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रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 11:34, 21 agast 2018 ka avataran

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bismillah khan
Ustad-Bismillah-khan.jpg
poora nam ustad bismillah khan
janm 21 march 1916
janm bhoomi dumaranv, bihar
mrityu 21 agast, 2006 (90 varsh)
abhibhavak paingabar khan
karm bhoomi banaras
karm-kshetr shahanaee vadak
mukhy filmen ‘sannadi apanna’ (kannad), ‘goonj uthi shahanaee’ aur ‘jalasaghar’ (hindi)
vidyalay 'banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay' aur 'shantiniketan'
puraskar-upadhi 'bharat ratn', 'rostam puraskar', 'padm shri', 'padm bhooshan', 'padm vibhooshan', 'tanasen puraskar'
vishesh yogadan 1947 men ajadi ki poorv sndhya par jab lalakile par desh ka jhnda phahara raha tha, tab bismillah khan ki shahanaee bhi vahan azadi ka sndesh bant rahi thi. tab se lagabhag har sal 15 agast ko pradhanamntri ke bhashan ke bad bismillah khan ka shahanaee vadan ek pratha ban gayi.
nagarikata bharatiy

ustad bismillah khan (angrezi: Bismillah Khan, janm- 21 march, 1916, bihar; mrityu- 21 agast, 2006) 'bharat ratn' se sammanit prakhyat shahanaee vadak the. san 1969 men 'eshiyaee sngit sammelan' ke 'rostam puraskar' tatha anek any puraskaron se sammanit bismillah khan ne shahanaee ko bharat ke bahar ek vishisht pahachan dilavane men mukhy yogadan diya. varsh 1947 men desh ki azadi ki poorv sndhya par jab lalakile par bharat ka tirnga phahara raha tha, tab bismillah khan ki shahanaee bhi vahan azadi ka sndesh bant rahi thi. tab se lagabhag har sal 15 agast ko pradhanamntri ke bhashan ke bad bismillah khan ka shahanaee vadan ek pratha ban gayi.

jivan parichay

bismillah khan ka janm 21 march, 1916 ko bihar ke dumaranv namak sthan par hua tha. ustad bismillah khan vishv ke sarvashreshth shahanaee vadak mane jate the. unake paradada shahanaee navaz ustad salar husain khan se shuroo yah parivar pichhali panch pidhiyon se shahanaee vadan ka pratipadak raha hai. bismillah khan ko unake chacha ali baksh 'vilayatu' ne sngit ki shiksha di, jo banaras ke pavitr vishvanath mandir men adhikrit shahanaee vadak the.

namakaran tatha shiksha

ustad bismilla khan ke nam ke sath ek dilachasp vakaya bhi juda hua hai. unaka janm hone par unake dada rasool bakhsh khan ne unaki taraf dekhate hue 'bismilla' kaha. isake bad unaka nam 'bismilla' hi rakh diya gaya. unaka ek aur nam 'kamarooddin' tha. unake poorvaj bihar ke bhojapur rajavade men darabari sngitakar the. unake pita paingabar khan isi pratha se judate hue dumarav riyasat ke maharaja keshav prasad sinh ke darabar men shahanaee vadan ka kam karane lage. chhah sal ki umr men bismilla ko banaras le jaya gaya. yahan unaka sngit prashikshan bhi shuroo hua aur gnga ke sath unaka judav bhi. khan sahab 'kashi vishvanath mndir' se jude apane chacha ali bakhsh ‘vilayatu’ se shahanaee vadan sikhane lage.

jatil sngit rachana

bismillah khan ne jatil sngit ki rachana, jise tab tak shahanaee ke vistar se bahar mana jata tha, men parivarddhan karake apani pratibha ka pradarshan kiya aur shighr hi unhen is vady se aise joda jane laga, jaisa kisi any vadak ke sath nahin hua. ustad bismillah khan ne bharat ke pahale ganatntr divas samaroh ki poorv sndhya par nee dilli men lal qile se atyadhik marmasparshi shahanaee vadak prastut kiya.

ullekhaniy tathy

ustad bismilla khan par jari dak tikat

bismilla khan ne 'bajari', 'chaiti' aur 'jhoola' jaisi lokadhunon men baje ko apani tapasya aur riyaz se khoob snvara aur klasikal mausiqi men shahanaee ko sammanajanak sthan dilaya. is bat ka bhi ullekh karana avashyak hai ki jis zamane men balak bismillah ne shahanaee ki talim lena shuroo ki thi, tab gane bajane ke kam ko i़zjat ki nazaron se nahin dekha jata tha. khan sahab ki mata ji shahanaee vadak ke roop men apane bachche ko kadapi nahin dekhana chahati thin. ve apane pati se kahati thin ki- "kyon ap is bachche ko is halke kam men jhok rahe hain".

ullekhaniy hai ki shahanaee vadakon ko tab vivah adi men bulavaya jata tha aur bulane vale ghar ke angan ya otale ke age in kalakaron ko ane nahin dete the. lekin bismillah khan sahab ke pita aur mamoo adig the ki is bachche ko to shahanaee vadak banana hi hai. usake bad ki baten ab itihas hain.[1]

videshon men vadan

afaganistan, yoorop, eeran, irak, kanada, pashchim afrika, amerika, bhootapoorv soviyat sngh, japan, hangakang aur vishv bhar ki lagabhag sabhi rajadhaniyon men bismillah khan ne shahanaee ka sarvashreshth pradarshan kiya. mazahabi shiya hone ke bavazood khan sahab vidya ki hindoo devi sarasvati ke param upasak the. 'banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay' aur 'shantiniketan' ne unhen daauktaret ki manad upadhi pradan karake sammanit kiya tha. unaki shahanaee ki goonj aj bhi logon ke kanon men goonjati hai.

shahanaee hi begam aur mausiki

ustad bismillah khan

'bharatiy shastriy sngit' aur snskriti ki phija men shahanaee ke madhur svar gholane vale prasiddh shahanaee vadak bismilla khan shahanaee ko apani begam kahate the aur sngit unake lie unaka poora jivan tha. patni ke intakal ke bad shahanaee hi unaki begam aur sngi-sathi donon thi, vahin sngit hamesha hi unaka poora jivan raha. unake oopar likhi ek kitab ‘sur ki baradari’ men lekhak yatindr mishr ne likha hai- "khan sahab kahate the ki sngit vah chij hai, jisamen jat-pat kuchh nahin hai. sngit kisi majahab ka bura nahin chahata." kitab men mishr ne banaras se bismillah khan ke judav ke bare men bhi likha hai. unhonne likha hai ki- "khan sahab kahate the ki unaki shahanaee banaras ka hissa hai. vah zindagi bhar mngalagauri aur pakka mahal men riyaj karate hue javan hue hain to kahin na kahin banaras ka ras unaki shahanaee men tapakega hi."[2]

jugalabndi

bismilla khan ne mndiron, raje-jaravadon ke mukhy dvaron aur shadi-byah ke avasar par bajane vale lokavady shahanaee ko apane mamoo ustad marahoom alibakhsh ke nirdesh par 'shastriy sngit' ka vady banane men jo athak parishram kiya, usaki doosari misal nahin milati. ustad vilayat khan ke sitar aur pandit vi. ji. jog ke vayalin ke sath khan sahab ki shahanaee jugalabndi ke el. pi. rikaaudars ne bikri ke sare rikaaurd tod dale. inhin elabams ke bad jugalabndiyon ka daur chala. sngit-sur aur namaz in tin baton ke alava bismillah khan ke lie sare inam-iqaram, samman bemani the. unhonne ekadhik bar kaha ki- "sirf sngit hi hai, jo is desh ki virasat aur tahazib ko ekakar karane ki taqat rakhata hai". barason pahale kuchh kattarapnthiyon ne bismilla khan ke shahanaee vadan par apatti ki. unhonne ankhen bad kin aur us par "allah hoo" bajate rahe. thodi der bad unhonne maulaviyon se poochha- "main allah ko pukar raha hoon, main usaki khoj kar raha hoon. kya meri ye jigyasa haram hai". nishchit hi sab bezuban ho ge. sade pahanave men rahane vale bismilla khan ke baje men pahale vah akarshan aur vajan nahin ata tha. unhen apane ustad se hidayat mili ki vyayam kie bina sans ke is baje se prabhav nahin paida kiya ja sakega. is par bismilla khan ustad ki bat manakar subah-subah gnga ke ghat pahunch jate aur vyayam se apane sharir ko gathila banate. yahi vajah hai ki ve barason poore bharat men ghoomate rahe aur shahanaee ka tilism phailate rahe.[1]

svatntrata divas par shahanaee

bismilla khan aur gngoobaee hngal

bharat ki ajadi aur khan ki shahanaee ka bhi khas rishta raha hai. 1947 men ajadi ki poorv sndhya par jab lalakile par desh ka jhnda phahara raha tha tab unaki shahanaee bhi vahan ajadi ka sndesh bant rahi thi. tab se lagabhag har sal 15 agast ko pradhanamntri ke bhashan ke bad bismillah ka shahanaee vadan ek pratha ban gayi. khan ne desh aur duniya ke alag alag hisson men apani shahanaee ki goonj se logon ko mohit kiya. apane jivan kal men unhonne eeran, irak, afaganistan, japan, amerika, kanada aur roos jaise alag-alag mulkon men apani shahanaee ki jaduee dhunen bikherin.[2]

filmi safar

bismilla khan ne kee filmon men bhi sngit diya. unhonne kannad film ‘sannadi apanna’, hindi film ‘goonj uthi shahanaee’ aur satyajit re ki film ‘jalasaghar’ ke lie shahanaee ki dhunen chhedi. akhiri bar unhonne ashutosh govarikar ki hindi film ‘svadesh’ ke git ‘ye jo desh hai tera’ men shahanaee ki madhur tan bikheri thi.[2]

snt sngitakar

sngitakaron ka manana hai ki ustad bismillah khan sahab ki badaulat hi shahanaee ko pahachan mili hai aur aj usake videshon tak men divane hain. vo aise insan aur sngitakar the ki unaki prashnsa men sngitakaron ke pas bhi shabdon ki kami nazar aee. pndit jasaraj hon ya hariprasad chaurasiya sabhi ka manana hai ki vo ek snt sngitakar the.[3]

Blockquote-open.gif vo ek aise pharishte the jo dharati par bar-bar janm nahin lete hain aur jab janm lete hain to apani amit chhap chhod jate hai. Blockquote-close.gif

pndit jasaraj ke shrimukh se

pndit jasaraj ka manana hai- unake jaisa mahanh sngitakar n paida hua hai aur n kabhi hoga. main sanh 1946 se unase milata raha hoon. pahali bar unaka sngit sunakar main pagal sa ho gaya tha. mujhe pata nahin tha ki sngit itana achchha bhi ho sakata hai. unake sngit men madamast karane ki kala thi, vah mithas thi jo bahut hi kam logon ke sngit men sunane ko milati hai. main unake bare men jitana bhi kahoonga bahut kam hoga kyonki vo ek aise insan the jinhonne kabhi dikhave men yakin nahin kiya. vo hamesha sabako achchhi rah dikhate the aur batate the. vo aaul indiya rediyo ko bahut manate the aur hamesha kaha karate ki mujhe aaul indiya rediyo ne hi banaya hai. vo ek aise pharishte the jo dharati par bar-bar janm nahin lete hain aur jab janm lete hain to apani amit chhap chhod jate hai.[3]

Blockquote-open.gif mera manana hai ki unaka nidhan nahin ho sakata kyonki vo hamari atma men is kadar rache base hue hain ki unako alag karana namumakin hai. Blockquote-close.gif

hariprasad chaurasiya ke shrimukh se

bansuri vadak hariprasad chaurasiya ka kahana hai- bismilla khan sahab bharat ki ek mahanh vibhooti the, agar ham kisi snt sngitakar ko janate hai to vo hain bismilla kha़n sahab. bachapan se hi unako sunata aur dekhata a raha hoon aur unaka ashirvad sada hamare sath raha. vo hamen disha dikhakar chale ge, lekin vo kabhi hamase alag nahin ho sakate hain. unaka sngit hamesha hamare sath rahega. unake margadarshan par anek kalakar chal rahe hain. shahanaee ko unhonne ek nee pahachan di. shastriy sngit men unhonne shahanaee ko jagah dilaee isase badi bat kya ho sakati hai. yah unaki mehanat aur shahanaee ke prati samarpan hi tha ki aj shahanaee ko bharat hi nahin balki poore snsar men suna aur saraha ja raha hai. unaki kami to hamesha hi rahegi. mera manana hai ki unaka nidhan nahin ho sakata kyonki vo hamari atma men is kadar rache base hue hain ki unako alag karana namumakin hai.[3]

ke.ar. narayanan se puraskar prapt karate ustad bismilla khan

samman evn puraskar

nidhan

bismilla khan ne ek sngitgy ke roop men jo kuchh kamaya tha vo ya to logon ki madad men kharch ho gaya ya apane bade parivar ke bharan-poshan men. ek samay aisa aya jab vo arthik roop se mushkil men a ge the, tab sarakar ko unaki madad ke lie age ana pada tha. unhonne apane antim dinon men dilli ke indiya get par shahanaee bajane ki ichchha vyakt ki thi lekin ustad ki yah ichchha poori nahin ho paee aur 21 agast, 2006 ko 90 varsh ki ayu men inaka dehavasan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 aj barasi –shahanaee khan sahab ki (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 20 march, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 shahanaee hi begam aur mausiki thi ustad bismilla khan ki (hindi) ajatak. abhigaman tithi: 11 march, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 tripathi, vedika. 'snt sngitakar the bismilla khan' (hindi) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 11 march, 2013.

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