थॉमस हिल ग्रीन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

thaaumas hil grin (angrezi: Thomas Hill Green, janm- 7 aprail, 1836 ee., yaaurkashayar, inglaind; mrityu- 15 march, 1882 ee., aauksaford) angrez vigyanavadi[1] darshanik, aauksaford vishvavidyalay men hvait prophesar the.

darshanik vichar

thaaumas hil grin ne darshan men un sab siddhanton ka prabal virodh kiya hai, jo manav man ko asnbaddh anubhav ki matr shrrinkhala manate hain athava manushy ko prakritik oorjaon ka parinam batate hain. unaka kathan tha ki aise siddhanton ke anusar gyan asnbhav ho jata hai aur nitidharana arthahin ho jati hai. manav jivan karm ke gyata aur use karane men samarth atma ke vyaktigat astitv ka praman hai. chetana men keval anubhav ka parivartan nahin, parivartanon ka anubhav aur anubhav ke vishay se bhinn usake anubhavakarta atm ka anubhav bhi, avashyamev hota hai. gyan man dvara chetana men snbaddh karane ki kriya hai. vigyan tatha darshan men saty ko khoj ki jad men yah vishvas avashy hi hota hai ki gyan ka vishay buddhigamy pratyayatmak snbndhatntr hain. isaliye manana padata hai ki ek aise tatv ka astitv hai, jisase sab snbndh snbhav hote hain, parntu jo svayn un snbndhon dvara nirdharit nahin hai; ek aisi nity atmabodhayukt chetana hai, jise vah sab kuchh samashti roop se gyat hai, jisaka ham sabako keval asaty hi pata hai.[2]

nitidarshan

thaaumas hil grin ka vichar tha ki is prakar ke tatvavichar par hi nitidarshan tik sakata hai. nitidarshan men padarpan ke liye pahale manushy ke adhyatmik roop men vishvas avashyak hai. atmabodh athava atmachintan men manav ka samarthy, karm tatha uttaradayitv ka gyan hota hai. manushy ka vastavik hit inhin snbhavanaon ki siddhi men hai. usaka utprerak atmabodh ke liye vanchhaniy pratit hone vala shubh sadhy hai. snkalp kriya kisi vishisht prakar ki atm prapti 'selphr riyalaizeshan' hi hai. isaliye n vah akaran hai, n bahy nirdharit. atma ka aise utprerak ke sath tadatmy atm nirdharan hai. yah bauddhik bhi hai aur svatntr bhi, kuchh bhi kar lene ko samarthy nahin apane ko buddhi dvara prakat apane vastavik hit se tadroop kar dena hai. apana vastavik hit vyaktigat charitr vikas men hai. isaliye paramarth athava naitik adarsh ki prapti keval aise samaj men ho sakati hai, jo vyaktiyon ka vyaktitv surakshit rakhate hue bhi unhen samajik samashti men samavisht kar sake. vyakti apane svaroop ko samaj ke bina prapt nahin kar sakata aur samaj apane svaroop ko vyaktiyon ke bina nahin pahuncha sakata hai.

grin ke in vicharon ke anusar nagarik tatha rajanitik kartavy bhi vyakti ke svabhav men hi nihit hain. naitik kalyan vyaktigat sadgunon ke vikas tak simit nahin ho sakata. vyaktigat sadgunon par rajanitik tatha samajik kartavyon ke roop men sakar hone ka uttaradayitv hai. inamen hi vyaktiyon ke charitr ka vikas hoga. vastavik rajanitik snsthaen adarsh nahin hotin. phir bhi unake dvara adhikaron tatha kartavyon ki suraksha honi hi chahie. isiliye kabhi-kabhi rajy ke hi hit men rajy ke adarshh‌ uddeshy ki suraksha ke liye rajy ke viruddh kranti karana bhi kartavy ho jata hai. rajy ka adhar tatha uddeshy nagarikon dvara apane vastavik svaroop ka adhyatmik bodh hai. vah shakti nahin snkalp ke hi sahare sthit hai.

rachanaen

thaaumas hil grin ki do pramukh rachanaen hain-

  1. nitidarshan ke kshetr men 'prolegomena tu ethiks'
  2. rajyadarshan ke kshetr men 'lekchars aaun di prinsipals aauf politikal aaubligeshan'


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aidiyalist
  2. thaaumas hil grin (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 12 joon, 2015.

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