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रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 11:15, 30 agast 2018 ka avataran

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jahangir
Jahangir.jpg
poora nam mirza noor-uddin beg mohammad khan salim jahangir
any nam shekhoo
janm 30 agast, sanh 1569
janm bhoomi fatehapur sikari
mrityu tithi 8 navambar sanh 1627 (umr 58 varsh)
mrityu sthan lahaur
pita/mata pita- akabar, mata- mariyam uz-zamani
pati/patni noorajahan, manabhavati, manamati
sntan khusaro mirza, khurram (shahajahan), paravez, shaharayar, jahandarashah, nisar begam, bahar begam banoo
rajy sima uttar aur madhy bharat
shasan kal san 15 aktoobar, 1605 ee. - 8 navnbar, 1627 ee.
sha. avadhi 22 varsh
rajyabhishek 24 aktoobar 1605 agara
dharmik manyata sunni, muslim
rajadhani agara, dilli
poorvadhikari akabar
uttaradhikari shahajahan
rajagharana mugal
maqabara shahadara lahaur, pakistan
snbndhit lekh mugal kal
prasiddhi jahangir ka nyay
sambndhit lekh mugal vnsh, mugal kal, mugal samrajy, insaf ki znjir
any janakari 'salim' aur 'anarakali' ki behad mashahoor aur kalpanik prem kahani par bani film 'mugal-e-azam' bharat ki mahanh filmon men gini jati hai.

(shasan kal sanh 1605 se sanh 1627)
mirza noor-uddin beg mohammad khan salim jahangir (angrezi: Mirza Nur-ud-din Baig Mohammad Khan Salim Jahangir, janm- 30 agast, 1569, fatehapur sikari; mrityu- 8 navambar, 1627, lahaur) mugal vnsh ka chautha badashah tha. vah mahan mugal badashah akabar ka putr tha. akabar ke tin putr the. salim (jahangir), murad aur daniyal. murad aur daniyal pita ke jivan men sharab pine ki vajah se mrityu ko prapt ho chuke the. salim akabar ki mrityu par 'nooruddin mohammad jahangir' ke upanam se takht par baitha. usane 1605 ee. men kee upayogi sudhar lagoo kie. kan, nak aur hath adi katane ki saja radd kin. sharab aur any nashe adi vali vastuon ka hakama bnd karava diya. kee avaidh mahasoolat hata die. kisi ki bhi fariyad sunane ke lie usane apane mahal ki divar se jnjir lataka di, jise 'nyay ki jnjir' kaha jata tha.

parichay

jahangir ka janm fatehapur sikari men sthit ‘shekh salim chishti’ ki kutiya men raja bharamal ki beti ‘mariyam zamani’ ke garbh se 30 agast, 1569 ee. ko hua tha. akabar salim ko ‘shekhoo baba’ kaha karata tha. salim ka mukhy shikshak abdurrahim khanakhana tha. apane arnbhik jivan men jahangir sharabi aur avara shahazade ke roop men badanam tha. usake pita samrat akabar ne usaki buri adaten chhudane ki badi cheshta ki, kintu use saphalata nahin mili. isilie samast sukhon ke hote hue bhi vah apane bigade hue bete ke karan jivan-parynt dukhi: raha. antat: akabar ki mrityu ke pashchath jahangir hi mugal samrat bana tha. us samay usaki ayu 36 varsh ki thi. aise badanam vyakti ke gaddinashin hone se janata men asntosh evn ghabarahat thi. logon ko anshaka hone lagi ki, ab sukh−shanti ke din vida ho gaye aur ashanti−avyavastha evn loot−khasot ka zamana phir a gaya. us samay janata men kitana bhay aur atnk tha, isaka vistrit varnan jain kavi banarasidas ne apane prasiddh grnth 'arthakathanak' men kiya hai. usaka kuchh ansh yahan prastut hai,−

"ghar−ghar, dar−dar diye kapat. hatavani nahin baithe hat.
bhale vastr aroo bhooshan bhale. te sab gadhe dharati chale.
ghar−ghar sabanhi visahe astr. logan pahire mote vastr.."

manasab prapti evn vivah

sarvapratham 1581 ee. men salim (jahangir) ko ek sainik tukadi ka mukhiya banakar kabul par akraman ke lie bheja gaya. 1585 ee. men akabar ne jahangir ko 12 hazar manasabadar banaya. 13 farabari, 1585 ee. ko salim ka vivah amer ke raja bhagavanadas ki putri ‘manabaee’ se sampann ha. manabaee ko jahangir ne ‘shah begam’ ki upadhi pradan ki thi. manabaee ne jahangir ki sharab ki adaton se dukhi hokar atmahatya kar li. kalantar men jahangir ne raja udayasinh ki putri ‘jagat gosaee’ ya 'jodhabaee' se vivah kiya tha.

rajyabhishek

1599 ee. tak salim apani mahatvakanksha ke karan akabar ke viruddh vidroh men snlagn raha. 21, aktoobar 1605 ee. ko akabar ne salim ko apani pagadi evn katar se sushobhit kar uttaradhikari ghoshit kiya. akabar ki mrityu ke athaven din 3 navambar, 1605 ee. ko salim ka rajyabhishek ‘nuruddin muhammad jahangir badashah gazi’ ki upadhi se agara ke qile men sampann hua.

vyaktitv evn abhiruchi

samrat jahangir ka vyaktitv bada akarshak tha; kintu usaka charitr buri−bhali adaton ka adbhut mishran tha. apane bachapan men kusng ke karan vah anek buraeeyon ke vashibhoot ho gaya tha. unamen kamukata aur madira−pan vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hain. gaddi par baithate hi usane apani anek buri adaton ko chhodakar apane ko bahut kuchh sudhar liya tha; kintu madira−pan ko vah ant samay tak bhi nahin chhod saka tha. atishay mady−sevan ke karan usake charitr ki anek achchhaeeyan dab gee thin.
jahangir ka maqabara, lahaur, pakistan
madira−pan ke snbndh men usane svayn apane atmacharit men likha hai−'hamane solah varsh ki ayu se madira pina arnbh kar diya tha. pratidin bis pyala tatha kabhi−kabhi isase bhi adhik pite the. is karan hamari aisi avastha ho gee ki, yadi ek ghadi bhi n pite to hath kanpane lagate tatha baithane ki shakti nahin rah jati thi. hamane niroopay hokar ise kam karana arnbh kar diya aur chhah mahine ke samay men bis pyale se panch pyale tak pahuncha diya.'

jahangir sahityapremi tha, jo usako paitrik den thi. yadyapi usane akabar ki tarah usake snrakshan aur protsahan men vishesh yog nahin diya tha, tathapi usaka gyan use apane pita se adhik tha. vah arabi, farasi aur brajabhasha−hindi ka gyata tatha farasi ka achchha lekhak tha. usaki rachana 'tuzak jahangir' (jahangir ka atm charit) utkrisht snsmaranatmak kriti hai.

udar shasak

jahangir apane pita akabar ki bhanti udar pravritti ka shasak tha. badashah banane ke bad jahangir ne ‘nyay ki jnjir’ ke nam se prasiddh sone ki jnjir ko agara qile ke shahaburj evn yamuna nadi ke tat par sthit patthar ke khambe men lagavaya. lok kalyan ke karyon se sambandhit 12 adeshon ki ghoshana jahangir ne karavayi thi. usake ye adesh nimnalikhit the-

  1. ‘tamaga’ nam ke kar ki vasooli par pratibandh
  2. sadakon ke kinare saray, masjid evn kuon ka nirman
  3. vyapariyon ke saman ki talashi unaki ijajat ke bina nahin
  4. kisi bhi vyakti ke marane par usaki sampatti usake uttaradhikari ke abhav men us dhan ko sarvajanik nirman kary par kharch kiya jay
  5. sharab evn any madak padarthon ki bikri evn nirman par pratibandh
  6. dandasvaroop nak evn kan katane ki pratha samapt
  7. kisi bhi vyakti ke ghar par avaidh qabza karane lie rajy karmachariyon ko manahi
  8. kisanon ki bhoomi par jabaran adhikar karane par rok
  9. koee bhi jagir samrat ki agya ke vagair parinay sootr men nahin ban sakati thi
  10. garibon ke lie aspatan evn ilaj ke lie daktaron ki vyavastha ka adesh
  11. saptah ke do din guruvar (jahangir ke rajyabhishak ka din) evn ravivar (akabar ka janm din) ko pashuhatya par poornatah pratibandh tha.
  12. akabar ke shasan kal ke samay ke sabhi karmachariyon evn zamindaron ko unake pad punah de diye gaye.

jahangir ne apane kuchh vishvasapatr logon ko, jaise abul fazal ke hatyare 'virasinh bundela' ko tin hazari ghudasavaron ka senapati banaya, noorajahan ke pita giyasabeg ko divan banakar etamaddaula ki upadhi pradan ki, jamanabeg ko mahavat khan ki upadhi pradan kar dedh hazar ka manasab diya, abul fazal ke putr abdurrahim ko do hazar ka manasab pradan kiya. jahangir ne apane kuchh kripapatr, jaise qutubuddin koka ko bngal ka garvanar evn sharif khan ko pradhanamntri pad pradan kiya. jahangir ke shasanakal men kuchh videshiyon ka bhi agaman hua. inamen kaiptan haaukins aur sar taaumas ro pramukh the, jinhonne samrat jahangir se bharat men vyapar karane ke lie anumati dene ki yachana ki thi.

khusaro ka vidroh

humayoon, babar, jahangir aur akabar

jahangir ke panch putr the-khusaro, paravej, khurram, shaharayar aur jahandar. sabase bada putr khusaro, jo 'manabaee' se utpann hua tha, roopavan, guni aur vir tha. apane anek gunon men vah akabar ke saman tha, isalie bada lokapriy tha. akabar bhi apane us pautr ko bada pyar karata tha. jahangir ke kukrityon se jab akabar bada dukhi ho gaya, tab apane antim kal men usane khusaro ko apana uttaradhikari banane ka vichar kiya tha. phir bad men soch-vichar karane par akabar ne jahangir ko hi apana uttaradhikari ghoshit kar diya tha. khusaro ke man men badashah banane ki lalasa paida huee thi. apane mama manasinh evn sasur mirza ajij koka ki shah par aprail, 1606 ee. men apane pita jahangir ke viruddh usane vidroh kar diya. jahangir ne khusaro ko agara ke qile men nazarabnd rakha, parantu khusaro akabar ke maqabare ki yatra ke bahane bhag nikala. lagabhag 12000 sainikon ke sath khusaron evn jahangir ki sena ka muqabala jalndhar ke nikat ‘bhairaval’ ke maidan men hua. khusaron ko pakad kar qaid men dal diya gaya. sikkhon ke panchaven guru arjunadev ko jahangir ne phansi dilava di, kyonki unhonne vidroh ke samay khusaro ki sahayata ki thi. kalantar men khusaro dvara jahangir ki hatya ka shadyantr rachane ke karan, use andha karava diya gaya. khurram (shahajahan) ne apane dakshin abhiyan ke samay khusaro ko apane sath le jakar 1621 ee. men usaki hatya karava di.

graminon ka vidroh

jahangir ke shasan−kal men ek bar braj men yamuna par ke kisanon aur graminon ne vidroh karate hue kar dena bnd kar diya tha. jahangir ne khurram (shahajahan) ko use dabane ke lie bheja. vidrohiyon ne bade sahas aur dridhata se yuddh kiya; kintu shahi sena se ve parajit ho gaye the. unamen se bahut se mar diye gaye aur striyon tatha bachchon ko qaid kar liya gaya. us avasar par sena ne khoob loot ki thi, jisamen use bahut dhan mila tha. ukt ghatana ka ullekh svayn jahangir ne apane atm-charitr men kiya hai, kintu usake karan par prakash nahin dala. snbhav hai, vah vidroh husainabeg bakhshi ki lootamar ke pratirodh men kiya gaya ho.

prashasan

jahangir ne apani badanami ko door karane ke lie apane vishal samrajy ka prashasan achchha karane ki or dhyan diya. usane yathasnbhav apane pita akabar ki shasan niti ka hi anusaran kiya aur purani vyavastha ko qayam rakha tha. jin vyaktiyon ne usake shadayntr men sahayata ki thi, usane unhen malamal kar diya; jo karmachari jin padon par akabar ke kal men the, unhen unhin padon par rakhate hue unaki pratishtha ko yathavat banaye rakha. kuchh adhikariyon ki usane padonnati bhi kar di thi. is prakar ke udaratapoorn vyavahar ka usake shasan par bada anukool prabhav pada.

nyay ki jnjir

jahangir ne nyay vyavastha thik rakhane ki or vishesh dhyan diya tha. nyayadhishon ke atirikt vah svayn bhi janata ke du:kh-dard ko sunata tha. usake lie usane apane nivas−sthan se lekar nadi ke kinare tak ek jnjir bndhavaee thi aur usamen bahut si ghntiyan latakava di thin. yadi kisi ko kuchh phariyad karani ho, to vah us jnjir ko pakad kar khinch sakata tha, taki usamen bndhi huee ghntiyon ki avaz sunakar badashah us phariyadi ko apane pas bula sake.
jahangir
jahangir ke atmacharit se gyat hota hai, vah jnjir sone ki thi aur usake banavane men badi lagat aee thi. usaki lnbaee 40 gaz ki thi aur usamen 60 ghntiyan bndhi huee thin. un sabaka vazan 10 man ke lagabhag tha. usase jahan badashah ke vaibhav ka pradarshan hota tha, vahan usake nyay ka bhi dhindhora pit gaya tha. kintu is bat ka koee ullekh nahin milata hai ki, kisi vyakti ne us jnjir ko hilakar badashah ko kabhi nyay karane ka kasht diya ho. us kal men muslim shasakon ka aisa antak tha ki, us jnjir men bndhi huee ghntiyon ko baja kar badashah ke aisho−aram men vighn dalane ka sahas karana bada kathin tha.

sharababndi ka nirdesh

jahangir ko sharab pine ki lat thi, jo antim kal tak rahi thi. vah usake dushtaparinam ko janata tha; kintu use chhodane men asamarth tha. kintu janata ko sharab se bachane ke lie usane gaddi par baithate hi use banane aur bechane par pabndi laga di thi. usane shasan snbhalate hi ek shahi faraman nikala tha, jisamen 12 agyaon ko samrajy bhar men manane ka adesh diya gaya tha. in agyaon men se ek sharababndi se snbndhit thi. us prakar ki agya hone par bhi vah svayn sharab pita tha aur usake pray: sabhi saradar samnt, hakim aur karmachari bhi sharab pine ke adi the. aisi sthiti men sharababndi ki shahi agya ka koee prabhavakari parinam nikala ho, isase sndeh hai.

pleg ka prakop

jahangir ke shasan−kal men pleg namak bhnyakar bimari ka kee bar prakop hua tha. sanh 1618 men jab vah bimari dobara agara men phaili thi, tab usase badi barbadi huee thi. usake snbndh men jahangir ne likha hai− 'agara men pun: mahamari ka prakop hua, jisase lagabhag ek sau manushy prati din mar rahe hain. bagal, patte ya gale men giltiyan ubhar ati hain aur log mar jate hain. yah tisara varsh hai ki, rog jade men zor pakadata hai aur garmi ke arnbh men samapt ho jata hai. in tin varshon men isaki chhoot agara ke as−pas ke gramon tatha bastiyon men phail gee hai. ....jis adami ko yah rog hota tha, use zor ka bukhar ata tha aur usaka rng pilapan liye hue syah ho jata tha, aur dast hote the tatha doosare din hi vah mar jata tha. jis ghar men ek adami bimar hota, usase sabhi ko us rog ki chhoot lag jati aur ghar ka ghar barbad ho jata tha.'

braj ki dharmik sthiti

jahangir mahal, orachha
Jahangir Mahal, Orchha

braj apani sudridh dharmik sthiti ke lie parnpara se prasiddh raha hai. usaki yah sthiti kuchh sima tak mugal kal men thi. samrat akabar ke shasanakal men braj ki dharmik sthiti men naye yug ka sootrapat hua tha. mugal samrajy ki rajadhani agara brajamndal ke antargat thi; at: braj ke dharmik sthalon se sidha snbndh tha. agara ki shahi riti-niti, shasan−vyavastha aur usaki unnati−avanati ka braj par pratyaksh prabhav pada tha. samrat akabar ke kal men braj ki jaisi dharmik sthiti thi, vaisi jahangir ke shasan kal men nahin rahi thi; phir bhi vah pray: sntoshajanak thi. usane apane pita akabar ki udar dharmik niti ka anusaran kiya, jisase usake shasan−kal men brajamndal men pray: shanti aur suvyavastha qayam rahi. usake 22 varshiy shasan kal men do−tin bar hi braj men shanti−bhng huee thi. us samay dharmik sthiti gadabada gee thi aur bhaktajanon ka kuchh utpidan bhi hua tha, kintu shighr hi us par kaboo pa liya gaya tha.

braj ke jngalon men shikar

us samay men braj men anek bihad van the, jinamen sher adi hinsak pashu bhi paryapt snkhya men rahate the. muslim shasak in vanon men shikar karane ko ate the. jahangir badashah ne bhi noorajahan ke sath yahan kee bar shikar kiya tha. jahangir achook nishanebaz tha. sanh 1614 men jahangir mathura men tha, tab aheriya ne soochana di, ki pas ke jngal men ek sher hai, jo janata ko kasht de raha hai . yah sunakar badashah ne hathiyon dvara jngal par ghera dal diya aur khud noorajahan ke sath shikar ko gaya. us samay jahangir ne jiv−hinsa n karane ka vrat liya tha, at: svayn goli n chala kar usane noorajahan ko hi goli chalane ki agya di thi. noorajahan ne hathi par se ek hi nishane men sher ko mar diya tha. sanh 1626 men jab jahangir mathura men nav men baith kar yamuna nadi ki sair kar raha tha, tab aheriyon ne use soochana di, ki pas ke jngal men ek sherani apane tin bachchon ke sath maujood hai. vah nav se utar kar jngal men gaya aur vahan usane sherani ko mar kar usake bachchon ko jivit pakadava liya tha. us avasar par jahangir ne apane janmadin ka utsav bhi mathura men hi manaya tha. usaka tab 56 varsh poore kar 57 van varsh arnbh hua tha. usake upalaksh men usane tuladan kiya aur bahut-sa danapuny kiya tha.

samrajy vistar

jahangir ne unhin pradeshon ko jitane par vishesh bal diya, jise akabar ke samay poornatah vijit nahin kiya gaya tha.

qndhar (1606-1607 ee.)

jahangir ne faras vasiyon se ‘bharat ka sinhadvar’ kahe jane vale tatha vyapar evn sainik drishti se mahattvapoorn prant kndhar ko jita. shah abbas ne 1611 ee., 1615 ee. aur 1620 ee. men bahut si bhente evn khushamadi patr jahangir ke darabar men bheja, kintu 1621 ee. men usane kndhar par akraman kar use jita. lekin 1622 ee. men shaharahan ke vidroh ke karan jahangir ke samay hi qndhar mugal adhikar se punah nikal gaya.

jahangir apane putr khusaro mirza aur shahazada paravez ke sath

mevad se yuddh evn sndhi

akabar ke poore prayas ke bad bhi mevad poornatah mugalon ke adhikar men nahin a saka. rana pratap ne apani mrityu ke poorv hi lagabhag 1597 ee. tak akabar ke qabze se adhikansh mevad ke kshetron par punah qabza kar liya tha. rana pratap ki mrityu ke bad jahangir mugal sinhasan par baitha. jahangir ne apane shasan kal ke pratham varsh 1605 ee. men mevad ko jitane ke lie apane putr shahajada khurram (shahajahan) tatha paravej ke netritv men lagabhag 20,000 ashvarohiyon ki sena ko bheja. samarik salah ke lie asaf khan evn jafar beg ko paravej ke sath bheja gaya. rana amarasinh evn paravej ki senaon ke madhy ‘bebar ke darre’ men sngharsh hua, kintu sngharsh ko koee parinam nahin nikal saka. khusaron ke vidroh ke karan paravej ko vapas bula liya gaya tha. 1608 ee. men mahavat khan ke netritv men ek badi mugal sena, jisamen lagabhag 12000 ghudasavar sainik the, ko bheja gaya. mahavat khan ne rana amarasinh ko samip ki pahadi़yon men chhipane ke lie majaboor kiya.

1609 ee. men mahavat khan ke sthan par abdulla khan ko mugal sena ka netritv karane ke lie bheja gaya. usane 1611 ee. men ‘ranapur ke darre’ men rajakumar ‘karn’ ko parast kiya, parantu ‘ranapura’ ke sngharsh men abdulla khan ko parajay ka samana karana pada. basu ke bad mirza ajij koka ko bheja gaya, khud jahangir apane prabhav se shatru ko atnkit karane ke lie 1613 ee. men ajamer gaya. is samay jahangir ne mevad ke akraman ka bhar shahazada khurram (shahajahan) ko diya. shahazada khurram ke netritv me mugal sena ke dabab ke samane mevad ki sena ko samajhaute ke lie badhy hona pada. rana ke rajadoot shubhakaran evn haridas ka jahangir ke rajadarabar men yathochit satkar kiya gaya. rana amarasinh ki sharton par jahangir sandhi ke lie teyar ho gaya. 1615 ee. men samrat jahangir evn rana amarasinh ke madhy sandhi sampann huee.
sandhi ke sharten
rana amarasinh evn jahangir ke madhy sandhi ki sharten is prakar thin-

  1. rana amarasinh ne mugalon ki adhinata svikar ki.
  2. akabar ke shasan kal men jite gaye mevad ke kshetron evn chittaud ke qile rana amarasinh ko vapas mil gaye. chittaud ke qile ko aur mazaboot karane evn usaki marammat par poorn pratibandh laga diya gaya.
  3. rana amarasinh par mugalon se vaivahik sambandh sthapit karane ke lie dabab nahin dala gaya. rana ko apane sthan par mugal sena men apane putr ‘karn’ ko bhejane ki chhoot mili.

yuvaraj karn ko mugal darabar men poorn samman ke sath badashah ke dahini or sthan mila, sath hi 5000 ‘jat’ ka manasab pradan kiya gaya. rana amarasinh is sndhi se ahat the, phalasvaroop unhonne sinhasan apane putr karan ko saunp diya aur ek ekant sthan 'nau chaiki' men apana shesh jivan vyatit kiya.

is tarah lambe arse se chalane vala sngharsh donon pakshon ki rajanitik soojhaboojh ke karan samapt ho gaya, jisamen jahangir evn usake putr khurram ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika rahi. samrat jahangir ne sandhi ka palan karate hue mevad ke prati poorn udar drishtikon ke sath usake vyakgit mamalon men hastakshep nahin kiya. jahangir ke shas kal ki yah mahattvapoorn upalabdhi thi.

dakshin ki vijay

jahangir ki dakshin vijay akabar ki agragami nitiyon ka anusaran matr thi. jahangir ke samane lakshy tha ‘khanadesh’ evn ‘ahamadanagar’ ki poorn vijay, jise akabar ki mrityu ke karan poora nahin kiya ja saka tha tatha svatntr pradesh ‘bijapur’ evn ‘golakunda’ par adhikar karana.

ahamadanagar

jahangir ke samay men dakshin vijay men mahattvapoorn rukavat tha- 'ahamadanagar' ka yogy evn parakrami vazir malik ambar. abisiniya nivasi malik ambar bagadad ke bazar se kharida ek gulam tha, jise ahamadanagar ke mntri 'mirak dabir chngej khan' ne kharida tha. ahamadanagar ki sena men rahate hue malik ambar ne anek sainik evn asainik sudhar kiye. usane todaramal ki lagan vyavastha se prerana grahan kar ahamadanagar men bhoomi sudhar kiya. usane sainik sudhar ke antargat nizamashahi sena men marathon ki bharti kar ‘gurilla yuddh paddhati’ ki shuruat ki. jisane apani rajadhani ko kee sthanon par sthanantirat kiya. pahale parendra se junar, phir junar se daulatabad aur antatah ‘khirki’ ko apane rajadhani banaya. malik ambar ne jnjira dvip par nizamashahi ‘nausena’ ka gathan kiya. usaki badhati huee shakti ko kuchalane ke lie mugal sena ne ahamadanagar par sainy abhiyan prarambh kiya. sainy abhiyan ke antargat samrat jahangir ne 1608 ee. men abdurrahim khanakhana ko, 1610 ee. men asaf khan ke snrakshan men shahazada paravez ko, isake bad khan-e-jahan lodi evn abdulla khan ko bheja, par ye sabhi abisiniyan mntri ‘malik ambar’ par saphalata prapt karane men asamarth rahe. ant men noorajahan ki salah par 1616 ee. men jahangir ne shahazada khurram (shahajahan) ko dakshin abhiyan ke lie ‘shah sultan’ ki upadhi dekar bheja. shahazada khurram ki shakti se bhayabhit malik ambar yuddh kiye bina sandhi karane ke lie sahamat ho gaya. donon ke bich 1617 ee. men sndhi huee.
sandhi ki sharten
mugalon ki adhinata se mukt ho chuka ‘balaghat’ mugalon ko punah prapt ho gaya. ahamadanagar ke durg par mugalon ka qabza ho gaya. 16 lakh rupaye mooly ke upahar ke sath badashah adilashah khurram ki seva men upasthit hua. khurram ki is mahattvapoorn saphalata se khush hokar samrat jahangir ne use ‘shahazada’ ki upadhi pradan ki. bijapur ke shasak adilashah ko jahangir ne ‘pharjand’ (putr) ki upadhi pradan ki. khanakhana ko dakshin men soobedar banaya.

agara qile ki jharokha khidaki men jahangir

malik ambar ne ‘bijapur’ evn ‘golakunda’ se samajhauta kar 1620 ee. men sandhi ki avahelana karate hue ahamadanagar qile par akraman kar diya. shahajahan, jo us samay pnjab ke ‘kangada’ ke yuddh men vyast tha, jahangir ke anurodh par punah dakshin aya. shahajahan evn malik ambar ke madhy 1621 ee. men dobara sandhi huee. is sndhi ke pashchath shahajahan ko upahar ke roop men ahamadanagar, golakunda, bijapur evn kuchh any simavarti kshetron ke shasakon se lagabhag 64 lakh rupaye mile. is prakar samrajy vistar ki drishti se jahangir ke samay men dakshin men vishesh men saphalata nahin mili, parantu dakshin ke in rajyon par mugal dabav badh gaya.

1621 ee. men khurram ne lokapriy shahazade khusaro ki hatya karava di, usaki asamayik mrityu se poora desh stabdh rah gaya tha.

kangad vijay (1620 ee.)

shahazada khurram (shahajahan) ke pratinidhitv men raja vikramajit ne kangada ke qile par adhikar kar liya. jahangir dvara mugal samrajy ke vistar ke lie kiye gaye prayas anshik roop se saphal rahe.

kala v sahity premi

jahangir ke charitr men ek achchha lakshan tha - prakriti se hriday se annd lena tatha phoolon ko pyar karana, uttam saundary, bodhatmak ruchi se sampann. svayn chitrakar hone ke karan jahangir kala evn sahity ka poshak tha. 'kirana gharane' ki utpatti ka mukhy shrey jahangir ko hi diya jata hai. usaka ‘tujooke-jahangiri’ snsmaran usaki sahityik yogyata ka praman hai. usane kashtakar chungiyon evn karon ko samapt kiya tatha hijadon ke vyapar ka nishedh karane ka prayas kiya. 1612 ee. men jahangir isako nigah-e-dasht kahata hai. usane ek adarsh premi ki tarah 1615 ee. men lahaur men sngamaramar ki ek sundar qabr banavayi, jis par ek premapoorn abhilekh tha, “yadi mai apani preyasi ka chehara punah dekh pata, to qayamat ke din tak allah ko dhanyavad deta rahata.”

antim kal aur mrityu

jahangir ne apane uttar jivan men shasan ka samast bhar noorajahan ko saunp diya tha. vah svayn sharab pikar nishchint pade rahane men hi apane jivan ki sarthakata samajhata tha. sharab ki buri lat aur aish−aram ne usake sharir ko nikamma kar diya tha. vah koee mahattvapoorn kary nahin kar sakata tha. saubhagy se akabar ke kal men mugal samrajy ki ninv itani sridridh rakhi gee thi, ki jahangir ke nikammepan se usamen koee khas kami nahin aee thi. apane pita dvara sthapit niti aur parnpara ka palla pakade rahane se jahangir apane shasan−kal ke 22 varsh bina khas jhagade−jhnjhaton ke pray: sukh−chain se poore kar gaya tha. noorajahan apane sautele putr khurram ko nahin chahati thi. isalie jahangir ke uttar kal men khurram ne ek−do bar vidroh bhi kiya tha; kintu vah asaphal raha tha. jahangir ki mrityu sanh 1627 men us samay huee, jab vah kashmir se vapas a raha tha. raste men lahaur men usaka dehavasan ho gaya. use vahan ke ramanik udyan men dafanaya gaya tha. bad men vahan usaka bhavy maqabara banaya gaya. mrityu ke samay usaki ayu 58 varsh ki thi. jahangir ke pashchath usaka putr khurram shahajahan ke nam se mugal samrat hua.


inhen bhi dekhen: mugal vnsh, mugal kal, mugal samrajy evn insaf ki znjir


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