जागीरदार प्रथा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jagiradar pratha bharat men muslim shasan kal men vikasit (13vin shatabdi ke prarambh men) huee thi. yah bhoomi ki raiyatadari pranali thi, jisamen kisi bhoomi se lagan prapt karane aur usake prashasan ki zimmedari rajy ke ek adhikari ko di jati thi. kisi jagiradar ko jagir saunpa jana sashart ya bina shart bhi ho sakata tha.

jagir pratha

dilli ke prarambhik sultanon ne shuroo ki. is pratha ke antargat saradaron ko nakad vetan n dekar jagiren pradan kar di jati thin. unhen in jagiron ka prabndh karane tatha malagujari vasool karane ka hak de diya jata tha. yah samntashahi shasan pranali thi aur isase kendriy sarakar kamazor ho jati thi. isalie sultan gayasuddin balavan ne is par rok laga di aur sultan alauddin khilazi ne ise samapt kar diya. parntu sultan firozashah tugalaq ne ise phir se shuroo kar diya aur bad ke kal men bhi yah chalati rahi. sherashah soori aur akabar donon is pratha ke virodhi the. ve isako samapt kar usake sthan par saradaron ko nakad vetan dene ki pratha shuroo karana chahate the parntu bad ke mugal badashahon ne yah pratha phir shuroo kar di. unako kamazor banane aur unake patan men is pratha ka bhi hath raha hai.[1]

pratha ka vikas

'jagiradar' farasi bhasha ke shabd 'jagir', arthath bhoomi aur dar, arthath adhikari se milakar bana hai. yah pratha bharat men muslimon ke shasan kal men bahut phali-phooli. is samay yah pratha adhikansh kshetron men vyapt thi aur rajy ke shasan prabandh ka mahattvapoorn hissa thi. sashart jagir men jagiradar ko shasan ke hit men kar vasoolane aur sena sngathit karane jaise janakary karane padate the. bhoomi, jo ki 'ikata' kahalati thi, amataur par jivan bhar ke lie di jati thi aur adhikari ki mrityu ke bad jagir phir se shasan ke adhikar men chali jati thi. jagiradar ko uttaradhikari nishchit rakam ada karake jagir ka navinikaran kar sakata tha. yah pratha dilli ke prarambhik sultanon ne shuroo ki thi.

samntavadita

samantavadi charitr hone ke karan jagiradar pratha se kuchh arddh svatntr samant astitv men ae, jisase kendr sarakar kamazor hone lagi. sultan gayasuddin balaban ne is pratha ko kuchh had tak niyntrit kiya aur sultan alauddin khilaji ne ise samapt kar diya. bad men ise sultan firojashah tugalaq ne dubara shuroo kiya aur usake bad yah pratha jari rahi. prarambhik mugal shasakon (16vin shatabdi) ne apane adhikariyon ko naqad inam ya vetan dekar ise samapt karana chaha. lekin bad ke mugal shasakon dvara ise phir se lagoo karane ke bad unaka shasan kamazor padane laga.

pratha ki samapti

vartaman tamilanadu rajy ke arkat ke tatkalin navab muhammad ali ne inglaind ki eest indiya kampani ko 'bngal ki khadi' ke kinare 190 kilomitar lambi aur 75 kilomitar chaudi jagir di thi. bad men yahi 'madras prezidensi' ka kendr bani. british shasan kal men, visheshakar maharashtr men, purani jagiradari sampattiyon ko amataur par vyaktigat parivaron ki niji sampatti man liya gaya. svatntrata ke bad bharat men is anupasthit bhoo-svamitv pranali ko samapt karane ke lie qanoon banaye ge..


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak- sachchidanand bhattachary | prisht snkhya- 167 | prakashan- uttar pradesh hindi snsthan lakhanoo

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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