प्रज्ञापारमितासूत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prgyaparamitasootr pramukhat: bhagavan buddh dvara gridhrakoot parvat par dvitiy dharmachakr ke kal men upadisht deshanaen hain. kalantar men ye sootr jamboodvip men vilupt ho gaye. achary nagarjun ne nagalok jakar unhen prapt kiya aur ve vahan se pun: jamboodvip lae. prgyaparamitasootron ke do paksh hain-

  1. ek darshanapaksh hai, jise prgyapaksh ya shoonyatapaksh bhi kaha jata hai.
  2. doosara hai sadhanapaksh, jise upayapaksh ya karunapaksh bhi kaha jata hai.
  • nagarjun ne prgyaparamitasootron ke darshan paksh ko apani kritiyon dvara prakashit kiya. prgyaparamitasootron ke adhar par unhonne pramukhat: moolamadhyamikakarika adi granthon men shoonyata-darshan ko yuktiyon dvara pratishthapit kiya, jise age chalakar unake anuyayiyon ne aur adhik vikasit kiya. prgyaparamitasootron ke sadhanapaksh ko ary asng ne apani kritiyon dvara prakashit kiya. tadanantar unake anuyayiyon ne use aur adhik pallavit evn pushpit kiya. shoonyata, anutpad, anirodh adi paryayavachi shabd hain. sabhi dharmon ki ni:svabhavata prgyaparamitasootron ka mukhy pratipady hai. prgyaparamitasootron ki snkhya atyadhik hai. shatasahasrika (ek lakh shlokatmak) prgyaparamita se lekar ekakshari prgyaparamita tak ye sootr paye jate hain. mahayani vaipulyasootron ke do prakar hain. ek prakar ke ve sootr hain, jinamen buddh, bodhisattv, buddhayan adi ki mahatta pradarshit ki gee hai. lalitavistar, saddharmapundarik adi sootr isi prakar ke hain. doosare prakar men ve sootr ate hain, jinamen shoonyata aur prgya ki mahatta pradarshit hai, ye sootr prgyaparamitasootr hi hain. shoonyata aur mahakaruna- in donon ka samanvay prgyaparamitasootron men drishtigochar hota hai.
  • mahayan sahity men prgyaparamitasootron ka atyadhik mahattv hai. any sootron men adhikatar buddh aur bodhisattvon ka snvad dikhalaee deta hai, jabaki prgyaparamitasootron men buddh subhooti namak sthavir se prashn karate hain. subhooti aur shariputr in do sthaviron ka shoonyata ke bare men snvad hi tattvik evn gambhir hai. in sootron ki prachinata isi se pramanit hai ki ee. sanh 179 men prgyaparamitasootr ka chini bhasha men roopantar ho gaya tha. pray: sabhi bauddh dharmanuyayi deshon men in sootron ka atyadhik samadar hai.
  • nepali parampara ke anusar mool prgyaparamita mahayan sootr sava lakh shlokatmak hai. pun: ek lakshatmak, pachchis hazar, das hazar aur ath hazar shlokatmak prgyaparamitasootr bhi prakashit hain. chini aur tibbati parampara men isake aur bhi anek prakar hain.
  • snskrit men nimnalikhit sootr anshat: ya poornaroopen upalabdh hote hain-
  1. shatasahasrikaprgyaparamita,
  2. panchavinshatisahastrika prgyaparamita,
  3. ashtasahastrikaprgyaparamita,
  4. sardhadvisahastrika prgyaparamita,
  5. saptashatika prgyaparamita,
  6. vajrachchhedika (trishatika) prgyaparamita,
  7. alpakshara prgyaparamita,
  8. bhagavati prgyaparamitasootr adi.
  • prgyaparamitasootron ko janani sootr bhi kahate hain. prgyaparamita ke bina buddhatv ka labh sambhav nahin hai, at: yah buddhatv ko utpann karane vali hai. isi arth men ise janani, buddhamata adi shabdon se bhi abhihit karate hain. inhen 'bhagavati' bhi kahate hain, jo inake prati atyadhik adar ka soochak hai. janani sootron ka tin men vibhajan bhi kiya jata hai, yatha- vistrit, madhyam evn snkshipt jinajananisootr.
  • shatasahastrika prgyaparamita vistrit jinajananisootr hai, jisaka upadesh bhagavan ne mridu-indriy aur vistritaruchi vineyajanon ke lie kiya hai. madhyendriy aur madhyaruchi vineyajanon ke lie madhyam jinajanani arthath panchavinshati sahastrika prgyaparamita ka tatha tikshnendriy aur snkshipt ruchi vineyajanon ke lie snkshipt jinajanani arthath ashtasahastrika prgyaparamita ka bhagavan ne upadesh kiya hai. in sabhi men ashtasahastrika poornat: upalabdh hai, at: usaka yahan nirupan kiya ja raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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