कच्चान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kachchan buddh bhagavan ke ek param riddhimanh‌ shishy, jinaki prashnsa men kaha gaya hai : ye ayushmanh‌ mahakatyayan, buddh dvara prashnsit, sabrahmachariyon dvara prashnsit aur shasta dvara snkshep men kahe hue upadesh ka vistar se arthavibhag karane men samarth hain.[1]

rachanaen

19vin sadi men brahmadesh men likhe ge 'gndhavnso' ke anusar mahakachchan ki chhah rachanaen hain-

  1. kachchayan gndho
  2. mahanirutti gndho
  3. chullanirutti gndho
  4. netti gndho
  5. petakopades gndho
  6. vannanetti gndho.

kintu n to in grnthon ke karta buddh ke samakalin ukt mahakatyayan hain, aur n ve sab kisi ek hi grnthakar ki rachanaen hain. netti gndh ya niti prakaran anumanat: pratham shati ke asapas ki rachana hai aur usamen buddh ke upadeshon ka vargikaran, pathon ke shastriy niyam, mntavyon ki nana drishtiyon se soochiyan tatha shabdon ki vyakhya evn tatpary ka nirnay upasthit karane ka prayatn kiya gaya hai. is grnth par panchavin sadi men dhammapal dvara 'nettiprakaranatthasnvanna' namak atthakatha likhi gee. petakopades men nettiprakaran ke vishay ko kuchh bhinn riti se buddh shasan ke char aryasatyon ke anusar vyavasthit kiya gaya hai. isake karta kachchan ya mahakachchan prithakh hi pratit hote hain. vannanetti grnth ki koee vishesh prasiddhi nahin hai. shesh tin rachanaen vyakaran vishayak hain.

sahityik visheshataen

kachchan vyakaran pali bhasha ka prachinatam upalabdh vyakaran hai, jisamen kul 675 sootr hain. isaki rachana men snskrit ke katntr vyakaran tatha ashtayayi evn usaki kashikavritti ka anusaran paya jata hai. at: isaka rachanakal satavin sadi se poorv nahin ho sakata. is par vimal buddhi dvara mukhamattadipani namak tika tatha nyas 11vin sadi men racha gaya aur usapar chhappad achary ne 12vin sadi men nyasapradip namak tika likhi. chhappad ki kachchan vyakaran par alag se bhi suttaniddes namak ek tika hai. tatpashchath‌ is vyakaran par sthavir sngharakshitakrit snbndhachinta, snddhamasirikrit saddath‌th-bhed-chinta, buddhipriy dipnkarakrit roopasiddhi, dharmakirtikrit balavatar vyakaran, nagittakrit saddatathajalini, mahayasakrit kachchanayanabhed aur kachchayanasar, kyachvakrit saddabindu tatha balappabodhan, abhinav chullanirutti, kachchayanavndana aur dhatumnjoosha namak tikaen bhinn-bhinn kartaon dvara kramash: 17vin-18vin sadi tak rachi geen, aur un par bhi anek grnth tika tippani ke roop men likhe ge. isase kachchan vyakaran ke mahatv evn prachar ka pata chalata hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (m.ni.-madhu pin. sutt)
  2. kachchan (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 23 disambar, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh