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देवानंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

devannd vishay soochi
devannd
dev annd
poora nam dharmadev annd
prasiddh nam 'devannd' athava 'dev annd'
any nam dev sahab
janm 26 sitnbar, 1923
janm bhoomi pnjab ke guradasapur zile (ab pakistan men)
mrityu 3 disambar 2011 (88 varsh)
mrityu sthan lndan, inglaind
abhibhavak pishaurimal annd
pati/patni kalpana kartik
sntan sunil annd
karm bhoomi munbee
karm-kshetr film nirmata-nirdeshak, abhineta
mukhy filmen 'gaid', 'ham donon', 'bazi', 'kala bazar', 'asali naqali', 'jvelathif', 'jaauni mera' nam adi.
shiksha snatak
vidyalay gavarnament kaaulej, lahaur
puraskar-upadhi do bar film feyar puraskar, padm bhooshan, dada sahab phalke puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
adyatan‎

devannd poora nam dharmadev annd (janm- 26 sitnbar, 1923, pnjab; mrityu- 3 disambar, 2011, lndan) bharatiy sinema ke shuruati daur ke prasiddh abhineta the jo jivan bhar sakriy aur charchit rahe. ve abhineta ke sath-sath nirmata-nirdeshak bhi the. ve baaulivud men 'dev sahab' ke nam se ek zindadil aur bhale insan ke roop men prasiddh the. bharatiy sinema men do pidhiyon tak lagatar hiro bane rahane vale kalakar ke vishay men yadi vichar karen to keval ek hi nam ubharata hai aur vah hai dev annd. kabhi apani ek film men unhonne ek git gunagunaya tha 'main zindagi ka sath nibhata chala gaya, har fikr ko dhune men udata chala gaya' aur shayad yahi git unake jivan ko sabase achchhi tarah paribhashit bhi karata hai. dev annd ka nam hindi sine jagath ke akash men stail guru banakar jagamagata hai. sadabahar abhineta dev annd ko log 'evaragrin dev sahab' kah kar pukarate hain. sadabahar devannd ka jalava ab bhi baraqarar hai. chhah dashak se adhik samay tak rupahale parade par raj karane vale devannd sahab ka 26 sitnbar ko janmadin padata hai aur 88 varsh ki umr hridayagati ruk jane se 3 disambar 2011 ko unaka dehavasan hua.

jivan parichay

janm aur bachapan

baaulivud sadabahar hiro dev annd ka poora nam dharmadev pishaurimal annd hai. dev annd jo ki bharatiy sinema ke mahanh kalakar, nirmata v nirdeshak hain, ka janm avibhajit pnjab ke guradasapur zile (ab pakistan men) men 26 sitnbar, 1923 ko ek madhyam vargiy parivar men aur prasiddh vakil pishaurimal annd namak ek snpann ghar hua tha. unaka bachapan ka nam dharmadev (devadatt) pishaurimal annd tha.

unaka bachapan pareshaniyon se ghira raha. bachapan se hi unaka jhukav apane pita ke peshe vakalat ki or n hokar abhinay ki or tha. ek vakil aur azadi ke lie ladane vale pishaurimal ke ghar paida hone vale dev ne raddi ki dukan se jab baboorav patel dvara sampadit 'film indiya' ke purane ank padhe to un ki ankhon ne filmon men kam karane ka sapana dekh dala aur vah maya nagari mumbee ke saphar par nikal pade.

shiksha

dev annd ne angrezi sahity men apani snatak ki shiksha 1942 men lahaur ke mashahoor gavarnament kaaulej se poori ki. is kaaulej ne film aur sahity jagath ko balaraj sahani, chetan annd, bi. ar. chopada aur khushavnt sinh jaise shakhsiyaten di hain. isake bad ve uchch shiksha hasil karana chahate the lekin pita ke pas itane paise nahin the.

naukari

dev annd ko apani pahali naukari militri sensar aauphis (armi karespandens sensar dipartament) men ek lipik ke taur par mili jahan unhen sainikon dvara likhi chitthiyon ko unake parivar ke logon ko padh kar sunana padata tha. is kam ke lie dev annd ko 165 rupaye masik vetan ke roop men mila karata tha jisamen se 45 rupaye vah apane parivar ke kharch ke lie bhej diya karate the. lagabhag ek varsh tak militri sensar men naukari karane ke bad aur parivar ki kamazor arthik sthiti ko dekhate hue vah 30 rupaye jeb men le kar pita ke munbee jakar kam n karane ki salah ke viparit dev apane bhaee chetan annd ke sath phrntiyar mel se 1943 men munbee pahunch gaye. chetan annd us samay bharatiy jan natay sngh ipta se jude hue the. unhonne dev annd ko bhi apane sath ipta men shamil kar liya.

filmi saphar

dev annd aur unake chhote bhaee vijay annd ko filmon men lane ka shrey unake bade bhaee chetan annd ko jata hai. dev ne ye sapane men bhi n socha hoga ki kamayabi itani jaldi unake qadam choomegi magar ye tis rupe rng lae aur jaen to jaen kahan ka rag alapane vale dev annd ko maya nagari mumbee men ashiyana mil gaya. gayak banane ka sapana lekar munbee pahunche devannd abhineta ban ge. devannd ke bhaee, chetan annd aur vijay annd bhi bharatiy sinema men saphal nirdeshak rahe hain. unaki bahan shil kanta kapoor prasiddh film nirdeshak shekhar kapoor ki man hai.

pahali film

filmi duniya men qadam rakhane ke bad unaka nam simat kar ho gaya devannd. dev annd ko abhineta ke roop men pahala brek 1946 men prabhat stoodiyo ki film ‘ham ek hain’ se mila. lekin is film ke asaphal hone se vah darshakon ke bich apani pahachan nahin bana sake. is film ke nirman ke dauran prabhat stoodiyo men unaki mulakat bad ke mashahoor film nirmata-nirdeshak gurudatt se huee jo un dinon filmi duniya men koriyographar ke roop men sthan banane ke lie sngharsharat the. vahan donon ki dosti huee aur ek sath sapane dekhate in donon doston ne apas men ek vada kiya ki agar gurudatt film nirdeshak banenge to ve dev ko abhineta ke roop men lenge aur agar dev nirmata banenge to gurudatt ko nirdeshak ke roop men lenge.

film nirman

dev annd ka filmi safar
varsh film
1952 jal
andhiyan
tamasha
jalajala
1953 patita
rahi
hamasaphar
araman
1954 badaban
taiksi draivar
pheri
1955 pharar
haus nnbar 44
munim ji
insaniyat
milap
1956 phntoosh
siaeedi
paauketamar
1957 peing gest
dushman
barish
nau do gyarah
1958 solahavan sal
amar dip
kala pani
1959 lav mairij
1960 jali not
ek ke bad ek
mnzil
sarahad
bambee ka baboo
kala bazar
1961 jab pyar kisi se hota hai
ham donon
1962 bat ek rat ki
maya
roop ki rani choron ka raja
1963 asali nakali
tere ghar ke samane
1964 sharabi
kinara kinare
1965 tin deviyan
gaid
1966 pyar mohabbat
1967 jvelathiph
1968 kahin aur chal
phareb
1969 duniya
mahal
1970 jaauni mera nam
prem pujari
1971 gaimbalar
tere mere sapane
1972 achchha bura
hare rama hare krishna
yah gulistan hamara
1973 chhupa rustam
sharif badamash
joshila
1974 ishk ishk ishk
hira panna
prem shastr
amir garib
1975 varnt
1976 janeman
1977 kalabaj
darling darling
bulet
1978 des parades
1980 manapasnd
saheb bahadur
lootamar
1982 svami dada
1984 annd aur annd
1986 ham naujavan
1989 sachche ka bolabala
lashkar
1990 avval nnbar
1991 sau karod
1995 gaingastar
1996 ritarn aauph jvelathiph
1998 main solah baras ki
2001 sensar
2003 lav et taims skveyar
2005 mi.praim ministar

varsh 1948 men pradarshit film 'jiddi' (1948) men abhiऩetri kamini kaushal ke sath dev annd ke filmi kairiyar ki pahali hit film sabit huee. jiddi ne dev annd ko nee oonchaiyan dilayi. is film ki kamayabi ke bad unhonne film nirman ke kshetr men qadam rakh diya. sanh 1949 men unhonne 'navaketan' bainar nam se svayn ki film nirman snstha khol li aur usake antargat sal dar sal filmen banane men saphal huye. navaketan ke bainar tale unhonne varsh 1950 men apani pahali film 'aphasar' ka nirman kiya jisake nirdeshan ki zimmedari unhonne apane bade bhaee chetan annd ko saunpi. is film ke lie unhonne us zamane ki jani mani abhinetri suraiya ka chayan kiya jabaki abhineta ke roop men dev annd khud hi the. halanki film baauks aaufis par koee karishma nahin dikha paee.

isake bad unaka dhyan gurudatt ko kie ge vayade ki taraf gaya. aur sanh 1951 men unhonne apani agali film 'bazi' ke nirdeshan ki zimmedari gurudatt ko saunp di. film suparahit huee aur donon doston ki kismat chamak gee. film bazi ki kahani balaraj sahani ne likhi thi. bazi film ki saphalata ke bad dev annd film indastri men ek achchhe abhineta ke roop men shumar hone lage. dev yahin se dilip kumar aur rajakumar ki qatar men ja khade hue aur is trimoorti ne lnbe samay tak hindi filmi duniya par raj kiya. jal, rahi, andhiyan, (1952), patita (1953), v any filmon ke sath sh‌n 1954 men abhinetri kalpana kartik ke sath aee film "taiksi draivar" badi hit film thi.

devannd aur gurudatt

'bazi' ke hit hone ke bad dev annd ne gurudatt ke nirdeshan men varsh 1952 men film jal men bhi abhinay kiya. is film ke nirdeshan ke bad gurudatt ne yah phaisala kiya ki vah keval apani nirmit filmon ka nirdeshan karenge. bad men dev annd ne apani nirmit filmon ke nirdeshan ki zimmedari apane chhote bhaee vijay annd ko saunp di. vijay annd ne dev annd ki kee filmon ka nirdeshan kiya. in filmon men kala bazar, tere ghar ke samane, gaid, tere mere sapane, chhupa rustam pramukh hain.

pahali rngin film 'gaid'

dev annd

dev annd prakhyat upanyasakar ar. ke. narayan se kafi prabhavit raha karate the aur unake upanyas gaid par film banana chahate the. ar. ke. narayanan ki svikriti ke bad dev annd ne haaulivud ke sahayog se isi nam se ek film banaee jisaka nirdeshan kiya tha unake chhote bhaee vijay annd (goldi) ne kiya tha, jo khud bhi ek abhineta the tatha abhinetri vahida rahaman thi. hindi aur angrezi donon bhashaon men film gaid ka nirman kiya jo dev annd ke sine kairiyar ki pahali rngin film thi. is film ne alochakon ko bahut prabhavit kiya. gaid ka pradarshan sanh 1965 men hone ke bad unaka nam hi pad gaya 'rajoo gaid', jo yuvaon men bahut lokapriy hua. is film ke lie dev annd ko unake jabardast abhinay ke lie sarvashreshth abhineta ka film pheyar puraskar bhi diya gaya. yah film abhi bhi hindi sinema ki sarvashreshth nirdeshit v sampadit filmon men se ek mani jati hai.

nirdeshak ke roop men

varsh 1970 men film 'prem pujari' ke sath dev annd ne nirdeshan ke kshetr men bhi qadam rakh diya. halanki yah film baauks aauphis par buri tarah se nakar di gee, bavajood isake unhonne himmat nahin hari. isake bad varsh 1971 men film 'hare rama hare krishna' ka bhi nirdeshan kiya jisamen 'dam maro dam' git ne dhoom machaee. is film ke kamayabi ke bad devannd ko ek behatarin nirdeshak ke roop men sthapit kar diya aur unhonne apani kee filmon ka nirdeshan bhi kiya. is film ke zarie unhonne yuva pidhi ko rashtraprem ke lie pukara. in filmon men hira panna, desh parades, lootamar, svami dada, sachche ka bolabala, avval nnbar, lav et taims skvair, main solah baras ki, gaingastar aur ham naujavan jaisi filmen shamil hain.

dev annd ne kee filmon ki patakatha bhi likhi. jisamen varsh 1952 men pradarshit film 'andhiyan' ke alava 'hare rama hare krishna', 'ham naujavan', 'avval nnbar', 'pyar ka tarana' (1993 men), 'gaingestar', 'main solah baras ki', 'sensar' adi filmen shamil hain.

devannd aur nee abhinetriyan

devannd ek samay bad nee abhinetriyon ko parde par utarane ke lie mashahoor ho ge. 'hare rama hare krishna' ke zarie unhonne zinat aman ki khoj ki aur tina munim, natasha sinha v ekata jaisi abhinetriyon ko maidan men utarane ka shrey bhi dev sahab ko hi jata hai. bad men jinat aman ko raj kapoor ka sath mil gaya aur ye bat devannd ko achchhi nahin lagi. film nirman men utare devannd ne kee nee pratibhaon tina munim se lekar tabboo tak ka filmi duniya se sakshatkar karaya. unhonne panch dashakon men suraiya, gita bali, madhubala, mina kumari, nootan, vaijaynti mala, mumataz, hema malini, vahida rahaman se lekar madhubala aur zinat aman tak sabhi utkrisht nayikaon ke sath abhinay kiya aur har abhinetri ke sath unaki jodi ko khoob saraha gaya.

hal ke salon men devannd apani prodakshan knpani 'navaketan' ke tale kee filmen banane men vyast the. vah lagatar apane bainar ke tale filmen bana rahe the jisake lid hiro vah khud hi hote the. navaketan bainar tale unhonne hal ke salon men 'hare rama hare krishna', 'avval nnbar' jaisi suparahit filmen di hain.

gregari pak se samanata

haaulivud abhineta gregari pak ke abhinay se prerit hokar devannd filmon men kam karane ke uddeshy se apana nagar chhodakar film nagari men aye the. devannd ko kee log haaulivud ke mashahoor abhineta gregari pak se bhi jod kar dekhate hain. bharatiy darshakon ko apane chahete abhineta devannd men gregari pak ki jhalak nazar aee aur ve unake divane ho ge. devannd ke balon ka stail, chalane, bolane ka tariqa sab men gregari pak ki jhalak milati thi.

devannd aur romans

dev annd apani khas stail ke lie jane jate hain. unhonne apane kiradaron men naujavanon ki umngon, tarngon aur chnchalata ko bahut hi khoobasoorat andaj se pesh kiya hai. dev annd adarshavad aur vyavaharavad men nahin ulajhate aur n hi un ka kiradar prem ki nakamiyon se do-char hota hai. apani adakaraon ke sath chhedakhani, shararat aur phlart karane vala am naujavan dev ka nayak raha. dev ne apane kiradaron men har mausam ka lutph liya aur naujavanon ke chahete ban ge.

kahate hain baaulivud men agar koee asali romantik hiro hai to vah hain sirph devannd. na sirph parde par balki asal zindagi men bhi devannd ki dillagi ka koee sani nahin hai. naujavanon ke jazbat ko parade par pesh karane vale khoobasoorat dev hamesha hi khoobasoorat ladakiyon se ghire rahe. hazaron dilon ki dhadakan rahe dev hasinaon ka sapana ban chuke the. abhinetriyon ke sath apane romans ko lekar bhi ve charcha men rahe. chahe suraiya ho ya zinat aman donon ke sath unake prem ke charche khoob am hue. khud devannd bhi manate hain ki suraiya unaka pahala prem thin aur zinat ko bhi vah pasnd karate the. yahi nahin suraiya bhi dev ki divani thi. 1948 men bani ‘vidya’ film ki nayika suraiya thi.[1]

devannd aur suraiya

film aphasar ke nirman ke dauran dev annd ka jhukav film gayika-abhinetri suraiya ki or ho gaya tha. isake set par hi donon men pyar hua. ek gane ki shooting ke dauran dev annd aur suraiya ki nav pani men palat gee jisamen unhonne suraiya ko doobane se bachaya. isake bad suraiya dev annd se beintaha mohabbat karane lagin lekin suraiya ki nani ki ijazat n milane par yah jodi paravan nahin chadh saki. 1951 tak donon ne sat filmon men sath kam kiya. magar afasos donon ke sath rahane ka khvab poora na ho saka. dev ne apane toote pyar ka ijahar kee bar kiya hai. bad ke varsh 1954 men ‘taiksi draivar’ ki hiroin mona yane kalpana kartik se film ke set par dev annd ne shadi kar li. magar suraiya ne dev ke alava kisi aur ko gavara na kiya aur unaki yad men ajivan vivah nahin kiya. 50 sal bad dev annd ne svikar kiya ki unaka dil hamesha suraiya ke lie dhadakata rahata tha. varsh 2005 men jab suraiya ka nidhan hua to devannd un logon men se ek the jo unake janaze ke sath the.

devannd ke janadar aur shanadar abhinay ki badaulat parade par jivnt akar lene vali prem kahaniyon ne lakhon yuvaon ke dilon men prem ki laharen paida kin lekin khud devannd is lihaz se zindagi men kafi pareshaniyon se gujare. unhen 'sadabahar abhineta' kah kar pukara gaya to vah bhi yon hi nahin tha. unhonne jin abhinetriyon ke sath nayak ke roop men kam kiya tha kuchh varshon pahale tak ve unaki potiyon ke sath bhi usi bhoomika men dekhe ge.[1]

devannd ka stail

dev annd ka hastakshar

dev annd ko rajesh khanna se bhi pahale sinema ka 'pahala chaaukaleti nayak' hone ka gaurav mila. dev annd ki lokapriyata ka alam ye tha ki unhonne jo bhi pahana, jo bhi kiya vo ek stail men tabdil ho gaya. phir chahe vo unaka balon par hath pherane ka andaj ho ya kali kamij ki pahanane ka ya phir apani anoothi shaili men jaldi-jaldi snvad bolane ka. munim ji (1955), phntush, siaeedi (1956), peingagest (1957) ne unhen saphalatam stayalish star bana diya. inaki jhukakar chalane ki ada, ek sans men lambe dayalaaug bolana aur tirachhe hokar sir hilana unaka tredamark ban gaya.

devannd aur kala kot

apane daur ke sabase saphal abhineta devannd apane kale kot ki vajah se bahut surkhiyon men ae the. bat us samay ki hai jab devannd apane alag andaj aur bolane ke tarike ke lie kafi mashahoor the. unake saphed kamij aur kale kot ke phaishan ko to janata ne jaise apana hi bana liya tha aur isi samay ek aisa vakaya bhi dekhane ko mila jab nyayalay ne unake kale kot ko pahan kar ghoomane par pabndi laga di. vajah thi kuchh ladakiyon ka unake kale kot ke prati asakti ke karan atmahatya kar lena. divanagi men do-char ladakiyon ne jan de di. isase ek bat saf thi ki devannd ka kiradar ho ya unaka pahanava hamesha sadabahar hi raha.[1]

devannd ka niji jivan

devannd ne kalpana kartik ke sath shadi ki thi lekin unaki shadi adhik samay tak saphal nahin ho saki. donon sath rahe lekin bad men kalpana ne ekaki jivan ko gale laga liya. any filmi abhinetaon ki tarah devannd ne bhi apane bete sunil annd ko filmon men sthapit karane ke lie bahut prayas kie lekin saphal nahin ho sake. kuchh varsh pahale apane janmadin ke avasar par hi unhonne 'romansing vid laiph' nam se apani jivani bazar men utari thi. amataur par mashahoor hastiyon ki jivaniyon ke prasng vivadon ka vishay banate hain lekin unaki jivani har arth men bedag rahi bilkul unake jivan ki tarah.

samman aur puraskar

dev annd, dilip kumar aur raj kapoor ke 1950 dashak ke bade star rahe hain. dev annd ko apane abhinay ke lie do bar film feyar puraskar se sammanit kiya ja chuka hai. dev annd ko sabase pahala film feyar puraskar varsh 1958 men pradarshit film 'kala pani' ke lie diya gaya. isake bad varsh 1965 men bhi dev annd film 'gaid' ke lie sarvashreshth abhineta ke filmafeyar puraskar se sammanit kie ge. sanh 1991 men dev annd ko film pheyar puraskar mila. varsh 2001 men dev annd ko bharat sarakar ki or se kala kshetr (film jagath men yogadan) men padm bhooshan samman prapt hua. varsh 2002 men unake dvara hindi sinema men mahattvapoorn yogadan ko dekhate hue unhen dada sahab phalke puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.

nidhan

bharatiy sinema ke sadabahar abhineta devannd ka lndan men dil ka daura padane se 3 disnbar 2011 ko 88 varsh ki umr men nidhan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ek sadabahar abhineta ki sadabahar kahani: devannd (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran junction. abhigaman tithi: 4 disnbar, 2011.

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