बूढ़ी काकी -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

budhapa bahudha bachapan ka punaragaman hua karata hai. boodhi kaki men jihva-svad ke siva aur koee cheshta shesh n thi aur n apane kashton ki or akarshit karane ka, rone ke atirikt koee doosara sahara hi. samast indriyan, netr, hath aur pair javab de chuke the. prithvi par padi rahatin aur ghar vale koee bat unaki ichchha ke pratikool karate, bhojan ka samay tal jata ya usaka pariman poorn n hota athava bazar se koee vastu ati aur n milati to ye rone lagati thin. unaka rona-sisakana sadharan rona n tha, ve gala phad-phadakar roti thin.

unake patidev ko svarg sidhare kalantar ho chuka tha. bete tarun ho-hokar chal base the. ab ek bhatije ke alava aur koee n tha. usi bhatije ke nam unhonne apani sari sampatti likh di. bhatije ne sari sampatti likhate samay khoob lambe-chaude vade kie, kintu ve sab vade keval kuli-dipo ke dalalon ke dikhae hue sabzabag the. yadyapi us sampatti ki varshik ay dedh-do sau rupe se kam n thi tathapi boodhi kaki ko pet bhar bhojan bhi kathinaee se milata tha. isamen unake bhatije pndit buddhiram ka aparadh tha athava unaki ardhangini shrimati roopa ka, isaka nirnay karana sahaj nahin. buddhiram svabhav ke sajjan the, kintu usi samay tak jab ki unake kosh par anch n ae. roopa svabhav se tivr thi sahi, par eeshvar se darati thi. atev boodhi kaki ko usaki tivrata utani n khalati thi jitani buddhiram ki bhalamanasahat.

buddhiram ko kabhi-kabhi apane atyachar ka khed hota tha. vicharate ki isi sampatti ke karan main is samay bhalamanush bana baitha hoon. yadi bhautik ashvasan aur sookhi sahanubhooti se sthiti men sudhar ho sakata ho, unhen kadachith koee apatti n hoti, parantu vishesh vyay ka bhay unaki sucheshta ko dabae rakhata tha. yahan tak ki yadi dvar par koee bhala adami baitha hota aur boodhi kaki us samay apana rag alapane lagatin to vah ag ho jate aur ghar men akar unhen zor se dantate. ladakon ko buddhon se svabhavik vidvesh hota hi hai aur phir jab mata-pita ka yah rng dekhate to ve boodhi kaki ko aur sataya karate. koee chutaki katakar bhagata, koee in par pani ki kulli kar deta. kaki chikh marakar rotin parantu yah bat prasiddh thi ki vah keval khane ke lie roti hain, atev unake sntap aur artanad par koee dhyan nahin deta tha. han, kaki krodhatur hokar bachchon ko galiyan dene lagatin to roopa ghatanasthal par a pahunchati. is bhay se kaki apani jihva kripan ka kadachith hi prayog karati thin, yadyapi upadrav-shanti ka yah upay rone se kahin adhik upayukt tha.

sampoorn parivar men yadi kaki se kisi ko anurag tha, to vah buddhiram ki chhoti ladaki ladali thi. ladali apane donon bhaiyon ke bhay se apane hisse ki mithaee-chabaina boodhi kaki ke pas baithakar khaya karati thi. yahi usaka rakshagar tha aur yadyapi kaki ki sharan unaki lolupata ke karan bahut mnhagi padati thi, tathapi bhaiyon ke anyay se suraksha kahin sulabh thi to bas yahin. isi svarthanukoolata ne un donon men sahanubhooti ka aropan kar diya tha.

2

rat ka samay tha. buddhiram ke dvar par shahanaee baj rahi thi aur ganv ke bachchon ka jhund vismayapoorn netron se gane ka rasasvadan kar raha tha. charapaiyon par mehaman vishram karate hue naiyon se mukkiyan lagava rahe the. samip khada bhat virudavali suna raha tha aur kuchh bhavgy mehamanon ki 'vah, vah' par aisa khush ho raha tha mano is 'vah-vah' ka yatharth men vahi adhikari hai. do-ek angrezi padhe hue navayuvak in vyavaharon se udasin the. ve is gnvar mndali men bolana athava sammilit hona apani pratishtha ke pratikool samajhate the.

aj buddhiram ke bade ladake mukharam ka tilak aya hai. yah usi ka utsav hai. ghar ke bhitar striyan ga rahi thin aur roopa mehamanon ke lie bhojan men vyast thi. bhattiyon par kadah chadh rahe the. ek men poodiyan-kachaudiyan nikal rahi thin, doosare men any pakavan banate the. ek bade hnde men masaledar tarakari pak rahi thi. ghi aur masale ki kshudhavardhak sugndhi charon or phaili huee thi.

boodhi kaki apani kothari men shokamay vichar ki bhanti baithi huee thin. yah svad mishrit sugndhi unhen bechain kar rahi thi. ve man-hi-man vichar kar rahi thin, snbhavatah mujhe poodiyan n milengin. itani der ho gee, koee bhojan lekar nahin aya. maloom hota hai sab log bhojan kar chuke hain. mere lie kuchh n bacha. yah sochakar unhen rona aya, parantu apashakun ke bhay se vah ro n sakin.

'aha... kaisi sugndhi hai? ab mujhe kaun poochhata hai. jab rotiyon ke hi lale pade hain tab aise bhagy kahan ki bharapet poodiyan milen?' yah vichar kar unhen rona aya, kaleje men hook-si uthane lagi. parntu roopa ke bhay se unhonne phir maun dharan kar liya.

boodhi kaki der tak inhin dukhadayak vicharon men doobi rahin. ghi aur masalon ki sugndhi rah-rahakar man ko ape se bahar kie deti thi. munh men pani bhar-bhar ata tha. poodiyon ka svad smaran karake hriday men gudagudi hone lagati thi. kise pukaroon, aj ladali beti bhi nahin aee. donon chhokare sada dik diya karate hain. aj unaka bhi kahin pata nahin. kuchh maloom to hota ki kya ban raha hai.

boodhi kaki ki kalpana men poodiyon ki tasvir nachane lagi. khoob lal-lal, phooli-phooli, naram-naram hongin. roopa ne bhali-bhanti bhojan kiya hoga. kachaudiyon men ajavain aur ilayachi ki mahak a rahi hogi. ek poodi milati to jara hath men lekar dekhati. kyon n chal kar kadah ke samane hi baithoon. poodiyan chhan-chhanakar taiyar hongi. kadah se garam-garam nikalakar thal men rakhi jati hongi. phool ham ghar men bhi soongh sakate hain, parantu vatika men kuchh aur bat hoti hai. is prakar nirnay karake boodhi kaki ukadoon baithakar hathon ke bal sarakati huee badi kathinaee se chaukhat se utarin aur dhire-dhire rengati huee kadah ke pas ja baithin. yahan ane par unhen utana hi dhairy hua jitana bhookhe kutte ko khane vale ke sammukh baithane men hota hai.

roopa us samay karyabhar se udvign ho rahi thi. kabhi is kothe men jati, kabhi us kothe men, kabhi kadah ke pas jati, kabhi bhndar men jati. kisi ne bahar se akar kaha--'maharaj thndee mang rahe hain.' thndee dene lagi. itane men phir kisi ne akar kaha--'bhat aya hai, use kuchh de do.' bhat ke lie sidha nikal rahi thi ki ek tisare adami ne akar poochha--'abhi bhojan taiyar hone men kitana vilamb hai? jara dhol, majira utar do.' bechari akeli stri daudate-daudate vyakul ho rahi thi, jhunjhalati thi, kudhati thi, parantu krodh prakat karane ka avasar n pati thi. bhay hota, kahin padosinen yah n kahane lagen ki itane men ubal padin. pyas se svayn knth sookh raha tha. garmi ke mare phunki jati thi, parantu itana avakash n tha ki jara pani pi le athava pnkha lekar jhale. yah bhi khataka tha ki jara ankh hati aur chizon ki loot machi. is avastha men usane boodhi kaki ko kadah ke pas baithi dekha to jal gee. krodh n ruk saka. isaka bhi dhyan n raha ki padosinen baithi huee hain, man men kya kahengin. purushon men log sunenge to kya kahenge. jis prakar mendhak kenchue par jhapatata hai, usi prakar vah boodhi kaki par jhapati aur unhen donon hathon se jhatak kar boli-- aise pet men ag lage, pet hai ya bhad? kothari men baithate hue kya dam ghutata tha? abhi mehamanon ne nahin khaya, bhagavan ko bhog nahin laga, tab tak dhairy n ho saka? akar chhati par savar ho gee. jal jae aisi jibh. din bhar khati n hoti to jane kisaki handi men munh dalati? ganv dekhega to kahega ki budhiya bharapet khane ko nahin pati tabhi to is tarah munh bae phirati hai. dayan n mare n mancha chhode. nam bechane par lagi hai. nak katava kar dam legi. itani thoonsati hai n jane kahan bhasm ho jata hai. bhala chahati ho to jakar kothari men baitho, jab ghar ke log khane lagenge, tab tumhe bhi milega. tum koee devi nahin ho ki chahe kisi ke munh men pani n jae, parantu tumhari pooja pahale hi ho jae.

boodhi kaki ne sir uthaya, n roeen n bolin. chupachap rengati huee apani kothari men chali geen. avaz aisi kathor thi ki hriday aur mashtishk ki sampoorn shaktiyan, sampoorn vichar aur sampoorn bhar usi or akarshit ho ge the. nadi men jab kagar ka koee vrihad khnd katakar girata hai to as-pas ka jal samooh charon or se usi sthan ko poora karane ke lie daudata hai.

3

bhojan taiyar ho gaya hai. angan men pattalen pad geen, mehaman khane lage. striyon ne jevanar-git gana arambh kar diya. mehamanon ke naee aur sevakagan bhi usi mndali ke sath, kintu kuchh hatakar bhojan karane baithe the, parantu sabhyatanusar jab tak sab-ke-sab kha n chuken koee uth nahin sakata tha. do-ek mehaman jo kuchh padhe-likhe the, sevakon ke dirghahar par jhunjhala rahe the. ve is bndhan ko vyarth aur bekar ki bat samajhate the.

boodhi kaki apani kothari men jakar pashchatap kar rahi thi ki main kahan-se-kahan a gee. unhen roopa par krodh nahin tha. apani jaldabazi par du:kh tha. sach hi to hai jab tak mehaman log bhojan n kar chukenge, ghar vale kaise khaenge. mujh se itani der bhi n raha gaya. sabake samane pani utar gaya. ab jab tak koee bulane nahin aega, n jaoongi.

man-hi-man is prakar ka vichar kar vah bulane ki pratiksha karane lagin. parantu ghi ki ruchikar suvas badi dhairy़-parikshak pratit ho rahi thi. unhen ek-ek pal ek-ek yug ke saman maloom hota tha. ab pattal bichh gee hogi. ab mehaman a ge honge. log hath pair dho rahe hain, naee pani de raha hai. maloom hota hai log khane baith ge. jevanar gaya ja raha hai, yah vichar kar vah man ko bahalane ke lie let geen. dhire-dhire ek git gunagunane lagin. unhen maloom hua ki mujhe gate der ho gee. kya itani der tak log bhojan kar hi rahe honge. kisi ki avaz sunaee nahin deti. avashy hi log kha-pikar chale ge. mujhe koee bulane nahin aya hai. roopa chidh gee hai, kya jane n bulae. sochati ho ki ap hi avengin, vah koee mehaman to nahin jo unhen bulaoon. boodhi kaki chalane ko taiyar hueen. yah vishvas ki ek minat men poodiyan aur masaledar tarakariyan samane aengin, unaki svadendriyon ko gudagudane laga. unhonne man men tarah-tarah ke mnsoobe bandhe-- pahale tarakari se poodiyan khaoongi, phir dahi aur shakkar se, kachauriyan rayate ke sath mazedar maloom hongi. chahe koee bura mane chahe bhala, main to mang-mangakar khaoongi. yahi n log kahenge ki inhen vichar nahin? kaha karen, itane din ke bad poodiyan mil rahi hain to munh jhootha karake thode hi uth jaoongi .

vah ukadoon baithakar sarakate hue angan men aeen. parantu hay durbhagy! abhilasha ne apane purane svabhav ke anusar samay ki mithya kalpana ki thi. mehaman-mndali abhi baithi huee thi. koee khakar ungaliyan chatata tha, koee tirachhe netron se dekhata tha ki aur log abhi kha rahe hain ya nahin. koee is chinta men tha ki pattal par poodiyan chhooti jati hain kisi tarah inhen bhitar rakh leta. koee dahi khakar chatakarata tha, parantu doosara dona mangate snkoch karata tha ki itane men boodhi kaki rengati huee unake bich men a pahunchi. kee adami chaunkakar uth khade hue. pukarane lage-- are, yah budhiya kaun hai? yahan kahan se a gee? dekho, kisi ko chhoo n de.

pndit buddhiram kaki ko dekhate hi krodh se tilamila ge. poodiyon ka thal lie khade the. thal ko zamin par patak diya aur jis prakar nirdayi mahajan apane kisi beiman aur bhagode karzadar ko dekhate hi usaka tentua pakad leta hai usi tarah lapak kar unhonne kaki ke donon hath pakade aur ghasitate hue lakar unhen andheri kothari men dham se patak diya. asharoopi vatika loo ke ek jhonke men vinasht ho gee.

mehamanon ne bhojan kiya. gharavalon ne bhojan kiya. baje vale, dhobi, chamar bhi bhojan kar chuke, parantu boodhi kaki ko kisi ne n poochha. buddhiram aur roopa donon hi boodhi kaki ko unaki nirlajjata ke lie dnd dene k nishchay kar chuke the. unake budhape par, dinata par, hathgyan par kisi ko karuna n aee thi. akeli ladali unake lie kudh rahi thi.

ladali ko kaki se atynt prem tha. bechari bholi ladaki thi. bal-vinod aur chnchalata ki usamen gndh tak n thi. donon bar jab usake mata-pita ne kaki ko nirdayata se ghasita to ladali ka hriday ऎnthakar rah gaya. vah jhunjhala rahi thi ki ham log kaki ko kyon bahut-si poodiyan nahin dete. kya mehaman sab-ki-sab kha jaenge? aur yadi kaki ne mehamanon se pahale kha liya to kya bigad jaega? vah kaki ke pas jakar unhen dhairy dena chahati thi, parantu mata ke bhay se n jati thi. usane apane hisse ki poodiyan bilkul n khaeen thin. apani gudiya ki pitari men band kar rakhi thin. un poodiyon ko kaki ke pas le jana chahati thi. usaka hriday adhir ho raha tha. boodhi kaki meri bat sunate hi uth baithengin, poodiyan dekhakar kaisi prasann hongin! mujhe khoob pyar karengin.

4

rat ko gyarah baj ge the. roopa angan men padi so rahi thi. ladali ki ankhon men nind n ati thi. kaki ko poodiyan khilane ki khushi use sone n deti thi. usane gu़diyon ki pitari samane rakhi thi. jab vishvas ho gaya ki amma so rahi hain, to vah chupake se uthi aur vicharane lagi, kaise chaloon. charon or andhera tha. keval choolhon men ag chamak rahi thi aur choolhon ke pas ek kutta leta hua tha. ladali ki drishti samane vale nim par gee. use maloom hua ki us par hanuman ji baithe hue hain. unaki poonchh, unaki gada, vah spasht dikhalaee de rahi hai. mare bhay ke usane ankhen bnd kar lin. itane men kutta uth baitha, ladali ko dhadhas hua. kee soe hue manushyon ke badale ek bhagata hua kutta usake lie adhik dhairy ka karan hua. usane pitari uthaee aur boodhi kaki ki kothari ki or chali.

5

boodhi kaki ko keval itana smaran tha ki kisi ne mere hath pakadakar ghasite, phir aisa maloom hua ki jaise koee pahad par udae lie jata hai. unake pair bar-bar pattharon se takarae tab kisi ne unhen pahad par se pataka, ve moorchhit ho geen.

jab ve sachet hueen to kisi ki zara bhi ahat n milati thi. samajhi ki sab log kha-pikar so ge aur unake sath meri takadir bhi so gee. rat kaise kategi? ram! kya khaoon? pet men agni dhadhak rahi hai. ha! kisi ne meri sudhi n li. kya mera pet katane se dhan jud jaega? in logon ko itani bhi daya nahin ati ki n jane budhiya kab mar jae? usaka ji kyon dukhaven? main pet ki rotiyan hi khati hoon ki aur kuchh? is par yah hal. main andhi, apahij thahari, n kuchh sunoon, n boojhoon. yadi angan men chali gee to kya buddhiram se itana kahate n banata tha ki kaki abhi log khana kha rahe hain phir ana. mujhe ghasita, pataka. unhin poodiyon ke lie roopa ne sabake samane galiyan din. unhin poodiyon ke lie itani durgati karane par bhi unaka patthar ka kaleja n pasija. sabako khilaya, meri bat tak n poochhi. jab tab hi n din, tab ab kya denge? yah vichar kar kaki nirashamay sntosh ke sath let gee. glani se gala bhar-bhar ata tha, parantu mehamanon ke bhay se roti n thin. sahasa kanon men avaz aee-- 'kaki utho, main poodiyan laee hoon.' kaki ne ladali ki boli pahachani. chatapat uth baithin. donon hathon se ladali ko tatola aur use god men bitha liya. ladali ne poodiyan nikalakar din.

kaki ne poochha-- kya tumhari amma ne di hai?

ladali ne kaha-- nahin, yah mere hisse ki hain.

kaki poodiyon par toot padin. panch minat men pitari khali ho gee. ladali ne poochha-- kaki pet bhar gaya.

jaise thodi-si varsha thndak ke sthan par aur bhi garmi paida kar deti hai us bhanti in thodi poodiyon ne kaki ki kshudha aur iksha ko aur uttejit kar diya tha. bolin-- nahin beti, jakar amma se aur mang lao.

ladali ne kaha-- amma soti hain, jagaoongi to marengin.

kaki ne pitari ko phir tatola. usamen kuchh khurchan giri thi. bar-bar honth chatati thin, chatakhare bharati thin.

hriday masos raha tha ki aur poodiyan kaise paoon. sntosh-setu jab toot jata hai tab ichchha ka bahav aparimit ho jata hai. matavalon ko mad ka smaran karana unhen madandh banata hai. kaki ka adhir man ichchhaon ke prabal pravah men bah gaya. uchit aur anuchit ka vichar jata raha. ve kuchh der tak us ichchha ko rokati rahin. sahasa ladali se bolin-- mera hath pakadakar vahan le chalo, jahan mehamanon ne baithakar bhojan kiya hai.

ladali unaka abhipray samajh n saki. usane kaki ka hath pakada aur le jakar jhoothe pattalon ke pas bitha diya. din, kshudhatur, hath gyan budhiya pattalon se poodiyon ke tukade chun-chunakar bhakshan karane lagi. oh... dahi kitana svadisht tha, kachaudiyan kitani saloni, khasta kitane sukomal. kaki buddhihin hote hue bhi itana janati thin ki main vah kam kar rahi hoon, jo mujhe kadapi n karana chahie. main doosaron ki jhoothi pattal chat rahi hoon. parantu budhapa trishna rog ka antim samay hai, jab sampoorn ichchhaen ek hi kendr par a lagati hain. boodhi kaki men yah kendr unaki svadendriy thi.

thik usi samay roopa ki ankh khuli. use maloom hua ki ladali mere pas nahin hai. vah chaunki, charapaee ke idhar-udhar takane lagi ki kahin niche to nahin gir padi. use vahan n pakar vah uthi to kya dekhati hai ki ladali joothe pattalon ke pas chupachap khadi hai aur boodhi kaki pattalon par se poodiyon ke tukade utha-uthakar kha rahi hai. roopa ka hriday sann ho gaya. kisi gay ki garadan par chhuri chalate dekhakar jo avastha usaki hoti, vahi us samay huee. ek brahmani doosaron ki jhoothi pattal tatole, isase adhik shokamay drishy asnbhav tha. poodiyon ke kuchh grason ke lie usaki chacheri sas aisa nishkrisht karm kar rahi hai. yah vah drishy tha jise dekhakar dekhane valon ke hriday kanp uthate hain. aisa pratit hota mano zamin ruk gee, asaman chakkar kha raha hai. snsar par koee apatti ane vali hai. roopa ko krodh n aya. shok ke sammukh krodh kahan? karuna aur bhay se usaki ankhen bhar aeen. is adharm ka bhagi kaun hai? usane sachche hriday se gagan mndal ki or hath uthakar kaha-- paramatma, mere bachchon par daya karo. is adharm ka dnd mujhe mat do, nahin to mera satyanash ho jaega.

roopa ko apani svarthaparata aur anyay is prakar pratyaksh roop men kabhi n dikh pade the. vah sochane lagi-- hay! kitani nirday hoon. jisaki sampati se mujhe do sau rupaya ay ho rahi hai, usaki yah durgati. aur mere karan. he dayamay bhagavan! mujhase badi bhari chook huee hai, mujhe kshama karo. aj mere bete ka tilak tha. saikadon manushyon ne bhojan paya. main unake isharon ki dasi bani rahi. apane nam ke lie saikadon rupe vyay kar die, parantu jisaki badaulat hazaron rupe khae, use is utsav men bhi bharapet bhojan n de saki. keval isi karan to, vah vriddha asahay hai.

roopa ne diya jalaya, apane bhndar ka dvar khola aur ek thali men sampoorn samagriyan sajakar boodhi kaki ki or chali.

adhi rat ja chuki thi, akash par taron ke thal saje hue the aur un par baithe hue devagan svargiy padarth saja rahe the, parantu usamen kisi ko vah paramannd prapt n ho sakata tha, jo boodhi kaki ko apane sammukh thal dekhakar prapt hua. roopa ne kntharuddh svar men kaha---kaki utho, bhojan kar lo. mujhase aj badi bhool huee, usaka bura n manana. paramatma se prarthana kar do ki vah mera aparadh kshama kar den.

bhole-bhole bachchon ki bhanti, jo mithaiyan pakar mar aur tiraskar sab bhool jata hai, boodhi kaki vaise hi sab bhulakar baithi huee khana kha rahi thi. unake ek-ek rone se sachchi sadichchhaen nikal rahi thin aur roopa baithi svargiy drishy ka anand lene men nimagn thi.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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