सूरदास का काल-निर्णय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sooradas vishay soochi
sooradas ka kal-nirnay
Surdas.jpg
poora nam mahakavi sooradas
janm snvath 1540 vikrami (sanh 1483 ee.) athava snvat 1535 vikrami (sanh 1478 ee.)
janm bhoomi runakata, agara
mrityu snvath 1642 vikrami (sanh 1585 ee.) athava snvath 1620 vikrami (sanh 1563 ee.)
mrityu sthan parasauli
abhibhavak ramadas (pita)
karm bhoomi braj (mathura-agara)
karm-kshetr sagun bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaen soorasagar, soorasaravali, sahity-lahari, nal-damayanti, byahalo adi
vishay bhakti
bhasha braj bhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sooradas hindi sahity ke bhakti kal men krishn bhakti ke bhakt kaviyon men agrani hain. mahakavi sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai. unaka janm mathura-agara marg par sthit runakata namak ganv men hua tha. kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki sooradas ka janm sihi namak gram men ek nirdhan sarasvat brahman parivar men hua tha. bad men vah agara aur mathura ke bich googhat par akar rahane lage the. achary ramachandr shukl ke matanusar sooradas ka janm snvat 1540 vikrami ke sannikat aur mrityu snvat 1620 vikrami ke asapas mani jati hai.

pushtimarg men diksha

sooradas ke pita ramadas gayak the. sooradas ke janmandh hone ke vishay men bhi matabhed hain. agara ke samip googhat par unaki bhent vallabhachary se huee aur ve unake shishy ban ge. vallabhachary ne unako pushtimarg men diksha dekar krishnalila ke pad gane ka adesh diya. sooradas 'ashtachhap' ke kaviyon men se ek the. sooradas ki mrityu govardhan ke pas parasauli gram men 1563 eesvi men huee. unaki janm-tithi tatha unake jivan ki kuchh any mukhy ghatanaon ke kal-nirnay ka bhi prayatn kiya gaya hai. is adhar par ki googhat par bhent hone ke samay vallabhachary gaddi par virajaman the, yah anuman kiya gaya hai ki unaka vivah ho chuka tha, kyonki brahmachari ka gaddi par baithana varjit hai. vallabhachary ka vivah snvat 1560-61 (san 1503-1504 ee.) men hua tha, at: yah ghatana isake bad ki hai. 'vallabh digvijay' ke anusar yah ghatana snvat 1567 vikrami ke (san 1510 ee.) asapas ki hai. is prakar sooradas 30-32 varsh ki avastha men pushtimarg men dikshit hue honge.

vitthalanath ka satsng

'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' se soochit hota hai ki sooradas ko gosaee vitthalanath ka yathesht satsng prapt hua tha. gosaee ji snvat 1628 vikrami (san 1571 ee.) men sthayi roop se gokul men rahane lage the. unaka dehavasan snvat 1642 vikrami (san 1585 ee.) men hua.
sooradas, soorakuti, soor sarovar, agara
'varta' se soochit hota hai ki sooradas ko dehavasan gosaee ji ke samane hi ho gaya tha.


sooradas ne gosaee ji ke satsng ka ekadh sthal par snket karate hue braj ke jis vaibhavapoorn jivan ka varnan kiya hai, usase vidit hota hai ki gosaee ji ko sooradas ke jivanakal men hi samrat akabar ki or se vah suvidha aur sahayata prapt ho chuki thi, jisaka ullekh snvat 1634 (san 1577 ee.) tatha snvat 1638 vikrami (san 1581 ee.) ke shahi faramanon men hua hai. at: yah anuman kiya ja sakata hai ki sooradas snvat 1638 (san 1581 ee.) ya kam se kam snvat 1634 vikrami ke bad tak jivit rahe honge.

akabar ki sooradas se bhent

maute taur par kaha ja sakata hai ki ve snvat 1640 vikrami athava sanh 1582-83 ee. ke asapas gokulavasi hue honge. in tithiyon ke adhar par bhi unaka janm snvat 1535 vikrami (san 1478 ee.) ke asapas padata hai, kyonki ve 30-32 varsh ki avastha men pushtimarg men dikshit hue the. 'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' men akabar aur sooradas ki bhent ka varnan hua hai. gosaee hariray ke anusar yah bhent tanasen ne karayi thi. tanasen snvat 1621 (san 1564 ee.) men akabar ke darabar men aye the. akabar ke rajy kal ki rajanitik ghatanaon par vichar karate hue yah anuman kiya ja sakata hai ki ve snvat 1632-33 (san 1575-76 ee.) ke pahale sooradas se bhent nahin kar paye honge, kyonki snvat 1632 men (san 1575 ee.) unhonne fatehapur sikari men ibadatakhana banavaya tha tatha snvat 1633 (san 1576 ee.) tak ve uttari bharat ke samrajy ko poorn roop men apane adhin kar use sngathit karane men vyast rahe the. gosaee vitthalanath se bhi akabar ne isi samay ke asapas bhent ki thi.



pichhe jaen
sooradas ka kal-nirnay
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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