भारतीय भाषाएँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat vishay soochi
parichay    itihas    bhoogol    snvidhan    dharm   krishi    vany jivan    bhasha    shiksha    kala    snskriti    khanapan    raksha    rajy    paryatan    alekh

bharat ki mukhy visheshata yah hai ki yahan vibhinnata men ekata hai. bharat men vibhinnata ka svaroop n keval bhaugolik hai, balki bhashayi tatha sanskritik bhi hai. ek riport ke anusar bharat men 1652 matribhashayen prachalan men hain, jabaki snvidhan dvara 22 bhashaon ko rajabhasha ki manyata pradan ki gayi hai. snvidhan ke anuchchhed 344 ke antargat pahale keval 15 bhashaon ko rajabhasha ki manyata di gayi thi, lekin 21ven snvidhan snshodhan ke dvara sindhi ko tatha 71van snvidhan snshodhan dvara nepali, konkani tatha manipuri ko bhi rajabhasha ka darja pradan kiya gaya. bad men 92van snvidhan snshodhan adhiniyam, 2003 ke dvara snvidhan ki athavin anusoochi men char nee bhashaon bodo, dogari, maithili tatha snthali ko rajabhasha men shamil kar liya gaya. is prakar ab snvidhan men 22 bhashaon ko rajabhasha ka darja pradan kiya gaya hai. bharat men in 22 bhashaon ko bolane vale logon ki kul snkhya lagabhag 90% hai. in 22 bhashaon ke atirikt angrezi bhi sahayak rajabhasha hai aur yah mizoram, nagalaind tatha meghalay ki rajabhasha bhi hai. kul milakar bharat men 58 bhashaon men skoolon men padhayi ki jati hai. snvidhan ki athavin anusoochi men un bhashaon ka ullekh kiya gaya hai, jinhen rajabhasha ki sngya di gee hai.

bharat men 4 bhasha–parivar
bhasha-parivar bharat men bolane valon ka %
bharopiy 73%
dravid 25%
astrik 1.3%
chini–tibbati 0.7%
bharatiy aryabhasha ko tin kal
nam prayog kal udaharan
1.prachin bharatiy aryabhasha 1500 ee. poo.– 500 ee. poo. vaidik snskrit v laukik snskrit
2.madhyakalin bharatiy aryabhasha 500 ee. poo.– 1000 ee. pali, prakrit, apabhrnsh
3.adhunik bharatiy aryabhasha 1000 ee.– ab tak hindi aur hinditar bhashaen – bangla, udiya, marathi,
sindhi, asamiya, gujarati, pnjabi adi.
1.prachin bharatiy aryabhasha
nam prayog kal any nam
vaidik snskrit 1500 ee. poo.– 1000 ee. poo. chhandash (yask, panini)
laukik snskrit 1000 ee. poo.- 500 ee. poo. snskrit bhasha (panini)
2.madhyakalin bharatiy aryabhasha
nam prayog kal vishesh tippani
pratham prakrit kal– pali 500 ee. poo.– 1 li ee. bharat ki pratham desh bhasha, bhagavan buddh ke sare upadesh pali men hi hain.
dvitiy prakrit kal– prakrit 1 li ee.– 500 ee. bhagavan mahavir ke sare upadesh prakrit men hi hain.
tritiy prakrit kal– apabhrnsh avahatt 500 ee.– 1000 ee.

900 ee. – 1100 ee.

snkramanakalin/
snkrantikalin bhasha
3.adhunik bharatiy aryabhasha (hindi)
nam prayog kal
prachin hindi 1100 ee. poo.– 1400 ee. poo.
madhyakalin hindi 1400 ee. poo.- 1850 ee. poo.
adhunik hindi 1850– ab tak

bharatiy bhasha soochi

bharatiy bhasha soochi
bhasha lipi kshetr prayogakarta janasnkhya
asamiya asamiya lipi moolat: brahmi lipi ka hi ek vikasit roop hai. asam rajy ki rajabhasha ek karod tis lakh
bangla bangla ("বাংলা") lipi moolat: brahmi lipi aur asamiya lipi ka vikasit roop hai. yah bangladesh aur bharat ke pashchim bngal, asam tatha tripura rajyon men boli jati hai. 20 karod se adhik
gujarati gujarati ("ગુજરાતી") nagari lipi ka naya pravahi svaroop navin gujarati ko ingit karata hai. gujarat rajy ki rajabhasha tin karod se adhik
hindi brahmi lipi, devanagari lipi, nagari aur farasi lipi, uttari bharat, maaurishas v any desh 33.727 karod
kannad kannad ("ಕನ್ನಡ") kannad lipi ka vikas ashok ki brahmi lipi ke dakshini prakaron se hua hai. karnatak rajy ki rajabhasha 470 lakh
kashmiri aitihasik roop se kashmiri bhasha ko char lipiyon men likha jata hai, sharada, devanagari, farasi-arabi aur roman. kashmir ki bhasha 3,174,684
konkani konkani anek lipiyon men likhi jati rahi hai; jaise - devanagari, kannd, malayalam aur roman. konkani gova, maharashtr ke dakshini bhag, karnatak ke uttari bhag, keral ke kuchh kshetron men boli jati hai. 1,522,684
malayalam malayalam ("മലയാളം") men shalaka lipi malayalam bhasha mukhyatah dakshin-pashchimi tatiy rajy keral men boli jati hai, yah keral aur kendrashasit pradesh lakshadvip ki rajabhasha hai; lekin simavarti karnatak aur tamilanadu ke dvibhashi samuday ke log bhi yah bhasha bolate hain. lagabhag tin karod sath lakh
manipuri is bhasha ki apani lipi hai, jise sthaniy log meiteee maek kahate hain. mukhyatah poorvottar bharat ke lie manipur rajy men boli jane vali bhasha hai. yah asam, mizoram, tripura, bangladesh aur myanmar men bhi boli jati hai. lagabhag 11 lakh 80 hazar
marathi "marathi" bhasha ko likhane ke lie devanagari aur isake pravahi svaroop modi, donon lipiyon ka upayog hota hai. maharashtr ki rajabhasha hai. ise bolane ka manak svaroop pune (bhootapoorv poona) shahar ki boli hai. yah bhasha gova, karnatak, gujarat men boli jati hai. kendrashasit pradeshon men yah daman aur div , aur dadara tatha nagar haveli men bhi boli jati hai. lagabhag 9 karod
nepali "nepali" yah bhasha nepal ke atirikt bharat ke sikkim, pashchim bngal, uttar-poorvi rajyon asam, manipur, arunachal pradesh, meghalay tatha uttarakhand ke anek logon ki matribhasha hai. 160 lakh
udiya udiya ("ଓରିୟା") udisa rajy ki rajabhasha 310 lakh
pnjabi pnjabi ("ਪੰਜਾਬੀ") pnjabi bhasha bharat tatha pakistan men boli jati hai. lagabhag dhaee karod
snskrit "snskrit"
sindhi sindhi bhasha mukhyat: do lipiyon men likhi jati hai, arabi-sindhi lipi bharat, pakistan lagabhag 22 lakh
tamil tamil ("தமிழ்") aitihasik roop se tamil lekhan pranali ka vikas brahmi lipi se vatte-lutatu (mude hue akshar) aur kole-luttu (lambakar akshar) ke sthaniy roopantaranon ke sath hua. tamilanadu ki rajabhasha vishvabhar men panch karod se adhik bolane valon men se lagabhag 90% bharat men.
urdoo urdoo ("اردو") ke lie farasi-arabi lipi prayukt hoti 28,600,428 bharat, pakistan
telugu telugu ("తెలుగు") andhr pradesh ki sarakari bhasha 750 lakh
bodo bodo bhasha ko bharat ke uttarapoorv, nepal aur bangladesh men rahane vale bodo log bolate hain.
dogari isaki apani lipi hai, jise dogara akhkhar ya dogare kahate hain. jammoo-kashmir rajy ki doosari mukhy bhasha lagabhag 15 lakh
maithili pahale ise mithilakshar tatha kaithi lipi men likha jata tha jo bangla aur asamiya lipiyon se milati thi par kalantar men devanagari lipi ka prayog hone laga . maithili bhasha uttari bihar aur nepal ke taraee ke eelaqon men boli jane vali bhasha hai. 1 se 1.2 karod log
snthali jharakhand, asam, bihar, udisa, tripura, aur pashchim bngal 10 se 30 pratishat

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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