सूरदास की मृत्यु  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sooradas vishay soochi
sooradas ki mrityu
Surdas.jpg
poora nam mahakavi sooradas
janm snvath 1540 vikrami (sanh 1483 ee.) athava snvat 1535 vikrami (sanh 1478 ee.)
janm bhoomi runakata, agara
mrityu snvath 1642 vikrami (sanh 1585 ee.) athava snvath 1620 vikrami (sanh 1563 ee.)
mrityu sthan parasauli
abhibhavak ramadas (pita)
karm bhoomi braj (mathura-agara)
karm-kshetr sagun bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaen soorasagar, soorasaravali, sahity-lahari, nal-damayanti, byahalo adi
vishay bhakti
bhasha braj bhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
sooradas hindi sahity men bhakti kal men krishn ke bhakt kaviyon men agrani hain. mahakavi sooradas vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai. hindi kavita kamini ke is kamaniy kant ne hindi bhasha ko samriddh karane men jo yogadan diya, vah advitiy hai. sooradas ki madhur kavitaen aur bhaktimay git logon ko bhagavan ki taraf akarshit karate the. dhire-dhire unaki khyati badhati gayi aur mugal shasak akabar bhi unake darshak ban gaye. sooradas ne apane sngrah 'soorasagar' men taqariban hazar se bhi jyada giton ki rachana ki hai, jinamen se 8000 aj bhi vidyaman hain. unhen ek sagun bhakti ka kavi kaha jata tha aur ve snt sooradas ke nam se prasiddh the. unake nam ka arth bhi 'madhur sngit ka snt' hota hai.

mrityu

parasauli vah sthan hai, jahan par kaha jata hai ki krishn ne rasalila ki thi. ek samay achary vallabh, shrinath ji aur gosaee vitthalanath ne shrinath ji ki arati karate samay sooradas ko anupasthit pakar jan liya ki sooradas ka ant samay nikat a gaya hai. unhonne apane sevakon se kaha ki- "pushtimarg ka jahaz ja raha hai, jise jo lena ho le le." arati ke uparant gosaee ji ramadas, kumbhanadas, govindasvami aur chaturbhujadas ke sath sooradas ke nikat pahunche aur sooradas ko, jo achet pade hue the, chaitany hote hue dekha. sooradas ne gosaee ji ka sakshath bhagavan ke roop men abhinandan kiya aur unaki bhaktavatsalata ki prashnsa ki. chaturbhujadas ne is samay shnka ki ki sooradas ne bhagavadyash to bahut gaya, parantu achary vallabh ka yashagan kyon nahin kiya.

soorashyam mndir, soor kuti, agara

sooradas ne bataya ki unake nikat achary ji aur bhagavan men koee antar nahin hai, jo bhagavadyash hai, vahi achary ji ka bhi yash hai. guru ke prati apana bhav unhonne "bharoso dridh in charanan kero" vala pad gakar prakat kiya. isi pad men sooradas ne apane ko "dvividh andharo" bhi bataya. gosaee vitthalanath ne pahale unake 'chitt ki vritti' aur phir 'netr ki vritti' ke sambandh men prashn kiya to unhonne kramash: 'bali bali bali hon kumari radhika nand suvan jason rati mani' tatha 'khnjan nain roop ras mate' vale do pad gakar soochit kiya ki unaka man aur atma poornaroop se radha bhav men lin hai. isake bad sooradas ne sharir tyag diya.

sooradas ka sthan

dharm, sahity aur sngit ke sandarbh men mahakavi sooradas ka sthan n keval hindi bhasha ke kshetr, balki sampoorn bharat men madhy yug ki mahanh vibhootiyon men agragany hai. yah sooradas ki lokapriyata aur mahatta ka hi praman hai ki 'sooradas' nam kisi bhi andhe bhakt gayak ke lie roodh-sa ho gaya hai.


madhy yug men is nam ke kee bhakt kavi aur gayak ho gaye hain, apane vishay men madhy yug ke ye bhakt kavi itane udasin the ki unaka jivan-vritt nishchit roop se pun: nirmit karana asambhav pray hai, parantu itana kaha ja sakata hai ki 'soorasagar' ke rachayita sooradas is nam ke vyaktiyon men sarvadhik prasiddh aur mahanh the aur unhin ke karan kadachit yah nam uparyukt vishisht arth ke dyotak samany abhidhan ke roop men prayukt hone laga. ye sooradas vitthalanath dvara sthapit 'ashtachhap' ke agrani bhakt kavi the aur 'pushtimarg' men unaki vani ka adar bahut kuchh siddhant vaky ke roop men hota hai.



pichhe jaen
sooradas ki mrityu
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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