कस्तूरबा गाँधी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kastooraba gandhi
Kasturba-live.gif
poora nam kastooraba gandhi
any nam 'ba'
janm 11 aprail sanh 1869
janm bhoomi kathiyavad, porabndar, bharat
mrityu 22 faravari sanh 1944
mrityu sthan aga khan mahal, poona, bharat
abhibhavak gokuladas makanaji
pati/patni mahatma gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
nagarikata bharatiy
dharm hindoo
andolan bharatiy svatntrata sngram
snbndhit lekh mahatma gandhi, mahadev desaee

kastooraba gandhi (angrezi: Kasturba Gandhi, janm: 11 apral, 1869; mrityu: 22 faravari 1944 ee.), mahatma gandhi ki patni jo bharat men 'ba' ke nam se vikhyat hain. bharat ke gauravashali itihas men balidan ki itani gathaen hain ki sitaron ki ginati tak kam pad jati hai. agar ham apane itihas ki vivechana karane baithen to mahilaon ke badh-chadh kar yogadan dekhane ko milenge, phir chahe vo snskriti ho, parnpara, rajaniti, arthavyavastha, yuddh, shanti ya kuchh aur, koee bhi vidya nari sparsh se achhooti nahin rahi hai. agar ham apane svatntrata sngram ki hi bat karen to anaginat mahilaon ka nam pratibinbit hota hai jo bahut sakriy rahin sabase pahali mahila jinaka nam hi svatntrata ka paryay ban gaya hai vo hain 'shrimati kastooraba gandhi'. kastooraba gandhi mahatma gandhi ki patni thin.

jivani

kastooraba gandhi ka janm 11 aprail sanh 1869 ee. men mahatma gandhi ki tarah kathiyavad ke porabndar nagar men hua tha. is prakar kastooraba gandhi ayu men gandhi ji se 6 mas badi thin. kastooraba gandhi ke pita 'gokuladas makanaji' sadharan sthiti ke vyapari the. gokuladas makanaji ki kastooraba tisari sntan thin. us jamane men koee ladakiyon ko padhata to tha nahin, vivah bhi alpavay men hi kar diya jata tha. isalie kastooraba bhi bachapan men nirakshar thin aur sat sal ki avastha men 6 sal ke mohanadas ke sath unaki sagaee kar di gee. terah sal ki ayu men un donon ka vivah ho gaya. bapoo ne un par arnbh se hi ankush rakhane ka prayas kiya aur chaha ki kastooraba bina unase anumati lie kahin n jaen, kintu ve unhen jitana dabate utana hi ve azadi leti aur jahan chahatin, chali jatin.

mahatma gandhi aur kastooraba gandhi

svatntrata kumuk ki pratibhagi

kastooraba gandhi, mahatma gandhi ke 'svatntrata kumuk' ki pahali mahila pratibhagi thin. kastooraba gandhi ka apana ek drishtikon tha, unhen azadi ka mol aur mahilaon men shiksha ki mahatta ka poora bhan tha. svatntr bharat ke ujjval bhavishy ki kalpana unhonne bhi ki thi. unhonne har qadam par apane pati mohanadas karamachnd gandhi ka sath nibhaya tha. 'ba' jaisa atmabalidan ka pratik vyaktitv unake sath nahin hota to gandhi ji ke sare ahinsak prayas itane karagar nahin hote. kastooraba ne apane netritv ke gunon ka parichay bhi diya tha. jab-jab gandhi ji jel ge the, vo svadhinata sngram ke sabhi ahinsak prayason men agrani bani rahin.

kastooraba ke lie prerana bane bapoo

gandhi ji jo kahate the, use svayn bhi karate the, yah atoot saty tha. unase jude anek prerak prasng hain, lekin yahan aise prasng ka varnan kiya ja raha hai jo atyadhik prerak hain.

kastooraba gandhi bimar rahati thin. ek din gandhi ji ne unhen salah di ki tum namak khana chhod do, to achchhi ho jaogi.

kastooraba ne kaha- namak ke bina bhojan kaise kiya jaega.

gandhi ji bole- namak chhodakar dekho to sahi.

kastooraba ne prativad karate hue kaha - pahale ap hi chhodakar dekhie n?

gandhi ji ne snkalp karate hue kaha- bas abhi se chhod diya.

mahatma gandhi aur kastooraba gandhi ki pratima, birala haus, dilli

usi din se gandhi ji ne namak ka prayog karana chhod diya. gandhi ji apani bat ke svayn prerak ban ge. vaise bhi manushyon ko jitani bhi bimariyan hain, usamen usake dvara khan-pan ka dosh hi adhik hai.

mrityu

9 agast sanh 1942 ee. ko bapoo ke giraftar ho jane par kastooraba gandhi ne, shivaji park, munbee men, jahan svayn bapoo bhashan dene vale the, sabha men bhashan karane ka nishchay kiya. kintu park ke dvar par pahunchane par kastooraba gandhi giraftar kar li gee. kastooraba gandhi ko do din bad poona ke aga khan mahal men bhej diya gaya. bapoo giraftar karake pahale hi vahan bheje ja chuke the. us samay kastooraba gandhi asvasth thin. 15 agast ko jab yakayak mahadev desaee ne mahaprayan kiya to kastooraba gandhi bar bar yahi kahati rahin mahadev kyon gaya, main kyon nahin. bad men mahadev desaee ka chitasthan kastooraba gandhi ke lie shnkar-mahadev ka mndir sa ban gaya. kastooraba gandhi pratidin vahan jati thin aur samadhi ki pradakshina kar use namaskar karatin. kastooraba gandhi us par dip bhi jalavatin thin.

kastooraba gandhi ka giraftari ki rat ko jo svasthy bigada vah phir sntoshajanak roop se sudhara nahin aur kastooraba gandhi ne 22 faravari sanh 1944 ko apana pran tyag die. unaki mrityu ke uparant rashtr ne 'mahila kalyan' ke nimitt ek karod rupaya ekatr kar indaur men 'kastooraba gandhi rashtriy smarak trast' ki sthapana ki.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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