सूरदास का जन्म  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sooradas vishay soochi
sooradas ka janm
Surdas.jpg
poora nam mahakavi sooradas
janm snvath 1540 vikrami (sanh 1483 ee.) athava snvat 1535 vikrami (sanh 1478 ee.)
janm bhoomi runakata, agara
mrityu snvath 1642 vikrami (sanh 1585 ee.) athava snvath 1620 vikrami (sanh 1563 ee.)
mrityu sthan parasauli
abhibhavak ramadas (pita)
karm bhoomi braj (mathura-agara)
karm-kshetr sagun bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaen soorasagar, soorasaravali, sahity-lahari, nal-damayanti, byahalo adi
vishay bhakti
bhasha braj bhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

gosvami hariray ke 'bhav prakash' ke anusar sooradas ka janm dilli ke pas sihi nam ke ganv men ek atyant nirdhan sarasvat brahman parivar men hua tha. unake tin bade bhaee the. sooradas janm se hi andhe the, kintu sagun batane ki unamen adbhut shakti thi. 6 varsh ki avastha men hi unhonne apani sagun batane ki vidya se mata-pita ko chakit kar diya tha. kintu isi ke bad ve ghar chhodakar char kos door ek ganv men talab ke kinare rahane lage the. sagun batane ki vidya ke karan shighr hi unaki khyati charon aur phail gee. gan vidya men bhi ve prarambh se hi pravin the. shighr hi unake anek sevak ho gaye aur ve 'svami' ke roop men pooje jane lage. 18 varsh ki avastha men unhen pun: virakti ho gayi aur ve yah sthan chhodakar agara aur mathura ke bich yamuna ke kinare googhat par akar rahane lage.

janm

sooradas ka janm kab hua, is vishay men pahale unaki tathakathit rachanaon, 'sahity lahari' aur 'soorasaravali' ke adhar par anuman lagaya gaya tha aur anek varshon tak yah doharaya jata raha ki unaka janm snvat 1540 vikrami (san 1483 ee.) men hua tha, parantu vidvanon ne is anuman ke adhar ko poorn roop men apramanik siddh kar diya tatha pushtimarg men prachalit is anushruti ke adhar par ki sooradas shri madvallabhachary se 10 din chhote the, yah nishchit kiya ki sooradas ka janm vaishakh shukl paksh pnchami, snvat 1535 vi. (san 1478 ee.) ko hua tha. is sampradayik janushruti ko prakash men lane tatha use any pramanon men pusht karane ka shrey daau. dinadayal gupt ko hai. jab tak is vishay men koee anyatha praman n mile, ham sooradas ki janm-tithi ko yahi man sakate hain.

vidvan matabhed

sooradas ke vishay men aj jo bhi gyat hai, usaka adhar mukhyat: 'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' hi hai. isake atirikt pushtimarg men prachalit anushrutiyan jo gosvami hariray dvara kiye gaye uparyukt varta ke parivarddhanon tatha us par likhi gayi 'bhavaprakash' nam ki tika aur gosvami yadunath dvara likhit 'vallabh digvijay' ke roop men prapt hoti hai,
soor shyam mndir, soorakuti, soor sarovar, agara
sooradas ke jivanavritt ki kuchh ghatanaon ki soochana deti hai. nabhadas ke 'bhaktamal' par likhit priyadas ki tika, kavi miyasinh ke 'bhakt vinod', dhruvadas ki 'bhaktanamavali' tatha nagaridas ki 'padaprasngamala' men bhi sooradas sambandhi anek rochak anushrutiyan prapt hoti hain, parantu vidvanon ne unhen vishvasaniy nahin mana hai.


'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' se gyat hota hai ki prasiddh mugal samrath akabar ne sooradas se bhent ki thi, parantu yah ashchary ki bat hai ki us samay ke kisi farasi itihasakar ne 'soorasagar' ke rachayita mahanh bhakt kavi sooradas ka koee ullekh nahin kiya. isi yug ke any mahanh bhakt kavi tulasidas ka bhi mugalakalin itihasakaron ne ullekh nahin kiya. akabarakalin prasiddh itihas granthon- aeena-e-akabari', 'mushi ate-abulafazal' aur 'muntakhabuttavarikh' men sooradas nam ke do vyaktiyon ka ullekh hua hai, parantu ye donon prasiddh bhakt kavi sooradas se bhinn hain. 'aeena-e-akabari' aur 'muntakhabuttavarikh' men akabari darabar ke ramadas namak gavaiya ke putr sooradas ka ullekh hai. ye sooradas apane pita ke sath akabar ke darabar men jaya karate the. 'munshiate-abulafazal' men jin sooradas ka ullekh hai, ve kashi men rahate the, abul fazal ne anek nam ek patr likhakar unhen ashvasan diya tha ki kashi ke us karodi ke sthan par jo unhen klesh deta hai, naya karodi unhin ki agya se niyukt kiya jayaga. kadachit ye sooradas madanamohan nam ke ek any bhakt the.



pichhe jaen
sooradas ka janm
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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