खंड काव्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khnd kavy
'sudamacharit' ka avaran prishth
vivaran sahity men prabndh kavy ka ek roop 'khnd kavy' hai. khnd kavy men keval ek pramukh katha rahati hai, prasngik kathaon ko isamen sthan nahin milane pata hai.
paribhasha snskrit sahityanusar- ""kisi bhasha ya upabhasha men sargabaddh evn ek katha ka niroopak aisa padyatmak grnth jisamen sabhi sndhiyan n hon, vah 'khnd kavy' hai."
khnd kavy tulasidas, sudamacharit, bhnvaragit, parvati mngal, janaki mngal, jayadrath vadh adi.
snbndhit lekh kavita, kavy, mahakavy, prabodhak kavy, prabandh kavy
any janakari 'khnd kavy' shabd se hi spasht hota hai ki isamen manav jivan ki kisi ek hi ghatana ki pradhanata rahati hai, jisamen charit nayak ka jivan sampoorn roop men kavi ko prabhavit nahin karata. khnd kavy men keval ek pramukh katha rahati hai, prasngik kathaon ko isamen sthan nahin milane pata hai.

khnd kavy sahity men prabndh kavy ka ek roop hai. kisi ghatana vishesh ko lekar, jo jivan men ghatit hoti hai, us par likha gaya kavy khnd kavy kaha jata hai.

paribhasha

'khnd kavy' ki snskrit sahity men jo ekamatr paribhasha upalabdh hai, vah is prakar hai-

bhasha vibhasha niyamath kavyn sargasamutthitamh.
ekarthapravanai: padyai: sndhi-sagrayavarjitamh.
khnd kavyn bhaveth kavyasyaik deshanusari ch.

is paribhasha ke anusar- "kisi bhasha ya upabhasha men sargabaddh evn ek katha ka niroopak aisa padyatmak grnth jisamen sabhi sndhiyan n hon, vah 'khnd kavy' hai." vah mahakavy ke keval ek ansh ka hi anusaran karata hai. tadanusar hindi ke katipay achary khnd kavy aise kavy ko manate hain, jisaki rachana to mahakavy ke dhng par ki gee ho, par usamen samagr jivan n grahan kar keval usaka khnd vishesh hi grahan kiya gaya ho. arthath khnd kavy men ek khnd jivan is prakar vyakt kiya jata hai, jisase vah prastut rachana ke roop men svat: pratit ho.

'khnd kavy' shabd se hi spasht hota hai ki isamen manav jivan ki kisi ek hi ghatana ki pradhanata rahati hai, jisamen charit nayak ka jivan sampoorn roop men kavi ko prabhavit nahin karata. kavi charit nayak ke jivan ki kisi sarvotkrisht ghatana se prabhavit hokar jivan ke us khnd vishesh ka apane kavy men poornataya udghatan karata hai.

kavy ke bhed

hindi sahity men kavy ke tin mukhy bhed prachalit hain-

  1. mahakavy
  2. khand-kavy
  3. muktak kavy .
  • khnd kavy men mukhy charitr ki kisi ek pramukh visheshata ka chitran hone ke karan adhik vividhata aur vistar nahin hota.
  • 'muktak kavy' men katha-sootr avashyak nahin hai. isalie usamen ghatana aur charitr ke anivary prasng men bhav-yojana nahin hoti. vah kisi bhav-vishesh ko adhar banakar ki gee svatntr rachana hai.
  • hindi sahity men khnd kavy prabndh kavy ka ek roop hai.
  • vastut: khnd kavy ek aisa padyabaddh kavy hai, jisake kathanak men ekatmak anviti ho, katha men ekangita [1] ho tatha katha vinyas kram men arnbh, vikas, charam sima aur nishchit uddeshy men parinati ho aur vah akar men laghu ho.
  • laghuta ke mapadnd ke roop men ath se kam sargon ke prabndh kavy ko khndakavy mana jata hai.[2]

lakshan

'kavy-shastr' men khnd kavy ke lakshan gina die ge hain, jo nimnanusar hain-

  • khnd kavy ke vishay men kaha gaya hai ki vah ek deshanusari hota hai. yahan desh ka arth bhag ya ansh hai.
  • khnd kavy men bhi sarg hote hain. har sarg men chhnd ka bndhan isamen bhi hota hai, lekin chhnd parivartan zaroori nahin hai. prakriti varnan adi ho sakata hai, lekin vah bhi avashyak nahin hai.

hindi sahity ke khnd kavy

adikal men rachit khnd kavy
  1. abdurrahaman krit sndesharasak
  2. narapatinalh krit bisaladev raso
  3. jinadharmasuri krit thoolibhaddaphag


bhaktikal men rachit khnd kavy
  1. narottamadas krit sudamacharit
  2. nndadas krit bhnvaragit, rukmini mngal
  3. tulasidas krit parvati mngal, janaki mngal


ritikal men rachit khnd kavy
  1. padmakar virachit himmat bahadur virudavali


adhunik kal ke khnd kavy (bharatendu yug)
  1. shridhar pathak ka ekantavasi yogi
  2. jagannathadas 'ratnakar' ka harishchndr


dvivedi yug men rachit khnd kavy
  1. maithilisharan gupt : rng men bhng, jayadrath vadh, naladamaynti, shakuntala, kisan, anath
  2. siyaramasharan gupt : maury vijay
  3. ramanaresh tripathi : milan, pathik
  4. dvarika prasad gupt : atmarpan


chhayavad yug men rachit khnd kavy
  1. sumitranndan pnt : grnthi
  2. ramanaresh tripathi : svapn
  3. maithilisharan gupt :pnchavati, anadh, vanavaibhav, vak-snhar
  4. anoop sharma : sunal
  5. siyaramasharan gupt : atmotsarg
  6. sooryakant tripathi nirala : tulasidas
  7. shivadas gupt : kichak vadh
  8. shyam lal pathak : knsavadh
  9. ramachndrashukl "saras" : abhimanyu vadh
  10. gokul chndr sharma : pranavir pratap
  11. nathooram shnkar sharma : garbharanda rahasy, vayas vijay


chhayavadottar yug men virachit khnd kavy
  1. maithilisharan gupt : nahush, karbala, nakul, hidimba
  2. balakrishn sharma "navin" : pranarpan
  3. sohanalal dvivedi : kunal
  4. ramadhari sinh dinakar : kurukshetr
  5. shyam narayan pande : jay hanuman
  6. udayashnkar bhatt : kauntey-katha
  7. annd mishr : chnderi ka jauhar
  8. girijadatt shukl "girish" : prayan
  9. gopalaprasad vyas : qadam-qadam badhae ja
  10. daau rusal : bhojaraj
  11. naresh mehata : snshay ki ek rat


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sahity darpan ke shabdon men ekadeshiyata
  2. gupt, parameshvarilal hindi vishvakosh, 1973 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah