जयचंद्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jayachndr / jayachnd (1170 - 94 ee.) kannauj ke rajy ki dekh-rekh ka uttaradhikari usake pita vijayachndr ne apane jivan-kal men hi bana diya tha. vijayachndr ki mrityu ke bad vah kannauj ka vidhivat raja hua. jayachndr prithviraj chauhan ki patni snyogita ka pita tha. jayachndr bada vir, pratapi aur viddhanon ka ashrayadata tha. usane apani virata aur buddhimatta se kannauj rajy ka kafi vistar kiya tha. 'prithviraj raso' ke anusar jayachndr dilli ke raja anngapal ki putri se utpann hua tha. jayachndr dvara rachit 'rnbhamnjari natika' se gyat hota hai ki isane chndel raja madanavarmadev ko parajit kiya. is natika tatha 'rason' se yah bhi pata chalata hai ki jayachndr ne shahabuddin gori ko kee bar parajit kar use bharat se bhaga diya. musalaman lekhakon ke vivaranon se gyat hota hai ki jayachndr ke samay men gahadaval samrajy bahut vistrit ho gaya. ibn asir nam lekhak ne to usake rajy ka vistar chin samrajy ki sima se lekar malava tak likha hai. poorv men bngal ke sen rajaon se jayachndr ka yuddh ek dirghakal tak jari raha. gahadaval vnsh ke antim shasak jayachnd ko sen naresh lakshman sen ne ek yuddh men parast kar diya. dilli par adhikar ko lekar hue sngharsh men use chauhanon se parajit hona pada. dilli tatha ajamer ka chauhan naresh prithviraj tritiy usaka samakalin tha. yah shaiv dharm ka anuyayi tha. pushkar tirth men usane varah mandir ka nirman karavaya tha.

kanauj ki unnati

jayachndr ke shasan-kal men banaras aur kanauj ki badi unnati huee . kannauj, asani (jila fatehapur) tatha banaras men jayachndr ke dvara mazaboot qile banavaye gaye isaki sena bahut badi thi, jisaka loha sabhi manate the. govindachndr ki tarah jayachndr bhi vidvanon ka ashrayadata tha. prasiddh 'naishadhamahakavy' ke rachayita shriharsh jayachndr ki rajasabha men rahate the. unhonne kanyakubj samrat ke dvara samman-prapti ka ullekh apane mahakavy ke ant men kiya hai.[1] jayachndr ke dvara rajasooy ygy karane ka bhi pata chalata hai.[2] ant men vah musalaman akramanakari muhammad gori se parajit hokar mara gaya tha. usaki mrityu sn. 1251 vi. men huee thi.

musalamanon dvara uttar bharat ki vijay

parantu bharat ke durbhagy se tatkalin pramukh shaktiyon men ekata n thi . gahadaval, chahaman, chandel, chaluky tatha sen ek-doosare ke shatru the. jayachndr ne sen vnsh ke sath lnbi ladaee kar apani shakti ko kamazor kar liya. tatkalin chahaman shasak prithviraj se usaki ghor shatruta thi. idhar chndelon aur chahamanon ke bich anaban thi. 1120 ee. men jabaki muhammad gori bharat-vijay ki ankaksha se pnjab men badhata chala a raha tha, prithviraj ne chndel-shasak paramardidev par chadhaee kar usake rajy ko tahas-nahas kar dala. usake bad usane chalukyaraj bhim se bhi yuddh than diya.

yuddh sthal chndavar

jis sthal par jayachndr aur muhammad gori ki senaon men vah nirnayak yuddh hua tha, use 'chndravar' kaha gaya hai . yah ek aitihasik sthal hai, jo ab agara zila men phirojabad ke nikat ek chhote ganv ke roop men sthit hai . aisa kaha jata hai ki use chauhan raja chndrasen ne 11vin shati men basaya tha . use pahale 'chndavada' kaha jata tha; bad men vah 'chndavar' kaha jane laga. chndrasen ke putr chndrapal ke shasanakal men mahamood gazanavi ne vahan akraman kiya tha; kintu use saphalata prapt nahin huee thi. bad men muhammad gori ki sena vijayi huee thi. chndavar ke rajaon ne yahan par ek durg banavaya tha; aur bhavanon evn mndiron ka nirman karaya tha. is sthan ke charon or kee milon tak isake dhvnsavashesh dikhalaee dete the.

jayachndr ki parajay aur vir-gati

muhammad gori dvara prithviraj chauhan ke parajit hone se musalamanon ka adhipaty pnjab se age dilli ke bade rajy tak ho gaya tha. us vishal bhoo-bhag par apana adhikar sthir rakhane ke lie gori ne apane senanayak kutubuddin aibak ko vahan ka shasak niyukt kiya. usake bad usane kannauj ke viruddh apana abhiyan arnbh kiya. kannauj ka raja jayachndr us kal men sabase shaktishali hindoo naresh tha; kintu usaki shakti bhi bngal ke sen rajaon se nirntar yuddh karane se kshin ho gee thi. phir bhi usane badi virata se gori ki sena ka samana kiya; kintu durbhagy se use bhi snvat 1251 men parajit hona pada tha. is yuddh ka varnan karate hue daau. ashirvadi lal ne likha hai - "jayachndr ki sena ne shatru par bhaynkar prahar kiye. gori ghutane tekane hi vala tha, ki usake ek sainik ka ban raja ki ankh men akar laga, jisase usaki mrityu ho gayi. is durghatana se jayachndr ki sena men ghabadahat phail gee aur vah har gee. bhagyavash gori jit gaya. vah yuddh musalamanon ke lie aitihasik mahattv ka siddh hua; (dilli saltanat, prishth 79) kyonki usake pashvat hi bharat men musalamani rajy ki sthapana ho saki thi."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. "tambooladvayamasann ch labhate yah kanyakubjeshvarath॥"(naishadh 22,153
  2. is ygy ke prasng men jayachnd ke dvara apani putri snyogita ka svaynvar rachane evn prithviraj dvara snyogita-haran ki katha prasiddh hai. parantu ise pramanik nahin mana ja sakata.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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