मैसूर का दशहरा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vidyut roshani se jagamagata 'maisoor mahal'

maisoor ka dashahara sirf bharat hi nahin, balki poori duniya men prasiddh hai. maisoor men chh: sau salon se adhik purani parnpara vala yah parv aitihasik drishti se to mahattvapoorn hai hi, sath hi yah kala, snskriti aur annd ka bhi adbhut samnjasy hai. mahalaya se dashahare tak is nagar ki phoolon, dipon evn vidyut balbon se susajjit shobha dekhane layaq hoti hai. maisoor men 'dashahara utsav' ka prarnbh chamundi pahadiyon par virajane vali devi chamundeshvari ke mndir men vishesh pooja-archana aur dip prajjvalan ke sath hota hai. is utsav men maisoor mahal ko 97 hazar vidyut balbon tatha 1.63 lakh vidyut balbon se chamundi pahadiyon ko sajaya jata hai. poora shahar bhi roshani se jagamaga uthata hai. jaganamohan pailes, jayalakshmi vilas evn lalita mahal ka adbhut saundary dekhate hi banata hai.

satkarmon ki jit ka parv

parnparik utsah evn dhoomadham ke sath das dinon tak manaya jane vala maisoor ka 'dashahara utsav' devi durga (chamundeshvari) dvara mahishasur ke vadh ka pratik hai. arthat yah buraee par achchhaee, tamogun par satgun, durachar par sadachar ya dushkarmon par satkarmon ki jit ka parv hai. is utsav ke dvara sabhi ko man ki bhakti men sarabor kiya jata hai. shahar ki adbhut sajavat evn mahaul ko dekhakar aisa pratit hota hai ki mano svarg se sabhi devi-devata maisoor ki or prasthan kar aye hain.[1]

itihas

maisoor ke dashahare ka itihas maisoor nagar ke itihas se juda hai, jo madhy kal ke dakshin bharat ke advitiy vijayanagar samrajy ke samay se shuroo hota hai. harihar aur bukka nam ke do bhaiyon dvara chaudahavin shatabdi men sthapit is samrajy men navaratri utsav manaya jata tha. lagabhag chhah shatabdi purane is parv ko 'vadeyar rajavnsh' ke lokapriy shasak krishnaraj vadeyar ne dashahare ka nam diya. samay ke sath is utsav ki lokapriyata itani badh gee ki varsh 2008 men karnatak rajy ki sarakar ne ise 'rajyotsav' (nad habba) ka star de diya.

yatri vivaran

kee madhyakalin paryatakon tatha lekhakon ne apane yatra vrittanton men vijayanagar ki rajadhani 'hampi' men bhi dashahara manae jane ka ullekh kiya hai. inamen domingoj pej, pharnao noonij aur raaubart sivel jaise paryatak bhi shamil hain. in lekhakon ne hampi men manae jane vale dashahara utsav ke vistrit varnan kiye hain. vijayanagar shasakon ki yahi parnpara varsh 1399 men maisoor pahunchi, jab [gujarat]] ke dvaraka se 'puragere' (maisoor ka prachin nam) pahunche do bhaiyon yaduray aur krishnaray ne vadeyar rajagharane ki ninv dali. yaduray is rajagharane ke pahale shasak bane. unake putr chamaraj vadeyar pratham ne puragere ka nam badalakar 'maisoor' kar diya aur vijayanagar samrajy ki adhinata svikar kar li. vijayanagar ke pratapi shasakon ke raj men varsh 1336 se 1565 tak maisoor shahar sanskritik aur samajik oonchaee ki shikhar ki or badhata gaya. sath hi dashahare ki parnpara din pratidin sudridh aur behatar hoti gee.[1]

dashahara mahotsav ki parnpara

maisoor dashahare men jamboo savari

yah poore dakshin bharat ke itihas ka svarn yug tha. isi daur men purndaradas, kanakadas, sarvgy tatha bhakti andolan se judi any vibhootiyan sakriy rahin. varsh 1565 men talikot ke yuddh men vijayanagar samrajy ke patan ke bad vadeyar rajagharane ke athaven shasak raja vadeyar ne maisoor ka prashasanik dhancha badala. ab yah ek svatntr rajy ban gaya. shrirngapattanam ke prashasak shrirngaray ki mahattavakanksha kuchh samay ke lie raja vadeyar ke lie chunauti bani rahi, lekin varsh 1610 men unhonne shrirngapatana par bhi apana niyntran bana liya. yahin se unhen sone ka vah sinhasan prapt hua, jo kathit taur par vijayanagar samrajy ke snsthapak harihar ko unake guru vidyarany dvara diya gaya tha. raja vadeyar 23 march, 1610 ko is sinhasan par asin hue aur unhonne 'karnatak ratnasinhasanadhishvar' ki upadhi grahan ki. unhonne shrirngapattanam ko apani rajadhani banaya aur vijayanagar ki parnparik dashahara mahotsav ki parnpara ko bhi jivit rakha. raja vadeyar ki ichchha thi ki is utsav ko bhavi pidhiyan usi prakar se manaen, jis prakar vijayanagar ke shasak manaya karate the. isake lie unhonne nirdeshika bhi taiyar ki thi, jisamen spasht likha tha ki kisi bhi karan se arthat rajagharane men kisi ki mrityu bhi ho jae to bhi dashahara manane ki parnpara qayam rahani chahie. raja apane dvara banae ge nirdesh par svayn bhi qayam rahe. kaha jata hai ki 7 sitambar, 1610 men dashahare se thik ek din pahale jab raja ke putr nnjaraja ki mrityu ho gee, tab bhi raja vadeyar ne bina kisi avarodh ke 'dashahara utsav' ki parnpara ko qayam rakhate hue isaka udghatan kiya. raja vadeyar dvara banaee gee parnpara ko unake bad vadeyar rajagharane ke vnshajon ne bhi jivit rakhane ki koshish ki.[1]

is parnpara ko varsh 1805 men tatkalin vadeyar shasak mummadi krishnaraj ne naya mod diya. unhen tipoo sultan ki mrityu ke bad angrezon ki sahayata se rajagaddi prapt huee thi, isalie dashahara utsav men raja ne angrezon ke lie alag 'darabar' ki vyavastha ki. yah ek nee parnpara ban gee aur dashahara rajagharane ki bajay am janata ka utsav ban gaya. is utsav ko dobara rajagharane se jodane ki koshish krishnaraj vadeyar chaturth ne ki, jo apani man maharani kenpanna ammani ke snrakshan men raja bane aur jinhen varsh 1902 men shasan snbndhi poore adhikar saunp die ge. unhonne maisoor rajamahal ke nirman ke bad dashahare ko dobara rajamahal se joda, lekin am janata isase door nahin huee.

antarrashtriy utsav

vadeyar rajaon ke parnparik dashahara utsavon se aj ke utsavon ka chehara kafi parivartit ho chuka hai. yah ab ek antarrashtriy utsav ban gaya hai. is utsav men shamil hone ke lie desh aur duniya ke vibhinn hisson se maisoor pahunchane vale paryatak dashahara gatividhiyon ki vividhataon ko dekh dng rah jate hain. tej roshani men nahaya maisoor mahal, phoolon aur pattiyon se saje chadhave, sanskritik karyakram khel-kood, gombe habba aur videshi mehamanon se lekar jambo savari tak har bat unhen khas taur par akarshit karati hai. ullekhaniy hai ki char shatabdi se lagatar chale a rahe dashahara utsav ke itihas men sirph ek bar rukavat aee thi. varsh 1970 men jab bharat ke rashtrapati ne chhoti-chhoti riyasaton ke shasakon ki manyata samapt kar di to us varsh dashahare ka utsav bhi nahin manaya ja saka tha. us samay n to maisoor rajamahal ki chakachaundh dekhi ja saki aur n hi logon ka utsah kahin dikhaee diya. baharahal, ise dobara shuroo karane ke lie varsh 1971 men karnatak sarakar ne ek kameti gathit ki aur sipharishon ke adhar par dashahara ko rajy utsav ke roop men dobara manaya jane laga. isake sath hi rajy ki paryatan ay badhane ke lie bhi dashahara utsav ko mukhy bhoomika di gee. dashahara utsav ka vebakast varsh 2004 men maisoor rajagharane ke niji dashahara utsav ki jhalakiyan am janata ko dikhane ke lie intaranet ke madhyam se vebakast karana shuroo kiya gaya. ise maisoor rajavnsh ke antim uttaradhikari shrikantadatt narasinharaj vadeyar ne vebakast kiya. isamen vadeyar rajavnsh dvara purane samay men pooja-archana ke lie kam men lae jane vale devi-devataon ke chitr bhi dekhe ja sakate hain aur sath men rajagharane dvara apanaee jane vali pooja ki vidhiyon aur vibhinn rasmon ko bhi dekha ja sakata hai.[1]

jamboo savari

vijayadashami ke parv par maisoor ka raj darabar am logon ke lie khol diya jata hai. bhavy juloos nikala jata hai. yah din maisooravasiyon ke lie behad khas hota hai. is avasar par yahan das dinon tak behad dhoomadham se utsav manae jate hain. dasaven aur akhiri din manae jane vale utsav ko jamboo savari ke nam se jana jata hai. is din sari nigahen 'balaram' namak hathi ke sunahare haude par tiki hoti hain. is hathi ke sath gyarah any gajaraj bhi rahate hain, jinaki vishesh saj-sajja ki jati hai. is utsav ko ambaraj bhi kaha jata hai. is mauke par bhavy juloos nikala jata hai, jisamen balaram ke sunahari haude par savar ho chamundeshvari devi maisoor nagar bhraman ke lie nikalati hain. varsh bhar men yah ek hi mauka hota hai, jab devi ki pratima yoon nagar bhraman ke lie nikalati hai.

yah khoobasoorat sunahari hauda maisoor ke vaibhavashali atit ki sundar kahani kahata hai. yah hauda kab aur kaise bana, ise kisane banavaya, is bare men sahi janakari nahin hai. lekin 750 kilo vajan ke is haude men takariban 80 kilo sona laga hai. haude par ki gee naqqashi maisoor ke karigaron ki nipunata ki jivnt dastan sunati hai. is haude ke bahari svaroop men phool-pattiyon ki sundar naqqashi ki gee hai. yah hauda maisoor ke karigaron ki karigari ka adbhut namoona hai, jinhen lakadi aur dhatu ki sundar kalakritiyan banane men nipunata hasil thi. vishvas nahin hota ki kaise puratan kal men sirph chhaini-hathaude ke dam par itane khoobasoorat haude ko banaya gaya hoga. pahale is haude ka upayog maisoor ke raja apani shahi gaj savari ke lie kiya karate the. ab ise varsh men keval ek bar vijayadashami ke juloos men mata ki savari ke lie upayog men laya jata hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 maisoor ka dashahara (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 31 disambar, 2012.
  2. khas hai maisoor ka dashahara (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 31 disambar, 2012.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah