कमलादेवी चट्टोपाध्याय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kamaladevi chattopadhyay
kamaladevi chattopadhyay
poora nam kamaladevi chattopadhyay
janm 3 aprail, 1903
janm bhoomi mngalor, karnatak
mrityu 29 aktoobar, 1988
pati/patni krishna rav (1917–1919), harindranath chattopadhyay (1919–1988)
sntan ramakrishn chattopadhyay
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi samaj sudharak, svatntrata sngram senani
andolan namak andolan aur asahayog andolan
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan (1955), padm vibhooshan (1987), reman maigsese puraskar (1988)
any janakari ajadi ke bad inhen varsh 1952 men ‘al indiya hendikrapht’ ka pramukh niyukt kiya gaya. gramin ilakon men inhonne ghoom-ghoom kar ek parakhi ki tarah hastashilp aur hathakaragha kalaon ka sngrah kiya.
bahari kadiyan kamaladevi ne bharat ke svadhinata sngram men hissa liya tatha anekon bar jel gayi.
adyatan‎

kamaladevi chattopadhyay (angrezi: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, janm: 3 aprail, 1903; mrityu: 29 aktoobar, 1988) bharat ki samaj sudharak, svatntrata sngram senani, tatha bharatiy hastakala ke kshetr men navajagaran lane vali gandhivadi mahila thin. unhe samaj seva ke lie 1955 men padm bhooshan aur samudayik netritv ke lie san 1966 men reman maigsese puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.

jivan parichay

kamaladevi chattopadhyay ka janm karnatak ke ek sampann brahman parivar, men 3 aprail, sanh 1903 men hua tha. unhonne mngalor tatha bad men landan ke arthashastr skool se shiksha grahan ki. unaki shadi atyant chhoti avastha men ho gayi tatha skooli shiksha ke dauran vidhava ho gayi thi. bad men unhonne apani pasand ke vyakti harendranath chattopadhyay se vaivahik snbndh jod diya. kamaladevi ne apani pati ke sath vyapak roop se yatraen ki. ve ek samajik karyakarta aur kala aur sahity ki samarthak thi.[1]

mahila andolan men yogadan

prakriti ki divani kamala devi ne ‘aaul indiya vimens kanphrens’ ki sthapana ki. ye bahut diler thin aur pahali aisi bharatiy mahila thin, jinhonne 1920 ke dashak men khule rajanitik chunav men khade hone ka sahas jutaya tha, vah bhi aise samay men jab bahusnkhyak bharatiy mahilaon ko ajadi shabd ka arth bhi nahin maloom tha. ye gandhi ji ke ‘namak andolan’ (varsh 1930) aur ‘asahayog andolan’ men hissa lene vali mahilaon men se ek thin. namak kanoon todane ke mamale men banbe presidensi men giraphtar hone vali ve pahali mahila thin. svatntrata andolan ke dauran ve char bar jel geen aur panch sal tak salakhon ke pichhe rahin.[2]

hastashilp tatha hathakaragha kala ko vikasit karane men yogadan

kamaladevi chattopadhyay ne desh ke vibhinn hisson men bikhari samriddh hastashilp tatha hathakaragha kalaon ki khoj ki disha men adbhut evn sarahaniy kary kiya. kamala chattopadhyay pahali bharatiy mahila thin, jinhonne hathakaragha aur hastashilp ko n keval rashtriy balki antarrashtriy star par pahachan dilaee.

ajadi ke bad inhen varsh 1952 men ‘al indiya hendikrapht’ ka pramukh niyukt kiya gaya. gramin ilakon men inhonne ghoom-ghoom kar ek parakhi ki tarah hastashilp aur hathakaragha kalaon ka sngrah kiya. inhonne desh ke bunakaron ke lie jis shiddat ke sath kam kiya, usaka asar yah tha ki jab ye ganvon men jati thin, to hastashilpi, bunakar, julahe, sunar apane sir se pagadi utar kar inake kadamon men rakh dete the. isi samuday ne inake athak aur niahsvarth man ke saman seva ki bhavana se prerit hokar inako ‘hathakaragha man’ ka nam diya tha.[2]

desh ke pramukh sanskritik aur arthik snsthanon ki sthapana men yogadan

bharat men aj anek pramukh sanskritik snsthan inaki dooradrishti aur pakke irade ke parinam hain. jinamen pramukh hain- neshanal skool aauph drama, sngit natak akedami, sentral kaautej indastrij emporiyam aur krapht kaunsil aauph indiya. inhonne hastashilp aur ko-oparetiv andolanon ko badhava dekar bharatiy janata ko samajik aur arthik roop se vikasit karane men apana yogadan diya. halanki in karyon ko karate samay inhen ajadi se pahale aur bad men sarakar se bhi sngharsh karana pada.[2]

pustaken

kamaladevi chattopadhyay ne ‘d aveking aauph indiyan vomen’ varsh 1939, ‘japan its vikanes end strenth’ varsh 1943, ‘ankal saim empayar’ varsh 1944, ‘in var-taaurn chaina’ varsh 1944 aur ‘tuvards e neshanal thietar’ namak pustaken bhi likhin, jo bahut charchit rahin.[2]

vyaktitv

kamaladevi chattopadhyay brahman hote hue samajavadi thin. balika vadhoo hote huye vo stri adhikaravadi thin. ek aisi rajaneta thin jinhen kursi ki darakar nahin thi. ek aisi kulin varg ki mahila jinhonne lok kalaon ko punarjivit kiya. gandhiji ke namak andolan men giraphtari dene vali pahali mahilaon men se ek thin kamaladevi. vibhajan ke bad unhonne sharanarthiyon ke punarvas men apane ap ko jhonk diya. kamala devi gandhi ji, javahar lal neharoo, maulana abul kalam azad, sarojani nayadoo tatha kastooraba gandhi se gahare roop se prabhavit thi. unhonne svadhinata sngharsh men hissa liya tatha anekon bar jel gayi.

samman aur puraskar

  • samaj seva ke lie bharat sarakar ne inhen nagarik samman ‘padm bhooshan’ se varsh 1955 men sammanit kiya.
  • varsh 1987 men bharat sarakar ne apane doosare sabase bade nagarik samman ‘padm vibhooshan’ se inhen sammanit kiya.
  • samudayik netritv ke lie varsh 1966 men inhen ‘reman maigsese’ puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya tha.
  • inhen sngit natak akadami ki dvara ‘pheloship aur ratn sadasy’ se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • sngit natak akadami ke dvara hi varsh 1974 men inhen ‘laiphataim achivement’ puraskar bhi pradan kiya gaya tha.
  • yoonesko ne inhen varsh 1977 men hendikrapht ko badhava dene ke lie sammanit kiya tha.
  • shanti niketan ne apane sarvochch samman ‘desikottam’ se sammanit kiya.[2]

nidhan

kamala devi bharat men nari andolan ki pathapradarshak thi. sanh 29 aktoobar 1988 men ve svargavasi ho gayi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kamaladevi chattopadhyay (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) bharatakosh. abhigaman tithi: 17 sitambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 kamaladevi chattopadhyay (hindi) (itshindi.com). . abhigaman tithi: 22 disambar, 2017.

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