आखिरी हीला -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

yadyapi meri smaran-shakti prithvi ke itihas ki sari smaraniy tarikhen bhool gayin, vah tarikhen jinhen raton ko jagakar aur mastishk ko khapakar yad kiya tha; magar vivah ki tithi samatal bhoomi men ek stnbh ki bhanti atal hai. n bhoolata hoon, n bhool sakata hoon. usase pahale aur pichhe ki sari ghatanaen dil men mit gayin, unaka nishan tak baki nahin. vah sari anekata ek ekata men mishrit ho gayi hai aur vah mere vivah ki tithi hai. chahata hoon, use bhool jaoon; magar jis tithi ka nity-prati sumiran kiya jata ho, vah kaise bhool jay; nity-prati sumiran kyon karata hoon, yah us vipatti-mare se poochhie jise bhagavadh-bhajan ke siva jivan ke uddhar ka koee adhar n raha ho.

lekin kya main vaivahik jivan se isalie bhagata hoon ki mujhamen rasikata ka abhav hai aur main komal varg ki mohani shakti se nirlipt hoon aur anasakti ka pad prapt kar chuka hoon. kya main nahin chahata hoon ki jab main sair karane nikaloon, to hridayeshvari bhi mere sath virajaman hon. vilas-vastuon ki dukanon par unake sath jakar thodi der ke lie rasamay agrah ka annd uthaoon. main us garv aur annd aur mahatv ka anubhav kar sakata hoon, jo mere any bhaiyon ki bhanti mere hriday men bhi andolit hoga, lekin mere bhagy men vah khushiyan vah rngareliyan nahin hain.

kyonki chitr ka doosara paksh bhi to dekhata hoon. ek paksh jitana hi mohak aur akarshak hai, doosara utana hi hridayavidarak aur bhaynkar. sham huee aur ap badanasib bachche ko god men liye tel ya eendhan ki dukan par khade hain. andhera hua aur ap ate ki potali bagal men dabaye galiyon men yon qadam badhaye hue nikal jate hain, mano chori ki hai. soory nikala aur balakon ko god men liye homiyopaith daktar ki dukan men tooti kursi par aroodh hain. kisi khonchevale ki rasili avaz sunakar balak ne gaganabhedi vilap arnbh kiya aur apake pran sookhe. aise bapon ko bhi dekha hai, jo daftar se lautate hue paise-do paise ki moongaphali ya revadiyan lekar lajjaspad shighrata ke sath munh men rakhate chale jate hain ki ghar pahunchate-pahunchate balakon ke akraman se pahale hi yah padarth samapt ho jay. kitana nirashajanak hota hai yah drishy, jab dekhata hoon ki mele men bachcha kisi khilaune ki dukan ke samane machal raha hai aur pita mahoday rishiyon ki-si vidvata ke sath unaki kshanabhngurata ka rag alap rahe hain.

chitr ka pahala rukh to mere lie ek madan-svapn hai, doosara rukh ek bhaynkar saty. is saty ke samane meri sari rasikata antardhan ho jati hai. meri sari maulikata, sari rachanashilata isi danpaty ke phndon se bachane men prayukt huee hai. janata hoon ki jal ke niche jana hai, magar jal jitana hi rngin aur grahak hai, dana utana hi ghatak aur vishaila. is jal men pakshiyon ko tadapate aur phadaphadate dekhata hoon aur phir bhi jal par ja baithata hoon.

lekin idhar kuchh dinon se shrimatiji ne avishrant roop se agrah karana shuroo kiya hai ki mujhe bula lo. pahale jab chhuttiyon men jata tha, to mera keval 'kahan chalogi' kah dena unaki chitt-shanti ke lie kafi hota tha, phir mainne 'jhnjhat hai' kahakar unhen tasalli deni shuroo ki. isake bad grihasth-jivan ki asuvidhaon se daraya; kintu ab kuchh dinon se unaka avishvas badhata jata hai. ab mainne chhuttiyon men bhi unake agrah ke bhay se ghar jana bnd kar diya hai ki kahin vah mere sath n chal khadi hon aur nana prakar ke bahanon se unhen ashnkit karata rahata hoon.

mera pahala bahana patr-snpadakon ke jivan ki kahaniyon ke vishay men tha. kabhi barah baje rat ko sona nasib hota hai, kabhi ratajaga karana pad jata hai. sare din gali-gali thokaren khani padati hain. is par turra yah hai ki hamesha sir par nngi talavar latakati rahati hai. n jane kab giraphtar ho jaoon, kab jamanat talab ho jay. khuphiya pulis ki ek fauj hamesha pichhe padi rahati hai. kabhi bazar men nikal jata hoon, to log ungaliyan uthakar kahate hain vah ja raha hai akhabaravala. mano snsar men jitani daivik, adhidaivik, bhautik, adhibhautik badhaen hain, unaka uttaradayi main hoon. mano mera mastishk jhoothi khabaren gadhane ka karyalay hai. sara din aphasaron ki salami aur pulis ki khushamad men gujar jata hai. kansatebilon ko dekha aur pran-pida hone lagi. meri to yah halat hai aur hukkam hain ki meri soorat se kanpate hain. ek din durbhagyavash ek angrez ke bngale ki taraph ja nikala. sahab ne poochha kya kam karata hai? mainne garv ke sath kaha, patr ka snpadak hoon. sahab turnt andar ghus gaye aur kapat mundrit kar liye. phir mainne mem sahab aur baba logon ko khidakiyon se jhankate dekha; mano koee bhaynkar jntu hoon. ekabar relagadi men saphar kar raha tha, sath aur bhi kee mitr the, isalie apane pad ka samman nibhane ke lie sekend klas ka tikat lena pada. gadi men baitha to ek sahab ne mere sootakes par mera nam aur pesha dekhate hi turnt apana sndook khola aur rivalvar nikalakar mere samane goliyan bharin, jisase mujhe maloom ho jay ki vah mujhase sachet hai. mainne deviji se apani arthik kathinaiyon ki kabhi charcha nahin ki, kyonki main ramaniyon ke samane yah zikr karana apani maryada ke viruddh samajhata hoon. halanki main vah charcha karata, to deviji ki daya ka avashy patr ban jata.

mujhe vishvas tha ki shrimatiji phir yahan ane ka nam n lengi. magar yah mera bhram tha. unake agrah poorvavath hote rahe.

tab mainne doosara bahana socha. shahar bimariyon ke adde hain. har ek khane-pine ki chiz men vish ki shnka. doodh men vish, ghi men vish, phalon men vish, shak-bhaji men vish, hava men vish, pani men vish. yah manushy ka jivan pani ki lakir hai ! jise aj dekho vah kal gayab. achchhe-khase baithe hain, hriday ki gati bnd ho gayi. ghar se sair ko nikale, motar se takarakar surapur ki rah li. agar koee sham ko sangopang ghar a jay, to use bhagyavan samajho. machchhar ki avaz kan men ayi, dil baitha, makkhi najar ayi aur hath-panv phoole. chooha bil se nikala aur jan nikal gayi. jidhar dekhie yamaraj ki amaladari hai. agar motar aur tram se bachakar a gaye, tab machchhar aur makkhi ke shikar hue. bas yahi samajh lo ki maut haradam sir par khelati rahati hai. rat-bhar machchharon se ladata hoon, din-bhar makkhiyon se. nanhi-si jan ko kin-kin dushmanon se bachaoon. sans bhi mushkil se leta hoon ki kahin kshay ke kitanu phephade men n pahunch jayn.

deviji ko phir bhi mujh par vishvas n aya. doosare patr men bhi vahi arajoo thi. likha tha, tumhare patr ne ek aur chinta badha di ab. ab pratidin patr likha karana, main ek n sunoongi aur sidhe chali aoongi. mainne dil men kaha, chalo, saste chhoote.

magar yah khataka laga hua tha ki n jane kab unhen shahar ane ki sanak savar ho jay. isalie mainne tisara bahana soch nikala. yahan mitron ke mare nakodam rahata hai, akar baith jate hain to uthane ka nam bhi nahin lete mano apana ghar bech aye hain. agar ghar se tal jao, to akar bedhadak kamare men baith jate hain aur naukar se jo chiz chahate hain, udhar mngava lete hain. dena mujhe padata hai. kuchh log to haphton pade rahate hain, talane ka nam hi nahin lete. roj unaki seva-satkar karo, rat ko thietar ya sinema dikhao. phir sabere tak tash ya shatarnj khelo. adhikansh to aise hain, jo sharab ke bagair jinda hi nahin rah sakate. aksar to bimar hokar ate hain. balki adhikatar bimar hi ate hain. ab roj daktar ko bulao, seva sushroosha karo, ratabhar sirahane baithe pnkha jhalate raho, us par yah shikayat bhi sunate raho ki yahan koee hamari bat bhi nahin poochhata ! meri ghadi mahinon se meri kalaee par nahin ayi. doston ke sath jalason men sharik ho rahi hai. achakan hai, vah ek sahab ke pas hai, kot aur doosare sahab le gaye. joote aur ek baboo le ude. main vahi raddi kot aur vahi chamaraudha joota pahanakar daftar jata hoon. mitravrind tadate rahate hain ki kaun-si nayi vastu laya. koee chiz lata hoon, to mare dar ke sndook men bnd kar deta hoon. kisi ki nigah pad jay, to kahin-n-kahin nyota khane ki dhun savar ho jay. pahali tarikh ko vetan milata hai, to choron ki tarah dabe panv ghar ata hoon ki kahin koee mahashay rupayon ki pratiksha men dvar par dharana jamaye n baithe hon ! maloom nahin, unaki sari avashyakataen pahali hi tarikh ki bat kyon johati rahati hain. ek din vetan lekar barah baje rat ko lauta; magar dekha to adhe darjan mitr us vakt bhi date hue the. matha thonk liya. kitane hi bahane karoon, unake samane ek nahin chalati. main kahata hoon, ghar se patr aya hai, mataji bahut bimar hain. javab dete hain, aji boodhe itani jald nahin marate. marana hi hota, to itane din jivit kyon rahatin. dekh lena do-char din men achchhi ho jayengi, aur agar mar bhi jayen, to vriddhajanon ki mrityu ka shok hi kya, vah to aur khushi ki bat hai. kahata hoon, lagan ka bada takaja ho raha hai ! javab milata hai, ajakal lagan to bnd ho hi raha hai. lagan dene ki zaroorat hi nahin rahi. agar kisi snskar ka bahana karata hoon, to pharamate hain, tum bhi vichitr jiv ho. in kuprathaon ki lakir pitana tumhari shan ke khilaf hai. agar tum unaka moolochchhedan karoge, to vah log kya akash se avenge? garaj yah ki kisi tarah pran nahin bachate.

mainne samajha tha ki hamara yah bahana nishane par baithega. aise ghar men kaun ramani rahana pasnd karegi, jo mitron par hi arpit ho gaya ho ! kintu mujhe phir bhram hua. uttar men phir vahi agrah tha.

tab mainne chautha hila socha. yahan ke makan hain ki chidiyon ke pinjare, n hava, n roshani. vah durgndh udati hai ki khopadi bhanna jati hai. kitane hi ke to isi durgndh ke karan visoochika, taiphaid, yakshma adi rog ho jate hain. varsha huee aur makan tapakane laga. pani chahe ghnte bhar barase, makan rat bhar barasata rahata hai. aise bahut kam ghar honge, jinamen pret-badhaen n hon, logon ko daravane svapn dikhaee dete hain. kitanon hi ko unmad rog ho jata hai. aj naye ghar men aye, kal hi use badalane ki chinta savar ho gayi. koee thela asabab se lada hua ja raha hai, koee a raha hai. jidhar dekhiye thele-hi-thele najar ate hain. choriyan to is kasarat se hoti hain ki agar koee rat kushal se bit jay, to devataon ki manauti ki jati hai. adhi rat huee aur 'chor-chor ! lena-lena !' ki avajen ane lagin. log daravajon par mote-mote lakadi ke phatte ya joote ya chimate liye khade rahate hain; phir bhi chor itane kushal hain ki ankh bachakar andar pahunch hi jate hain. ek mere betakalluph dost hain, snehavash mere pas bahut der tak baithe rahate hain. rat andhere men bartan khadake, to mainne bijali ki batti jalaee ! dekha, to vahi mahashay bartan samet rahe hain. meri avaz sunakar zor se kahakaha, mara aur bole, main tumhen chakama dena chahata tha. mainne dil men samajh liya, agar nikal jate, to bartan apake the, jab jag pada to chakama ho gaya. ghar men aye kaise the, yah rahasy hai. kadachith rat ko tash khelakar chale, to bahar jane ke badale niche andheri kothari men chhip gaye. ek din ek mahashay mujhase patr likhane aye, kamare men kalam-davat n thi. oopar ke kamare se lane gaya. lautakar aya to dekha ap gayab hain aur unake sath phauntenapen bhi gayab hai. saransh yah ki nagar-jivan narak-jivan se kam du:khadayi nahin hai.

magar patniji par nagarik jivan ka aisa jadoo chadha hua hai ki mera koee bahana un par asar nahin karata. is patr ke javab men unhonne likha mujhase bahana karate ho, main hargij n manoongi, tum akar mujhe le jao.

akhir mujhe panchavan bahana karana pada. yah khonchevalon ke vishay men tha.

abhi bistar se uthane ki naubat nahin ayi ki kanon men vichitr avajen ane lagin. babul ke minar ke nirman ke sath aisi nirarthak avajen n ayi hongi. vah khonchevalon ki shabd-krida hai. uchit to yah tha, yah khonchevale dhol-mnjire ke sath logon ko apani chijon ki or akarshit karate; magar in aundhi aklavalon ko yah kahan soojhati hai. aise paishachik svar nikalate hain ki sunanevalon ke roen khade ho jate hain. bachche man ki god men chimat jate hain. main bhi rat ko aksar chaunk padata hoon. ek din to mere pados men ek durghatana ho gayi. gyarah baje the. koee mahila bachche ko doodh pilane uthi thi. ekaek jo kisi khonchevale ki bhaynkar dhavani kanon men ayi, to chikh marakar chilla uthi aur phir behosh ho gayi. mahinon ki dava-daroo ke bad achchhi huee. aur ab rat ko kanon men ruee dalakar soti hai. aise krity nagaron men nity hote rahate hain. mere hi mitron men kee aise hain jo apani striyon ko ghar se laye; magar bechariyan doosare hi din in avajon se bhayabhit hokar laut gayin.

shrimatiji ne isake javab men likha tum samajhate ho, main khonchevalon ki avajon se dar jaoongi. yahan gidadon ka hauvana aur ulluon ka chikhana sunakar to darati nahin khonchevalon se kya daroongi !

ant men mujhe ek aisa bahana soojha, jisaki saphalata ka mujhe poora vishvas tha. yadyapi isamen kuchh badanami thi; lekin badanami se main itana nahin darata, jitana us vipatti se. phir mainne likha shahar shariphajadiyon ke rahane ki jagah nahin. yahan ki mahariyan itani katubhashini hain ki baton ka javab galiyon se deti hain, aur unake banav-snvar ka kya poochhana. bhale ghar ki striyan to unake that dekhakar hi sharm se pani-pani ho jati hain. sir se panv tak sone se ladi huee, samane se nikal jati hain, to aisa maloom hota hai ki sugndhi ki lapat nikal gayi. grihiniyan ye that kahan se layen? unhen to aur bhi saikadon chintaen hain. in mahariyon ko to banav-singar ke siva doosara kam hi nahin. nity nayi saj-dhaj, nity nayi ada aur chnchal to is gajab ki hain; mano angon men rakt ki jagah para bhar diya ho. unaka chamakana aur matakana aur muskarana dekhakar grihiniyan lajjit ho jati hain aur aisi dida-diler hain ki jabaradasti gharon men ghus padati hain. jidhar dekho inaka mela-sa laga hua hai. inake mare bhale adamiyon ka ghar men baithana mushkil hai ! koee khat likhane ke bahane se a jati hai; koee khat padhane ke bahane se. asali bat to yah hai ki grihadeviyon ka rng phika karane men inhen annd ata hai. isalie shariphajadiyan bahut kam shaharon men ati hain.

maloom nahin is patr men mujhase kya galati huee ki tisare din patniji ek boodhe kahar ke sath mera pata poochhati huee apane tinon bachchon ko liye ek asadhy rog ki bhanti a datin.

mainne badahavas hokar poochha- kyon kushal to hai?

patniji ne chadar utarate hue kaha- ghar men koee chudail baithi to nahin hai? yahan kisi ne qadam rakha to nak kat loongi. han, jo tumhari shah n ho !

achchha, to ab rahasy khula. mainne sir pit liya. kya janata tha, apana tamacha apane hi munh par padega.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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