नरसी मेहता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

narasi mehata
narasi mehata
poora nam narasi mehata
any nam narasinh mehata
janm 1414 ee.
janm bhoomi talaja gram, joonagadh, gujarat
mrityu 1480 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen ‘sudama charit’, ‘govind gaman’, ‘chaturiyo’, ‘surat sngram’, ‘shrringar mala’, ‘vnsatanapado’, ‘krishn janmana pado’ adi.
prasiddhi krishn bhakt kavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari narasi mehata har samay krishn ki bhakti men tallin rahate the. chhuachhoot ve nahin manate the aur harijanon ki basti men jakar unake sath kirtan kiya karate the. isase biradari ne unaka bahishkar tak kar diya tha, par ve apane mat se dige nahin.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

narasi mehata athava narasinh mehata (angrezi:Narsinh Mehta) (janm 1414 ee. joonagadh) gujarati bhakti sahity ke shreshthatam kavi the. unake krititv aur vyaktitv ki mahatta ke anuroop sahity ke itihas grnthon men "narasinh-mira-yug" nam se ek svatntr kavy kal ka nirdharan kiya gaya hai, jisaki mukhy visheshata bhavapravan krishn ki bhakti se anuprerit padon ka nirman hai. padapraneta ke roop men gujarati sahity men narasi ka lagabhag vahi sthan hai jo hindi men mahakavi sooradas ka hai.

jivan parichay

gujarati sahity ke adi kavi snt narasi mehata ka janm 1414 ee. men joonagadh (saurashtr) ke nikat, talaja gram men ek nagar brahman parivar men hua tha. mata-pita ka bachapan men hi dehant ho gaya tha. isalie apane chachere bhaee ke sath rahate the. adhikatar snton ki mndaliyon ke sath ghooma karate the aur 15-16 varsh ki umr men unaka vivah ho gaya. koee kam n karane par bhabhi un par bahut kataksh karati thi. ek din usaki phatakar se vyathit narasinh gopeshvar ke shiv mndir men jakar tapasya karane lage. manyata hai ki sat din ke bad unhen shiv ke darshan hue aur unhonne krishnabhakti aur rasalila ke darshanon ka varadan manga. is par dvaraka jakar rasalila ke darshan ho ge. ab narasinh ka jivan poori tarah se badal gaya. bhaee ka ghar chhodakar ve joonagadh men alag rahane lage. unaka nivas sthan aj bhi ‘narasinh mehata ka chaura’ ke nam se prasiddh hai. ve har samay krishnabhakti men tallin rahate the. unake lie sab barabar the. chhua-chhoot ve nahin manate the aur harijanon ki basti men jakar unake sath kirtan kiya karate the. isase biradari ne unaka bahishkar tak kar diya, par ve apane mat dige nahin.

pita ke shraddh ke samay aur vivahit putri ke sasural usaki garbhavastha men samagri bhejate samay bhi unhen daivi saphalata mili thi. jab unake putr ka vivah bade nagar ke raja ke vajir ki putri ke sath tay ho gaya. tab bhi narasinh mehata ne dvaraka jakar prabhu ko barat men chalane ka nimntran diya. prabhu shyamal shah seth ke roop men barat men ge aur ‘nirdhan’ narasinh ke bete ki barat ke thath dekhakar log chakit rah ge. harijanon ke sath unake snpark ki bat sunakar jab joonagadh ke raja ne unaki pariksha leni chahi to kirtan men lin mehata ke gale men antariksh se phoolon ki mala pad gee thi. nirdhanata ke atirikt unhen apane jivan men patni aur putr ki mrityu ka viyog bhi jhelana pada tha. par unhonne apane yogakshem ka poora bhar apane isht shrikrishn par dal diya tha. jis nagar samaj ne unhen bahishkrit kiya tha ant men usi ne unhen apana ratn mana aur aj bhi gujarat men unaki vah manyata hai.[1]

rachanaen

narasinh mehata ne bade marmasparshi bhajanon ki rachana ki. gandhi ji ka priy bhajan ‘vaishnav jan to tene kahiye’ unhin ka racha hua hai. bhakti, gyan aur vairagy ke padon ke atirikt unaki yah kritiyan prasiddh hain[1]-

  • ‘sudama charit’
  • ‘govind gaman’
  • ‘danalila’,
  • ‘chaturiyo’
  • ‘surat sngram’
  • ‘rasasahastr padi’
  • ‘shrringar mala’
  • ‘vnsatanapado’
  • ‘krishn janmana pado’

snkshipt katha

snton ke sath bahut-si kathaen judi rahati hain. narasi mehata ke snbndh men bhi aisi anek ghatanaon ka varnan milata hai. inamen se kuchh ka ullekh svayn unake padon men milane se log inhen yatharth ghatanaen bhi manate hain. un dinon hundi ka prachalan tha. log paidal-yatra men nakad dhan nahin le jate the. kisi vishvast aur prasiddh vyakti ke pas rupaya jama karake usase doosare shahar ke vyakti ke nam hundi (dhanadesh) likha lete the. narasinh mehata ki garibi ka upahas karane ke lie kuchh shararati logon ne dvaraka jane vale tirth yatriyon se hundi likhava li, par jab yatri dvaraka pahunche to shyamal shah seth ka roop dharan karake shrikrishn ne narasinh ki hundi ka dhan tirthayatriyon ko de diya.[1]

chamatkarik prasng

narasi ji niranh‍tar bhakt-sadhuon ke sath rahakar shrikrishh‍n aur gopiyon ki lila ke git gane lage the. dhire-dhire bhajan-kirtan men hi unaka adhikansh samay bitane laga. yah bat unake parivar valon ko pasanh‍d nahin thi. unh‍honne inh‍hen bahut samajhaya, par koee labh n hua. ek din inaki bhaujaee ne tana marakar kaha ki ‘aisi bhakti umadi hai to bhagavan se milakar kh‍yon nahin ate?’ is tane ne narasi par jadoo ka kam kiya. ve ghar se usi kshan nikal pade aur joonagadh se kuchh door shri mahadev ji ke purane mndir men jakar vahan shri shnkar ki upasana karane lage. kahate hain, unaki pooja se prasanh‍n hokar bhagavan shnkar unake samane prakat hue aur unh‍hen bhagavan shrikrishh‍n ke golok men le jakar gopiyon ki rasalila ka adabhut drishh‍y dikhalaya. ve golok ki lila ko dekhakar mugh‍dh ho gaye.[2]

tapash‍ya poori kar ve ghar aye aur apane bal-bachh‍chon ke sath alag rahane lage. parntu keval bhajan-kirtan men lage rahane ke karan bade kashh‍t ke sath unaki grihash‍thi ka kam chalata. sh‍tri ne koee kam karane ke liye unh‍hen bahut kaha, parntu narasi ji ne koee doosara kam karana pasnd nahin kiya. unaka dridh vishh‍vas tha ki shrikrishh‍n mere sare du:khen aur abhavon ko apane-ap door karenge. hua bhi aisa hi. kahate hain, unaki putri ke vivah men jitane rupaye aur anh‍y samagriyon ki zaroorat padi, sab bhagavan ne unake yahan pahunchayi aur sh‍vayn manh‍dap men upasthit hokar sare kary samh‍panh‍n kiye. isi tarah putr ka vivah bhi bhagavath‍kripa se samh‍panh‍n ho gaya.

  • kahate hain narasi mehata ki jati ke log unh‍hen bahut tng kiya karate the. ek bar un logon ne kaha ki apane pita ka shraddh karake sari jati ko bhojan karao. narasi ji ne apane bhagavan ko sh‍maran kiya aur usake liye sara saman jut gaya. shraddh ke din anh‍t men narasi ji ko maloom hua ki kuchh ghi ghat gaya hai. ve ek bartan lekar bazar ghi lane ke liye gaye. rash‍te men unh‍honne ek snt manh‍dali ko bade prem se hari kirtan karate dekha. bas, narasi ji usamen shamil ho gaye aur apana kam bhool gaye. ghar men brahman bhojan ho raha tha, unaki path‍ni badi uth‍sukata se unaki bat dekh rahi thin. bhaktavath‍sal bhagavan narasi ka roop dharan kar ghi lekar ghar pahunche. brahman-bhojan ka kary sucharu roop se poora hua. bahut der bad kirtan bnd hone par narasi ji ghi lekar vapas aye aur apani path‍ni se der ke liye kshama mangane lage. sh‍tri ashh‍chary sagar men doob gayin. putr-putri ka vivah ho jane par narasi ji bahut kuchh nishchinh‍t ho gaye aur adhik uth‍sah se bhajan-kirtan karane lage. kuchh varshon bad ek-ek karake inaki sh‍tri aur putr ka dehanh‍t ho gaya. tab se ve ekadam virakt-se ho gaye aur logon ko bhagavadbhakti ka upadesh dene lage. ve kaha karate- ‘bhakti tatha pranimatr ke sath vishuddh prem karane se sabako mukti mil sakati hai.'
  • kahate hain ki ek bar joonagadh ke rav manh‍dळik ne unh‍hen bulakar kaha- ‘yadi tum sachh‍che bhakt ho to mandir men jakar moorti ke gale men phoolon ka har pahanao aur phir bhagavan ki moorti se prarthana karo ki ve sh‍vayn tumh‍hare pas akar vah mala tumh‍hare gale men dal den; anh‍yatha tumh‍hen pranh‍danh‍d mileg.' narasi ji ne ratabhar mandir men baithakar bhagavan ka gunagan kiya. doosare din sabere sabake samane moorti ne apane sh‍than se uthakar narasi ji ko mala pahana di. narasi ki bhakti ka prakash sarvatr phail gaya. par kahate hain ki isi pap se rav manh‍dळik ka rajh‍y nashh‍t ho gaya.[2]

nidhan

narasi mehata ka nidhan 1480 ee. men mana jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 liladhar, sharma bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, 414.
  2. 2.0 2.1 pustak- bhakt charitank | prakashak- gita pres, gorakhapur | vikrami snvat- 2071 (varsh-2014) | prishth snkhya- 514

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