सूरदास का काव्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sooradas vishay soochi
sooradas ka kavy
Surdas.jpg
poora nam mahakavi sooradas
janm snvath 1540 vikrami (sanh 1483 ee.) athava snvat 1535 vikrami (sanh 1478 ee.)
janm bhoomi runakata, agara
mrityu snvath 1642 vikrami (sanh 1585 ee.) athava snvath 1620 vikrami (sanh 1563 ee.)
mrityu sthan parasauli
abhibhavak ramadas (pita)
karm bhoomi braj (mathura-agara)
karm-kshetr sagun bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaen soorasagar, soorasaravali, sahity-lahari, nal-damayanti, byahalo adi
vishay bhakti
bhasha braj bhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

mahakavi sooradas hindi ke shreshth bhakt kavi the. unaka snpoorn kavy brajabhasha ka shrringar hai, jisamen vibhinn rag, raganiyon ke madhyam se ek bhakt hraday ke bhavapoorn udgar vyakt hue hain. krishn, gay, vrindavan, gokul, mathura, yamuna, madhuvan, murali, gop, gopi adi ke sath-sath snpoorn braj-jivan, snskriti evn sabhyata ke sndarbh men unaki vina ne jo kuchh gaya, usake svar aur shabd, shatabdiyan bit jane par bhi bharatiy kavy ki sngit ke roop men vyapt hain. unake kavy ka antarng evn bahirng paksh atynt sudridh aur praudh hai tatha atulit madhury, anupam saundary aur aparimit saushthav se bhara pada hai.

kavy paksh

kavy ke mukhy roop se do paksh hote hain-

  1. bhavapaksh
  2. kalapaksh


bhavapaksh kavy ka antarik gun hai. isaka snbndh kavi ki sahridayata aur bhavukata se hota hai. kavy ke sharir tatv ko kalapaksh kahate hain. isaka snbndh kavi ki chaturata aur rachana–kaushal se hota hai. bhavapaksh evn kalapaksh se samanvit kavy hi shreshth kavy ka udaharan mana jata hai.

bhavapaksh

mahakavi sooradas ka 'soorasagar' vastav men ras ka mahasagar hai. isamen bhavon ki vividhata aur anek roopata ke sahaj darshan hote hain. manav hraday ki gaharaiyon men doobane vale kavi se yahi asha aur apeksha bhi hoti hai. apane simit kshetr men bhi navin udbhavanaon, komal kalpanaon adi ke karan hi sooradas hindi sahity ke savashreshth kavi mane jate hain. sooradas ki kavita ke bhavapaksh ko nimn prakar se dekha ja sakata hai-

vastu-varnan

varny-vishay ki drishti se sooradas ke snpoorn kavy ko pramukhatah chhah bhagon men bantakar dekha ja sakata hai- (1.) vinay ke pad, (2.) balak krishn se snbndhit pad, (3.) krishn ke roop-saundary snbndhi pad, (4.) krishn aur radha ke rati bhav snbndhi pad, (5.) murali snbndhi pad, aur (6.) viyog shrringar ke bhramaragit ke pad.

vinay ke padon men sooradas ne vinay ki snpoorn bhoomikaon evn vaishnav bhakti snbndhi samast niyamon ke anukool vinamrata, nirabhimanata, nishkapatata, ishtadev ki mahatta, bhakt ki laghuta adi ka niroopan badi sajivata ke sath kiya hai. krishn ke bal-jivan snbndhi padon men sooradas ki adbhut kala ke darshan hote hain. sooradas ne bal-jivan ka aisa jita-jagata chitr ankit kiya hai, jisamen manovaigyanikata, sarasata aur chittakarshakata, sabhi vidyaman hain. krishn ke roop-madhury snbndhi padon men sooradas ne apane ishtadev krishn ke annt saundary ki aisi jhanki prastut ki hai, jise dekhakar sabhi ka hraday anayas hi us saundary par nyauchhavar ho jata hai. krishn aur radha ke rati snbndhi padon men sooradas krishn ke sath radha ko mahatvapoorn sthan dete hue unhen aradhy devi ke pad par pratishthit karate hain. murali snbndhi padon men sooradas murali ko ek sadharan manomugdhakari yntr se adhik vyapak arth pradan karate hain. aur akhir men viyog snbndhi bhramaragit ke padon men sooradas ki kala ke sarvotkrisht roop ka darshan hota hai. in padon men sooradas ne sarasata, vagvaidagdhy evn madhury ke sath-sath uddhav sndesh, gopiyon ki jhunjhulahat, prematirek, vyngy-vinod, has-parihas, upalnbh, udarata, sahaj chapalata, virahonmad, vachan-vakrata adi ka adbhut varnan kiya hai. spasht hai ki sooradas ne krishn ke bal-jivan se lekar kishoravastha tak ki snpoorn kridaon, cheshtaon evn vyaparon adi ke manohari chitran dvara' soorasagar' ke roop men ek adbhut kavy ki srishti ki hai, jisamen vatsaly aur vipralnbh snbndhi varnan sarvopari hain.

prakriti-chitran

sooradas, soor kuti, soor sarovar, agara

sooradas ki kavita ke kendr men braj pradesh ki ramaniy prakriti apane poore vaibhav ke sath upasthit hai. braj pradesh ki prakriti ka manohari roop aur anndollasapoorn madhur kalarav sooradas ke pratyek padon men gunjayaman hai. prakriti-nati ke ramaniy jhanki ankit karate hue sooradas usake shadhrituon men parivartit hone vale divy saundary ka manamohak niroopan karate hain. basnt ritu ke ek chitr men kokil sadaiv shor machati rahati hai, manmath sada chitt churata rahata hai, vrikshon ki daliyan vividh prakar ke pushpon se bhari rahati hain, jin par bhramar unmukt hokar vilas karate rahate hain, aur aise men sarvatr harsh evn ullas chhaya rahata hai aur koee bhi udas nahin hota-

"sada basnt rahat jahn bas. sada harsh jahn nahin udas..
kokil kir sada tnh ror. sada roop manmath chit chor..
vividh suman ban phoole dar. unmat madhukar bhramat apar.."

kalapaksh

kalapaksh kavy ka vahy ang hota hai, jisake antargat pramukhatah kavy-shaili, bhasha, alnkar adi ka samavesh hota hai. ye tinon bhavon ke vahak hain, jinake madhyam se bhavon ko snpreshit kiya jata hai. sooradas ki kavita ke kalapaksh ko nimnankit roop men dekh sakate hain-

kavy-shaili

jivan ki komalatam anubhootiyan git-shaili men uttam dhng se vyakt ho sakati hain. isilie sooradas ne git-shaili ka adhar grahan kiya. krishn ka braj roop samast giti-kavy ki sundaratam bhavabhoomi hai. 'soorasagar' men ek or jahan katha ki kshin dhara pravahit hoti hai, vahin doosari or varnatmak prasng bhi hain, kintu inamen kavi ka man jyada rama nahin hai. pratyek samarth sahityakar ki apani vishisht shaili hoti hai, jisamen usaka snpoorn vyaktitv pratibinbit hota hai. kuchh vidvanon ne 'soorasagar' ko prabndh-muktak kavy ki sngya se vibhooshit kiya hai. daau. satyendr ise ‘kirtan kavy’ kahate hain, jabaki daau. brajeshvar varma ne vividhata ki drishti se 'soorasagar' ke padon ka vargikaran nimnankit roop men kiya hai-

  1. shrimadbhagavat ke katha prasng tatha katha–poorti hetu varnatmak ansh
  2. drishy aur varnan vistar
  3. varnatmak kathanak
  4. gitatmak kathanak
  5. samany charit snbndhi gey pad
  6. vishisht krida snbndhi gey pad
  7. roop chitran aur murali-vadan snbndhi gey pad
  8. prabhav-varnan snbndhi gey pad
  9. bhav-chitran snbndhi gey pad
  10. phutakal gey pad.

sooradas ke padon men gitikavy ke sabhi pradhan tatv dekhen jate hain. sooradas ke padon ki atma sngit hai, jisaki rachana anubhooti ki saghanata ke kshanon men huee hai. inamen bhashaon ki vnsh vartani hai evn kavi ke antarveg ko chhnd ne lay ki ekaroopata men bandh diya hai. inamen abhipret arth bhavon tak pahunchane ka pratinidhitv karate hain. ye sab hi visheshataen gitikavy ke antargat ati hain. nirvivadit roop se 'soorasagar' giti-shaili ka ek advitiy kavy-grnth hai.

drishtikooti-shaili

'soorasagar' men drishtikooti-shaili bhi dekhane ko milati hai. sooradas ki kavy-kala ka ek namoona vah hai, jisamen shabd–krida ka chamatkar prastut kiya gaya hai. isamen n to lokagiton ki sahajata hai aur n hi antarik sngitatmakata. drishtikooti pad-rachana hindi men sooradas ki apani niji kalatmak visheshata hai. unamen shabd-krida evn chamatkar ki sarvatr pramukhata hai.

bhasha-shaili

sooradas ki rachana pariman aur gun donon men mahanh kaviyon ke bich atulaniy hai. atmabhivynjana ke roop men itane vishal kavy ka sarjan soor hi kar sakate the, kyonki unake svatmamun sampoorn yug jivan ki atma samaee huee thi. unake svanubhootimoolak gitipadon ki shaili ke karan pray: yah samajh liya gaya hai ki ve apane charon or ke samajik jivan ke prati poorn roop men sajag nahin the, parantu pracharit poorvagrahon se mukt hokar yadi dekha jay to svikar kiya jaega ki soor ke kavy men yug jivan ki prabuddh atma ka jaisa spandan milata hai, vaisa kisi doosare kavi men nahin milega. yah avashy hai ki unhonne upadesh adhik nahin diye, siddhanton ka pratipadan panditon ki bhasha men nahin kiya, vyavaharik arthath sansarik jivan ke adarshon ka prachar karane vale sudharak ka bana nahin dharan kiya; parantu manushy ki bhavatmak satta ka adarshikrit roop gadhane men unhonne jis vyavahar buddhi ka prayog kiya hai, usase pramanit hota hai ki ve kisi manishi se pichhe nahin the. unaka prabhav sachche kanta sammit upadesh ki bhanti sidhe hriday par padata hai. ve nire bhakt nahin the, sachche kavi the| aise drashta kavi the, jo saundary ke hi madhyam se saty ka anveshan kar use moort roop dene men samarth hote hain. yugajivan ka pratibimb hote hue usamen lokottar saty ke saundary ka abhas dene ki shakti mahakavi men hi hoti hai, nire bhakt, upadeshak aur samaj sudharak men nahin.[1]



pichhe jaen
sooradas ka kavy
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sahayak granth-sooradas: da. brajeshvar varma hindi parishadh prayag vishvavidyalay; soor sahity: da. hazari prasad dvivedi; soor v unaka sahity: da. harivnshalal sharma; bharatiy sadhana aur sooradas: da. munshiram sharma

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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