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व्यवस्थापन (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 13:24, 7 navambar 2017 ka avataran (Text replacement - "शृंगार" to "श्रृंगार")

(अंतर) ← पुराना अवतरण | वर्तमान अवतरण (अंतर) | नया अवतरण → (अंतर)

alam jati ke brahman the, par 'shekh' nam ki 'rngarejin' ke prem men phnsakar pichhe se musalaman ho ge aur usake sath vivah karake rahane lage. alam ko shekh se 'jahan' namak ek putr bhi hua. ye aurngajeb ke doosare bete muajjam ke ashray men rahate the jo pichhe bahadurashah ke nam se gaddi par baitha. at: alam ka kavitakal snvath 1740, se snvath 1760 tak mana ja sakata hai. inaki kavitaon ka ek sngrah 'alamakeli' ke nam se nikala hai. is pustak men ae padyon ke atirikt inake aur bahut se sundar aur utkrisht pady grnthon men sngrahit milate hain aur logon ke munh se sune jate hain.

shekh rngarejin

shekh rngarejin bhi achchhi kavita karati thi. alam ke sath prem hone ki vichitr katha prasiddh hai. kahate hain ki alam ne ek bar use pagadi rngane ko di jisaki khoont men bhool se kagaz ka ek chit bndha chala gaya. us chit men dohe ki yah adhi pnkti likhi thi kanak chharisi kamini kahe ko kati chhin. shekh ne doha is tarah poora karake kati ko knchan kati bidhi kuchan madhy dhari din, us chit ko phir jyon ka tyon pagadi ki khoont men bandhakar lauta diya. usi din se alam shekh ke poore premi ho ge aur ant men usake sath vivah bhi kar liya. shekh bahut hi chatur aur hajirajavab stri thi. ek bar shahajada muajjam ne hnsi men shekh se poochha , 'kya alam ki aurat ap hi hain?' shekh ne chat uttar diya ki 'han, jahanpanah jahan ki man main hi hoon.' 'alamakeli' men bahut se kavitt shekh ke rache hue hain. alam ke kavitt savaiyon men bhi bahut-si rachana shekh ki mani jati hai. jaise niche likhe kavitt men chautha charan shekh ka banaya kaha jata hai -

premarng-page jagamage jage jamini ke,
joban ki joti jagi zor umagat hain.
madan ke mate matavare aise ghoomat hain,
jhoomat hain jhukijhuki jhrapi ugharat hain
alam so naval nikaee in nainan ki,
pankhuri padum pai bhnvar thirakat hain.
chahat hain udibe ko, dekhat maynkamukh,
janat hain raini taten tahi men rahat hain

hridayatatv ki pradhanata

alam ritibaddh rachana karane vale kavi nahin the. ye premonmatt kavi the aur apani tarng ke anusar rachana karate the. isi se inaki rachanaon men hridayatatv ki pradhanata hai. 'prem ki pir' ya 'ishk ka dard' inake ekek vaky men bhara paya jata hai. utprekshaen bhi inhonne badi anoothi aur bahut adhik kahi hain. shabd vaichitray, anupras adi ki pravritti inamen vishesh roop se kahin nahin paee jati. shrringar ras ki aisi unmadamayi uktiyan inaki rachana men milati hain ki padhane aur sunanevale lin ho jate hain. yah tanmayata sachchi umng men hi sambhav hai. rekhata ya urdoo bhasha men bhi inhonne kavitt kahe hain.

bhasha

bhasha bhi is kavi ki parimarjit aur suvyavasthit hai par usamen kahin kahin 'kin, din, jin' adi avadhi ya poorabi hindi ke prayog bhi milate hain. kahin kahin pharasi ki shaili ke ras badhakabhav bhi inamen milate hain. prem ki tanmayata ki drishti se alam ki ganana 'rasakhan' aur 'ghanannd' ki koti men hi honi chahie -

ja thal kine bihar anekan ta thal kankari baithi chunyo karain.
ja rasana son kari bahu batan ta rasana son charitr gunyo karain
alam jaun se kunjan men kari keli tahan ab sis dhunyokarain.
nainan men je sada rahate tinaki ab kan kahani sunyo karain

kaidhaun mor sor taji ge ri anat bhaji,
kaidhaun ut dadur n bolat hain, edee.
kaidhaun pik chatak mahip kahoo mari dare,
kaidhaun bagapanti ut antagati hnai gee?
alam kahai, ali! ajahoon n ae pyare,
kaidhaun ut rit viparit bidhi ne thee?
madan mahip ki duhaee phiribe te rahi,
joojhi gaye megh, kaidhaun bijuri sati bhee?

rat ken uninde arasate, madamate rate,
ati kajarare drig tere yon suhat hain.
tikhi tikhi korani karori let kadhe jiu,
kete bhe ghayal au kete talaphat hain
jyon jyon lai salil chakh 'sekh' dhovai bar bar,
tyon tyon bal bundan ke bar jhuki jat hain.
kaibar ke bhale, kaidhaun nahar nahanavale,
lohoo ke piyase kahoon pani ten aghat hain?

dane ki n pani ki, n avai sudha khane ki,
yan gali mahaboob ki aram khusakhana hai.
roj hi se hai jo raji yar ki rajay bich,
naj ki najar tej tir ka nishana hai
soorat chirag rosanaee asanaee bich,
bar bar barai bali jaise paravana hai.
dil se dilasa dijai hal ke n khyal hoojai,
bekhud fakir, vah ashik divana hai

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 228-30.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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