स्वर्ण मंदिर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(स्वर्ण मन्दिर अमृतसर se punarnirdeshit)
svarn mndir
svarn mndir, amritasar
vivaran svarn mndir ko haramndir sahib ya darabar sahib bhi kaha jata hai. isake as pas ke sundar parivesh aur svarn ki part ke karan hi ise svarn mndir kahate hain.
rajy pnjab
zila amritasar
nirman kal disambar 1588 - sitnbar 1604
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 31° 37' 12.00", poorv- 74° 52' 37.00"
marg sthiti svarn mndir, amritasar relave steshan se lagabhag 3 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi svarn mndir kalatmak saundary aur gahari shanti ka ullekhaniy snyojan hai. yah kaha ja sakata hai ki pratyek sikkh ka hriday yahan basata hai.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi
havaee adda raja sansi havaee adda, shri guru ram das ji antararashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan amritasar relave steshan
bas adda amritasar bas adda
yatayat taiksi, aauto riksha, riksha
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi grah, dharmashala
es.ti.di. kod 0183
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh jaliyanvala bag, gurudvare, kharuddin masjid, bagha baaurdar, hathi get mndir, ranajit sinh sngrahalay, akal takht, anandapur sahib, durgiyana mndir, shri keshagadh sahib
any janakari svarn mndir ki vastukala hindoo tatha muslim nirman kary ke bich ek anokhe sauhard ko pradarshit karati hai tatha svarn mndir ko vishvas ke sarvottam vastu-kalatm‍k namoone ke roop men mana ja sakata hai.
adyatan‎

svarn mndir ko haramndir sahib ya darabar sahib bhi kaha jata hai. isake as pas ke sundar parivesh aur svarn ki part ke karan hi ise svarn mndir kahate hain. yah amritasar (pnjab) men sthit sikkhon ka sabase pavitr mndir mana jata hai. yah mndir sikkh dharm ki sahanashilata tatha svikaryata ka sndesh apani vastukala ke madhyam se pradarshit karata hai, jisamen any dharmon ke snket bhi shamil kie ge hain. duniya bhar ke sikkh amritasar ana chahate hain aur shri haramndir sahib men apani aradas dekar apani shraddha vyakt karana chahate hain.

itihas

san 1589 ne guru arjun dev ke ek shishy shekhamiyan mir ne sarovar ke bich men sthit vartaman svarn-mandir ki ninv dali. mandir ke charon or char daravazon ka prabandh kiya gaya tha. yah guru nanak ke udar dharmik vicharon ka pratik samajha gaya. mandir men guru-grnth-sahib ki, jisaka sngrah guru arjun dev ne kiya tha, sthapana ki gee thi. sarovar ko gahara karavane aur parivardhit karane ka kary baboo boodha namak vyakti ko saunpa gaya tha aur inhen hi grnth-sahab ka pratham grnthi banaya gaya.

svarn mndir, amritasar

1757 ee. men vir saradar baba dipasinh ji ne musalamanon ke adhikar se is mandir ko chhudaya, kintu ve unake sath ladate hue viragati ko prapt hue. unhonne apane adhakate sir ko sambhalate hue anek shatruon ko maut ke ghat utara. unaki dudhari talavar mandir ke sngrahalay men surakshit hai. svarn-mandir ke nikat baba atalaray ka gurudvara hai. ye chhathe guru haragovind ke putr the, aur nau varsh ki ayu men hi sant samajhe jane lage the. unhonne itani chhoti-si umr men ek mrit shishy ko jivan dan dene men apane pran de die the. kaha jata hai, ki gurudvare ki naun manzilen is balak ki ayu ki pratik hain. pnjab-kesari maharaj ranajit sinh ne svarn-mandir ko ek bahumooly patamandap dan men diya tha, jo sngrahalay men hai.

sthapana

guru arjun sahib, panchaven nanak, ne sikkhon ki pooja ke ek kendriy sthal ke srijan ki kalpana ki aur unhonne svayn shri haramndir sahib ki vastukala ki snrachana ki. pahale isamen ek pavitr talab (amritasar ya amrit sarovar) banane ki yojana guru amaradas sahib dvara banaee gee thi, jo tisare nanak kahe jate hain kintu guru ramadas sahib ne ise baba buddh ji ke paryavekshan men nishpadit kiya. is sthal ki bhoomi mool ganvon ke jamindaron se muft ya bhugatan ke adhar par poorv guru sahibon dvara arjit ki gee thi. yahan ek qasba sthapit karane ki yojana bhi banaee gee thi. at: sarovar par nirman kary ke sath kasbon ka nirman bhi isi ke sath 1570 ee. men shuroo hua. donon pariyojanaon ka kary 1577 ee. men poora hua tha.

Blockquote-open.gif sikh snpraday ko manane vala har vyakti chahe vah duniya ke kisi bhi kone men kyon n rahata ho, apani zindagi men ek bar svarn mandir men mattha tekane ki ichchha zaroor rakhata hai. Blockquote-close.gif

adharashila

guru arjan sahib ne lahaur ke muslim snt hajarat miyan mir ji dvara isaki adharashila rakhavaee jo disambar 1588 men rakhi gee. isake nirman kary ka paryavekshan guru arjan sahib ne svayn kiya aur baba buddh ji, bhaee gurudas ji, bhaee sahalo ji aur any kee samarpit sikkh bndhuon ke dvara unhen sahayata di gee. oonche star par dhanche ko khada karane ke viparit, guru arjan sahib ne ise kuchh nichale star par banaya aur ise charon or se khula rakha. is prakar unhonne ek ne dharm sikkh dharm ka snket srijit kiya. guru sahib ne ise jati, varn, ling aur dharm ke adhar par kisi bhedabhav ke bina pratyek vyakti ke lie sugamy banaya.

nirman evn vastukala

svarn mndir ka nirman kary sitnbar 1604 men poora hua. guru arjan sahib ne nav srijit guru grnth sahib (sikkh dharm ki pavitr pustak) ki sthapana shri haramndir sahib men ki tatha baba buddh ji ko isaka pratham grnthi arthat guru grnth sahib ka vachak niyukt kiya.
svarn mndir, amritasar
is karyakram ke bad 'ath sat tirath' ka darja dekar yah sikkh dharm ka ek apana tirth ban gaya. shri haramndir sahib ka nirman sarovar ke madhh‍y men 67 varg phit ke mnch par kiya gaya hai. yah mndir apane ap men 40.5 varg phit hai. uttar, dakshin, poorv aur pashchim charon dishaon men isake daravaze hain. darshani dyodhi (ek arch) isake rash‍te ke sire par bani huee hai. is arch ke daravaze ka phrem lagabhag 10 phit ooncha aur 8 phit 4 inch chauda hai. isake daravazon par kalath‍mak shaili men sajavat ki gee hai. yah ek rash‍te par khulata hai jo shri haramndir sahib ke mukhh‍y bhavan tak jata hai. yah 202 phit lnba aur 21 phit chauda hai. isaka chhota sa pul 13 phit chaude pradakshina (golakar marg ya parikrama) se joda hai. yah mukhh‍y mndir ke charon or ghoomate hue "har ki paudi" tak jata hai. "har ki paudi" ke pratham tal par guru grnth sahib ki sooktiyan padhi ja sakati hain. isake sabase oopar ek gumh‍bad arthat ek golakar snrachana hai jis par kamal ki pattiyon ka akar isake adhar se jakar oopar ki or ulh‍te kamal ki tarah dikhaee deta hai, jo ant men sundar "chhatari" vale ek "kalash" ko samarthan deta hai.[1]

dharmik mahattv

svarn mndir ki vastu kala hindoo tatha muslim nirman kary ke bich ek anokhe sauhard ko pradarshit karati hai tatha svarn mndir ko vishvas ke sarvottam vastu-kalatm‍k namoone ke roop men mana ja sakata hai. yah kee bar kaha jata hai ki is vastukala se bharat ke kala itihas men sikkh snpraday ki ek svatntr vastukala ka srijan hua hai. yah mndir kalatmak saundary aur gahari shanti ka ullekhaniy snyojan hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
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madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

svarn mndir
svarn mndir ka vihngam drishy

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sh‍varn mndir (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 17 mee, 2012.

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