इस्मत चुग़ताई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ismat chugataee
ismat chugataee
poora nam ismat chugataee
janm 21 agast, 1915
janm bhoomi badayoon, uttar pradesh
mrityu 24 aktoobar, 1991
mrityu sthan munbee
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'lihaph', 'tedhi lakir', ek bat, kaliyan, jngali kabootar, ek katara-e-khoon, dil ki duniya, baharoop nagar, chhueemuee adi.
bhasha hindi, urdoo
puraskar-upadhi 'galib avard' (1974), 'sahity akadami puraskar', 'iqabal samman', 'neharoo avard', 'makhadoom avard'
prasiddhi urdoo lekhika
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari ismat chugataee ne theth muhavaredar gnga-jamuni bhasha ka istemal kiya, jise hindi-urdoo ki simaon men qaid nahin kiya ja sakata. unaka bhasha pravah adbhut tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

ismat chugataee (angrezi: Ismat Chughtai janm: 21 agast, 1915; mrityu: 24 aktoobar, 1991) ka nam bharatiy sahity men ek charchit aur sashakt kahanikar ke roop men vikhyat hain. unhonne mahilaon se jude muddon ko apani rachanaon men bebaki se uthaya aur purush pradhan samaj men un muddon ko chutile aur snjida dhng se pesh karane ka jokhim bhi uthaya. alochakon ke anusar ismat chugataee ne shahari jivan men mahilaon ke mudde par saral, prabhavi aur muhavaredar bhasha men thik usi prakar se lekhan kary kiya hai, jis prakar se premachnd ne dehat ke patron ko bakhoobi se utara hai. ismat ke afasanon men aurat apane astitv ki ladaee se jude mudde uthati hai.

jivan parichay

ismat chugataee ka janm 21 agast, 1915 ko badayoon, uttar pradesh men hua tha. unaka bachapan adhikanshat: jodhapur men vyatit hua, jahan unake pita ek sivil sevak the. inake pita ki das sntanen thin- chh: putr aur char putriyan. inamen ismat chugataee unaki nauvin sntan thin. jab chugataee yuvavastha ko prapt kar rahi thin, tabhi inaki bahanon ka vivah ho chuka tha. inake jivan ka vah samay kafi mahattvapoorn siddh hua, jo inhonne apane bhaiyon ke sath vyatit kiya. inake bhaee mirza ajim beg chugataee pahale se hi ek jane-mane lekhak the. is prakar ismat chugataee ko kishoravastha men hi bhaee ke sath-sath ek guru bhi mil gaya tha.

lekhan kary

apani shiksha poorn karane ke sath hi ismat chugataee lekhan kshetr men a gee thin. unhonne apani kahaniyon men stri charitron ko behad snjidagi se ubhara aur isi karan unake patr zindagi ke behad qarib najar ate hain. ismat chugataee ne theth muhavaredar gnga-jamuni bhasha ka istemal kiya, jise hindi-urdoo ki simaon men qaid nahin kiya ja sakata. unaka bhasha pravah adbhut tha. isane unaki rachanaon ko lokapriy banane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee.

prasiddhi

ismat chugataee apani 'lihaph' kahani ke karan khasi mashahoor hueen. 1941 men likhi gee is kahani men unhonne mahilaon ke bich samalaingikata ke mudde ko uthaya tha. us daur men kisi mahila ke lie yah kahani likhana ek dussahas ka kam tha. ismat ko is dussahas ki kimat chukani padi, kyonki un par ashlilata ka mamala chala, halanki yah mamala bad men vapas le liya gaya. alochakon ke anusar unaki kahaniyon men samaj ke vibhinn patron ka aeena dikhaya gaya hai. ismat ne mahilaon ko asali juban ke sath adab men pesh kiya. urdoo jagath men ismat ke bad sirph sadat hasan mnto hi aise kahanikar the, jinhonne auraton ke muddon par bebaki se likha. ismat ka kainavas kafi vyapak tha, jisamen anubhav ke rng ukere ge the. aisa mana jata hai ki 'tedhi lakir' upanyas men ismat ne apane jivan ko hi mukhy plat banakar ek mahila ke jivan men ane vali samasyaon ko pesh kiya.

upanyas 'tedhi lakir'

'fayar' aur 'mrityudnd' jaisi filmon ke kiradar to parade par nazar ate hain, lekin ismat ne unhen kahin pahale gadhakar apane upanyason men pesh kar diya tha. samalaingik rishton par nahin, usake karanon par urdoo jagath men pahali bar ismat ne hi likha. yoon to unhonne 'jiddi', 'lihaph', 'saudaee', 'masooma', 'ek qatara khoon' jaise kitane hi upanyas likhe, kintu sabase zyada mashahoor aur jisaka virodh hua, vah 'tedhi lakir' hai. 1944 ka upanyas 'tedhi lakir' aise parivaron par vyngy hai jo apane bachchon ki paravarish men kotahi baratate hain aur natije men unake bachche pyar ko tarasate, akelepan ko jhelate ek aisi duniya men chale jate hain, jahan jism ki khvahish hi sab kuchh hoti hai. ismat chugataee ne 'tedhi lakir' ke zariye samalaingik rishton ko ek rog sabit karake usake karanon par nazar dalane par majaboor kiya. lekin tab ke logon ne unaki baton ko lekar unaka virodh kiya, jabaki sachchaee yah thi ki unhonne apane kiradar ke zariye yah bataya ki ek bachche ka akelapan, pyar se maharoom aur usako nazarandaz karana kis tarah ek bimari ka roop le leta hai. unhonne ise bimari batakar napharat ke badale pyar, apanapan nibhane ki sikh 'tedhi lakir' ke madhyam se di.

rachanaen

ismat chugataee ne 'kagaji hain pairahan' nam se ek atmakatha bhi likhi thi. unaki any rachanaen is prakar hain-

upanyas kahani sngrah
  • jngali kabootar
  • tedhi lakir
  • jiddi
  • ek katara e khoon
  • masooma
  • dil ki duniya
  • bandi
  • baharoop nagar
  • saidaee
  • choten
  • chhueemuee
  • ek bat
  • kaliyan
  • ek rat

puraskar v samman

  1. 'galib avard' (1974) - 'tedhi lakir' ke lie
  2. 'sahity akadami puraskar'
  3. 'iqabal samman'
  4. 'neharoo avard'
  5. 'makhadoom avard'

nidhan

ismat chugataee ka nidhan 24 aktoobar, 1991 men munbee (maharashtr) men hua.

ismat chugataee par googal doodal

googal doodal

urdoo sahity ki jani-mani lekhika ismat chugataee ki 21 agast, 2018 ko 107vin jaynti hai. unaki is jaynti par googal ne bhi unaka samman kiya aur khas doodal banaya. googal ne ismat chugataee ka doodal kaphi rngin banaya hai. apane sahity ke jarie mahilaon ki dabi-kuchali avaj uthane vali ismat chugataee bharatiy sahity men pahali bar lesbiyan prem kahani likhi thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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