratinidhi vishv hindi vidyapith,
  12. daau. kailash vajapeyi, vishv hindi pratishthan,
  13. shri jagadish prasad sharma, akhil bharatiy hindi snstha sngh, nee dilli tatha
  14. rajamani tivari, varishth anusndhan adhikari, rajabhasha vibhag.


hindi ko snyukt rashtrasngh ki ek adhikarik bhasha ke roop men sthan dilane ke lie videsh mntralay ne kee upay kie hain. usane is vishay men any deshon ke pratinidhi mndalon ke sath aupacharik paramarsh kiya hai aur snyukt rashtrasngh men mahattvapoorn dastavejon ka anuvad sulabh karane ke lie sabhi snbhavanaon ka pata lagaya hai. sath hi snyukt rashtrasngh ki sahayata se kuchh mahattvapoorn dastavejon ka hindi men anuvad bhi karava liya hai. any aise mahattvapoorn dastavejon aur prakashanon ki soochi bhi taiyar ki gee hai, jo anuvad aur prakashan ki drishti se upayogi samajhi gee hai. in dastavejon ke anuvad aur prakashan ki drishti se upayogi samajhi gee hai. in dastavejon ke anuvad, prakashan tatha vitaran ki lagat aur any snbndhit vishayon ke bare men snyukt rashtrasngh se vichar-vimarsh kiya ja raha hai.

videsh sthit 142 bharatiy mishanon men hindi ke kary ki gati tej ki ja rahi hai. pichhale kuchh varshon men in mishanon ko 108 hindi taiparaitar bheje gaye hain. asha hai, nikat bhavishy men any mishanon men bhi ek-ek hindi taiparaitar bhej diya jayega. isake atirikt uparyukt mishanon men ek-ek hindi taipist aur hindi ashulipik upalabdh karane ki bhi vyavastha ki ja rahi hai. aise deshon men, jahan hindi janane vale logon ki snkhya adhik hai, jaise marishas, fiji, guyana adi men hindi adhikari bhi niyukt kiye ge hain. any kuchh pramukh deshon men bhi hindi adhikariyon ki niyukti par vichar kiya ja raha hai.

shiksha mntralay dvara videshon men hindi ke prachar ke lie sakriy roop se karravaee ki ja rahi hai. in deshon men dakshin-poorvi eshiya, inglaind, amarika, roos, frans, pashchimi jarmani aur japan adi desh shamil hain. in deshon men hindi lekhan, hindi prashikshan, hindi pustakalayon ki sthapana ityadi men sahayata dene ke lie vishesh prabndh kiye ge hain. isake atirikt kendriy hindi snsthan, dilli men videshiyon ko hindi ka shikshan dene ke lie lagabhag 50 chhatravrittiyan di jati hain. isake lie videsh sthit bharatiy dootavason, mishanon se prarthanapatr mngaye jate hain. chune ge vidvanon ko 500 rupaye pratimas chhatravritti di jati hai aur unhen apane desh se bharat (dilli) ane tatha yahan se vapas jane ke lie havaee jahaz ka kiraya bhi diya jata hai.

shiksha mntralay ne soorinam, trinidad tatha guyana men ek ek hindi pradhyapak ki vyavastha ki hai. isi prakar shrilnka ke lie do anshakalik adhyapakon ka prabndh kiya gaya hai. in adhyapakon ka chunav aur niyukti bharatiy snskriti snbndh parishad dvara ki jati hai aur unake vetan tatha bhatton par hone vala vyay shiksha mntralay vahan karata hai. sanskritik vinimay karyakram ke antargat hindi bhasha aur sahity ke vibhinn pakshon par vyakhyan dene ke lie vishv ke bhinn-bhinn deshon men hindi ke vidvanon ko bhi bheja jata hai.

videshon men rahane vale hindi pathakon tatha bharatiy mool ke logon ko pustakalay ki suvidhaen upalabdh karane ke lie videsh sthit bharatiy dootavason evn mishanon ko hindi ki paryapt pustaken bheji gee hain. kathamandoo sthit bharatiy dootavas ke hindi pustakalay ke lie ek pustakalayadhyaksh ka bhi prabndh kiya gaya hai. videshon men hindi kakshaen prarnbh karane ke lie pathy pustaken bhi bheji gee hain.
pichhale 7 varshon men akele marishas ko do lakh rupaye se adhik mooly ki hindi pustaken bheji gee hain. isi prakar any deshon ke lie prativarsh 2 lakh se adhik mooly ki pustaken bheji jati hain. marishas, fiji aur shrilnka men hindi ke prachar ka kary karane vali svaichchhik snsthaon ke upayog ke lie hindi taiparaitar bhi bheje ge hain. fiji ke hindi bhashi logon ke bachchon ko hindi prashikshan ki suvidha upalabdh karane ki drishti se rashtriy shaikshik anusndhan tatha prashikshan parishad ki sahayata se hindi pathy pustakon ki chhapaee ki ek yojana banaee ja rahi hai, jis par dhaee lakh rupaye ka anuman hai.

dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ke bad soochana aur prasaran mntralay ke vibhinn madhyamon ne hindi ke prachar-prasar ki disha men kee mahattvapoorn kary kie hain, jinaka vivaran is prakar se hain-

  1. git aur natak prabhag ne hindi git tatha natak aur hindi men prastut kie jane vale any karyakram pahale se lagabhag dedh guna adhik kar die hain.
  2. patr soochana karyalay ne pres rilijon men hindi ke prayog ko badhava dene ki drishti se gramin patr seva, yoonesko fichar seva, krishi patrika seva aur vishesh seva prarambh ki hai.
  3. vigyapan aur drishy prasar nideshalay ne dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ke pahale vibhinn hindi samachar patron ko lagabhag 6,500 vigyapan die the. kintu varsh 1976-77, 77-78, 78-79, 79-80, 80-81 evn 81-82 men hindi samachar patron ko kramash: 10,668, 9,454, 13,127, 12,351 aur 12,333 vigyapan die ge hain.
  4. akashavani ke ahindi bhashi kshetron men sthit kendron dvara hindi padhane ke karyakram par vishesh jor diya gaya hai aur ab lagabhag 20 ahindi bhashi kendron men path prasarit kie jate hain.
  5. dooradarshan ke prasaranon men hindi ko uchch sthan diya jata hai. hindi bhashi pradeshon men sthit dooradarshan kendron dvara adhikansh karyakram hindi men hi die ja rahe hain. isake atirikt ahindi bhashi kshetron men sthit kendron se bhi prachur matra men hindi ke karyakram prasarit kie ja rahe hain.
  6. philm vibhag ne dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ke bad mool roop se hindi men pahale ki apeksha adhik dakoomentri philmen banaee hain. jo philmen mool roop se hindi men nahin banaee jatin, unaka bhi hindi men roopantar taiyar kiya jata hai. inaki snkhya men bhi pahale ki apeksha vriddhi huee hai.
  7. philmon ke madhyam se hindi prachar-prasar karane ke lie bhi soochana tatha prasaran mntralay ko samay-samay par prastav prapt hue hain, kintu abhi ise vyavaharik nahin paya gaya hai.


hindi ki svaichchhik snsthaon ko bahut pahale se sarakari sahayata di ja rahi hai. dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ke pashchath inhen sahayata dene par adhik dhyan diya gaya hai aur aisi pray: sabhi snsthaon ko, jo ahindi bhashi kshetron men hindi ke prachar-prasar, prashikshan tatha pustakalayon ke snchalan ka kary kar rahi hain, shiksha mntralay ki taraf se arthik sahayata di ja rahi hai. hindi bhashi kshetron men sthit aise vishisht vyaktiyon aur svaichchhik hindi snsthaon ko bhi, jo hindi aur nagari lipi ke vibhinn pakshon ke vikas men lagi huee hain, unhen bhi arthik sahayata di jati hai.
in svaichchhik hindi snsthaon dvara padhae jane vale hindi pathyakramon men videshon men likhe ge hindi sahity ko shamil karane ka prayas kiya gaya hai. prapt soochana ke anusar hindi vidyapith, devadhar, bihar ne apane pathyakram men aisi 14 pustakon ko niyojit karane ka nishchay kiya hai. rashtrabhasha prachar samiti, vardha ne marishas ke 3 lekhakon ki 4 pustakon ko apane pathyakram ka ang banane ka nirnay kiya hai. rashtrabhasha parishad, udisa ne ek pustak ko apane pathyakram men sthan diya hai. hindustani prachar sabha, bnbee, march, 1981 se ek pustak ko apane pathyakram men sammilit kar chuki hai. maisoor hindi prachar parishad, bngalaur ki shiksha samiti ne bhi apane pathyakram men tin pustakon ko sthan dene ka nishchay kiya hai. hindi prachar sabha, haidarabad tatha karnatak hindi mahila seva samiti, bngalaur 1982 se apane pathyakramon men videsh lekhakon ki rachanaon ko shamil kar rahe hain. isi prakar maharashtr rashtrabhasha sabha, pune tatha bnbee hindi vidyapith, bnbee ne bhi aisi pustakon ko apane pathyakramon men shamil karane ka nishchay kiya hai.

is prakar ab videshon men likhe ja rahe hindi sahity ko bhi hindi ke pathyakramon men shamil karane ki prakriya prarnbh ho gee hai. rajabhasha vibhag ke sujhav par vishvavidyalay anudan ayog dvara prayojanamoolak hindi ka snatakottar pathyakram taiyar kiya ja raha hai. is snbndh men ek baithak ayojit ki gee thi, jisamen 47 vishvavidyalayon ke bhasha vibhagon ke adhyakshon tatha kulapatiyon ne bhag liya tha. ayog dvara is kary ke lie ek upasamiti bhi banaee gee hai, jo is vishay men age ki karravaee ke snbndh men apane sujhav degi.

chikitsa, krishi, injiniyari adi vishayon aur vyavasayik kshetron men shiksha ke madhyam ke roop men hindi ko apanae jane ke lie prayas kie ja rahe hain. is vishay men shiksha mntralay ke adhinasth karyalay kendriy hindi nideshalay dvara karravaee ki ja rahi hai. in vishayon men bahut-si maulik aur anoodit pustaken prakashit ho gee hain aur unake prachar ke lie vishvavidyalayon men shiksha ke madhyam ke roop men apanae jane ke lie prayas kie ja rahe hain. in vishayon se snbndhit mntralay bhi inake bare men pustaken likhavane ke snbndh men karravaee kar rahe hain. isi prakar vidhi, nyay aur knpani kary mntralay ki taraf se vidhi kshetr ki shreshth pustakon ka anuvad karaya ja raha hai tatha maulik grnth bhi likhavae ja rahe hain. is mntralay ne maulik grnthon par puraskar dene ki bhi yojana banaee hai, taki aise lekhakon ko prerana aur protsahan prapt ho sake.

rajabhasha vibhag tatha any mntralayon ki taraf se yantrik upakaranon ki sahayata se hindi ka prayog badhane ke upae kie ja rahe hain. is drishti se devanagari lipi ke taiparaitaron ki vyavastha ke atirikt any yantrik sadhanon, jaise teliprintar, kampyootar, pata lekhi mashinon, bijali se chalane vale taiparaitar, ilektranik teliprintar, pinapvaint taiparaitar adi ke nirman ke lie snbndhit mntralayon aur nirmata knpaniyon ke sahayog se karravaee karaee ja rahi hai.

is vitaran se gyat hoga ki dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan ke ayojan ke pashchath bharat sarakar ke vibhinn mntralayon/vibhagon evn svaichchhik hindi snsthaon ki taraf se usamen lie ge nirnayon ko kriyanvit karane ke lie bharapoor prayas kiye kie hain. is snbndh men ayojit ki gee baithakon men tritiy vishv hindi sammelan ke ayojan ke snbndh men bhi nirntar vichar-vimarsh hota raha hai, jisake parinamasvaroop ab tritiy vishv hindi sammelan ka ayojan bhi kiya ja raha hai.



tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

tritiy vishv hindi sammelan 1983
kramank lekh ka nam lekhak
hindi aur samasik snskriti
1. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. karn rajasheshagiri rav
2. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ki sarjanatmak abhivyakti pro. kesarikumar
3. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. chndrakant bandivadekar
4. hindi ki samasik evn sanskritik ekata daau. jagadish gupt
5. rajabhasha: karyacharan aur samasik snskriti daau. en.es. dakshinamoorti
6. hindi ki akhil bharatiyata ka itihas pro. dineshvar prasad
7. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti daau. munshiram sharma
8. bharatiy vyaktitv ke snshlesh ki bhasha daau. raghuvnsh
9. desh ki samasik snskriti ki abhivyakti men hindi ka yogadan daau. rajakishor pandey
10. sanskritik samanvay ki prakriya aur hindi sahity shri rajeshvar gngavar
11. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ke tattv daau. shivanndan prasad
12. hindi:samasik snskriti ki snvahika shri shivasagar mishr
13. bharat ki samasik snskririti aur hindi ka vikas daau. haradev bahari
hindi ka vikasashil svaroop
14. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop daau. anndaprakash dikshit
15. hindi ke vikas men bhojapuri ka yogadan daau. udayanarayan tivari
16. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop (shabdavali ke sndarbh men) daau. kailashachndr bhatiya
17. manak bhasha ki snkalpana aur hindi daau. krishnakumar gosvami
18. rajabhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas, mahattv tatha prakash ki dishaen shri jayanarayan tivari
19. sanskritik bhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas daau. trilochan pandey
20. hindi ka saralikaran achary devendranath sharma
21. prashasanik hindi ka vikas daau. narayanadatt palival
22. jan ki vikasashil bhasha hindi shri bhagavat jha azad
23. bharat ki bhashik ekata: parnpara aur hindi pro. manik govind chaturvedi
24. hindi bhasha aur rashtriy ekikaran pro. ravindranath shrivastav
25. hindi ki snvaidhanik sthiti aur usaka vikasashil svaroop pro. vijayendr snatak
devanagari lipi ki bhoomika
26. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari shri jivan nayak
27. devanagari pro. devishnkar dvivedi
28. hindi men lekhan snbndhi ekaroopata ki samasya pro. p. ba. jain
29. devanagari lipi ki bhoomika daau. babooram saksena
30. devanagari lipi (kashmiri bhasha ke sndarbh men) daau. mohanalal sar
31. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari lipi pn. rameshvaradayal dube
videshon men hindi
32. vishv ki hindi patr-patrikaen daau. kamata kamalesh
33. videshon men hindi:prachar-prasar aur sthiti ke kuchh pahaloo pro. premasvaroop gupt
34. hindi ka ek apanaya-sa kshetr: snyukt rajy daau. ar. es. megregar
35. hindi bhasha ki bhoomika : vishv ke sndarbh men shri rajendr avasthi
36. marishas ka hindi sahity daau. lata
37. hindi ki bhavi antarrashtriy bhoomika daau. brajeshvar varma
38. antarrashtriy sndarbh men hindi pro. siddheshvar prasad
39. nepal men hindi aur hindi sahity shri sooryanath gop
vividha
40. tulanatmak bharatiy sahity evn paddhati vigyan ka prashn daau. indranath chaudhuri
41. bharat ki bhasha samasya aur hindi daau. kumar vimal
42. bharat ki rajabhasha niti shri krishnakumar shrivastav
43. videsh doorasnchar seva shri ke.si. katiyar
44. kashmir men hindi : sthiti aur snbhavanaen pro. chamanalal saproo
45. bharat ki rajabhasha niti aur usaka karyanvayan shri devendracharan mishr
46. bhashayi samasya : ek rashtriy samadhan shri narmadeshvar chaturvedi
47. snskrit-hindi kavyashastr men upama ki sarvalnkarabijata ka vichar daau. mahendr madhukar
48. dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan : nirnay aur kriyanvayan shri rajamani tivari
49. vishv ki pramukh bhashaon men hindi ka sthan daau. ramajilal jangid
50. bharatiy adivasiyon ki matribhasha tatha hindi se inaka samipy daau. lakshmanaprasad sinha
51. main lekhak nahin hoon shri vimal mitr
52. lokgyta sarvgyta (lokavartta vigyan ke sndarbh men) daau. haradvarilal sharma
53. desh ki ekata ka mool: hamari rashtrabhasha shri kshemachnd ‘suman’
videshi sndarbh
54. marishas: sagar ke par laghu bharat shri es. bhuvaneshvar
55. amarika men hindi -daau. kerin shomar
56. lipazing vishvavidyalay men hindi daau. (shrimati) marget gatslaf
57. jarmani snghiy ganarajy men hindi daau. lothar lutse
58. soorinam desh aur hindi shri sooryaprasad bire
59. hindi ka antarrashtriy pariprekshy shri bachchooprasad sinh
svaichchhik snstha sndarbh
60. hindi ki svaichchhik snsthaen shri shnkararav londhe
61. rashtriy prachar samiti, vardha shri shnkararav londhe
sammelan sndarbh
62. pratham aur dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan: uddeshy evn upalabdhiyan shri madhukararav chaudhari
smriti-shraddhanjali
63. svargiy bharatiy sahityakaron ko smriti-shraddhanjali daau. prabhakar machave

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