सूरदास की रचनाएँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sooradas vishay soochi
sooradas ki rachanaen
Surdas.jpg
poora nam mahakavi sooradas
janm snvath 1540 vikrami (sanh 1483 ee.) athava snvat 1535 vikrami (sanh 1478 ee.)
janm bhoomi runakata, agara
mrityu snvath 1642 vikrami (sanh 1585 ee.) athava snvath 1620 vikrami (sanh 1563 ee.)
mrityu sthan parasauli
abhibhavak ramadas (pita)
karm bhoomi braj (mathura-agara)
karm-kshetr sagun bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaen soorasagar, soorasaravali, sahity-lahari, nal-damayanti, byahalo adi
vishay bhakti
bhasha braj bhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sooradas ji dvara likhit panch granth batae jate hain-

  1. soorasagar
  2. soorasaravali
  3. sahity-lahari
  4. nal-damayanti
  5. byahalo


uparokt men antim do grnth aprapy hain. 'nagari pracharini sabha' dvara prakashit hastalikhit pustakon ki vivaran talika men sooradas ke 16 granthon ka ullekh hai. inamen 'soorasagar', 'soorasaravali', 'sahity lahari', 'nal-damayanti' aur 'byahalo' ke atirikt 'dashamaskndh tika', 'nagalila', 'bhagavath', 'govardhan lila', 'soorapachisi', 'soorasagar sar', 'pranapyari' adi granth sammilit hain. inamen prarambh ke tin grnth hi mahattvapoorn samajhe jate hain.[1]

mero man anat kahan sukh pavai.
jaise udi jahaz ki pnchhi, phiri jahaz pai avai॥
kamal-nain ko chhandi mahatam, aur dev ko dhyavai.
param gng ko chhandi piyaso, duramati koop khanavai॥
jihin madhukar anbuj-ras chakhyo, kyon karil-phal bhav.
'sooradas' prabhu kamadhenu taji, chheri kaun duhavai॥

soorasagar

soorashyam mndir, soorakuti, soor sarovar, agara

sooradas ki jivani ke sambandh men kuchh baton par kafi vivad aur matabhed hain. sabase pahali bat unake nam ke sambandh men hai. 'soorasagar' men jis nam ka sarvadhik prayog milata hai, vah sooradas athava usaka snkshipt roop 'soor' hi hai. soor aur sooradas ke sath anek padon men syam, prabhu aur svami ka prayog bhi hua hai, parantu soor-syam, sooradas svami, soor-prabhu athava sooradas-prabhu ko kavi ki chhap n manakar soor ya sooradas chhap ke sath syam, prabhu ya svami ka samas samajhana chahiye.


kuchh padon men sooraj aur soorajadas namon ka bhi prayog milata hai, parantu aise padon ke sambandh men nishchayapoorvak nahin kaha ja sakata ki ve sooradas ke pramanik pad hain athava nahin. 'sahity lahari' ke jis pad men usake rachayita ne apani vnshavali di hai, usamen usane apana asali nam soorajachand bataya hai, parantu us rachana athava kam-se-kam us pad ki pramanikata svikar nahin ki jati. nishkarshat: 'soorasagar' ke rachayita ka vastavik nam sooradas hi mana ja sakata hai.

sooradas, soorakuti, soor sarovar, agara

sooradas ki sarvasammat pramanik rachana 'soorasagar' hai. ek prakar se 'soorasagar' jaisa ki usake nam se soochit hota hai, unaki sampoorn rachanaon ka snkalan kaha ja sakata hai.[2] 'soorasagar' ke atirikt 'sahity lahari' aur 'soorasagar saravali' ko bhi kuchh vidvanh unaki pramanik rachanaen manate hain, parantu inaki pramanikata sandigdh hai.[3] sooradas ke nam se kuchh any tathakathit rachanaen bhi prasiddh huee hain, parantu ve ya to 'soorasagar' ke hi ansh hain athava any kaviyon ko rachanaen hain.


'soorasagar' ke adhyayan se vidit hota hai ki shrikrishn ki anek lilaon ka varnan jis roop men hua hai, use sahaj hi khandakavy jaise svatantr roop men racha hua bhi mana ja sakata hai. pray: aisi lilaon ko prithakh roop men prasiddhi bhi mil gayi hai. inamen se kuchh hastalikhit roop men tatha kuchh mudrit roop men prapt hoti hain. udaharan ke lie 'nagalila' jisamen kaliy daman ka varnan hua hai, 'govardhan lila', jisamen govardhanadharan aur indr ke sharanagaman ka varnan hai, 'pran pyari' jisamen prem ke uchchadarsh ka pachchis dohon men varnan hua hai, mudrit roop men prapt hain.


hastalikhit roop men 'vyahalon' ke nam se radha-krishn vivah sambandhi prasng, 'soorasagar sar' nam se ramakatha aur ramabhakti sambandhi prasng tatha 'sooradas ji ke drishtakoot' nam se koot-shaili ke pad prithakh granthon men mile hain. isake atirikt 'pad sngrah', 'dasham skandh', 'bhagavat', 'soorasathi' , 'sooradas ji ke pad' adi namon se 'soorasagar' ke padon ke vividh sngrah prithakh roop men prapt hue hai. ye sabhi 'soorasagar ke' ansh hain. vastut: 'soorasagar' ke chhote-bade hastalikhit roopon ke atirikt unake premi bhaktajan samay-samay par apani-apani ruchi ke anusar 'soorasagar' ke anshon ko prithakh roop men likhate-likhate rahe hain. 'soorasagar' ka vaigyanik riti se sampadit pramanik snskaran nikal jane ke bad hi kaha ja sakata hai ki unake nam se prachalit sngrah aur tathakathit granth kahan tak pramanit hain.



pichhe jaen
sooradas ki rachanaen
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sooradas (hindi) bharat darshan. abhigaman tithi: 4 navnbar, 2010.
  2. 'soorasagar'
  3. 'soorasagar saravali' aur 'sahity lahari'

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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