इरावती (उपन्यास)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jayashnkar prasad ka apoorn upanyas jisaka prakashan unaki mrityu ke bad 1940 ee. men hua. do upanyason men prasad ne vartaman samaj ko ankit kiya hai par iravati men ve pun: atit ki or laut gaye hai.

bauddh dharm ka prabhav

is adhoore upanyas ki katha samagri itihas se grahan ki gayi hai. bauddh dharm kisi samay bharat ka pramukh dharm raha hai. usaki karuna aur daya ne rashtr ke pramukh samraton ko prabhavit kiya. dharm ki vani ghar-ghar men goonji. lnka, chin, brahma adi anek padosi desh bhi unase prabhavit hue aur bauddh dharm door-door sthanon par apana manaviy sandesh pracharit karane men samarth hua par samrat ashok ke samapt hote hi jaise is mahanh dharm ko pala mar gaya.

kathavastu

'iravati' ki mukhy bhoomika ek mahadharm ki patanonmukh avastha se sambandhit hai. ambattyakumar brihaspati mitr apani hinsatmak prakriti ka prakashan iravati men sthal-sthal par karata hai. aisa pratit hota hai ki jaise vah anhisa ka ek viparyay banakar aya hai. maury samrajy ka yah pratinidhi priyadarshi ashok ki tulana men usaka virodhi pratit hota hai. isi prakar badale hue vatavaran ka snket karate hue ek sthan par 'iravati' men jayashnkar prasad ne ek patr se kahalaya hai -

"dharm ke nam par shil ka patan, kam sukhon ki uttejana aur vilasita ka prachar tum ko bhi bura nahin lagata n! svargiy devapriy samrat ashok ka dharmanushasan ek svapn nahin tha. samrat us dharm-vijay ko sajiv rakhana chahate the kintu vah shasakon ki kripa se chalane pave tab to! tumhari chhaya ke niche ye vyabhichar ke adde, charitr ke hatyagrih aur pakhand ke udgam sthal hain........"

devamandiron men vilasita ka vatavaran dharm ki patanavastha ko ghoshit karata hai. mandiron ke prayog men nartakiyon ka gayan isaka praman hai. is adhoore upanyas ka gaurav ek or yadi itihas ke madhyam se sanskritik patan ke chitran men hai to doosari or usake paripusht shilp men nihit hai.

bhasha

bauddh yug ke vatavaran ko sajiv roop men ankit karane ka samathye prasad ki bhasha men hain. itihas yug ke anurup samagri ka snchayan iravati men hua hai, yatha -

"ek sath triryy, shnkh, patak ki mandadhvani se vah pradesh goonj utha! svarn-kapat ke donon or khade kavach dhari prahariyon ne svaryanirmit rajachihn ko oopar utha liya...."
vatavaran

isase yah spasht hai ki prasad ne us yug ka vistrit adhyayan kiya tha. kavyamayi bhasha iravati men snbndh sanskritik tatha aitihasik vatavaran ko jagrit rakhati hai. upanyas ka arambh hi kitana kavyamay hai-

"usaki ankhen ashabihin sadhya aur ullabhabihin usha ki tarah kali aur ratanari thi. kabhi-kabhi unamen vidrah ka bhram hota, ye jal uthati parntu phir jaise bujh jati. vah n bedana thi n prasannata...."

iravati ke lie prasad se kuchh patr taiyar kiye the jinase yah gyat hota hai ki manavata ke bhavatmak vikas ki ek rooparekha iravati ke nirman ke samay unake sapaksh thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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