भाई परमानन्द  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhaee paramanand
bhaee paramanand
poora nam bhaee paramanand
janm 4 navambar, 1876
janm bhoomi kariyala, pnjab (ab pakistan)
mrityu 8 disambar, 1947
abhibhavak bhaee tarachand aur mathura devi
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani, lekhak, adhyapak
dharm hindoo
vidyalay di.e.vi. kaaulej aur pnjab vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e.
vishesh yogadan bharat ki svatntrata men mukhy bhoomika nibhane vale saradar bhagat sinh, sukhadev, ramaprasad bismil aur karatar sinh jaise na jane kitane rashtrabhakt yuvakon ne inase prerana paee thi.
rachanaen 'hindoo sngathan', 'bharat ka itihas', 'do laharon ki takkar', 'pnjab ka itihas', 'vir banda vairagi', 'meri apabiti' adi

bhaee paramanand athava 'pandit paramanand' (angrezi: Bhai Parmanand, janm- 4 navambar, 1876 - mrityu: 8 disambar, 1947) bharat ke svatntrata sngram ke mahanh krantikari the. ve bahuayami vyaktitv ke dhani aur ek mahapurush the. paramanand ji jahan ary samaj aur vaidik dharm ke sachche pracharak the, vahin doosari or ek itihasakar, sahityakar aur prasiddh shikshavid ke roop men bhi unhonne khyati arjit ki thi. bharat ki svatntrata men mukhy bhoomika nibhane vale saradar bhagat sinh, sukhadev, ramaprasad bismil aur karatar sinh jaise na jane kitane rashtrabhakt yuvakon ne inase prerana paee thi.

janm tatha shiksha

rashtriy vicharon ke lie videshi sarakar ne jinake lie mrityudnd ki ghoshana ki aur jo 'hindoo mahasabha' ke pramukh neta bane the, un bhaee paramanand ka janm 4 navambar 1876 ee. ko pnjab ke jhelam zile men hua tha. unhonne di.e.vi. kaaulej aur pnjab vishvavidyalay se apani shiksha poori ki thi. ve arambh men hi ary samaj ke neta lala lajapat ray aur mahatma hnsaraj ke prabhav men a gaye the. at: di.e.vi. kaaulej men adhyapan kary karane ke sath hi ve ary samaj ka prachar bhi karate rahe. 1905 men ve dakshin afrika gaye aur vahan samaj ki shakha sthapit ki.

videsh yatra

dakshin afrika se ve itihas ka adhyayan poora karane ke lie lndan ge aur 1908 men bharat akar di.e.vi. kaaulej, lahaur men phir se adhyapan karane lage. unhonne barma ki aur phir dobara dakshin afrika ki yatra ki. is bich unhonne urdoo men 'tavarikhe urdoo' namak 'bharat ke itihas' ki pustak likhi. ise sarakar ne jabt kar liya. unake ghar ki talashi huee aur tin varsh tak achchha chal-chalan rakhane ke lie unase jamanat dene ko kaha gaya. is par bhaee paramanand ne bharat chhod diya aur briten, gayana aur trinidad hote hue kailiforniya, amerika ja pahunche. vahan paramanand ke bachapan ke mitr lala haradayal gadar parti ka kam kar rahe the.

giraftari tatha saza

bhaee paramanand dvara likhi pustak 'tavarikh-e-hind' tatha unake lekh yuvakon ko sashastr kranti ke lie prerit karate the. 25 faravari, 1915 ko lahaur men bhaee paramanand ko giraftar kar liya gaya. unake viruddh amarika tatha inglaind men angrezi satta ke viruddh shadayntr rachane, karatar sinh saraba tatha any yuvakon ko kranti ke lie prerit karane aur apattijanak sahity ki rachana karane jaise arop lagakar phansi ki saza suna di gee. isaka samachar milate hi sare desh ke log bhadak uthe. is sthiti men sarakar ne bhaee paramanand ki phansi ki saza ko radd kar diya aur unhen ajivan karavas ka dand dekar disambar, 1915 men andaman 'kalapani' bhej diya gaya. 1920 men si.ef. endrooj ki madhyasthata se unhen riha kar diya gaya tha.[1]

andaman ki kal kothari men gita ke upadeshon ne sadaiv paramanand ko karmath banae rakha. jel men 'shrimadbhagavad gita' sambndhi likhe ge anshon ke adhar par unhonne bad men 'mere ant samay ka ashray- gita' namak grnth ki rachana ki. gandhi ji ko jab kalapani men paramanand ko amanaviy yatanaen die jane ka samachar mila to unhonne 19 navambar, 1919 ke 'yng indiya' men ek lekh likhakar yatanaon ki kathor bhartsana ki. 1920 men si.ef. endrooj ki madhyasthata se unhen riha kar diya gaya tha.

vichar parivartan

jel se bahar ane par ve 'neshanal kaaulej, lahaur' ke kulapati bane aur kuchh samay tak asahayog andolan men bhi bhag liya. kintu andolan band hone ke bad desh men jo sampradayik dnge hue, unhen dekhakar bhaee paramanand ke vichar badal ge. unhonne kangres par muslim parasti ka arop lagakar hinduon se 'hindoo mahasabha' ke jhnde ke niche sngathit hone ka ahvan kiya. hinduon ka paksh prastut karane ke lie 1933 men ve inglaind ge aur usi varsh mahasabha ke ajamer adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki.

kritiyan

bhaee paramanand ne kee rachanaen bhi ki hain. inake dvara likhit 'hindoo sngathan', 'bharat ka itihas', 'do laharon ki takkar', 'mere ant samay ka ashray- gita', 'pnjab ka itihas', 'vir banda vairagi', 'meri apabiti',. 'hamare rashtr purush' adi sahity ki kritiyan aj bhi is mahanh vibhooti ki pavan smriti ko amit banaye hue hain. inake dvara rachit kriti 'bharat ka itihas' ko british sarakar ne jabt kar liya tha.[1]

nidhan

british sarakar ne 3 joon, 1947 ko ek ghoshana ki ki bharat ko do bhagon men vibhajit kar diya jaega tatha british sarakar 15 agast, 1947 ko satta hastantarit kar degi. bhaee ji ne apani poori samarthy se is sthiti ko talane ka prayas kiya. magar yah desh ka durbhagy hi raha ki ve is atmaghati sthiti ko rok nahin sake. bharat vibhajan se bhaee ji jaise sachche rashtrabhakt ko itana adhik aghat pahuncha ki ve atyadhik asvasth ho ge. unhonne khana-pina chhod diya tatha 8 disambar, 1947 ko sada-sada ke lie apani ankhen band kar lin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 568 |

  1. 1.0 1.1 ary, daauktar vivek. bhaee paramanand (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 21 march, 2012.

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