नूरजहाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(नूरजहां se punarnirdeshit)
Disamb2.jpg noorajahan ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- noorajahan (bahuvikalpi)
noorajahan
noorajahan
poora nam noorajahan
any nam meharunnisa
janm 31 mee, 1577 ee.
janm bhoomi kndhar
mrityu tithi 17 disambar, 1645 ee.
mrityu sthan lahaur
pita/mata giyasabeg
snbndhit lekh jahangir, shahajahan, mirza giyasabeg
vishesh jahangir se vivah ke pashchath meharunnisa ko 'nooramahal' evn 'noorajahan' ki upadhi pradan ki gee thi. 1613 ee. men noorajahan ko 'pattamahishi' ya 'badashah begam' banaya gaya.
any janakari pahale satrah varsh ki avastha men meharunnisa ka vivah alikuli namak ek sahasi eerani navayuvak se hua tha, jise jahangir ke rajy kal ke prarambh men 'sher afagan' ki upadhi aur bardavan ki jagir di gee thi.

noorajahan (janm- 31 mee, 1577 ee., kndhar; mrityu- 17 disambar, 1645 ee., lahaur) mugal samrat jahangir ki patni thi. usaka mool nam 'meharunnisa' tha. jab usaka pita mirza giyasabeg, jo ki faras ka nivasi tha, apane bhagy ki pariksha karane bharat a raha tha, tabhi marg men noorajahan ka janm kndhar men hua tha. giyasabeg akabar ke darabar men ek uchch pad pane men saphal hua tha aur 1605 ee. men jahangir ke rajyarohan ke varsh hi vah malamntri niyukt ho gaya. use 'etmaduddola' ki upadhi di gee thi. noorajahan asadharan vyaktitv aur buddhimata vali stri thi, jahangir ne shasan ka samast bhar usi par chhod rakha tha.

vivah

satrah varsh ki avastha men meharunnisa ka vivah 'alikuli' namak ek sahasi eerani navayuvak se hua tha, jise jahangir ke rajy kal ke prarambh men sher afagan ki upadhi aur bardavan ki jagir di gee thi. 1607 ee. men jahangir ke dooton ne sher afagan ko ek yuddh men mar dala. meharunnisa ko pakad kar dilli laya gaya aur use badashah ke shahi haram men bhej diya gaya. yahan vah badashah akabar ki vidhava rani 'salima begam' ki paricharika bani. meharunnisa ko jahangir ne sarvapratham nauroz tyauhar ke avasar par dekha aur usake saundary par mugdh hokar jahangir ne mee, 1611 ee. men usase vivah kar liya. vivah ke pashchath jahangir ne use ‘nooramahal’ evn ‘noorajahan’ ki upadhi pradan ki. 1613 ee. men noorajahan ko ‘pattamahishi’ ya ‘badashah begam’ banaya gaya.

noorajahan gut

vivah ke bad noorajahan ne ‘noorajahan gut’ ka nirman kiya. is gut ke mahattvapoorn sadasy the- noorajahan begam, etmaduddaula ya mirza giyasabeg (noorajahan ka pita), asmat begam (noorajahan ki man), asaf khan (noorajahan ka bhaee) evn shahazada khurram (bad men shahajahan). yah gut mugal darabar men jahangir ke vivah ke turant bad hi sakriy ho gaya, jisaka prabhav 1627 ee. tak raha. noorajahan ke prabhav se prabhavit jahangir ke shasan kal ko do bhagon men banta ja sakata hai-

  1. 1611 ee. se 1622 ee. tak
  2. 1622 ee. se 1627 ee. tak

pratham kal men noorajahan gut ne shahi seva men apane samarthakon ko adhik matra men niyukt kar unhen uchch manasab pradan kiye. phalasvaroop is dal se eershya karane vale ek virodhi dal ka gathan khusaro ke netritv men hua. is bich mahavat khan ki padonnati men badha, khaneajam ki kaid, khurram ki apratyashit unnati, paravej ki avanati evn khusaro ke bhagy ka utar-chadhav hota raha. is kal men noorajahan ke parivar ke logon ke manasab men huee vriddhi ka kram is prakar tha-

  • etmaduddaula ka manasab - 1611 ee. men 2000/500, 1616 ee. men 7000/500 aur 1619 ee. men 7000/7000 tak.
  • asaf khan ka manasab - 1611 ee. men 500/100, 1616 ee. men 5000/3000 aur 1622 ee. men 6000/6000 tak.
  • ibrahim khan ka manasab - 1616 ee. men 2500/2000 tak.

sundari v kootanitigy

asadharan sundari hone ke atirikt noorajahan buddhimati, shil aur vivekasampann bhi thi. usaki sahity, kavita aur lalit kalaon men vishesh ruchi thi. usaka lakshy bhed achook hota tha. 1619 ee. men usane ek hi goli se sher ko mar giraya tha. in samast gunon ke karan usane apane pati par poorn prabhutv sthapit kar liya tha. isake phalasvaroop jahangir ke shasan ka samast bhar usi par a pada tha. sikkon par bhi usaka nam khoda jane laga aur vah mahal men hi darabar karane lagi. usake pita etmaduddola aur bhaee asaf khan ko mugal darabar men uchch pad pradan kiya gaya tha aur usaki bhatiji ka vivah, jo age chalakar mumataz ke nam se prasiddh huee, shahajahan se ho gaya. usane pahale pati se utpann apani putri ka vivah jahangir ke sabase chhote putr shaharayar se kar diya aur kyonki usaki jahangir se koee sntan nahin thi, at: vah shaharayar ko hi jahangir ke uparant raj sinhasan par baithana chahati thi. noorajahan ke ye sabhi kary usaki kootaniti ka hi ek hissa the.

shahajahan ka vidroh

1620 ee. ke ant tak noorajahan ke sambandh khurram (shahajahan) se achchhe nahin rahe, kyonki noorajahan ko ab tak yah ahasas ho gaya tha ki shahajahan ke badashah banane par usaka prabhav shasan ke karyon par kam ho jayaga. isalie noorajahan ne jahangir ke doosare putr ‘shaharayar’ ko mahatv dena prarambh kar kiya. choonki shaharayar alpayu evn durbal charitr ka tha, isalie usake samrat banane par noorajahan ka prabhav pahale ki tarah shasan ke karyon men bana rahata. is karan se sher afagan se utpann apani putri 'ladali begam' ki shadi 1620 ee. men shaharayar se kar use 8000/4000 ka manasab pradan kiya.

shahajahan ko jab is bat ka ahasas hua ki noorajahan usake prabhav ko kam karana chah rahi hai, to usane jahangir dvara kndhar durg par akraman kar use jitane ke adesh ki avahelana karate hue 1623 ee. men khusaro khan ka vadh kar dakkan men vidroh kar diya. usake vidroh ko dabane ke lie noorajahan ne asaf khan ko n bhej kar mahavat khan ko shahazada paravez ke netritv men bheja. un donon ne saphalatapoorvak shahajahan ke vidroh ko kuchal diya. shahajahan ne pita jahangir ke samaksh atsamarpan kar diya aur use kshama mil gee. jamanat ke roop men shahajahan ke do putron dara shikoh aur aurngazeb ko bndhak ke roop men rajadarabar men rakha gaya. 1625 ee. tak shahajahan ka vidroh poornatah shant ho gaya.

mahavat khan ka vidroh

shahajahan ke vidroh ko dabane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika ka nirvah karane vale mahavat khan se noorajahan ko eershya hone lagi. noorajahan ko isaka ahasas tha, ki mahavat khan un logon men se hai, jinhen shasan ke karyon men mera prabhutv svikar nahin hai. mahavat khan evn shahazada paravej ki nikatata se bhi noorajahan ko khatara tha. atah usake prabhav ko kam karane ke lie noorajahan ne use bngal jane evn yuddh ke samay loote gaye dhan ka hisab dene ko kaha. in karanon ke atirikt kuchh aur karan bhi the, jisase apamanit mahasoos kar mahavat khan ne vidroh kar kabul ja rahe samrat jahangir ko jhelam nadi ke tat par 1626 ee. men qaid kar liya. noorajahan evn usake bhaee asaf khan ko bhi bandi bana liya. qaid men rakhane par bhi mahavat khan ne jahangir ke prati nishtha evn samman ki bat nahin sochi. rohatas men noorajahan evn jahangir ne kootaniti ke dvara apane ko mahavat khan ke prabhav se mukt kar liya. mahavat khan apani suraksha ke lie ‘thatta’ ki or bhag gaya. 28 aktoobar, 1626 ko paravej ki mrityu ke bad ek tarah se mahavat khan kamazor ho gaya aur vah shahajahan ki seva men chala gaya.

noorajahan ki mrityu

jahangir ke jivan kal men noorajahan sarvashakti sampann rahi, kintu 1627 ee. men jahangir ki mrityu ke uparant usaki rajanitik prabhuta nasht ho gee. noorajahan ki mrityu 1645 ee. men huee. apani mrityu paryant tak ka shesh jivan usane lahaur men bitaya. usaki kalatmak ruchi ka praman us bhavy evn akarshak maqabare men upalabdh hai, jise usane apane pita etmaduddola ke asthi avasheshon par agara men banavaya tha. kalavidon ke anusar yah maqabara barik aur saj-sajja ki drishti se anupam hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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