तितली (उपन्यास)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jayashnkar prasad ka upanyas, jo 1934 ee. men prakashit hua. 'titali', gramyajivan se sambaddh upanyas hai, yadyapi kathanak ke age badhane par usamen kalakatta adi mahanagaron ke chhaya snket bhi mil jate hain.

katha

isaki katha dhamapur namak ganv ke charon or parikrama karati hai. isake zamindar indradev hain, jo vilayat se apane sath shaila namak videshi yuvati ko le aye hain. is videshi bala ka sambandh prasad ne bharat se sthapit kar diya hai, kyonki usaka janm yahin hua tha. dhamapur ka pramukh patr madhuban athava madhua hai, jisake pita kabhi sherakot durg ke svami the. ganv men bharatiy snskriti aur darshan ki sakshat moorti baba ramanath hain, jinaki palita kanya bnjo athava titali hai. isi titali se madhua ka vivah hota hai madhua ki vidhava bahin rajakumari ke sharir se dhamapur ka mahnt khelana chahata hai. madhua usaka gala dabakar bhag nikalata hai. yahin se usaka jivan-sngharsh arambh ho jata hai. kalakatte men vah girahakaton ke sath rahata hai. phir riksha chalate hue pakada jata hai. ath varsh jel men rahakar ghar vapas ata hai. mahua ke jivan ke atirikt indradev aur usake parivar ki katha hai, jisamen ek dhani parivar ki parivarik samasyaen ankit hain.

gramy jivan

'titali' men pramukh roop se gramy jivan ke chitr aur samasyaon ka samavesh kiya gaya hai. bharatiy gramon men aj bhi snskriti ke mool tattv vidyaman hain, yadyapi vatavaran paryapt vikrit aur dooshit ho gaya hai. ek or indradev ko lekar aur mahua gramin jivan ka prakashan karate hain. bhoomihin kisanon men kranti-vidroh ka jo bhav hai, vah madhuban men spasht hai. gramy-jivan ke uddhar ka prayatn indradev aur shaila karate hain. baink, aspatal, gramasudhar adi ki yojanaen unhin ke dvara karyanvit hoti hain. mitati huee samntavadi pratha ki soochana 'titali' men milati hai. mahajanon ka shoshan, mahnton ka pakhand isamen ankit hai. 'godan' jaisi vishal adharabhoomi 'titali' ko nahin prapt ho saki hai, par samasyaen usi tarah ki hain. shaila ramanath se tark karati hai aur ant men bharatiy snskriti ki uchchata svikar kar leti hai. baba ramanath bharatiy udar manaviyata ke pratinidhi patr hain, jinhen krishi parampara ka adhunik pratik kaha jayaga. parivarik vishamata ke karan tootati huee snyukt kutumb vyavastha indradev ke parivar men spasht hai. yadyapi upanyas ki adhikansh katha gramin jivan ki hai par nagar-sabhyata ke snket bhi mil jate hain, jaise kalakatta nagari ke jivan men.

bhasha shaili

'titali' ka kathanak adhik sambaddh aur sngrathit hai. donon kathaon ko (mahua aur indradev) is prakar sngrathit kar diya gaya hai ki unamen alagav nahin rah jata. katipay avishvasaniy katha-prasngon ko chhodakar adhikansh ghatanaen svabhavik hain. kavi ka roop bhasha aur shaili donon men jhalak aya hai. anek sthalon par kavi prasad ki bhasha jag uthi hai aur 'titali' ka ant isi kavyamay shaili men hota hai. 'knkal' nagar jivan se sambaddh hai tatha 'titali' gramin jivan se. ek men yadi nagn yatharth hain to doosare men apekshakrit prakshipt aur is drishti se 'knkal' aur 'titali' donon ek-doosare ke poorak hain.




panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


dhirendr, varma “bhag- 2 par adharit”, hindi sahity kosh (hindi), 231.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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