आचार्य रघुवीर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

achary raghuvir
achary raghuvir
poora nam achary raghuvir
janm 30 disnbar 1902
janm bhoomi ravalapindi (vartaman pakistan)
mrityu 14 mee, 1963
abhibhavak pita- munshi ramaji

mata- jayavanti

sntan putr- lokeshachandr, putri- sushila, sudarshana, sushama aur prabha
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr koshakar tatha bhashavid
vidyalay lahaur vishvavidyalay, haaulaind vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e., pi.ech.di., di.lit
prasiddhi bhashavid, vidvanh‌, rajanitik neta, koshakar, shabdashastri
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari achary raghuvir ne pray: chhah lakh shabdon ki rachana ki hai. inaki shabd nirman ki paddhati vaigyanik hai. inhonne vigyan ki pratyek shakha ke shabdon ki kosh rachana ki hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
achary raghuvir (angrezi: Aacharya Raghuveer, janm- 30 disambar, 1902; mrityu- 14 mee, 1963) mahan bhashavid, prakhyat vidvanh‌, rajanitik neta tatha bharatiy dharohar ke manishi the. vah mahanh‌ koshakar, shabdashastri tatha bharatiy snskriti ke unnayak the. ek or achary raghuvir ne koshon ki rachana kar rashtrabhasha hindi ka shabd bhandar snpann kiya, to doosari or vishv men visheshatah eshiya men phaili huee bharatiy snskriti ki khoj kar usaka sngrah evn snrakshan kiya. adhunik yug men kuchh nam aise hain, jinhen badi nimarmata se bhula diya gaya hai. in namon men vaidy gurudatt (1894-1989), achary raghuvir (1902-1963), pn. sooryanarayan vyas (1902-1976) aur daau. haravnshalal obaray (1925-1983) ka nam pramukhata se liya ja sakata hai.

parichay

achary raghuvir ka janm 30 disambar, 1902 ko ravalapindi (vartaman men pakistan ke antargat) men hua tha. unake pita munshi ramaji ravalapindi ke ek vidyalay men pradhanadhyapak the tatha angrezi padhaya karate the. mata ka nam jayavanti tha. balyakal se hi raghuvir men snskrit ke prati gahan abhiruchi thi. unhonne ek sthaniy pustak-vikreta ke yahan jakar snskrit ke kavy, ramayan, mahabharat, nirukt, ganaratnamahodadhi adi granthon ka adhyayan kar liya tha aur angrezi men kavitaen bhi likhane lage the.[1]

raghuvir ji ne pathashala-star ki shiksha ravalapindi men poori ki aur age ki shiksha ke lie lahaur ke di.e.vi. kaaulej men padhane gaye. yahan unhonne snskrit men bi.e. aaunars tatha em.e. kiya. lahaur vishvavidyalay se em.e. karane ke bad inhonne lndan se pi.ech.di. aur halaind vishvavidyalay se di.lit ki upadhi prapt ki. unhen shodh-kary karane ke lie 75 rupaye masik ki ‘maklaaued kashmir snskrit skaaularaship’ mili. snskrit ke adhyayan ke sath unhonne lipi vigyan tatha prachin bharat ke itihas ka bhi gahan adhyayan kiya. us samay tak vah hindi, angrezi, arabi, farasi, urdoo, marathi, tamil, telugoo, pnjabi-jaisi bhashaon men nishnat ho chuke the. isi dauran unhonne vibhinn vidyarthi sngathanon men sammilit hokar bharat ke svadhinata sngram men bhi badh-chadhakar hissa liya.

vivah

sanh 1925 men achary raghuvir ka lajjavati ji se vivah hua. 11 aprail, 1927 ko unako putraratn ki prapti huee, jisaka nam rakha gaya lokeshachandr. yah vahi pro. lokeshachandr hain, jinhonne apane pita ki virasat ko bakhoobi sambhala aur bharatiy vidya ke anany vidvanh ke roop men vishvabhar men pratishthit hain. bad men raghuvir ji ko char any putriyan hueen- sushila, sudarshana, sushama aur prabha. acharyaji ne sabhi ka palan-poshan vidvattapoorn vatavaran men bade parishram aur dooradrishti se kiya.

yoorop yatra

di.e.vi. kaaulej men adhyayan poorn karane ke bad raghuvir ji ne yoorop ke un snskrit vidvanon se bhent karane ka nishchay kiya, jinhonne snskrit ke adhyayan ke lie apana jivan samarpit kar diya tha. sanh 1928 men matr 26 varsh ki ayu men vah tamam arthik kasht sahakar yoorop ki yatra par chal pade. unaka pravas landan se prarambh kiya, jahan unhonne ‘skool aauf oriyntal end aphrikan stadiz’ (landan yoonivarsiti se sambaddh) men pro. ar.el. tarnar (1888-1983) ke netritv men piech. di. ki upadhi prapt ki. sanh 1929 men landan yoonivarsiti se vishesh anumati lekar unhonne haaulaind ke prasiddh prachyavidh pro. vilem kaland (1859-1932) ko apana guru banaya aur vahan ke yootrekht yoonivarsiti se ‘daauktars aauf laitars’ ki upadhi prapt ki. isi ke sath unhonne landan yoonivarsiti ke hi eerani vibhag se eerani, roosi, bulgar, gothik, lithuaniyan aur jend avesta bhashaon ki parikshaen pas kar lin. avesta aur vaidik snskrit ka tulanatmak adhyayan kar unhonne siddh kiya yah snskrit ke atyant nikat hai. yahin par achary ji ne maharshi patanjali ke ‘mahabhashy’ ka adhyapan bhi kiya. yoorop men unhonne anek vidvanon ko snskrit ke kshetr men kary karane ke lie prerit kiya. bharat vapasi ke bad daau. raghuvir ke arambhik kary ka kendr lahaur raha jahan unhonne ajivika ke lie sanatan dharm kaaulej ke snskrit-vibhag men adhyapan karana prarambh kiya.[1]

sarasvati vihar

achary raghuvir ek vyakti se badhakar ek chalati-phirati snstha the. janavari, 1934 men unhonne snsar ke kuchh pramukh bharatavidon ke sath milakar lahaur ke nikat ‘ichhara’ namak sthan par ‘sarasvati vihar’ (intaraneshanal ekedami aauf indiyan kalchar) ki sthapana ki. is snsthan ka uddeshy bharatiy snskriti ke anusndhan aur videshi vidvanon ko prashikshan diya jana tha. snsthan ki sthapana kar bharatiy snskriti ke anusndhan ka kary arnbh kiya. is kary ke lie inhonne yoorop, soviyat sngh, chin tatha dakshin poorvi eshiyaee deshon ki anek bar yatraen kin. in yatraon men inhonne bharatiy snskriti vishay par apani vishesh drishti to rakhi hi, sath hi un deshon ki rajanitik vicharadhara tatha bharat par padane vale snbhavit prabhavon ko bhi dhyan men rakha. vigat dashakon men bharatiy snskriti ka sndesh inhonne jis prabhavashali dhng se diya, utana kisi ne nahin kiya. daauktar raghuvir mahanh koshakar tatha bhashavid the. inhonne pray: chhah lakh shabdon ki rachana ki hai. inaki shabd nirman ki paddhati vaigyanik hai. inhonne vigyan ki pratyek shakha ke shabdon ki kosh rachana ki hai.

pnjab vishvavidyalay ke upakulapati pro. e.si. vulnar sarasvati vihar ke pratham adhyaksh tatha pro. sadhooram isake koshadhyaksh aur sachiv banae gaye. pro. raghuvir isake ajivan nideshak rahe. achary raghuvir ne vishv ke anek deshon se ikattha ki gee pandulipiyon, kalakritiyon aur pustakon ka vishal sngrah ‘sarasvati vihar’ men ekatr kiya. pnjab men ho rahe raktapat ko dekhate hue achary raghuvir 1946 men ‘sarasvati vihar’ ko nagapur le aye. desh-videsh ke moordhany vidvanon, shikshavidon, rajanetaon ka ‘sarasvati vihar’ men jamaghat laga rahata tha. sanh 1956 men jayadayal dayamiya ne dilli men ‘sarasvati vihar’ ki sthapana ke lie bhoomi aur avashyak dhan upalabdh karaya. 30 navambar, 1956 ko tatkalin rashtrapati daau. rajendr prasad ne isaka shilanyas kiya.

d zarnal aauf vaidik stadiz

‘sarasvati vihar’ janavari, 1934 ki sthapana ke sath hi achary raghuvir ne lahaur se ‘d zarnal aauf vaidik stadiz’ namak ek shodh-patrika ka sampadan-prakashan prarambh kiya. pro. daau. hns oeratel (1868-1952), e.si. voolanar (1878-1936), e.bi. kith (1879-1944), pro. phrenkalin edagertan (1885-1963) aur luees reneyoo (1896-1966)-jaise prakand yooropiy vidvanh is patrika ke sampadak mandal ke sadasy the. is patrika men durlabh snskrit granthon ka prakashan kiya jata tha.

sampadak aur prakashak

achary raghuvir ne vaidik vanmay ke sambandh men n keval anek gaveshanatmak nibandh likhe, apitu anek vaidik granthon ka sngrah, sampadan aur prakashan bhi kiya. achary raghuvir ke sampadakatv men ‘sarasvati vihar’ aur any snsthanon se krishnayajurvediyakapishthalakathasnhita (1932), varahagrihyasootr (1932), atharvaved (1936), samavediya jaiminiyasnhita (1938), shatapathabrahman (1939), jaiminiyabrahmanamh (1950)-jaise anek granth prakashit hue hain. haaulaind ki yootrekht yoonivarsiti ne achary raghuvir dvara sampadit varahagrihyasootr ki sau pratiyan kharidi thin. sanh 1936 men achary raghuvir ne valmikiy ramayan ka ek mahattvapoorn snskaran prakashit karane ki yojana banayi. isake lie unhonne kashmir se malabar tak vibhinn lipiyon men upalabdh ramayan ki 30 pandulipiyan ekatr kin. unhen ramayan ki sabase prachin pandulipi nepal se prapt huee. is adhar par ramayan ka ek sarvashuddh snskaran 1938 men prakashit hua.[1]

bahut kam logon ko is bat ki janakari hai ki daau. raghuvir, bhandarakar prachyavidya shodh snsthan, poona dvara vishnu sitaram sukathnkar (1887-1943) ke pradhan sampadakatv men 18 khandon men prakashit mahabharat ke alochanatmak snskaran (1933-1954) ke sampadak-mandal ke sadasy the. 1936 men prakashit mahabharat ke ‘virataparv’ ka sampadan inhonne hi kiya tha. isake lie unhonne sharada, bangla, devanagari, telugoo, granthalipi, malayali lipi tatha indoneshiya ki dasham shatabdi ki ‘kavi’ lipi men upalabdh mahabharat ki samast pandulipiyon ka upayog kiya.

koshakar

daau. raghuvir ek mahanh snskrit vidvanh the aur ek bahubhashavid the, jo nau bharatiy aur sat yooropiy bhashaon (angrezi, jarman, phrench, dach, roosi, arabi, pharasi) men n sirf likh sakate the, apitu dharapravah bol bhi sakate the. unhonne vishv ki vibhinn bhashaon men anusyoot snskrit-shabdon ko prakat karake yah siddh kiya tha snskrit hi vishv ki samast bhashaon ki janani hai. unaki hardik ichchha thi ki hindi men paribhashik-vaigyanik shabdon ka nirman karake unake kosh taiyar kie jayen. is disha men unhonne vyaktigat star par sarvadhik gambhir prayas kiya aur 1943-46 ke dauran lahaur se hindi, tamiळ, bangla aur kannad— in char lipiyon men takaniki shabdakosh prakashit kiya. 1949 men unhonne ‘indiyan saintiphik nomiklechar aauf bards aauf indiya barma end silon’ (angl-bharatiy pakshi namavali) namak granth prakashit kiya. sanh 1950 men unaki knsolidetad dikshanari prakashit huee. unake brihadakar ‘e kamprahensiv inglish-hindi dikshanari aauf gavarnamental end ejukeshan vadrs end phrejej’ (1955) se to sab parichit hain hi. usi varsh unaka ‘elimentri-ingalish-indiyan dikshanari aauf saintiphik tarms; spesiyali pripeyard phaaur yooz aauf maitrikuleshan stoodents aauf avar yoonivarsitiz’ prakashit hua tha. agale varsh unhonne ‘hindi-ingalish dikshanari aauf teknikal tarms’ namak granth bhi prakashit kiya. ‘arthashastr shabd-kosh’ ka bhi unhonne nirman kiya tha. ‘hindi katha kosh’ unaki mahanh den hai. daau. raghuvir ne snskrit ki dhatu, upasarg aur pratyay par adharit shabd-nirman prakriya dvara lakhon vaigyanik shabd banane ka marg prashast kar diya. age vaigyanik aur takaniki shabdavali ayog ne deshabhar ke vaigyanikon, bhashavidon aur snsadhakon ki sahayata se ise sarvatha nayi chunautiyon ke anuroop naya svaroop pradan kiya.[1]

snvidhan ke pratham hindi anuvadak

sanh 1946 men snvidhan sabha ka gathan hone par 24 aprail, 1948 ko daau. raghuvir madhyapradesh aur barar kshetr se usake sadasy chune gaye. daau. raghuvir ko bharat ki snvidhan sabha men shayad sabase yugantarakari vyakti mana jata tha. sanh 1950 men unhonne snvidhan ka pahala khand hindi men prastut kiya, jise unhonne snvidhan sabha ko prastut kiya, jahan vah sabase niyamit vad-vivadakartaon men se ek the. halanki, neharoo aur snvidhan sabha ke dakshin bharatiy pratinidhiyon ne hindi men prastut snvidhan ko nahin apanaya. halanki radhakrishnan, ke.em. munshi aur gopalasvami ayyar ne achary raghuvir ke prayason ke lie unhen bahut garmajoshi se badhaee di.

rajaniti

achary raghuvir aprail 1952 se aprail, 1962 tak lagatar do bar rajyasabha ke lie namankit hue. usi dauran kangres se matabhed hone par unhonne svayn ko usase alag kar liya. achary raghuvir ne bharat men shiksha ka madhyam hindi kie jane par bal diya. yahi karan tha ki neharoo ji se unake barabar matabhed rahe. ek bar vah vah chin ke ek adhyayan daure par ge aur vapas akar bataya ki ‘hindi-chini bhaee bhaee’ ki niti ek bhram par adharit hai aur chin bharat ki sabase badi samasya ke roop men ubharane ja raha hai tatha usake irade nek nahin hain. unhonne pn. neharoo ko chin se savadhan kiya, kintu neharoo ne unase dridhata se asahamati jataee, jo antatah chini hamale ke ek sal pahale 1961 men achary raghuvir ke kangres chhodane ka karan bana. isake turant bad vah bharatiy janasngh men shamil hue, jahan disambar, 1962 men unhonne parti ke rashtriy adhyaksh ka pad sambhala. 1962 ke lokasabha chunav men vah janasngh ke tikat par varanasi se khade hue, kintu unhen parajay ka munh dekhana pada.

mrityu

14 mee, 1963 ko jab achary raghuvir apane bahut karibi mitr ramamanohar lohiya ka chunav-prachar kar rahe the, tabhi unaki kar rahasyamay paristhitiyon men ek ped se takaraee. isi durghatana men achary raghuvir ka bhautik sharir snsar se uth gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 achary raghuvir (hindi) bhartiyadharohar.com. abhigaman tithi: 17 mee, 2022.

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