जे. कृष्णमूर्ति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

je. krishnamoorti
je. krishnamoorti
poora nam jiddoo krishnamoorti
janm 12 mee, 1895
janm bhoomi tamilanadu
mrityu 17 faravari, 1986
mrityu sthan kailiphorniya
abhibhavak pita- 'jiddoo narayaniya', mata- 'snjivama'
karm bhoomi bharat aur inglaind
karm-kshetr darshanik, pravachanakarta, lekhak
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi vishvaguru
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari je. krishnamoorti ne apane jivan kal men anek shiksha snsthaon ki sthapana ki, jinamen dakshin bharat ka 'rishivaili' skool vishesh ullekhaniy hai.

je. krishnamoorti (poora nam: 'jiddoo krishnamoorti', angrezi: Jiddu Krishnamurti, janm: 12 mee, 1895 - mrityu: 17 faravari, 1986) ek vishv prasiddh darshanik tatha adhyatmik vishayon ke bade hi kushal evn paripakv lekhak the. inhen pravachanakarta ke roop men bhi khyati prapt thi. je. krishnamoorti manasik kranti, buddhi ki prakriti, dhyan aur samaj men sakaratmak parivartan kis prakar laya ja sakata hai, in vishayon adi ke bahut hi gahare visheshgy the. apani masihaee chhavi ko dridhatapoorvak asvikrit karate hue krishnamoorti ne ek bade aur samriddh sngathan ko bhng kar diya, jo unhin ko kendr men rakhakar nirmit kiya gaya tha; unhonne spasht shabdon men kaha ki saty ek ‘margarahit bhoomi’ hai aur us tak kisi bhi aupacharik dharm, darshan athava snpraday ke madhyam se nahin pahuncha ja sakata.

jivan parichay

je. krishnamoorti ka janm tamilanadu ke ek chhote-se nagar men nirdhan brahman parivar men 12 mee, 1895 ko hua tha. apane mata-pita ki athavin sntan ke roop men unaka janm hua tha isilie unaka nam krishnamoorti rakha gaya. krishn bhi vasudev ki athavin sntan the. inake pita 'jiddoo narayaniya' british prashasan men sarakari karmachari the. jab krishnamoorti keval das sal ke hi the, tabhi inaki mata 'snjivama' ka nidhan ho gaya. bachapan se hi inamen kuchh asadharanata thi. thiyosofikal sosaiti ke sadasy pahale hi kisi vishvaguru ke agaman ki bhavishyavani kar chuke the. shrimati eni besent aur thiyosofikal sosaiti ke pramukhon ko je. krishnamoorti men vah vishisht lakshan dikhaee diye, jo ki ek vishvaguru men hote hain. eni besent ne je. krishnamoorti ki kishoravastha men hi unhen god le liya aur unaki paravarish poornataya dharm aur adhyatm se ot-prot vatavaran men huee.
je. krishnamoorti

shiksha

thiyosofikal sosaiti ke pramukh ko laga ki je. krishnamoorti jaise vyaktitv ka dhani hi vishv ka shikshak ban sakata hai. eni besent ne bhi is vichar ka samarthan kiya aur jiddoo krishnamoorti ko ve apane chhote bhaee ki tarah manane lagin. 1912 men unhen shiksha ke lie inglaind bheja gaya aur 1921 tak ve vahan rahe. isake bad vibhinn deshon men thiyosofikal par bhashan dene ka kram chalata raha. je. krishnamoorti ne sadaiv hi is bat par bal diya tha ki pratyek manushy ko manasik kranti ki avashyakata hai aur unaka yah bhi mat tha ki is tarah ki kranti kinhin bahy karak se sambhav nahin hai. chahe vah dharmik, rajanitik ya samajik kisi bhi prakar ki ho.

krishnamoorti ke vichar

krishnamoorti ke vicharon ke janm ko usi tarah mana jata hai jis tarah ki etam bam ka avishkar ke hone ko. krishnamoorti anekon buddhijiviyon ke lie rahasyamay vyakti to the hi sath hi unake karan vishv men jo bauddhik visphot hua hai usane anekon vicharakon, sahityakaron aur rajanitigyon ko apani jad men le liya. unake bad vicharon ka ant hota hai. unake bad sirph vistar ki hi baten hain.[1] 1927 men eni besent ne unhen 'vishv guru' ghoshit kiya. kintu do varsh bad hi krishnamoorti ne thiyosofikal vicharadhara se nata todakar apane naye drishtikon ka pratipadan arambh kar diya. ab unhonne apane svatntr vichar dene shuroo kar diye. unaka kahana tha ki vyaktitv ke poorn roopantaran se hi vishv se sngharsh aur pida ko mitaya ja sakata hai. ham andar se atit ka bojh aur bhavishy ka bhay hata den aur apane mastishk ko mukt rakhen. unhonne 'ardar aauf d star' ko bhng karate hue kaha ki 'ab se kripa karake yad rakhen ki mera koee shishy nahin hain, kyonki guru to sach ko dabate hain. sach to svayn tumhare bhitar hai....sach ko dhoondhane ke lie manushy ko sabhi bndhanon se svatntr hona avashyak hai.' krishnamoorti ne badi hi phurti aur jivatata se lagatar duniya ke anekon bhagon men bhraman kiya aur logon ko shiksha di aur logon se shiksha li. unhonne poora jivan ek shikshak aur chhatr ki tarah bitaya. manushy ke sarvapratham manushy hone se hi mukti ki shuruat hoti hai, kintu aj ka manav hindoo, bauddh, eesaee, muslim, ameriki ya arabi hai. unhonne kaha tha ki snsar vinash ki rah par a chuka hai aur isaka hal tathakathit dharmikon aur rajanitigyon ke pas nahin hai.

"gnga bas utani nahin hai, jo oopar-oopar hamen nazar ati hai. gnga to poori ki poori nadi hai, shuroo se akhir tak, jahan se udgam hota hai, us jagah se vahan tak, jahan yah sagar se ek ho jati hai. sirph satah par jo pani dikh raha hai, vahi gnga hai, yah sochana to nasamajhi hogi. thik isi tarah se hamare hone men bhi kee chijen shamil hain, aur hamari eejaden soojhen hamare andaje vishvas, pooja-path, mntr-ye sab ke sab to satah par hi hain. inaki hamen janch-parakh karani hogi, aur tab inase mukt ho jana hoga-in sabase, sirph un ek ya do vicharon, ek ya do vidhi-vidhanon se hi nahin, jinhen ham pasnd nahin karate."[2]

jivan ka lakshy

eni besent ke sath je. krishnamoorti (varsh 1911)

ab yah kuchh aisi vastavikata hai jise main nishchit hokar kah sakata hoon ki mainne upalabdh kiya hai. mere liye, yah koee saiddhantik snkalpana nahin hai. yah mere jivan ka anubhav hai, sunishchit, vastavik aur thos. isalie main isaki upalabdhi ke lie kya avashyak hai, yah kah sakata hoon. aur main kahata hoon ki pahali chiz yah hai ki ham jo hai use vaisa ka vaisa hi pahachane yani apani poornata men koee ichchha kya ho jayegi, aur tab pratyek kshan ke avalokan men svayn ko anushasit karen, jaise koee apani ichchhaon ko khud hi dekhe, aur unhen us avaiyaktik prem ki or nirdisht kare, jo ki usaki svayn ki nishpatti ho. jab ap nirntar jagarookata ka anushasan sthapit kar lete hain. un sab chizon ka jo ap sochate hain, mahasoos karate hain aur karate hai (amal men late hain) ka nirntar avalokan ham men se adhikatar ke jivan men upasthit daman, oob, bhram se mukt kar, avasaron ki shrnkhala le ata hai jo hamen snpoornata ki or prashast karati hai. to jivan ka lakshy kuchh aisa nahin jo ki bahut door ho, jo ki door kahin bhavishy men upalabdh karana hai apitu pal pal ki, pratyek kshan ki vastavikata, har pal ka yatharth janane men hai jo abhi apani anantata sahit hamare samane sakshat hi hai.[3]
krishnamoorti kahate hain, ‘jab ap khud ko hi nahin janate, to prem v snbndh ko kaise jan paengen?

‘ham roodhiyon ke das hain. bhale hi ham khud ko adhunik samajh baithen, man len ki bahut svatntr ho gaye hain, parntu gahare men dekhen to hain ham roodhivadi hi. isamen koee snshay nahin hai kyonki chhavi-rachana ke khel ko apane svikar kiya hai aur paraspar snbndhon ko inhin ke adhar par sthapit karate hain. yah bat utani hi puratan hai jitani ki ye pahadiyan. yah hamari ek riti ban gee hai. ham ise apanate hain, isi men jite hain, aur isi se ek doosare ko yatanaen dete hain. to kya is riti ko roka ja sakata hai?[2]
'ejookeshan end d signifikens aauf laif'

prakriti se snbndh

kisi manushy ki maut se alag, antatah kisi ped ki maut bahut hi khoobasoorat hoti hai. kisi registan men ek mrit vriksh, usaki dhariyon vali chhal, soory ki roshani aur hava se chamaki huee usaki deh, svarg ki or unmukh nngi tahaniyan aur tane. ek ashcharyajanak drishy hota hai. ek saikadon sal purana vishal ped bagad banane, pharnichar ya ghar banane ya yoon hi bagiche ki mitti men khad ki tarah istemal karane ke lie minaton men kat kar gira diya jata hai. saundary ka aisa samrajy minaton men nasht ho jata hai. manushy charagah, kheti aur nivas ke lie bastiyan banane ke lie jngalon men gahare se gahare pravesh kar unhen nasht kar chuka hai. jngal aur unamen basane vale jiv lupt hone lage hain. parvat shrnkhalaon se ghiri aisi ghatiyan jo shayad dharati par sabase purani rahi hon, jinamen kabhi chite, bhaloo aur hiran dikha karate the ab poori tarah khatm ho chuke hain, bas adami hi bacha hai jo har taraph dikhaee deta hai. dharati ki sundarata tezi se nasht aur pradooshit ki ja rahi hai. karen aur oonchi bahumnjila imaraten aisi jagahon par dikh rahi hain jahan unaki ummid bhi nahin ki ja sakati thi. jab ap prakriti aur chahun or phaile vrihat akash se apane sambandh kho dete hain, ap adami se bhi rishte khatm kar chuke hote hain.[3]

darshan aur dharm

je. krishnamoorti ke anusar duniya ko behatar banane ke lie zaroori hai yatharthavadi aur spasht marg par chalana. apake bhitar kuchh bhi nahin hona chahie tab ap ek saph aur suspasht akash hone ke lie taiyar ho. dharati ka hissa nahin, ap svayn akash hain. je. krishnamoorti ka kahana hai ki yadi ap kuchh bhi hai to phir ap kuchh nahin. krishnamoorti ki shiksha jo unake gahare dhyan, sahi gyan aur shreshth vyavahar ki upaj hai ne duniya ke tamam darshanikon, dharmikon aur manovaigyanikon ko prabhavit kiya. unaka kahana tha ki apane jo kuchh bhi parampara, desh aur kal se jana hai usase mukt hokar hi ap sachche arthon men manav ban paenge. jivan ka parivartan sirph isi bodh men nihit hai ki ap svatntr roop se sochate hain ki nahin aur ap apani soch par dhyan dete hain ki nahin. unhonne 'ardar aauph di star' ko bhng karate hue kaha ki 'ab se kripa karake yad rakhen ki mera koee shishy nahin hain, kyonki guru to sach ko dabate hain. sach to svayn tumhare bhitar hai. sach ko dhoondhane ke lie manushy ko sabhi bndhanon se svatntr hona avashyak hai.'[1]

shiksha darshan

je. krishnamoorti ki pustaken

pratham aur antim mukti

azadi ki khoj

eeshvar kya hai

jivan aur mrityu

dhyan

shiksha kya hai

je. krishnamoorti apane vartaon tatha vichar vimarshon ke madhyam se apani shikshaon ko bachchon tak pahunchate hain. kyonki manav-man ke moolabhoot parivartanon se tatha ek navin snskriti ke sarjan men jo kendribhoot hai, usake sampreshan ke lie shiksha ko krishnamoorti prathamik mahatv ka manate hain. aisa maulik parivartan tabhi snbhav hota hai, jab bachchon ki vibhinn prakar ki karyakushalata tatha vishayon ka prashikshan dene ke sath-sath use svayn apani vicharana tatha kriyashilata ke prati jagarook hone ki kshamata bhi pradan ki jati hai. yah jagarookata bachchon ke andar manushy ke sath, prakriti ke sath tatha manav-nirmit yntron ke sath sahi snbndh ko paripakv karane ke lie atynt avashyak hai. krishnamoorti antarik anushasan par bal dete hain. bahy anushasan man ko moorkh bana deta hai, yah ap men anukoolata aur nakal karane ki pravritti lata hai. parntu yadi ap avalokan ke dvara sun karake, doosaron ki suvidhaon ka dhyan karake, vichar ke dvara apane ko anushasit karate hain, to isase vyavastha ati hai. jahan vyavastha hoti hai, vahan svatntrata sadaiv rahati hai. yadi ap aisa karane men svatntr nahin hai to ap vyavastha nahin kar sakate. vyavastha hi anushasan hai. je. krishnamoorti apane shaikshik vicharon ke madhyam se shikshak aur shiksharthi ko yah uttaradayitv saunpate hain ki ve ek achchhe samaj ka nirman karen, jisamen sabhi manushy prasannatapoorvak ji saken, shanti aur suraksha men hinsa ke bina. kyonki aj ke vidyarthi hi kal ke bhavishy hain.[4]

maulik darshanikata

je. krishnamoorti ke maulik darshan ne parnparik, gairaparnparavadi vicharakon, darshanikon, shirsh shasan-snsthapramukhon, bhautik aur manovaigyaniyon aur sabhi dharm, saty aur yatharthaparak jivan men pravritt sudhijanon ko arkarshit kiya aur unaki spasht drishti se sabhi alokit hue hain. je. krishnamoorti ne svayn tatha unaki shikshaon ko mahima mndit hone se bachane aur unaki shikshaon ki vyakhya ki jakar vikrit hone se bachane ke lie lie amarika, bharat, inglaind, kanada aur spen men phaundeshan sthapit kiye. bharat, inglaind aur amarika men vidyalay bhi sthapit kiye jinake bare men unaka drishtibodh tha ki shiksha men keval shastriy bauddhik kaushal hi nahin varanh man-mastishk ko samajhane par bhi jor diya jana chahiye. jivan yapan aur takaniki kushalata ke atirikt jine ki kala kushalata bhi sikhaee jani chahie. unhonne hamesha is bat par jor diya ki manushy ki vaiyaktik aur samajik chetana do bhinn chijen nahin, ”pind men hi bramhand hai“ is ko samajhaya. unhonne bataya ki vastav men hamari bhitar hi poori manav jati poora vishv pratibimbit hai. prakriti aur parivesh se manushy ke gahare rishte aur prakriti aur parivesh se akhandata ki bat ki. unaki drishti manav nirmit sare bntavaron, divaron, vishvason, drishtikonon se pare jakar sanatan vichar ke tal par, kshanamatr men jine ka bodh deti hai. [5]

rachanaen

apane kary ke bare men unhonne kaha ”yahan kisi vishvas ki koee mang ya apeksha nahin hai, yahan anuyayi nahin hai, pnth snpraday nahin hai, v kisi bhi disha men unmukh karane ke lie kisi tarah ka phusalana prerit karana nahin hai, aur isalie ham ek hi tal par, ek hi adhar par aur ek hi star par mil pate hain, kyonki tabhi ham sab ek sath milakar manav jivan ke adbhut ghatanakram ka avalokan kar sakate hain. unake sahity men sarvajanik vartaen, prashnottar, paricharchaen, sakshatkar, paraspar snvad, dayari aur unaka khud ka lekhan shamil hai jo ki ab tak 75 se adhik pustakon aur 700 se adhik aaudiyo aur 1200 se adhik vidiyo kaisets sidi ke roop men upalabdh hai. unaka mool sahity angrezi bhasha men hai, jisaka kee mukhy prachalit bhashaon men anuvad kiya gaya hai. vartaen, prashnottar, paricharchaen, sakshatkar, paraspar snvad, pravachanon ke aaudiyo aur vidiyo tep bhi upalabdh hain. ”[5]

vishesh yogadan

samman men jari dak tikat

krishnamoorti ne dharm, adhyay, darshan, manovigyan v shiksha ko apani antadrirshti ke madhyam se naye ayam die. chhah dashakon se bhi adhik samay tak vishv ke vibhinn bhagon men, alag-alag prishthabhoomiyon se ae shrotaon ke vishal samooh krishnamoorti ke vyaktitv tatha vachanon ki or akarshit hote rahe, par ve kisi ke guru nahin the. apane hi shabdon men ve to bas ek darpan the jisamen insan khud ko dekh sakata hai. ve kisi samooh ke nahin, sachche arthon men samast manavata ke mitr the. unaki vartaen v snvad, dainndiniyan v patr path se adhik pustakon men sngrahit hain. shikshaon ke is vishal bhndar se vividh vishayon par adharit prastut pustakamala ka snkalan kiya gaya hai. pratyek pustak ek aise vishay ko kendrabindu banati hai, jisaki hamare jivan men vishisht prasngikata tatha mahattv hai.

nidhan

jiddoo krishnamoorti ki is nee vicharadhara ki or samaj ka bauddhik varg akrisht hua aur log path-pradarshan ke lie unake pas ane lage the. unhonne apane jivan kal men anek shiksha snsthaon ki sthapana ki, jinamen dakshin bharat ka 'rishivaili' skool vishesh ullekhaniy hai. bharat ke is mahanh vyaktitv ki 91 varsh ki ayu men 17 faravari, 1986 ee. men mrityu ho gee. krishnamoorti ne badi hi phurti aur jivatata se lagatar duniya ke anekon bhagon men bhraman kiya aur logon ko shiksha di aur logon se shiksha li. unhonne poora jivan ek shikshak aur chhatr ki tarah bitaya. manushy ke sarv pratham manushy hone se hi mukti ki shuruat hoti hai. kintu aj ka manav hindoo, bauddh, eesaee, musalaman, ameriki, arabi ya chaini hai. unhonne kaha tha ki snsar vinash ki rah par a chuka hai aur isaka hal tathakathit dharmikon aur rajanitigyon ke pas nahin hai.[1]  

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 je. krishnamoorti (hindi) janamanas parishkar mnch. abhigaman tithi: 17 faravari, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 je. krishnamoorti- shiksha kya hai ? (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 17 faravari, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 je. krishnamoorti- ek dedipyaman nakshatr (hindi) srijanagatha. abhigaman tithi: 16 faravari, 2013.
  4. je. krishnamoorti ka shiksha darshan (hindi) deshabndhu. abhigaman tithi: 17 faravari, 2013.
  5. 5.0 5.1 je. krishnamoorti ji ka pari‍chay (hindi) je krishh‍namoorti in hi‍nh‍di. abhigaman tithi: 17 faravari, 2013.

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