श्रमिक आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dvitiy vishv yuddh ke samapt ho jane ke bad rajanitik andolanon men kafi tezi aee, jisake phalasvaroop shramik andolan mukhy roop se balashali ho gaye. roos men 1918 ee. ki 'samyavadi kranti' ne bharatiy mazadoor snghon ko protsahit kiya. antarrashtriy star par 'antarrashtriy mazadoor sngh' (aee.el.o.) ki sthapana huee. vi.pi. vadiya ne bharat men adhunik shramik sngh 'madras shramik sngh' ki sthapana ki. unhin ke prayason se 1926 ee. men 'shramik sngh adhiniyam' parit kiya gaya.

sudharavadi v krantikari gut

1920 ee. men sthapit 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' (e.aee.ti.yoo.si.) men tatkalin, lagabhag 64 shramik sngh shamil ho gaye. en.em.joshi, lala lajapat ray evn josef baipatista ke prayatnon se 1920 ee. men sthapit 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' par vamapnthiyon ka prabhav badhane laga. 'etak' (e.aee.ti.yoo.si) ke pratham adhyaksh lala lajapat ray the. yah sammelan 1920 ee. men bambee men hua tha. isake upadhyaksh josef baiptista tatha mahamntri divan chamanalal the. lala lajapat ray ne 'samrajyavad' aur 'sainyavad' ko 'poonjivad ka judava bachcha' kaha. kangres ke 'gaya adhiveshan' (1922 ee.) ke shramikon ko snbaddh karane ke lie 'etak' ke sath kangres se sahayog karane ka nirnay liya. 1926-1927 ee. men ye sngathan do guton men bnt gaya tha, jinamen pahala 'sudharavadi' aur doosara 'krantikari' tha. inhen kramashah 'jeneva emastardam gut' evn 'masko gut' bhi kahate the.

vibhinn yooniyanon ki sthapana

1929 ee. men akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan ka vibhajan do bhagon men ho gaya. em.en.joshi evn vi.vi. giri ke netritv men naramapnthi log tred yooniyan se alag hokar 'bharatiy tred yooniyan fedareshan' ki sthapana ki. 1931 ee. ke bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres se alag hokar ranadibe aur desh pandey ne 'lal tred yooniyan' ki sthapana ki. 1938 ee. men akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres, lal tred yooniyan kangres evn rashtriy fedareshan aauf tred yooniyans men punah ekata sthapit ho gee. is prakar 1938 ee. men isaka pahala adhiveshan nagapur men hua. ek hone ke bad akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres ne bharat men samajavadi rajy ki sthapana, udyogon ke rashtriyakaran evn pres tatha vicharon ko vyakt karane ki svatntrata ka samarthan kiya. 1938 ee. men subhashachandr bos ke sahayog se 'hind mazadoor sevak sngh' ki sthapana huee. bngal men pahali 'mazadoor kisan parti' ki sthapana 1925 ee. men huee. jisaka pratham adhiveshan sohanalal joshi ki adhyakshata men kalakatta men hua.

andolan men tezi

1928 ee. men bambee kapada mil mazadooron ne sabase badi hadatal ki. yah 6 mah tak chali tatha isamen dedh lakh logon ne bhag liya. dvitiy vishv yuddh ke bad shramik andolan men kafi tezi aee, kyonki roos ke vijayi hone ke bad samyavadiyon ka prabhutv badha, jisaka prabhav bharatiy shramik andolan par pada. 1940 ee. men samyavadi neta em.en.ray ne apane ko akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres se alag kar 'indiyan fedareshan aauf lebar' ki sthapana ki. is dal ko sarakar ka samarthak dal mana jata tha. rashtravadi neta vallabhabhaee patel ne mee, 1947 ee. men 'bharatiy rashtriy tred yooniyan kangres' ki sthapana ki. saradar vallabhabhaee patel isake pratham adhyaksh the. samajavadiyon ke prayas se 1948 ee. men 'hind mazadoor sabha' ki sthapana huee. is sngh ki sthapana ka uddeshy tha, bharat men lokatantrik samajavadi samaj ko sthapit karana, mazadooron ke hit, adhikar evn suvidha ki ladaee ladana, shaikshik star ko sudharane ke lie snsthayen gathit karana adi.

mazadooron ke pratham hadatal

mazadooron ki pahali hadatal 1877 ee. men nagapur men huee thi. yah hadatal nagapur ke ek sooti mil men huee thi. bharat men vyapak star par hadatalon ka ayojan 1918 ee. se 1920 ee. ke madhy bambee, madras, kanapur, jamashedapur, sholapur, ahamadanagar adi men hua. 22 julaee, 1908 ee. ko lokamany tilak ke giraphtar hone par 20vin sadi ki pahali sabase badi rajanitik hadatal ka ayojan hua. is hadatal men bambee mil mazadooron ka kafi prabhav tha.

  • bharat men pratham 'krantikari tred yooniyan' ki sthapana 1928 ee. men shripad amrit dange evn ven bredale ke sahayog se bambee men 'lal bavata girani kamagar yooniyan' ke nam se ki gee. in tamam chhote bade shram sngathanon men shramikon ko 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' ne sarvadhik prabhavit kiya.


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