मैग्नीशियम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maignishiyam
chamakila shvet, thos
sadharan gunadharm
nam, pratik, snkhya maignishiyam, Mg, 11
tatv shreni kshariy parthiv dhatu
samooh, avart, kaksha 2, 3, s
manak paramanu bhar 24.3050g·mol−1
ilektraaun vinyas 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2
ilektraaun prati shel 2, 8, 2
bhautik gunadharm
avastha thos
ghanatv (nikat k.ta.) 1.738 g·cm−3
taral ghanatv
(galanank par)
1.584 g·cm−3
galanank 923 K, 650 °C, 1202 °F
kvathanank 1363 K, 1091 °C, 1994 °F
snlayan ooshma 8.48 kilo jool-mol
vashpan ooshma 128 kilo jool-mol
vishisht ooshmiy
kshamata
24.869

jool-mol−1kilo−1

vashp dab
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 701 773 861 971 1132 1361
paramanvik gunadharm
aauksikaran avastha 2, 1
ilektronegetiviti 1.31 (pailing paimana)
ayanikaran oorjaen
(adhik)
1st: 737.7 ki.jool•mol−1
2nd: 1450.7 ki.jool•mol−1
3rd: 7732.7 ki.jool•mol−1
paramanvik trijya 160 pm
sahasnyojak trijya 141±7 pm
vaindair vals trijya 173 pm
vividh gunadharm
kristal snrachana shatkoniy
chumbakiy kram parachumbakiy
vaidyut pratirodhakata (20 °C) 43.9 nΩ·m
ooshmiy chalakata (300 K) 156 W·m−1·K−1
ooshmiy prasar (25 °C) 24.8 µm·m−1·K−1
dhvani chal (patali chhad men) (r.t.) (annealed)
4940 m·s−1
yng mapank 45 GPa
aparoopan mapank 17 GPa
sthool mapank 45 GPa
paauyazan anupat 0.290
mohs kathorata mapank 2.5
brainal kathorata 260 MPa
si.e.es pnjikaran
snkhya
7439-95-4
samasthanik
samasthanik pra. prachurata arddh ayu ksharan avastha ksharan oorja
(MeV)
ksharan utpad
24Mg 78.99% 24Mg 12 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
25Mg 10% 25Mg 13 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
26Mg 11.01% 26Mg 14 nyootraaun ke sath sthir

maignishiyam (angrezi:Magnesium) ka pratikanusar Mg tatha paramanu snkhya 12 hoti hai. maignishiyam ka paramanu dravyaman 24.32 hota hai. maignishiyam ka ilektraaunik vinyas 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2 hai.

prapti

maignishiyam salphet ke roop men maignishiyam jharane men tatha maignishiyam kloraid ke roop men samudri jal men paya jata hai. paudhe ko hara rng dene vale karbanik yaugik klorophil men bhi maignishiyam upasthit rahata hai.

nishkarshan

maignishiyam dhatu ka nishkarshan mukhyatah karnalaid (KCI.MgCI2. 6H2O) ayask se kiya jata hai.

bhautik gun

  • maignishiyam chandi ki tarah ujali evn chamakili dhatu hai.
  • maignishiyam mulayam, namy tatha pratany dhatu hai. atah ise asani se tar ya phite ke roop men prapt kiya ja sakata hai.
  • maignishiyam ka dravanank 650digri.C tatha kvathanank 110 digri.C hota hai. maignishiyam ka apekshit ghanatv 1.75 hota hai.

rasayanik gun

  • tanu amlon ke sath pratikriya kar yah haidrojan gais banata hai.
  • maignishiyam kshar se kisi bhi prakar ki pratikriya nahin karati hai.
  • tanu naitrik aml ke sath yah maignishiyam naitret tatha amoniya naitret banata hai.
  • shushk eethar ki upasthiti men yah ithail ayodaid ya bromaid se pratikriya karake ithail maignishiyam ayodaid ya bromaid banata hai, jise griganard pratikarak kahate hain.
  • maignishiyam naitrojan ke sath pratikriya karake maignishiyam naitraid banata hai.

maignishiyam ke upayog

  1. phlaish lait riban banane men
  2. photographi evn atishabazi men
  3. griganard pratikarak banane men
  4. mishradhatuon ke nirman men


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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