सूरदास की जाति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sooradas vishay soochi
sooradas ki jati
Surdas.jpg
poora nam mahakavi sooradas
janm snvath 1540 vikrami (sanh 1483 ee.) athava snvat 1535 vikrami (sanh 1478 ee.)
janm bhoomi runakata, agara
mrityu snvath 1642 vikrami (sanh 1585 ee.) athava snvath 1620 vikrami (sanh 1563 ee.)
mrityu sthan parasauli
abhibhavak ramadas (pita)
karm bhoomi braj (mathura-agara)
karm-kshetr sagun bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaen soorasagar, soorasaravali, sahity-lahari, nal-damayanti, byahalo adi
vishay bhakti
bhasha braj bhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
sooradas hindi sahity men bhaktikal men krishn bhakti ke bhakt kaviyon men agrani hai. mahakavi sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai. unaka janm mathura-agara marg par sthit runakata namak ganv men hua tha. kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki sooradas ji ka janm sihi namak gram men ek nirdhan sarasvat brahman parivar men hua tha. bad men vah agara aur mathura ke bich googhat par akar rahane lage the. achary ramachandr shukl ji ke matanusar sooradas ka janm snvath 1540 vikrami ke sannikat aur mrityu snvath 1620 vikrami ke asapas mani jati hai.

jati sambandhi vad-vivad

sooradas ki jati ke sambandh men bhi bahut vad-vivad hua hai. 'sahity lahari' ke uparyukt pad ke anusar kuchh samay tak sooradas ko 'bhatt' ya 'brahmabhatt' mana jata raha. bharatendu baboo harishchandr ne is vishay men prasannata prakat ki thi ki sooradas mahakavi chandabaradaee ke vnshaj the; kintu bad men adhikatar pushtimargiy sroton ke adhar par yah prasiddh hua ki ve sarasvat brahman the.

bahut kuchh isi adhar par 'sahity lahari' ka vnshavali vala pad apramanik mana gaya. 'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' men moolat: sooradas ki jati ke vishay men koee ullekh nahin tha, parantu gosaee hariray dvara badhaye gaye 'varta' ke ansh men unhen sarasvat brahman kaha gaya hai. unake sarasvat brahman hone ke praman pushtimarg ke any varta sahity se bhi diye gaye hai. at: adhikatar yahi mana jane laga hai ki sooradas sarasvat brahman the, yadyapi kuchh vidvanon ko is vishay men ab bhi sandeh hai.


daau. mnshiram sharma ne yah siddh karane ka prayatn kiya hai ki sooradas brahmabhatt hi the. yah sambhav hai ki brahmabhatt hone ke nate hi ve paramparagat kavi-gayakon ke vnshaj hone ke karan 'sarasvati putr' aur 'sarasvat' nam se vikhyat ho gaye hon. ant: sakshy se sooradas ke brahman hone ka koee snket nahin milata balki isake viparit anek padon men unhonne brahmanon ki hinata ka ullekh kiya hai.


is vishay men shridhar brahman ke ang-bhng tatha maharane ke pandevale prasng drishtavy hain. ye donon prasng 'bhagavat' se svatantr sooradas dvara kalpit hue jan padate hain. inamen sooradas ne badi nirmamata poorvak brahmanatv ke prati niradar ka bhav prakat kiya hai. ajamil tatha sudama ke prasngon men bhi unaki uchch jati ka ullekh karate hue soor ne brahmanatv ke sath koee mamata nahin prakat ki.


isake atirikt sampoorn 'soorasagar' men aisa koee snket nahin milata, jisase isaka kinchith bhi abhas mil sake ki soor brahman jati ke sambandh men koee atmiyata ka bhav rakhate the. vastut: jati ke sambandh men ve poorn roop se udasin the. danalila ke ek pad men unhonne spasht roop men kaha hai ki krishn ki bhakti ke lie unhonne apani jati hi chhod di thi. ve sachche arthon men hari bhakton ki jati ke the, kisi any jati se unaka koee sambandh nahin tha.



pichhe jaen
sooradas ki jati
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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