Tricolor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se sabhi deshavasiyon ko 'ganatntr divas' ki hardik shubhakamanaen Tricolor.jpg

विश्व कुष्ठ रोग दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv kushth rog divas
vishv kushth rog divas
vivaran bharat men pratyek varsh mahatma gandhi ki puny tithi ko 'vishv kushth rog divas' manaya jata hai. is din ko phransisi manaviy raul pholero ne gandhiji ko shraddhanjali dene ke lie chuna tha, jinhonne kushth rogo se pidit logon ki sahayata ki thi.
tithi 30 janavari
shuruat 1954
vishesh daiviy prakop, anaitik acharan, ashuddh rakt, poorv janm ke pap karmon se kushth rog ka hona keval bhratiyan hain. inaki taraph logon ko dhyan nahin dena chahie.
any janakari tvacha par ghav hona kushth rog ke prathamik bahy snket hain. yadi isaka upachar n kiya jae to kushth rog poore sharir men phail sakata hai jisase sharir ki tvacha, nason, hath-pairon aur ankhon sahit sharir ke kee bhagon men sthayi kshati ho sakati hai.
vishv kushth rog divas (angrezi: World Leprosy Day) prativarsh 30 janavari ko manaya jata hai. yah divas shighratishighr rog unmoolan/nivaran ke lie prayas badhane aur pratibaddhata navikrit karane ka avasar pradan karata hai. yah bachchon men kushth rog se snbndhit vikalangon ke shoony mamalon ke lakshy par kendrit hai. is lakshy ko prapt karane ke lie rog ka jaldi pata lagane ke sath-sath kushth sncharan rokane ke lie hastakshep ko mazaboot banana mahatvapoorn kendr hai. kushth rog ko 'hainasen rog' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. brajil, indoneshiya aur bharat is rog ke uchch bojh vale desh hain. kushth rog upachar yogy hai tatha prarnbhik avastha men upachar vikalangata ko rok sakata hai.

kushth rog

kodh ko hi kushth rog kaha jata hai, jo ki ek jivanu rog hai. yah ek dirghakalik rog hai, jo ki maikobaiktiriam lepraee aur maikobaikteriyam leprometaausis jaise jivanuon ki vajah se hota hai. kushth rog ke roganu ki khoj 1873 men hansen ne ki thi, isalie kushth rog ko 'hansen rog' bhi kaha jata hai. is rog ka jikr bharatiy grnthon men kiya gaya hai. bharatiy grnthon ke anusar 600 eesa poorv is rog ka ullekh kiya gaya hai. yah rog mukhy roop se manav tvacha, oopari shvasan path ki shleshmika, paridhiy tntrikaon, ankhon aur sharir ke kuchh any bhagon ko prabhavit karata hai. kuchh log kushth rog ko vnshanugat ya daiviy prakop manate hai, lekin yah rog n to vnshanugat hai aur n hi daiviy prakop hai, balki yah rog jivanu dvara hota hai.[1]

mahatma gandhi ka yogadan

yah rog bharat sahit snpoorn vishv ke pichhade hue deshon ke lie ek aisi samasya hai, jo ki lakhon logon ko divyang bana deta hai, lekin pashchimi deshon men is rog ka prabhav n ke barabar hai. bharat desh men bhi is rog par kaphi niyntran kiya ja chuka hai. jin kushth rogiyon ko samaj dhikkarata hai, un kushth rog se pidit vyaktiyon se mahatma gandhi kaphi sneh aur sahanubhooti rakhate the, kyonki ve janate the ki is rog ke kya samajik ayam hain. isalie rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne apane jivan men kushth rog se pidit logon ki kaphi seva ki aur kushth rogiyon ko samaj ki mukhyadhara se jodane ke lie kaphi prayas kie.

kaha jae to rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke prayason ki vajah se hi bharat sahit kee deshon men ab kushth rogiyon ko samajik bahishkar ka samana nahin karana padata. ab samaj ka adhikatar tabaka samajh gaya hai ki kushth rog koee daiviy apada nahin balki ek bimari hai, jo ki kisi ko bhi ho sakati hai aur isaka ilaj snbhav hai. rashtrapita mahatma gandhi dvara kushth rogiyon ko samaj ki mukhy dhara men jodane ke prayason ki vajah se hi har varsh 30 janavari unaki punyatithi ko 'kushth rog nivaran divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai.

snket v lakshan

tvacha par ghav hona kushth rog ke prathamik bahy snket hain. yadi isaka upachar n kiya jae to kushth rog poore sharir men phail sakata hai jisase sharir ki tvacha, nason, hath-pairon aur ankhon sahit sharir ke kee bhagon men sthayi kshati ho sakati hai. is rog se tvacha ke rng aur svaroop men parivartan dikhaee dene lagata hai. kushth rog men tvacha par rngahin dag ho jate hain jin par kisi bhi chubhan ka rogi ko koee asar nahin hota. is rog ke karan sharir ke kee bhag sunn bhi ho jate hain.[1]

kushth rog sambandhit bhratiyan

  • kuchh log manate hain ki hain ki kushth rog vnshanugat hota hai, lekin kushth rog vnshanugat nahin hai.
  • kuchh logon ka manana hai ki kushth rog daiviy prakop, anaitik acharan, ashuddh rakt, poorv janm ke pap karmon adi karanon se hota hai, jabaki daiviy prakop, anaitik acharan, ashuddh rakt, poorv janm ke pap karmon se kushth rog ka hona keval bhratiyan hain inaki taraph logon ko dhyan nahin dena chahie.
  • kuchh logon ka vishvas hai ki kushth rog keval sparsh matr se ho jata hai, lekin yah bhi kushth rog ke bare men bahut badi bhranti hai.
  • kuchh log manate hain ki kushth rog atynt snkramanashil hai, lekin yah bhi kushth rog ke bare men phaila hua bhram hai balki kushth rog ke oopar kie ge anusndhanon men paya gaya hai ki 80 pratishat logon men kushth rog asnkramak hota hai, shesh 20 pratishat kushth piditon ka ilaj sahi samay se ho jae to kushth rog kuchh hi dinon men asnkramak ho jata hai.
  • kuchh log samajhate hain ki kushth rog lailaj hai, lekin is rog ke snbndh men logon men yah galat dharana hai. aj kushth rog ka ilaj snbhav hai. yadi lakshan dikhate hi kushth rog ka upachar shuroo kar diya jae to is rog se mukt hona nishchit hai.
  • kuchh log manate hain ki jin parivaron men kushth rogi hain, us parivar ke bachchon ko kushth rog hoga hi. lekin yah bhi kushth rog ke bare men phaili huee sabase badi bhranti hai, kyonki anusndhanon se siddh ho chuka hai ki yah bimari vnshanugat nahin hai aur isake adhikatar mamale asnkramak hote hain.

upachar

aj adhunik chikitsa pranali ne itani tarakki kar li hai ki kushth rog ka ilaj kee varsh poorv hi snbhav ho gaya tha. aj ke samay men is rog ki malti drag thairepi upalabdh hai. agar sahi ilaj kiya jae to rogi nishchit hi kushth rog se mukt hokar ek samany jindagi ji sakata hai. vartaman samay men kushth rog ka ilaj 2 prakar se ho raha hai. paausi-baisilari kushth rog (tvacha par 1-5 ghav ka hona) ka upachar 6 mah tak raiphaimpisin aur daipson se kiya jata hai balki malti-baisilari kushth rog (tvacha par 5 se jyada ghav ka hona) ka upachar 12 mah tak raiphaipisin, klaauphaijimain aur daipson se kiya jata hai. sarakari aspatal dvara rihaishi ilakon men maujood svasthy kendron men kushth rog ka ni:shulk ilaj upalabdh hai. bharat men rashtriy jalama kushth evn any maikobaiktiriyal rog snsthan ka kushth rog ke kshetr men aham yogadan hai.[1]

rokatham

  • malti drag thairepi ne kushth rog ki rokatham ke lie aham bhoomika nibhaee hai, agar rogi ka samay rahate pata lag jae to usaka poora ilaj karana chahie aur bich men ilaj ko chhodana nahin chahie. agar rogiyon ka samay rahate ilaj hoga to kuchh namamatr ke snkramak mamalon men kuchh dinon mee hi kami a jaegi, kyonki kushth rog ke snkramak rogi ka ilaj shuroo hote hi kuchh dinon men usaki snkramakata khatm ho jati hai, vaise kushth rog ke adhikatar mamale asnkramak hi hote hain.
  • bisiji ka tika lagane se bhi kushth rog se suraksha prapt hoti hai.
  • kushth rog se judi hueen bhrantiyon par logon ko dhyan nahin dena chahie tatha marijon aur logon ko isake karanon ke bare men shikshit karana chahie.

'kushth rog nivaran divas' par mahatma gandhi dvara apane jivanakal men kushth rogiyon ko samaj ki mukhy dhara se jodane ke kie ge prayason se sikh lekar pratyek nagarik ko kushth rog, usake upachar, dekhabhal aur usake rogiyon ke punarvas ke bare men jagriti phailane ke lie harasnbhav prayas karana chahie aur aj sabase jyada jaroorat kushth rog piditon ko samaj ki mukhy dhara se jodane ki hai. bharat ke pratyek nagarik ko bharat ko kushth rog se mukt karane ke lakshy men sakriy roop se apani bhagidari nibhani chahie jisase ki jald se jald bharat ko kushth rog mukt kiya ja sake.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 gandhiji ki punyatithi par kyon manaya jata hai 'kushth rog nivaran divas' janie (hindi) webdunia.com. abhigaman tithi: 27 navnbar, 2021.

bahari kadiyan

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