बटुकेश्वर दत्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

batukeshvar datt
batukeshvar datt
poora nam batukeshvar datt
janm 18 navambar, 1910
janm bhoomi gram-auri, zila-nani bedavan (bngal)
mrityu 20 julaee, 1965
mrityu sthan dilli
abhibhavak pita- goshth bihari datt
pati/patni anjali datt
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani
jel yatra kendriy asembali men bam phenkane ke karan inhen bhagatasinh ke sath ajivan karavas ki saza huee.
snbndhit lekh bhagatasinh, sukhadev, rajaguru, subhashachndr bos
any janakari 8 aprail, 1929 ko bhagatasinh aur batukeshvar datt ne darshak dirgha se kendriy asembali ke andar bam phenkakar dhamaka kiya. bam ke sath hi ‘lal parche’ ki pratiyan bhi phenki gee thin.

batukeshvar datt (angrezi: Batukeshwar Dutt, janm- 18 navambar, 1910; mrityu- 20 julaee, 1965) bharat ke prasiddh krantikariyon men se ek the. desh ne sabase pahale 8 aprail, 1929 ko unhen us samay jana, jab ve bhagatasinh ke sath kendriy vidhan sabha men bam visphot ke bad giraphtar kie ge. unhonne agara men svatntrata andolan ko sngathit karane men ullekhaniy kary kiya tha. san 1924 men kanapur men batukeshvar datt ki bhagatasinh se bhent huee thi. isake bad unhonne 'hindustan soshalist ripablikan esosieshan' ke lie kanapur men kary karana prarnbh kiya aur isi kram men bam banana bhi sikha.

parichay

batukeshvar datt ka janm 18 navambar, 1910 ko bngali kayasth parivar men gram-auri, zila-nani bedavan (bngal) men hua tha. unaka bachapan apane janm sthan ke atirikt bngal prant ke vardhaman zila antargat khanda aur mausu men bita. batukeshvar datt ka paitrik ganv bngal ke 'bardavan zile' men tha, par pita 'goshth bihari datt' kanapur men naukari karate the.

batukeshvar ki snatak stariy shiksha pi.pi.en. kaaulej, kanapur men sampann huee. unhonne 1924 men maitrik ki pariksha pas ki aur tabhi mata v pita donon ka dehant ho gaya. isi samay ve saradar bhagatasinh aur chandrashekhar azad ke sampark men ae aur krantikari sngathan ‘hindustan soshalist ripablikan esosiyeshan’ ke sadasy ban ge. sukhadev aur rajaguru ke sath bhi unhonne vibhinn sthanon par kam kiya. isi kram men bam banana bhi sikha. azadi ke bad navambar, 1947 men anjali datt se shadi karane ke bad batukeshvar datt patana men rahane lage the. unako apana sadasy banane ka gaurav 'bihar vidhan parishad' ne 1963 men prapt kiya tha.

pratishodh ki bhavana

videshi sarakar janata par jo atyachar kar rahi thi, usaka badala lene aur use chunauti dene ke lie krantikariyon ne anek kam kie. 'kakori' tren ki loot aur lahaur ke pulis adhikari sandars ki hatya isi kram men huee. tabhi sarakar ne kendriy asembali men shramikon ki hadatal ko pratibndhit karane ke uddeshy se ek bil pesh kiya. krantikariyon ne nishchay kiya ki ve isake virodh men aisa qadam uthayenge, jisase sabaka dhyan is or jayega.

asembali bam dhamaka

8 aprail, 1929 ee. ko bhagatasinh aur batukeshvar datt ne darshak dirgha se kendriy asembali ke andar bam phenkakar dhamaka kiya. bam is prakar banaya gaya tha ki, kisi ki bhi jan n jae. bam ke sath hi ‘lal parche’ ki pratiyan bhi phenki geen, jinamen bam phenkane ka krantikariyon ka uddeshy spasht kiya gaya tha. bam visphot bina kisi ko nukasan pahunchae sirph parchon ke madhyam se apani bat ko pracharit karane ke lie kiya gaya tha. us din bharatiy svatntrata senaniyon ko dabane ke lie british sarakar ki or se 'pablik sefti bil' aur 'tred dispyoot bil' laya gaya tha, jo in logon ke virodh ke karan ek vot se parit nahin ho paya. asembali men bam phenkane ke bad batukeshvar datt tatha bhagatasinh ne bhagakar bach nikalane ka koee prayatn nahin kiya, kyonki ve adalat men bayan dekar apane vicharon se sabako parichit karana chahate the. sath hi is bhram ko bhi samapt karana chahate the ki kam karake krantikari to bach nikalate hain, any logon ko pulis satati hai.

ajivan karavas

bhagatasinh aur batukeshvar datt donon giraphtar hue, un par muqadama chalaya gaya. 6 julaee, 1929 ko bhagatasinh aur batukeshvar datt ne adalat men jo snyukt bayan diya, usaka logon par bada prabhav pada. is muqadamen men donon ko ajivan karavas ki saza huee. saza sunane ke bad in logon ko lahaur phort jel men dal diya gaya. yahan par bhagatasinh aur batukeshvar datt par 'lahaur shadayntr kes' ka muqadama chalaya gaya. ullekhaniy hai ki saiman kamishan ke virodh-pradarshan karate hue lahaur men lala lajapat ray ko angrezon ke ishare par angrezi raj ke sipahiyon dvara itana pita gaya ki unaki mrityu ho gee. is mrityu ka badala angrezi raj ke jimmedar pulis adhikari ko marakar chukane ka nirnay krantikariyon dvara liya gaya tha. is karravaee ke parinamasvaroop 'lahaur shadayntr kes' chala, jisamen bhagatasinh, rajaguru aur sukhadev ko phansi ki saza di gee thi, par batukeshvar datt ke viruddh pulis koee praman nahin juta paee. unhen ajivan karavas ki saza bhogane ke lie andaman bhej diya gaya.

kale pani ki saza tatha rihaee

batukeshvar datt ko ajivan karavas katane ke lie kala pani jel bhej diya gaya. jel men hi unhonne 1933 aur 1937 men aitihasik bhookh hadatal ki. selyoolar jel se 1937 men ve bankipur kendriy karagar, patana men lae ge aur 1938 men riha kar die ge. kala pani se gnbhir bimari lekar laute batukeshvar datt phir giraphtar kar lie ge aur char varshon ke bad 1945 men riha kie ge.

bihar vidhan parishad ke sadasy

azadi ke bad navambar, 1947 men anjali datt se vivah karane ke bad batukeshvar datt patana men rahane lage. batukeshvar datt ko apana sadasy banane ka gaurav 'bihar vidhan parishad' ne 1963 men prapt kiya.

mrityu

batukeshvar datt ki mrityu 20 julaee, 1965 ko nee dilli sthit akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan men huee. mrityu ke bad unaka dah snskar unake any krantikari sathiyon- bhagatasinh, rajaguru evn sukhadev ke samadhi sthal pnjab ke husainivala men kiya gaya. unaki ek putri bharati bagachi patana men rahati hai. batukeshvar datt ke vidhan parishad men sahayogi rahe indr kumar ka kahana tha ki 'sv. datt rajanaitik mahatvakanksha se door shantachitt evn desh ki khushahali ke lie hamesha chintit rahane vale krantikari the."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sharma, liladhar bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharat diskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth 507.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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