bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

हिन्दी की सामासिक एवं सांस्कृतिक एकता -डॉ. जगदीश गुप्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif yah lekh svatntr lekhan shreni ka lekh hai. is lekh men prayukt samagri, jaise ki tathy, ankade, vichar, chitr adi ka, snpoorn uttaradayitv is lekh ke lekhak/lekhakon ka hai bharatakosh ka nahin.
lekhak- daau. jagadish gupt

hindi sahity jis pradesh men shatabdiyon se racha ja raha hai usaki bhavanatmak prakriti aur bhashik chetana prarnbh se hi samasik evn samanvayatmak rahi hai. usaka ek praman to yahi hai ki jahan hinditar pradesh apani pahachan gujarati, marathi, bngali pradeshik namon se karate hain. vahi ve hindi bhashi logon ke lie ‘hindustani’ shabd ka prayog karate he. vastav men yah sahi hai ki madhyadesh ke nivasiyon ne apani asmita ka kabhi desh ke itar bhagon se alag karake prastut nahin kiya. yah bhi akasmik nahin hai ki vaidik kal se aj tak bharatavarsh ki sarvajanik chetana ko vyakt karane ka dayitv jis bhasha par bhi aya vah adhikatar isi kshetr se snbaddh rahi hai. snskrit, pali, prakrit aur apabhrnsh ke jo roop deshavyapi snpark ke sadhan bane, ve isi kshetr se snbndhit rahe hain. yah kahana anuchit n hoga ki bharat desh ka sanskritik sntulan-bindu gnga yamuna ki ghati men visheshatah kendrit raha hai. ram, krishn aur buddh jaise avatari purushon ki janmabhoomi tatha kashi, mathura, mayapuri (haridvar), naimisharany aur prayag ki puny bhoomi deshavyapi akarshan ka kendr rahi hai. ‘mathura’ ke sath dakshin ki ‘madura’ aur ‘kashi’ ke sath ‘kanchi’ ka nam abhinn roop se juda hua hai. padmanabharamh ke chitron men ek or vishvanath aur doosari or rameshvaramh ke shivaling ka samaroop alekhan is bat ka praman hai ki hinata aur shreshthata se sarvatha bhinn, samata ka ek vyapak manobhav sada sammanajanak mana gaya hai. bhagavatakar se kaveri-tatavasi vaishnavon ka jitana atmiyatapoorn parichay raha, usase kam atmiyata vrindavan ke parichay ki pragadhata men nahin milati. isi vrindavan ne nadiya dvip ke chaitany mahaprabhu jud hue hain, jinake vyaktitv men ek or git govind ki padavali aur doosari or chndidas aur vidyapati ke pad aise abhinn roop se sngrathit hue hain ki unhen alag karana snbhav pratit nahin hota. gujarat ke narasi mehata aur sooradas tatha mira ka jitana ghanishth snbndh hai utana sahity ki samasik chetana ke bina kisi prakar kalpit nahi kiya ja sakata. maharashtr ke ekanath, namadev aur tukaram ke padon men jo gyan, vairagy aur bhakti ki samanvit bhavana vyakt huee, vah gorakhanath, kabir aur nanak ki vani se judi dikhaee deti hai. nathon aur siddhon ka sahity poorvi parnpara aur raso tatha viragathaon ka sahity pashchimi parnpara ka pratinidhitv karate hue hindi ki vishal chetana men ekanvit ho gaya hai. doha, chaupaee tatha any samaroop chhndon ne ise ek sootr men bndha hua hai. ‘vinayapatrika’ ka ‘harishnkari’ pad isaka anyatam udaharan hai. dakshin ke anek vaishnav acharyon ne vridavan ko apana kendr banakar bhagavat mahatmy ki us vriddha bhakti ki katha ko sarthak kar diya hai jo gyan vairagy roopi apane shashvat putron ko lekar dravid desh men utpann huee, karnatak men badhi, gujarat men boodhi huee kintu vrindavan tak ate ate ‘navinev suroopini’ ho gee. usi bhakti ka navonmesh hindi bhashi kshetron men soor, tulasi, mira, kabir, jayasi jaise sanpradayikata rahit udar evn udatt prem bhav se paripoorn snton ki vani hindi sahity ko de gaya. kashmir ki samriddh kavyashastriy parnpara snskrit se hoti huee hindi tak aee aur riti kavy ke roop men saudaryatmak abhivyakti se yukt adbhut muktak sahity de gee, jisane ratnakar aur unake bad mujh tak apana prabhav jivnt banae rakha. rasakhan, rahim, jayasi jaise kaviyon ki rachanaon ko dekhakar kahin yah nahin lagata ki hindoo aur musalaman ke bich men kabhi koee sanpradayik vaimanasy raha ho. ramacharitamanas ki prashasti men likha gaya rahim ka yah doha, jo manas ke gujarati anuvadak dvara uddhrit kiya gaya hai, sahity ke star par manaviy ekata ka asadharan udghosh karata hai.

racharitamanas vimal, sntan jivan pran.
hinduan ko ved sam, javanahi prakat quran.

yah rahim ka hi sahas tha ki manas jaise kavy grnth par rijhakar unhonne use apane lie quran ke saman priy man liya. krishn bhakti aur ram bhakti ne bhasha bhed, jati bhed, snpraday bhed tatha pradesh bhed sabaka atikraman kiya hai aur bhakti ke jis svaroop ki sthapana inhonne ki, usamen oonch nich aur chhuachhoot ka kahin koee sthan nahin hai. soor ne likha hai-

badi hai ram nam ki ot
baithat sabha sabai hari joo ki kaun bado ko chhot..

isi tarah hariram vyas ne likhaah

bhagati men kahan janeoo jati.

tulasi jo bhuja uthakar is bat ka ram ke dvara udghosh karate rahe ki ram nam sabako pavan karane men saksham haiah

svapach, sabar, khas, jaman jad, pavan kol kirat.
ram kahat pavan param, hot bhuvan bikhyat.

unhonne yah bhi likha haiah

bhagativant ati nichu prani.
mohi pran priy as mam bani.

prarnbh se hi hindi sahity ne jis adarsh ko pratishthit kiya vah sanskritik ekata, manaviy samata tatha sare snsar ko apane bhavanatmak vistar men samet lene ki, deshavyapi hi nahin, vishvavyapi samasik chetana se yukt ho raha hai.
maharaja chhatrasal ke guru mahamati prananath ne khadi boli hindi men quran tatha itar dharmagrnthon ke shreshth tatvon ka gyan prastut karake jo samanvay kiya hai vah rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke snskaron men prakat hokar svatntrata sngram ka sashakt hathiyar bana. svami prananath ke dvara ‘eeshvar alla tere nam’ ki bhavana kabir se adhik prananath ki den hai. kabir ki tarah hi prananath ne bhi dharmon ke adnbaron aur snkirnataon ki alochana bhi ki.

hindi musalaman re phirngi ke jane hodi bodi jain apar.
baden son bodh badhariya kari agani udekar ..

shri nanakadev dvara samarthit evn sammanit snt vaniyon ka sngrah vyapak hindi bhasha ki vividh chhaviyon se yukt guru grnth sahab pahala dharm grnth hai jisane hindi ko itana bada gaurav pradan kiya. ramacharitamanas avadhi ki kavy rachana hokar bhi sare bharat men dharmagrnthon ki tarah poojit hua daur aj desh videsh ki anekanek bhashaon men usake anuvad upalabdh hain. lokapriyata ki drishti se baibil ke bad manas ka sthan ata hai, kintu baibil kavy grnth nahin hai, jabaki manas ek atyant utkrisht kavyagrnth hai. mere guru bhaee svargiy phadar kamil bulke ne apane vyaktitv ke dvara is vibhed ko bhavanatmak star par mita diya, jisaki sahityik mahatta uttarottar badhati hi gee aur aj bhi badhati ja rahi hai. marishas, soorinam adi deshon men jo bharatiy mool ke log ge, ve apane sath ramacharitamanas ki prati aur prerana lete ge, jo aparajey siddh huee. aj bhi aise anek deshon men bharat ki mahatta ramacharitamanas ke karan mani jati hai jisaka gaurav hindi ko milata hai. mahamati prananath ka ‘kalajamasvaroop’ bhi pranami snpraday dvara dharm grnth ke roop men pooja jata hai. isaki prasiddhi utani nahin huee, kintu isake dvara bhi hindi kavy ka mahatv pratishthit hua, isamen koee sndeh nahin. ab yah grnth prakashit hokar sarvasulakh ho chuka hai. gujarat men janme svami dayannd sarasvati ne apane dharmik vicharon ko gujarati men n likhakar ‘satyarth prakash’ ke nam se hindi men likha. unake dvara pravirtit ary samaj ke anuyayiyon dvara yah bhi dharm grnth ke roop men pooja jata hai. uparyukt charon grnth akhil bharatiy prabhav rakhate hain aur unaki kendriy bhavana samasik snskriti ko prerani deti hai. hindi ka varchasv jin logon ke dvara badha ve sabhi hindi kshetr ke nivasi nahin the aur n hindi sada sabaki matribhasha hi rahi atev aj hindi ko hinditar bhashabhashi logon dvara paraee bhasha ke roop men dekha jana rajanitik karanon ka hi dyotak siddh hota hai. usake lie koee sanskritik adhar nahin hai.

bharatendu se lekar aj tak hindi sahity ka jo vikas hua hai, vah bhi mool is dhara se vichchhinn nahi hai. bharatendu hindi men svabhasha ki chetana ke ne sndarbh men adi pravartak kahe ja sakate hain kyonki unhone pahali bar angrejon ki aur angreji ki gulami ke viruddh deshavasiyon ko sachet kiya. aj ka bharat angrejon ki paradhinata se mukt ho chuka hai parntu angreji ki gulami abhi tak use jakade hue hain. videshon ke kutsiv prabhav ne chhadm snskriti aur jhoothi adhunikata ke mohan ne tatha bharatiy bhasha ke prati svabhiman ki kami ne use is vidnbanapoorn sthiti se abhi tak ubarane nahin diya hai, jabaki varshon se hindi rajabhasha ka pad de diya gaya hai. bulke ji ne thik hi kahatha ki ‘‘bharat men angreji ‘bahurani’ aur hindi ‘naukarani’ banakar rakhi ja rahi hai.’’ dvivedi yug men ‘bharat bharati’ ke madhyam se gupt ji ne jis gahari rashtriy bhavana ke sath desh ke punarudvar ka snkalp kiya tha vah aj bhi dhoondhane se nahin mil raha hai. gandhiji ne angrejon ke sndarbh men ravindranath ke prashnon ka svamaran karate jo kuchh likha tha vah aj bhi smaraniy tatha mananiy haiah ‘‘ kavi samrat ke barabar mujhe bhi khuli hava par shraddha hai. mai nahin chahata ki mera ghar sab taraph khadi huee divaron se ghira rahe aur usake daravaze aur khidikiyan band kar di jaen. mai bhi yahi chahata hoon ki mere ghar ke as pas desh videsh ki snsakriti ki hava bahati rahe. par mai yah nahin chahata ki us hava men jamin par se mere pair ukhad jaen aur mai aundhe munh gir padoon. mai chahata hoon ki hamare desh ke javan ladake ladakiyon ko sahity men ras ho to ve bhale hi duniya ki doosari bhasha ki tarah angreji bhi ji bharakar padhen. phir mai unase asha rakhoonga ki ve apane angreji padhane ke labh daau. bos, ray aur khud kavi samrat ki tarah hindustan ko aur duniya ko den, lekin mujhase yahi nahin bardasht hoga ki hindustan ka ek bhi adami matribhasha ko bhool jae, usaki hnsi udae ya usase sharmae ya use yah bhi lage ki vah achchhe se achchha vichar apani bhasha men nahin rakh sakata.’’ mahatma ji ka chah vaktavy rashtrabhasha ke bina desh ko goonga kahane se kam mahatv nahin rakhata. vastutah adhunik hindi sahity men parnpara, prayog aur pragati ka nee kavita, nee kahani aur nee alochana adi ke kshetr men, jo samanvit roop milata hai usaka karan yahi sajagata hai ki angreji bhasha ki tarah bharatiy sahity ki adhunikata bhi manasik gulami ka karan n bane. janavadi chetana ki bhi do dharaen milati hai, ek rahul aur yashapal ki hai jisamen hindi ke sanskritik gaurav ki asthapoorn pratishtha hai. doosari dhara mulkaraj annd aur sajjad jahir jaise logon ki hai, jo angreji aur urdoo ke age hindi ko pichhad़a hua samajhate hain. unhen hindi ki lok chetana aur lok bhasha evn lok kavyaroopon se yukt prakriti ki mahatta, prabhavashakti tatha vyapti par astha nahin hai, jabaki hindi apani inhi visheshataon ke karan urdoo se kahin adhik samriddh siddh huee hai. devanagari lipi ne use aur adhik vyapak banane men advitiy sahayog diya hai. svargiy suniti kumar chatarji jaise bhashavidh bhi hindi ke lie roman lipi ki vakalat karane lage the. aj ham rajarshi purushottamadas tndan ka adar ke sath smaran karate hain, jinhonne antarrashtriyata ke nam par nagari lipi ke ankon ke bahishkar ka virodh kiya tha. bhale hi ve saphal n hue hon par unaka drishtikon sanskritik svabhiman ki drishti se sahi tha. rajanitik samajhaute se bani ‘hindustani’ jaisi kritrim siddh huee vaise hi ankon ki bat bhi svabhavik pratit nahin hoti. kalakar ke nate mai to ise asundar bhi manata hoon. har bhasha aur lipi ki ek prakriti hoti hai jisako vikrit n karana snskriti ka dyotak hai. samasikata aur samanvay ke nam par rajanitik dabavon se bhasha ke roop ko vikrit karana hindi ki tejasvita antatah kabhi svikar nahin karegi, kyonki use any bhashaon ke gaurav aur prakriti ke samman ka bhi dhyan hai.

rahul ji ne hindi sahity sammelan ke 35ven adhiveshan par sabhapati pad se 1947 men bnbee men jo bhashan diya tha usamen un savalon ka satik uttar diya gaya hai jo aj tak rajanitik karanon se barabar uchhale jate hain. unhonne likha ‘‘hindi ke rashtrabhasha hone ke lie jab kaha jata hai to kahin n kahin se avaj nikalati hain ki hindi vale sare bharat par hindi ka samrajy sthapit karana chahate hain. yah unaka jhootha prachar hai aur ve hinditar bhashabhashiyon ke man men yah bhav paida karana chahate hain ki hindi ko sngh bhasha banane par unaki bhasha ka sahity aur astitv hi mit jaega, yah vichar sarvatha nirmool hai. apane kshetr men vahan ki bhasha hi sarvesarva hogi. is tarah udisa, andhr, shimala, keral, karnatak, maharashtr, gujarat, pnjab aur asam men vahan ki bhashaon ka sahityik aur rajanitik donon kshetron men nirbadh rajy rahega. hindi ka kam to vahan hi padega jahan ek prant doosare prant se snbndhit hoga. isako kaun nahin svikar karega ki bngala, udiya, marathi, gujarati, telugu aur malayalam bhashabhashi jab ek jagah adhikadhik milenge to unake apasi vyavahar ke lie koee ek bhasha honi chahie.’ kahana n hoga ki vartaman paristhiti men hindi ke atirikt any koee bharatiy bhasha yah kary karane men saksham nahin hai. rahul ji ne itihas ka sakshy dekar is bat ko siddh kiya hai ki ashok ke samay se harsh ke samay tak uttar bharat men lok-bhasha ki shakti ke karan hi rajanitik kendr sanskritik kendr ka gaurav pate rahe. isaka arth dev-bhasha snskriti ki avamanana nahin hai. unhonne spasht kaha ki hindi ki parnpara antaraprantiy sadhu snsthaon se judi hai, jo kunbh ke mele ke samay ‘hindi men aur siph hindi men’ apas men batachit karate hain. unhonne ye bhi kaha ki isaka gandhiji ke dakshin men hindi bhasha prachar se koee snbndh nahin hai. hamari aj ki hindi snsthaon men sadiyon pahale yah kam ho raha hai. unhin akhadon ke ek pratinidhi atikechanagiri ne snvath 1866 men soviyat ke bakoo nagar ke pas jvala ji ke mandir par jo shilalekh khudavakar lagaya vah khadi boli hindi men hai. rahul ji ne sadhuon ke akhadon ki aitihasik mahatta ko rajanitik aur sanskritik donon hi staron par mahatvapoorn mana hai. unaka kahana hai ki sahity star par bhi unaka yogadan upekshaniy nahin hai yah kahana bhramak hai ki hindi ke pakshadhar keval uttar bharatiy rahe hain aur hindi valon ne apani bhasha aur sahity ko asadharan mahatv diya hai. dakshin bharatiy logon se use manavane ka duragrah kar rahe hain. vastu saty yah hai ki jis tarah hindi madhyadesh se udbhoot hokar poorv aur pashchim men phaili usi tarah usaki vyapti uttar aur dakshin men bhi huee. yah bat doosari hai ki kahin kuchh adhik huee to aur kahin kam. isaka ek pramukh karan to yahi hai ki dakshin ki bhashaen aryetar bhasha samooh se snbndhit hain aur unaki antarik snrachana snskrit aur usaki anuvarti evn usase prabhavit bhashaon se bhinn hai. yah bat manate hue bhi is tathy ki apeksha karana uchit nahin hai ki snskrit shabdavali ki prachurata tamil ko chhodakar shesh dakshin bhashaon men paryapat matra men milati hai. telugu men to vah sarvadhik hai. hindi ke sahityik roop men tatsam shabdavali ki prachurata isilie svabhavik lagati hai ki akhil bharatiy star par bngala, marathi, gujarati aur telugu se usaka adhik sahachary siddh hota hai. tamil ke bhakti sahity se hindi sahity sidhe to nahin kintu anuvadon ke madhyam seavashy prabhavit hua. kuchh tamilabhashiyon ne svayn hindi sahity ko samriddh kiya, isamen bhi sndeh nahin. malayalam ke sahity men travanakor ke janapriy kaviraj svatitirunal (janm 1813 ee.) men hindi men anek maulik kavitaon tatha natakon ki rachana ki. ve marathi tatha any bharatiy bhasha ke gyata the aur bharatendu ke agrani the, yah aitihasik saty hai - sudoor dakshin sahity ke srijan ka yah praman dakkhini hindi se kam mahatvapoorn nahin kaha ja sakata. keraliyon ko hindi ko den’ namak pustak ke tisare adhyay men ji. gopinathan ne isaka vistar se varnan kiya. tamil ke mahanh sahityakar subrahamanyam bharati ne bharatendu ki tarah rashtriy chetana se yukt anek rachanaen ki aur hindi men bhi unaki gati thi. hindi sahity men desh ka snpoorn svaroop bhaugolik star par pratibinbit hota, isake anek praman hain. ramacharitamanas rameshvaramh ka smaran karata hai. padmakar pnditaraj jagannath ki tarah tailng brahman the apani kavita men minagadh, bnbee aur kalakatte se lekar mndaraj (madras) tak phirngiyon ki phauj ko parabhoot dekhana chahate the. bhooshan shivaji ke yash ke vistar ka varnan karate hue kahate hain, “karnatak laun sabadesh bigoonje.” hindi ke any sevi seth govindadas ne 1965 men apane vishesh hindi sammelan ke adhyakshiy bhashan men is bat ko spasht kiya hai. dakshin men sabhi angreji ke pakshapati nahin hai. unhonne isaka udaharan diya hai ki dakshin men bhi dev bhasha ki chetana hai aur angreji ka virodh karane vale tejasvi purush hai. kendriy hindi snsthan, agara ke dikshant samaroh ke avasar par daau. motoori satyanarayan ne hindi ka jitane bal ke sath samana kiya vah anek hindi bhashiyon ke lie bhi prerak kaha ja sakata hai. ve sarvadeshikata evn rashtriyata ke pratik roop men hindi ki das bhoomikaen manate hain - pradeshikata, rashtriyata, prashasanikata, sarvadeshikata, janapadiyata, antapradishikata, sanskritik samasikata, antarrashtriyata, bharatiyata, sanskritik pratikatmaka tatha antarrashtriy madhyam hone ki bhoomika dvara unhen abhihit kiya ja sakata hai. daau. shnkararajoo nayadoo ‘kab ramayan’ aur ‘ramacharitamanas’ ki tulana karake is bat ke anek praman pastut karate hain ki tulasi par knban ka nishchit prabhav pad hai. nirala ki mahakavyopama kavita nam ki shakti-pooja krittivas ki bngala ramayan se anuprerit hai yah bat suvigyat hai. vastutah sahity aur snskriti ko khndit roop men akalit nahin kiya ja sakata. lipi men bhed ke karan bharatiy sahity men jo alagav abhi bhi bana hua hai vah dhire-dhire mitata ja raha hai. aisi anek patrikaen prakashit ho rahi hain jinamen vibhinn bharatiy bhashaon ka sahity devanagari lipi men liya jata hai aur hindi men usaka anuvad prastut kiya jata hai. yah kary bade paimane par hona chahie, bharatiy sahity ko bhasha-bhed se oopar uthakar ekatmak roop men dekhana vastutah yatharth drishti parichayak kaha jaega. mainne gujarati aur brajabhasha krishn-kavy ka tulanatmak adhyayan karake yah paya ki lipi aur bhasha ka antar utana bada nahin hai, jitana sanskritik ekata ka bhav. samasy bharatiy sahity men jitani udat bhavanaen aur jitani manaviy snvedanaen vyakt huee hai ve videshi sahity se tulana karane par alag pahachani ja sakati hain. bharatiy sahity ki yah bahuayami ekata hindi ki samajik evn sanskritik ekata ka mool adhar hai.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

tritiy vishv hindi sammelan 1983
kramank lekh ka nam lekhak
hindi aur samasik snskriti
1. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. karn rajasheshagiri rav
2. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ki sarjanatmak abhivyakti pro. kesarikumar
3. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. chndrakant bandivadekar
4. hindi ki samasik evn sanskritik ekata daau. jagadish gupt
5. rajabhasha: karyacharan aur samasik snskriti daau. en.es. dakshinamoorti
6. hindi ki akhil bharatiyata ka itihas pro. dineshvar prasad
7. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti daau. munshiram sharma
8. bharatiy vyaktitv ke snshlesh ki bhasha daau. raghuvnsh
9. desh ki samasik snskriti ki abhivyakti men hindi ka yogadan daau. rajakishor pandey
10. sanskritik samanvay ki prakriya aur hindi sahity shri rajeshvar gngavar
11. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ke tattv daau. shivanndan prasad
12. hindi:samasik snskriti ki snvahika shri shivasagar mishr
13. bharat ki samasik snskririti aur hindi ka vikas daau. haradev bahari
hindi ka vikasashil svaroop
14. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop daau. anndaprakash dikshit
15. hindi ke vikas men bhojapuri ka yogadan daau. udayanarayan tivari
16. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop (shabdavali ke sndarbh men) daau. kailashachndr bhatiya
17. manak bhasha ki snkalpana aur hindi daau. krishnakumar gosvami
18. rajabhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas, mahattv tatha prakash ki dishaen shri jayanarayan tivari
19. sanskritik bhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas daau. trilochan pandey
20. hindi ka saralikaran achary devendranath sharma
21. prashasanik hindi ka vikas daau. narayanadatt palival
22. jan ki vikasashil bhasha hindi shri bhagavat jha azad
23. bharat ki bhashik ekata: parnpara aur hindi pro. manik govind chaturvedi
24. hindi bhasha aur rashtriy ekikaran pro. ravindranath shrivastav
25. hindi ki snvaidhanik sthiti aur usaka vikasashil svaroop pro. vijayendr snatak
devanagari lipi ki bhoomika
26. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari shri jivan nayak
27. devanagari pro. devishnkar dvivedi
28. hindi men lekhan snbndhi ekaroopata ki samasya pro. p. ba. jain
29. devanagari lipi ki bhoomika daau. babooram saksena
30. devanagari lipi (kashmiri bhasha ke sndarbh men) daau. mohanalal sar
31. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari lipi pn. rameshvaradayal dube
videshon men hindi
32. vishv ki hindi patr-patrikaen daau. kamata kamalesh
33. videshon men hindi:prachar-prasar aur sthiti ke kuchh pahaloo pro. premasvaroop gupt
34. hindi ka ek apanaya-sa kshetr: snyukt rajy daau. ar. es. megregar
35. hindi bhasha ki bhoomika : vishv ke sndarbh men shri rajendr avasthi
36. marishas ka hindi sahity daau. lata
37. hindi ki bhavi antarrashtriy bhoomika daau. brajeshvar varma
38. antarrashtriy sndarbh men hindi pro. siddheshvar prasad
39. nepal men hindi aur hindi sahity shri sooryanath gop
vividha
40. tulanatmak bharatiy sahity evn paddhati vigyan ka prashn daau. indranath chaudhuri
41. bharat ki bhasha samasya aur hindi daau. kumar vimal
42. bharat ki rajabhasha niti shri krishnakumar shrivastav
43. videsh doorasnchar seva shri ke.si. katiyar
44. kashmir men hindi : sthiti aur snbhavanaen pro. chamanalal saproo
45. bharat ki rajabhasha niti aur usaka karyanvayan shri devendracharan mishr
46. bhashayi samasya : ek rashtriy samadhan shri narmadeshvar chaturvedi
47. snskrit-hindi kavyashastr men upama ki sarvalnkarabijata ka vichar daau. mahendr madhukar
48. dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan : nirnay aur kriyanvayan shri rajamani tivari
49. vishv ki pramukh bhashaon men hindi ka sthan daau. ramajilal jangid
50. bharatiy adivasiyon ki matribhasha tatha hindi se inaka samipy daau. lakshmanaprasad sinha
51. main lekhak nahin hoon shri vimal mitr
52. lokgyta sarvgyta (lokavartta vigyan ke sndarbh men) daau. haradvarilal sharma
53. desh ki ekata ka mool: hamari rashtrabhasha shri kshemachnd ‘suman’
videshi sndarbh
54. marishas: sagar ke par laghu bharat shri es. bhuvaneshvar
55. amarika men hindi -daau. kerin shomar
56. lipazing vishvavidyalay men hindi daau. (shrimati) marget gatslaf
57. jarmani snghiy ganarajy men hindi daau. lothar lutse
58. soorinam desh aur hindi shri sooryaprasad bire
59. hindi ka antarrashtriy pariprekshy shri bachchooprasad sinh
svaichchhik snstha sndarbh
60. hindi ki svaichchhik snsthaen shri shnkararav londhe
61. rashtriy prachar samiti, vardha shri shnkararav londhe
sammelan sndarbh
62. pratham aur dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan: uddeshy evn upalabdhiyan shri madhukararav chaudhari
smriti-shraddhanjali
63. svargiy bharatiy sahityakaron ko smriti-shraddhanjali daau. prabhakar machave

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