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रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 15:34, 6 navambar 2015 ka avataran

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paramannd das
paramannd das
poora nam paramannd das
janm snvat 1550 vikrami (1493 ee.)
janm bhoomi kannauj, uttar pradesh
mrityu snvat 1641 vikrami (1584 ee.)
mrityu sthan surabhikund, govardhan
karm bhoomi mathura
bhasha brajabhasha
prasiddhi ashtachhap ke kavi, bhagavan ki lila ke marmgy, anubhavi kavi aur kirtanakar.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh ashtachhap kavi, vallabhachary, shrikrishn, govardhan, gokul
any janakari paramannd das yuvavastha men hi achchhe kavi aur kirtanakar ke roop men prasiddh ho gaye the. log unhen "paramannd svami" kahate the. 26 varsh ki avastha tak ve kannauj men rahe.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

paramannd das vallabhachary ji ke shishy aur ashtachhap ke prasiddh kaviyon men se ek the. ve bhagavan ki lila ke marmgy, anubhavi kavi aur kirtanakar the. unhonne ajivan bhagavan ki lila gayi. shrivallabhachary ji ki un par badi kripa rahati thi. ve unaka bada samman karate the. unaka pad sngrah ‘paramanndasagar’ ke nam se vikhya‍t hai. unaki rachanaen atyant saras aur bhavapoorn hain. lilagayak kaviyon men unhen gauravapoorn sthan prapt hai.

parichay

paramannd das ji ka janm snvat 1550 vikrami (1493 ee.) men margashirsh shukl saptami ko hua tha. ve kanyakubj brahman the aur kannauj, uttar pradesh ke rahane vale the. jis din ve paida hue, usi din ek dhani vyakti ne unake pita ko bahut-sa dhan diya. dan ke phalasvaroop ghar men paramannd chha gaya. pita ne balak ka nam paramannd rakha. unaki balyavastha sukhapoorvak vyatit huee. bachapan se hi unake svabhav men tyag aur udarata ka bahuly‍ tha. unake pita sadharan shreni ke vyakti the. dan adi se hi jivika chalate the.

arthik kathinaeeyan

ek samay kannauj men akal pada. hakim ne dandaroop men unake pita ka sara dhan chhin liya. ve kngal ho gaye. paramannd poornaroop se yuva ho chuke the. abhi tak unaka vivah nahin hua tha. pita ko sada unake vivah ki chinta bani rahati thi aur paramannd unase kaha karate the ki- "ap mere vivah ki chinta n karen, mujhe vivah hi nahin karana hai. jo kuchh ay ho, usase parivar valon ka palan karen, sadhu-seva aur atithi-satkar karen." kintu pita ko to dravyoparjan ki sanak thi, ve ghar se nikal pade. desh-videsh men ghoomane lage.

kavi aur kirtanakar

pita ke jane ke bad paramannd bhagavan ke gun-kirtan, lila-gan aur sadhu-samagam men apane din bitane lage. ve yuvavastha men hi achchhe kavi aur kirtanakar ke roop men prasiddh ho gaye. log unhen "paramannd svami" kahane lage the. 26 varsh ki avastha tak ve kannauj men rahe. usake bad ve prayag (vartaman ilahabad) chale aye. svami paramannd ki kuti men anekanek sadhu-snt satsng ke liye ane lage. unaki virakti badhati gayi aur kavy tatha sngit men ve poornaroop se nipun ho gaye.

ratri jagaran v kirtan

sh‍vami paramananh‍d ekadashi ki ratri ko jagaran karate the. bhagavan ki lilaon ka kirtan karate the. prayag men bhagavati kalinh‍di ke doosare tat par digvijayi mahaprabhu vallabhachary ka adail men nivas sh‍than tha. unaka jalaghariya kapoor paramananh‍d sh‍vami ke jagaran uth‍sav men sammilit hua karata tha. ek din ekadashi ki rat ko sh‍vami paramananh‍d kirtan kar rahe the. kapoor chal pada, yamuna men nav nahin thi. vah tairakar is par a gaya. paramananh‍d sh‍vami ne dekha ki usaki god men ek shh‍yam varn ka shishu baitha hai. usake sir par mayoorapichh‍chhaka mukut hai, nayan kamal ke saman praphullit hain, adharon par amrit ki jh‍yoth‍sh‍na lahara rahi hai, gale men vanamala hai, pitamh‍bar men usaka sharir ath‍yanh‍t manamohak-sa lag raha hai. paramananh‍d ke divh‍y snsh‍kar jag uthe. unh‍hen poorn vishh‍vas ho gaya ki bhakt ki madhuryamayi god men bhagavan shh‍yamasunh‍dar hi unaka kirtan sun rahe hain. uth‍sav samaph‍t ho gaya. sh‍vaph‍n men unh‍hen shrivalh‍labhachary ke darshan ki prerana mili. ve doosare din unase milane ke liye chal pade. acharyapravar ne unase bhagavan ka yash varnan karane ko kaha. paramannd ji ne virah ka pad gaya-

jiy ki sadh ju jiyahin rahi ri.
bahuri gupal dekhi nahin pae bilapat kunj ahiri..
ik din so ju sakhi yahi marag bechan jat dahi ri.
priti ke‍ lien dan‍ mis mohan meri banh gahi ri..
binu dekhain chhinu jat kalap sam biraha anal dahi ri.
paramannd sh‍vami binu darasan nainan nadi bahi ri..

unhonne achary ko balalila ke anek pad sunaye. achary ne unhen brahm-sambandh diya. paramannd svami se 'das' ban gaye.

'ashtachhap' ke kavi

snvat 1582 vikrami men paramanndadas mahaprabhu ji ke sath braj gaye. unhonne is yatra men achary ko apane poorv nivas sthan kannauj men thaharaya tha. achary unake mukh se "hari teri lila ki sudhi avai." pad sunakar tin dinon tak moorchchhit rahe. ve acharyapravar ke sath sarvapratham gokul aye. kuchh din rahakar ve unhin ke sath vahan se govardhan chale aye. ve sada ke liye govardhan men hi rah gaye. surabhikund par shyamatamal vriksh ke niche unhonne apana sthayi nivas sthir kiya. ve nity shrinath ji ka darshan karane jate the. kabhi-kabhi navanitapriy ke darshan ke liye gokul bhi jaya karate the. snvat 1602 vikrami men gosaeen vitthalanath ji ne unako ‘ashtakachhap’ men sammilit kar liya. ve uchchakoti ke kavi aur bhakt the.

gokul agaman

bhagavan ke lilagan men unhen bada ras milata tha. ek bar vitthalanath ji ke sath 'krishn janmashtami' ko ve gokul aye. navanitapriy ke samane unhonne pad gan kiya. ve pad gate-gate sudh-budh bhool gaye. tal-svar ka unhen kuchh bhi pata nahin raha. usi avastha men ve govardhan laye gaye. moorchchha samapt hone par apani kuti men aye, unhonne bolana chhod diya. gosaeen ji ne unake sharir par hath phera. paramanndadas ne nayanon men premashru bharakar kaha ki- "premapatr to keval nandanandan hain. bhakt to sukh aur du:kh donon men unhin ki kripa ke sahare jite rahate hain."

kriti - 'paramanndasagar'.

golok yatra

snvat 1641 vikrami men bhadrapad krishn navami ko paramannd das ne golok prapt kiya. ve us samay surabhikund par hi the. madhyahn ka samay tha. gosaeen vitthalanath unake ant samay men upasthit the. paramannd ka man yugalasvaroop ki madhuri men snlagn tha. unhonne gosaeen ji ke samane nivedan kiya-

radhe baithi tilak snvarati.
mriganaini kusumayudh kar dhari nnd suvan ko roop bicharati..
darpan hath singar banavati, basar jug sam tarati.
antar priti syamasundar son hari sng keli snbharati..
basar gat rajani braj avat milat gobardhan pyari.
‘paramannd’ svami ke sng mudit bhee brajanari..


is prakar shriradha-krishn ki roop-sudha ka chintan karate hue unhonne apani golok yatra sampann ki.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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