विलियम जेम्स  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

viliyam jems
viliyam jems
poora nam viliyam jems
janm 11 janavari, 1842
janm bhoomi nyooyark, amarika
mrityu 26 agast, 1910
karm bhoomi amarika
mukhy rachanaen 'prinsipils aauf saikaaulaji', 'briphar kors', 'memorij end stadij', 'esej in redikal enpirisijm' adi.
prasiddhi darshanik tatha manovaigyanik
nagarikata amariki
any janakari varsh 1890 ee. men viliyam jems ki pustak 'prinsipils aauf saikaaulaji' prakashit huee, jisane manovigyan ke kshetr men kranti macha di aur jems ko usi ek pustak se jagatik khyati mil gee.

viliyam jems (janm- 11 janavari, 1842, nyooyark, amarika; mrityu- 26 agast, 1910) prasiddh amariki darshanik tatha manovaigyanik tha. usaka bhaee henari jems ek prakhyat upanyasakar tha. 1890 ee. men viliyam jems ki pustak 'prinsipils aauf saikaaulaji' prakashit huee thi, jisane manovigyan ke kshetr men kranti-si macha di aur jems ko usi ek pustak se vishv men khyati mil gee. akarshak lekhan shaili aur abhivyakti ki kushalata ke liye viliyam jems vikhyat hai.

janm tatha shiksha

prasiddh darshanik aur manovaigyanik viliyam jenm ka janm 11 janavari, 1842 ko nyooyark men hua tha. isaka bhaee henari jems ek prakhyat upanyasakar tha. harvard men jems ne sharir vigyan ka adhyayan kiya aur vahin 1872 se 1907 ee. tak kramash: sharir vigyan, manovigyan aur darshan ka pradhyapak raha. usane 1899 se 1901 tak edinabara vishvavidyalay men prakritik dharm par aur 1908 men aauksaford vishvavidyalay men darshan par vyakhyan die.[1]

lekhan kary

varsh 1890 ee. men viliyam jems ki pustak 'prinsipils aauf saikaaulaji' prakashit huee, jisane manovigyan ke kshetr men kranti macha di, aur jems ko usi ek pustak se jagatik khyati mil gee. apani any rachanaon men usane darshan tatha dharm ki samasyaon ko sulajhane men apani manovaigyanik manyataon ka upayog kiya aur unaka samadhan usane apane 'phalanumeyapramanavad'[2] aur 'adharabhoot anubhavavad'[3] men paya. jems ne 'gyan' ko brihattar vyavaharik sthiti ka jisase vyakti svayn ko snsar men pratishthit karata hai, bhag manate hue 'gyata' aur 'gyey' ko jivi[4] aur parivesh[5] ke roop men sthapit kiya hai. is prakar saty koee poorvavritt vastavikata[6] nahin hai, apitu vah pratyay ki vyavaharik saphalata ke anshon par adharit hai. sabhi bauddhik kriyaon ka mahatv unaki vyavaharik uddeshyon ki poorti ki kshamata men nihit hai.

manovaigyanik siddhant

viliyam jems ne adharabhoot anubhavavad ko pahale manovaigyanik siddhant ke roop men prastut kiya. laauk aur barkale ke maton se bhinn usaki manyata thi ki chetana ki parivartanashil sthitiyan paraspar snbndhit rahati hain; tadanusar samagr anubhav ki sthitiyon men snbndh sthapit ho jata hai; mastishk adi koee bahy shakti usamen sahayak nahin hoti. mastishk pratyaksh anubhav ki samagrata men bhed karata hai. phalanumey pramanyavad aur adharabhoot anubhavavad par hi viliyam jems ki dharmik manyataen aghrit hain. phalanumey pramanyavad saty ki apeksha dharmik vishvason ki vyakhya men adhik sahayak tha, kyonki vishvas pray: vyavaharik hote hain. yahan tak ki tarkon ke praman ke abhav men bhi many hote hain. kintu parinamavadi drishtikon se saty ki paribhasha sthir karana sndigdh hai. 'd vil tu biliv' men viliyam jems ne ant:karan ke ya snvegajany pramanon par bal diya hai aur siddh kiya hai ki uddeshy aur snkalp hi vyakti ke drishtikon ka nirman karate hain.[1]

dharmadarshan

'd veraitiz aauf rilijas eksapiriyens' men viliyam jems ne vyakti ko nishkriy aur shaktihin dikhalaya hai tatha yah bhi pradarshit kiya hai ki usaki raksha koee bahy shakti karati hai. usake anubhavavad se dharmik anubhooti ki vyakhya isaliye asnbhav hai ki in anubhootiyon ka vyakti ke avachenat se sidha snbndh hota hai. jems ke dharmadarshan men tin baten mukhy hain-

  1. ant:karan ya snvegajany pramanon ki satyata par bal
  2. dharm ki sndigdh sarvotkrishtata aur eeshvar ki simitata ka agrah
  3. bahy anubhav ko yathavath‌ grahan karane ki aturata

prakashit pustaken

akarshak lekhan shaili aur abhivyakti ki kushalata ke liye viliyam jems vikhyat hai. usaki any prakashit pustaken nimnalikhit hain[1]-

  1. 'briphar kors' (1892)
  2. 'hyooman immarataliti' (1898)
  3. 'taks tu tichars an saikaaulaji' (1899)
  4. 'pragmaitijm' (1907)
  5. 'a plyooralistik yoonivars' (1909)
  6. 'd mining aauf trooth (1909)
  7. 'memorij end stadij' (1911)
  8. 'sam prablems aauv philasaphi' (1911)
  9. 'esej in redikal enpirisijm' (1912)


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 viliyam jems (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 03 sitambar, 2014.
  2. Pragmatism
  3. Radical Empiricism
  4. Organism
  5. Environment
  6. Antecedent Reality

snbndhit lekh

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