बुद्ध पूर्णिमा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

buddh poornima
abhilikhit abhay mudra men buddh, rajakiy sngrahalay mathura
any nam 'vaishakh poornima', 'buddh jaynti', 'saty vinayak poornima'
anuyayi bauddh, hindoo
uddeshy 'buddh poornima' ke din dan-puny aur dharm-karm ke anek kary kie jate hain.
tithi vaishakh ki poornima
dharmik manyata buddh poornima ko hi bhagavan vishnu ke nauven avatar ke roop men bhagavan buddh avatarit hue the aur isi din bhagavan buddh ka nirvan hua tha.
snbndhit lekh buddh, bodhagaya, kushinagar
vishesh 'dilli sngrahalay' is din buddh ki asthiyon ko bahar nikalata hai, jisase ki bauddh dharmavalnbi vahan akar prarthana kar saken.
any janakari yadi is din ek samay bhojan karake poornima, chndrama athava satyanarayan ka vrat karen to sab prakar ke sukh, sampada aur shrey ki prapti hoti hai.

buddh poornima vaishakh mas ki poornima ko manaee jati hai. ise 'buddh jaynti' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yah bauddh dharm men astha rakhane valon ka ek pramukh tyauhar hai. poornima ke din hi gautam buddh ka svargarohan samaroh bhi manaya jata hai. manyata hai ki isi din bhagavan buddh ko 'buddhatv' ki prapti huee thi. aj bauddh dharm ko manane vale vishv men 50 karod se adhik log is din ko badi dhoomadham se manate hain. buddh poornima ke din dan-puny aur dharm-karm ke anek kary kie jate hain. yah snan labh ki drishti se antim parv hai. is din mishthan, sattoo, jalapatr, vastr dan karane tatha pitaron ka tarpan karane se bahut puny ki prapti hoti hai.

saty vinayak poornima

yah 'saty vinayak poornima' bhi mani jati hai. bhagavan shrikrishn ke bachapan ke daridr mitr brahman sudama jab dvarika unake pas milane pahunche to shrikrishn ne unako satyavinayak vrat ka vidhan bataya. isi vrat ke prabhav se sudama ki sari daridrata jati rahi tatha vah sarvasukh sampann aur aishvaryashali ho gaya. is din dharmaraj ki pooja karane ka vidhan hai. is vrat se dharmaraj ki prasannata prapt hoti hai aur akal mrityu ka bhay nahin rahata. vaishakh ki poornima ko hi bhagavan vishnu ka nauvan avatar bhagavan buddh ke roop men hua tha. isi din bhagavan buddh ka nirvan hua tha. unake anuyayi is divas ko bahut dhoomadham se manate hain.

utsav aur anushthan

'buddh poornima' ke din alag-alag puny karm karane se alag-alag phalon ki prapti hoti hai. dharmaraj ke nimitt jalapoorn kalash aur pakavan dan karane se godan ke saman phal prapt hota hai. panch ya sat brahmanon ko mithe til dan dene se sab papon ka kshay ho jata hai. yadi tilon ke jal se snan karake ghi, chini aur tilon se bhara patr bhagavan vishnu ko nivedan karen aur unhin se agni men ahuti den athava til aur shahad ka dan karen, til ke tel ke dipak jalaen, jal aur tilon ka tarpan karen athava gnga adi men snan karen to vyakti sab papon se nivritt ho jata hai. is din shuddh bhoomi par til phailakar kale mrig ka charm bichhaen tatha use sabhi prakar ke vastron sahit dan karen to annt phal prapt hota hai. yadi is din ek samay bhojan karake poornima, chndrama athava satyanarayan ka vrat karen to sab prakar ke sukh, sampada aur shrey ki prapti hoti hai.

samaroh

bauddh dharm ke anuyayiyon ke lie 'buddh poornima' sabase bada tyohar ka din hota hai. is din sare vishv men jahan kahin bhi bauddh dharm ke manane vale rahate hain, vahan anek prakar ke samaroh ayojit kie jate hain. alag-alag deshon men vahan ke riti-rivajon aur snskriti ke anusar samaroh ayojit hote hain.[1]

  1. shrilnkaee is din ko 'vesak utsav' ke roop men manate hain, jo 'vaishakh' shabd ka apabhrnsh hai.
  2. is din bauddh gharon men dipak jalae jate hain aur phoolon se gharon ko sajaya jata hai.
  3. duniya bhar se bauddh dharm ke anuyayi bodhagaya ate hain aur prarthanaen karate hain.
  4. bauddh dharm ke dharmagrnthon ka nirntar path kiya jata hai.
  5. mndiron v gharon men agarabatti lagaee jati hai. moorti par phal-phool chadhae jate hain aur dipak jalakar pooja ki jati hai.
  6. bodhivriksh ki pooja ki jati hai. usaki shakhaon par har v rngin patakaen sajaee jati hain. jadon men doodh v sugndhit pani dala jata hai. vriksh ke asapas dipak jalae jate hain.
  7. is din mansahar ka parahej hota hai, kyonki buddh pashu hinsa ke virodhi the.
  8. is din kie ge achchhe karyon se puny ki prapti hoti hai.
  9. pakshiyon ko pinjare se mukt kar khule akash men chhoda jata hai.
  10. garibon ko bhojan v vastr die jate hain.
  11. dilli sngrahalay is din buddh ki asthiyon ko bahar nikalata hai, jisase ki bauddh dharmavalnbi vahan akar prarthana kar saken.

buddh poornima snan ka mahattv

vaise to pratyek mah ki poornima shrihari vishnu bhagavan ko samarpit hoti hai. shastron men poornima ko tirth sthalon men gnga snan ka vishesh mahatv bataya gaya hai. vaishakh poornima ka mahatv isalie bhi badh jata hai ki is poornima ko soory dev apani uchch rashi mesh men hote hain aur chndrama bhi uchch rashi tula men. shastron men poore vaishakh mah men gnga snan ka mahatv bataya gaya hai. shastron men yah bhi varnit hai ki poornima ka snan karane se poore vaishakh mah ke snan ke barabar puny milata hai. buddh poornima ke din kiya gaya snan manushy ke kee janmon ke adharmi karyon ko samapt kar sakata hai, aisi manyata rahi hai.

prerak prasng

mahatma buddh ke sadgunon se prabhavit hokar bahut-se log unake shishy ban ge the. am janamanas unaka bahut adar satkar karata tha. kintu snsar men jahan snton ka adar samman karane vale snskari log hote hain, vahan akaran hi unase eershya, dvesh karane vale vyakti bhi snsar men mil hi jate hain. aisa hi ek vyakti mahatma buddh se akaran hi vair bhav rakhata tha aur unhen galiyan diya karata tha. mahatma buddh usaki galiyon ka koee uttar n dete. usaki or dekhakar muskarate aur age badh jate.

ek bar nirntar do din tak mahatma buddh ko vah vyakti dikhaee n diya. unhonne ek shishy ko us vyakti ka pata lagane ko kaha. shishy ne thodi der men pata lagakar bataya ki vah vyakti parason ghode par savar hokar kahin ja raha tha, marg men ghoda achanak bigad gaya aur bekaboo ho gaya. vah vyakti snbhal n saka aur niche gir gaya. jisase use bahut choten aee hain. bistar par pada vah dard se karah raha hai. apane ghar men vah akela hi rahata hai. vah choonki atynt krodhi aur jhagadaloo prakriti ka hai, isalie koee padosi usake pas nahin phatakata. sara vritant sunate hi mahatma buddh ka hriday karuna se bhar gaya. ve turnt usake ghar chal die aur sidhe us kamare men pnhuche, jahan pada vah dard se karah raha tha. usake mathe par pyar bhara hath rakhate hue kaha, kaisi tabiyat hai.

avaj sunate hi usane ankhen kholi. mahatma buddh ko dekhate hi vah apana sara dard bhul gaya. vah ekatak unhen ankhen phad phad kar dekhane laga. kuchh pal aise hi dekhata raha, phir uthane ka prayas karane laga. mahatma buddh bole, "utho nahin, tumhen aram ki avashyakata hai". phir usake ghavon ko achchhi tarah saph karake maraham patti ki, do bhikshuon ko vahan rahakar usaki seva karane ka adesh diya. phir us vyakti ko snbodhit karate hue bole, "jab tak tum poori tarah svasth nahin ho jate, ye donon yahin rahakar tumhari seva karenge". mahatma buddh ke prem bhare shabd sunakar use apane kie par bahut pachhatava hua. usane tathagat ke charanon men girakar apane anuchit vyavahar ke lie maphi mangi aur unaka shishy ho gaya.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. buddh poornima ya buddh jaynti (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 14 mee, 2014.
  2. jab karuna se bhar gaya mahatma buddh ka hriday (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 14 mee, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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