मीरा बेन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mira ben
mira ben
poora nam mira ben
any nam maidalin sh‍led (vastavik nam)
janm 22 navambar 1892
janm bhoomi inglainnd
mrityu 20 julaee 1982
any janakari mira ben ne manav vikas, gandhi ji ke siddhanton ki unnati aur svatntrata sngram ke lie apana poora jivan samarpit kar diya tha. aisa karate dekh gandhi ji ne unhen mira ben nam diya.

mira ben mool nam 'maidalin sh‍led' (angreji:Madeleine Slade, janm- 22 navambar 1892; mrityu- 20 julaee 1982) ek british sainh‍y adhikari ki beti thin. inhonne bharatiy svatntrata sngram men mahatma gandhi ji ke siddhanton se prabhavit hokar khadi ka prachar kiya tha. ni:svarth unake adarshon par chalakar khadi apanana, pahanana aur usaka prachar-prasar karana kisi videshi  dvara ho to nishchit hi sarahaniy hai. gandhiji ko mira ben ek bahan, ek beti, ek mitr se bhi badhakar milin, unaka har kadam par sath diya aur  sahara banin.

jivan parichay

mira ben ka janm 22 navambar 1892 men inglainnd men hua tha. inake pita ka nam 'aidamiral sar aidamnd sled' (admiral, Sir Edmond Slade) tha, jo mumbee men 'eest indiya skvaidran' men karyarat the. mira ben ne gandhi ji ke siddhanton se prabhavit hokar bharat men vibhinn sthanon par jakar khadi ka prachar kiya. mira ben ne manav vikas, gandhi ji ke siddhanton ki unnati aur svatntrata sngram ke lie apana poora jivan samarpit kar diya tha. aisa karate dekh gandhi ji ne unhen mira ben nam diya. yah nam bhagavan krishn ki bhakt mira baee se mel khata tha. gandhiji ke vicharon ko manane vali mira ben sadi dhoti pahanati thin, soot katati, ganv-ganv ghoomatin. 
mira ben aur gandhi ji
vah angrez thin lekin hindustan ki ajadi ke paksh men thin. gandhi ka apani is videshi putri par vishesh anurag tha. maidalin slaid jab sabaramati ashram men bapoo se milin  to unhen laga ki jivan ki sarthakata doosaron ke lie jine men hi hai. vah gujarat ke sabaramati ashram men rahane lagin.[1]

vyaktitv

bachapan se hi sade jivan se unhen pyar tha. vah prakriti se prem karati thin tatha sngit men unaki gahari ruchi thi. 'bithoven' ka sngit unhen bahut pasnd tha. maidalin slaid bachapan men ekaki svabhav ki thin, skool jana to pasnd nahin tha lekin alag-alag bhasha sikhane men ruchi thi. unhonne phrench, jarman aur hindi samet any bhashaen sikhin. gandhi par likhi gayi romya rolan ki pustak padhakar slaid ko gandhi ke virat vyaktitv ke bare men pata chala.[2]

jel yatra

mira gandhi ke netritv men ladi ja rahi  ajadi ki ladaee men ant tak unaki sahayogi rahin. is dauran nau  agast, 1942 ko gandhi ji  ke  sath  unhen giraftar kar liya gaya. aga khan hirasat kendr men mee, 1944 tak rakha gaya. parntu unhonne gandhi ji ka sath nahin chhoda. 1932 ke dvitiy golamej sammelan men vah mahatma gandhi ke sath thin. mahatma gandhi ke rajanitik aur samajik kshetr men kiye sudharatmak aur rachanatmak karyon  men mira ki  aham bhoomika thi. ve seva bastiyon aur pichhade varg ke logon men jakar ni:snkoch svayn saphaee  kary karatin.

sevagram

mira ben

sevagram ki 'bapoo kuti' desh ki dharohar hai. desh-videsh ke saikadon darshanarthi yahan ate hain. ve bapoo ke jivan-darshan ko samajhate hain. sevagram sthit bapoo ki kuti men mahatma gandhi 1936 se 1946 tak rahe. sheganv yani sevagram men bapoo kuti ka nirman miraben ne kiya.  sevagram sthit bapoo ki kuti sthapana ke samay mahatma gandhi ka asan, daphtar, bhojan kaksh adi kahan hona chahie isi tarah ki dinacharya ke kamakaj ki baton ko dhyan men rakhakar bapoo ki kuti ko varsh 1936 men  sakar kiya gaya.

karyakshetr

buniyadi shiksha, asprishyata nivaran jaise karyon men gandhi ke sath mira ki aham bhoomika rahi.

samman

bapoo ke nidhan ke bad bhi mira unake vichar aur karyon ke prasar men juti rahin, jisake chalate 1982 men unhen padm vibhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya. bharat ke prati mira ben ka lagav itana tha ki vah bharat ko apana desh aur ingalaind ko videsh manati thin. mira ben ke prati samman prakat karane ke lie 'indiyan kost gard' ne ne gashti pot ka nam unake nam par rakha hai.[1]

nidhan

gandhi ji ki hatya ke bad 18 janavari 1959 ko miraben bharat chhodakar viena chali gayin. 20 julaee 1982 ko unaka nidhan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharat-prem ne bana diya ‘mira ben’ (hindi) dainik tribyoot. abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.
  2. maidalin slaid se mira ben (hindi) samay laiv. abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.

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