इबने अरबी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ibane arabi
ibane arabi
poora nam shekh aboo bakar moeeuddin bin ali
any nam shekhul akabar
janm 28 julaee, 1165 ee.
janm bhoomi marasiya, spen
mrityu 10 navnbar, 1240 ee.
mrityu sthan damishk, siriya
karm-kshetr soophi kavi, sadhak aur vicharak
mukhy rachanaen inaki kritiyon ki vishvasaniy snkhya amataur par adhik se adhik 150 ke qarib mani jati hai.
prasiddhi darshanik
any janakari ibane arabi ke matanusar poorn manushy vah darpan hai, jisamen sari khudaee pratibimbit hoti hai. vah sampoorn brahmand ka sar hai, is prithvi par eeshvar ka pratinidhi hai aur ek aisi hasti hai, jise eeshvar ke roop men dhala gaya hai.

ibane arabi (angrezi: Ibn Arabi, poora nam:'shekh aboo bakar moeeuddin bin ali', janm: 28 julaee, 1165 ee.; mrityu: 10 navnbar, 1240 ee.) arabi ke prasiddh soophi kavi, sadhak aur vicharak the. ibane arabi ke sambandh men logon ki alag-alag dharanaen hain. kuchh vyaktiyon ke vichar se ve snnyasi (vali kamil) the aur adhyatmh par unaka poorn adhikar tha, jisamen kisi ki koee apatti nahin ho sakati. doosari or ek aisa samuday bhi tha, jo unhen nastik samajhata tha. ibane arabi ki pustakon ke sambandh men aj bhi aisi hi paraspar virodhi dharanaen prachalit hain. ye 'shekhul akabar' ke nam se bhi prasiddh hai.

jivan parichay

17 ramajan sanh 560 hijari (28 julaee, 1165 ee.) marasiya men paida hue the, jo undalus ke dakshin poorv men sthit hai. unaka sambandh arab ke ek prachin kabile 'tay' se tha. jagath vikhyat dani 'hatimataee' isi kabile ke the. san 568 hijari men ibane arabi (ashabiliya) chale ge, jo un dinon vidya aur sahity ka bahut bada kendr tha. yahan ve tis sal tak us samay ke jane mane vidvanh se gyan prapti karate rahe. 38 varsh ki ayu men ve poorvi desh chale ge aur vahan se phir kabhi svadesh nahin laute. sabase pahale ve misr pahunche aur kuchh samay vahan vyatit kiya. phir samipasth poorv aur eshiyaee kochak (turki) ki lambi yatra men vyast ho ge aur is silasile men baitulamakadis (porashalam) makka, bagadad aur halab ge. ant men unhonne damishk men sthaee roop se rahana prarambh kar diya aur vahin par sanh 638 hijari (1240 ee.) men unaka dehant ho gaya. unhen kasiun parvat men daphan kar diya gaya.

rachanaen

ibane arabi ki rachanaon ki snkhya aur unake khndon ke bare men kuchh bhi thik-thik nahin kaha ja sakata. abdurrahaman jami ne, ek bagadad vasi vriddh sajjan ke kathananusar, ibane arabi ki pustakon ki snkhya 580 se adhik bataee hai aur misr ke vidvanh muhammad rajab hilmi ne inaki snkhya 284 anki hai. inaki kritiyon ki vishvasaniy snkhya amataur par adhik se adhik 150 ke qarib mani jati hai. ibane arabi ne apani rachanaon ka jo bhndar chhoda hai, vah us samay ki sabhi islamik shikshaon ko apane men samete hue hain, parantu adhikatar pustakon ka vishay soophivad (tasabbuph) hai. in sabhi pustakon ko samay ki drishti se kramabaddh karana atyant kathin hai. inamen se 'phutuhot-makkiya' atyant mahattvapoorn hai, jo unake paripakv mastishk ka darpan hai. unake likhane ka dhng pratikatmak aur vyakhya atyant goodh hai. kahin-kahin jan boojhakar kuchh baton ko unhonne durbodh banane ka prayas kiya hai. aisa isalie ki ve apane bahadatulavujudi ke siddhant ko logon se chhipa saken. phalat: islamik snsar men unake siddhanton ke vishay men virodhabhas paya jata hai.

drishtikon

darshanik drishti se inaka sabase adhik mahattvapoorn yogadan sarvabhaum manav ke pratyay ka parimarjan hai. kahane ki avashyakata nahin ki yah snpratyay soophiyon ki kritiyon men shanai: shanai: pahale se hi prakat hone lag gaya tha. sarvabhaum (insan-e-kamil) manav ka yah snpratyay logos ke navy plotonik pratyay ki bhanti eeshvar ki srijanatmak shakti ka pratinidhitv karata hai evn jagath v eeshvar ke bich madhyasth shakti ke roop men kriyashil hone men saksham hai. is prakar sarvabhaum manav brahmand evn manav ke mool roop ka pratinidhitv karata hai. yah ek namoona ya adarsh prastut karata hai, jisake anuroop ho pane ke lie manav satat prayatnashil rah sakata hai.

inaki kritiyon men bahut se poorvavarti mahattvapoorn darshanikon evn vaicharik gatividhiyon ke prabhav dikhate hain. ye vishesh roop se pleto, arastu, platinas evn navy pletovadiyon se prabhavit the. inhonne apane samay ke andhavishvasapoorn dharmashastr ko darshan se sambaddh karane ka prayas kiya hai. inake dvara varnit satta ke ghatak roop evn bhav hain, jo arastu ke upadan evn akar se sadrishy rakhate hain. manav eeshvar ko pratibimbit karata hai, jisamen vah apane ko jaisa vah hai, dekh sakata hai. eeshvar ke svabhav ko pratibimbit karane ki yah sthiti nitant apoorn pratibimbon se poorn manavon[1] tatha doosare devadooton, snton adi dvara sampann nitant poorn pratibimbon tak vistrit hai. ye advaitavad men pakka vishvas rakhane vale vyakti the, jisake anusar eeshvar evn jagath nirapeksh satta ke do sah-sambandhi evn poorak tatv hain. ibane arabi ke poorv ek doosare mahanh soophi mnsoor ne 'main saty (ek matr) hoon' ka udghosh kiya tha aur is udghosh ke lie unaki hatya kar di gee thi, kyonki andhavishvasiyon ke anusar unaka yah udghosh ek eeshvar nindatmak kathan tha. ibane abari mnsoor ke vicharon se sahamat nahin ho sake, kyonki inake anusar ve vichar pratipady nahin the. inake anusar manav apoorn evn simit hai evn eeshvar poorn evn asimit hai aur manav keval 'ek saty' ho sakata hai, 'ek matr saty' nahin.

dante ke svargarohan ke varnan ko dhyan men rakhate hue yah bahuton ka khyal hai ki arabi ke kavyatmak tatvashastriy soophivad ne dante ko prabhavit kiya hai. kahane ki avashyakata nahin ki dante ka yah varnan jisamen unhonne nakshatr shastriy siddhanton ko muhammad ki svarg yatra se sambaddh kiya hai. muslim matabalnbiyon ke ek mahattvapoorn vishvas ka ghatak hai. apane vishvadevatavadi siddhanton men inhonne manav ko dainik sar ka ankur mana hai, jo vastav men eeshvar ki gyatavy hone ki ichchha ke karan astitv men hai. dainik satta ko anubhav kiye jane ki prakriya men chintashil manav apane hi vyaktitv men brahmand ki snrachana ko pratibimbit karata hai. 'logos' ke siddhant ka upayog karate hue inhonne usako brahmand men ek srijanatmak tatv ke roop men svikar kiya hai aur usaka tadatmy muhammad ke atmanh se sthapit kiya hai.

vicharadhara

inaki kritiyan andhavishvasi dharmashastriyon dvara poornaroop se upekshit rahin, tathapi inhonne parasiyan rahasyavadi kaviyon tatha jamaluddin roomi (1207-1273) evn nooruddin jami (1414-1482) ko mahattvapoorn sima tak prabhavit kiya hai. ibane arabi ka soophi darshan eeshvar ki ekaroopata aur sarvavyapakata ke siddhant par adharit hai. yah siddhant kuchh shabdon men is prakar prastut kiya ja sakata hai:

mahan hai vah shakti jisane sabako racha aur jo svayn unake kan kan men samaee huee hai.

unhonne arabi men likha hai, jisaka anuvad hai

'he eeshvar, toone sab vastuon ko utpann kiya hai. too sngrah karata hai, un sab vastuon ka jinhen too utpann karata hai. too vah har vastu utpann karata hai, jisaka astitv tujhamen samakar kabhi nasht nahin hota aur isi prakar too hi snkirn bhi hai aur too hi brihath bhi.'

yah siddhant eeshvar ki ekaroopata aur sarvavyapakata ka aisa roop hai, jisake anusar sara vishv is vasvatikata ka pratibimb matr hai, jo usake pichhe chhipa hua hai aur is prakar ke tatv ko anubhav karane ka ek matr dhng soophiyana dhyan hai.

ibane arabi ke matanusar

ibane arabi ka kahana hai ki jahan eeshvar ek aisi akhnd vastavikata hai, jo hamare vicharon aur vyakhyanon ke ghere se bahar hai, vahin ek aisi hasti bhi hai, jis par vishvas kiya ja sakata hai, jisase muhabbat ki ja sakati hai. yah bat halanki islamik vicharadhara ke atyant samip hai, parantu ise (eeshvar ko) kisi vishesh shakl siddhant ya dharm ki sima men bandha nahin ja sakata. jis kisi vastu ki bhi pooja ki jati hai, usaki vastavikata isake alava aur kuchh bhi nahin hai ki vah un anaginat chhaviyon men se ek hai, jinake dvara eeshvar apane apako prakat karata hai. eeshvar ko keval ek shakl-soorat ki sima men bandhana aur any sabhi sooraton se alag alag karana kuphr hai. har poojane yogy moorti men usake astitv ko manyata di gee hai aur isi men dharm ki sahi atma chhipi huee hai. yah sarvalaukik dharm jisaka upadesh ibane arabi ne diya hai, ek aisa dharm hai, jisane sabhi dharmon ko apane men samet liya hai, jisake karan sabhi siddhant ek doosare men is prakar ekakar ho ge hain, jis prakar sachcha sarvashaktiman sabhi vastuon ko sametakar unako ekikrit kar leta hai. is vichar ko ibane arabi ne is tarah prakat kiya hai-

'mera hriday har ek chhavi ka basera ban gaya hai. yah hiranon ke lie ek charagah hai, eesaee padariyon ke lie pooja ki vedi, moortipoojakon ke lie mandir, hajiyon ke lie kaba aur turet. main quran men prem ke dharm ko manane vala hoon aur usi or chalata hoon, jis or usaka karavan le jae, kyonki yahi mera dharm hai aur yahi mera eeman.'

ibane arabi ke matanusar poorn manushy vah darpan hai, jisamen sari khudaee pratibimbit hoti hai. vah sampoorn brahmand ka sar hai, is prithvi par eeshvar ka pratinidhi hai aur ek aisi hasti hai, jise eeshvar ke roop men dhala gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

amanatullah, shri es.ech. vishv ke pramukh darshanik (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog, nee dilli, 59.

  1. yatha adam

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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