इस्तीफा -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

daftar ka baboo ek bejaban jiv hai. mazadooron ko ankhen dikhao, to vah tyoriyaaun badal kar khada ho jayakah. kuli ko ek dant bataon, to sir se bojh phenk kar apani rah lega. kisi bhikhari ko dutkaron, to vah tumhari or gusse ki nigaha se dekh kar chala jaeega. yahan tak ki gadha bhi kabhi-kabhi takaliph pakar do lattiyaaun jhadane lagata he; magar bechare daftar ke baboo ko ap chahe ankhe dikhayen, daaunt batayen, dutkaren ya thokaren maron, usak mathe par bal n ayega. use apane vikaron par jo adhipaty hota he, vah shayad kisi snyami sadhu men bhi n ho. sntosh ka putala, sabr ki moorti, sachcha agyakari, garaj usamen tamam manavi achchhaiyan maujood hoti hen. khndahar ke bhi ek din bhagy jate he divali ke din us par bhi roshani hoti hai, barasat men us par hariyali chhati he, prakriti ki dilachaspiyon men usaka bhi hissa hai. magar is garib baboo ke nasib kabhi nahin jagate. isaki andheri takadir men roshani ka jalava kabhi nahin dikhaee deta. isake pile chehare par kabhi muskarahat ki roshni najar nahin ati. isake lie sookha savan he, kabhi hara bhadon nahin. lala fatahachnd aise hi ek bejaban jiv the.

kahate hen, manushy par usake nam ka bhi asar padata hai. fatahachnd ki dasha men yah bat yatharth siddh n ho saki. yadi unhen ‘harachnd’ kaha jae to kadachit yah atyukti n hogi. daftar men har, zindagi men har, mitron men har, jitan men unake lie charon or nirashaऍn hi thin. ladaka ek bhi nahin, ladakiyaaun ti; bhaee ek bhi nahin, bhaujaiyaaun do, gaaunth men kaudi nahin, magar dil men aya or muravvat, sachcha mitr ek bhi nahin—jisase mitrata huee, usane dhokha diya, is par tndurasti bhi achchhi nahin—battis sal ki avastha men bal khichadi ho gaye the. ankhon men jyonti nahin, hajama chaupat, chehara pila, gal chipake, kamar jhuki huee, n dil men himmat, n kaleje men takat. nau baje daftar jate aur chh: baje sham ko laut kar ghar ate. phir ghar se bahar nikalane ki himmat n padati. duniya men kya hota hai; isaki unhen bilakul khabar n thi. unaki duniya lok-paralok jo kuchh tha, daftar tha. naukari ki khair manate aur zindagi ke din poore karate the. n dharm se vasta tha, n din se nata. n koee manornjan tha, n khel. tash khele hue bhi shayad ek muddat gujar gayi thi.

2

jado ke din the. akash par kuchh-kuchh badal the. fatahachnd sadhe paaunch baje daftar se lautai to chirag jal gaye the. daftar se akar vah kisi se kuchh n bolate; chupake se charapaee par let jate aur pndrah-bis minat tak bina hile-dule pade rahate tab kahin jakar unake munh se avaz nikalati. aj bhi pratidin ki tarah ve chupachap pade the ki ek hi minat men bahar se kisi ne pukara. chhoti ladaki ne jakar poochha to maloom hua ki daftar ka chaparasi hai. sharada pati ke munh-hath dhane ke lie lota-gilas maaunj rahi thi. boli—usase kah de, kya kam hai. abhi to daftar se aye hi hain, aur bulava a gaya hai?

chaparasi ne kaha hai, abhi phir bula lao. koee bada zaroori kam hai.

phatahachnd ki khamoshi toot gayi. unhonne sir utha kar poochha—kya bat hai?

sharada—koee nahin daftar ka chaparasi hai.

phatahachnd ne saham kar kaha—daftar ka chaparasi! kya sahab ne bulaya hai?

sharada—han, kahata he, sahab bula rahe hai. yahan kaisa sahab he tumharar jab dekha, bulaya karata hai? sabere ke ge-ge abhi makan laute ho, phir bhi bulaya a gaya!

phatahachnd n snbhal kar kaha—jara sun loon, kisalie bulaya hai. mainne sab kam khatam kar diya tha, abhi ata hoon.

sharada—jara jalapan to karate jao, chaparasi se baten karane lagoge, to tumhen andar ane ki yad bhi n rahengi.

yah kah kar vah ek pyali men thodi-si dalamot or sev layi. fatahachnd uth kar khade ho gaye, kintu khane ki chizen dekh karah charapaee par baith gaye aur pyali ki or chav se dekh kar charapaee par baith gaye or pyali ki or chav se dekh kar darate hue bole—ladakiyon ko de diya hai n?

sharada ne ankhe chadhakar kaha—han-han; de diya hai, tum to khao.

itane men chhoti men chaparasi ne phir pukar—baboo ji, hamen badi der ho rahi hain.

sharada—kah kyon nahin date ki is vakt n ayengen

phatahachand ne jaldi-jaldi dalamot ki do-tin phnkiyaaun lagayi, ek gilas pani piya or bahar ki taraph daude. sharada pan banati hi rah gayi.

chaparasi ne kaha—baboo ji! apane badi der kar di. ab jara lapak echalie, nahin to jate hi daaunt batayega.

phatahachand ne do qadam daud kar kaha—chalenge to bhaee adami hi ki tarah chahe daaunt lagayen ya daaunt dikhayen. hamase dauda nahin jata. bngale hi par hai n?

chaparasi—bhala, vah daftar kyon ane laga. badashah he ki dillagi?

chaparasi tej chalane ka adi tha. bechare baboo fatahachand dhire-dhire jate the. thodi hi door chal kar hanph uthe. magar mard to the hi, yah kaise kahate ki bhaee jara aur dhire chalo. himmat karake qadam uthaten jate then yahan tak ki jaaungho men dard hone laga aur adha rasta khatam hote-hote pairon ne uthane se inakar kar diya. sara

sharir pasine se tar ho gaya. sir men chakkar a gaya. ankhon ke samane titaliyaaun udane lagin.

chaparasi ne lalakara—jara qadam badhay chalo, baboo!

phatahachand badi mushkil se bole—tum jao, main ata hoon.

ve sadak ke kinare patari par baith gaye or sir ko donon hathon se tham kar dam marane lagen chaparasi ne inaki yah dasha dekhi, to age badha. fatahachand dare ki yah shaitan jakar n-jane sahab se kya kah de, to gajab hi ho jayaga. zamin par hath tek kar uthe or phir chalen magar kamazori se sharir hanph raha tha. is samay koihr bachcha bhi unhen zamin par gira sakata than bechare kisi tarah girate-padate sahab bngalen par pahunche. sahab bngale par tahal rahe the. bar-bar phatak ki taraph dekhate the aur kisi ko ato n dekh kar man men jhallate the.

chaparasi ko dekhate hi ankhen nikal kar bol—itani der kahan tha?

chaparasi ne baramade ki sidhi par khade-khade kaha—huzoor! jab vah ayen tab to; mai dauda chala a raha hoon.

sahab ne per patak kar kaha—baboo kya bola?

chaparasi—a rahe he huzoor, ghnta-bhar men to ghar men se nikale.

itane men putahachand ahate ke tar ke undar se nikal kar vahan a pahunche aur sahab ko sir jhuk kar salam kiya.

sahab ne kadakar kaha—ab tak kahan tha?

phatahachanad ne sahab ka tamatamaya chehara dekha, to unaka khoon sookh gaya. bole—huzoor, abhi-abhi to daftar se gaya hoon, jyon hi chaparasi ne avaz di, hajir hua.

sahab—jhooth bolata hai, jhooth bolata he, ham ghnte-bhar se khada hai.

phatahachand—huzoor, me jhooth nahin bolata. ane men jitani der ho gayi hos, magar ghar se chalen men mujhe bilkul der nahin huee.

sahab ne hath ki chhadi ghumakar kaha—chup rah sooar, ham ghanta-bhar se khada he, apana kan pakado!

phatahachand ne khoon ki ghnt pikar kaha—huzoor mujhe das sal kam karate ho ge, kabhi......

sahab—chup rah sooar, ham kahata hai ki apana kan pakado!

phatahachand—jab mainne koee kusoor kiya ho?

sahab—chaparasi! is sooar ka kan pakado.

chaparasi ne dabi jaban se kaha—huzoor, yah bhi mere aphasar hai, mai inaka kan kaise pakadoon?

sahab—ham kahata hai, isaka kan pakado, nahin ham tumako hntaron se marega.

chaparasi—huzoor, me yahn naukari karane aya hoon, mar khane nahin. main bhi ijjatadar adami hoon. huzoor, apani naukari le len! ap jo hukm den, vah baja lane ko hajir hoon, lekin kisi ki ijjat nahin bigad sakata. naukari to char din ki hai. char din ke lie kyon jamane-bhar se bigad karen.

sahab ab krodh ko n bardasht karasake. hntar lekar daude. chaparasi ne dekha, yahan khad rahane men khairiyat nahin hai, to bhag khada hua. fatahachand abhi tak chupachap khade the. chaparasi ko n pakar unake pas aya aur unake donon kan pakadakar hila diya. bola—tum sooar gustakhi karata hai? jakar aphis se phail lao.

phatahachand ne kan hilate hue kaha—kaun-sa phail? tum bahara he sunata nahin? ham phail maaungata hai.

phatahachand ne kisi tarah diler hokar kaha—ap kaun-sa phail maaugate hen?

sahab—vahi phail jo ham mangata he. vahi phail lao. abhi laon vechare fatahachand ko ab or kuchh poochhane ki himmat n huee sahab bahadoor ek to yon hi tej-mizaj the, is par hukoomat ka ghamnd or sabase badhakar sharab ka nasha. hntar lekar pil padate, to bechar kya kar lete? chupake se daftar ki taraph chal pade.

sahab ne kaha—daud kar jao—daudo.

phatahachanad ne kaha—huzoor, mujhase dauda nahin jata.

sahab—o, tum bahoot sust ho gaya hai. ham tumako daudana sikhayega. daudo (pichhe se dhakka dekar) tum ab bhi nahin daudega?

yah kah kar sahab hntar lene chale. fatahachand daftar ke baboo hone par bhi manushy hi the. yadi vah balavan honte, to us badamash ka khoon pi jate. agar unake pas koee hathiyar hota, to us par paroor chala dete; lekin us halat men to mar khana hi unaki takadir men likha tha. ve betahash bhage aur phatak se bahar nikal kar sadak par a gaye.

3

phatahachanad daftar n gaye. jakar karate hi kya? sahab ne phail ka nam tak n bataya. shayad nasha men bhool gaya. dhire-dhire ghar ki or chale, magar is beijjati ne pairon men bediya-si dal di thin. mana ki vah sharirik bal men sahab se kam the, unake hath men koee chiz bhi n thi, lekin kya vah usaki baton ka javab n de sakate the? unake pairo men joote to the. kya vah joote se kam n le sakate the? phir kyon unhonne itani jillat bardasht ki?

magar ilaj ki kya tha? yadi vah krodh men unhen goli mar deta, to usaka kya bigadata. shayad ek-do mahine ki sadi kaid ho jati. sambhav hai, do-char sau rupaye jurmana ho jat. magar inaka parivar to mitti men mil jata. snsar men kaun tha, jo inake stri-bachchon ki khabar leta. vah kisake daravaze hath phailate? yadi usake pas itane rupaye hote, jise unake kutumb ka palan ho jata, to vah aj itani jillat n sahate. ya to mar hi jate, ya us shaitan ko kuchh sabak hi de dete. apani jan ka unhen dar n tha. zindagi men aisa kaun sukh tha, jisake lie vah is tarah darate. khyal tha sirph parivar ke barabad ho jane ka.

aj fatahachanad ko apani sharirik kamazori par jitana du:kh hua, utana aur kabhi n hua tha. agar unhonne shuroo hi se tanduroosti ka khyal rakha hota, kuchh kasarat karate rahate, lakadi chalana janate hote, to kya is shaitan ki itani himmat hoti ki vah unaka kan pakadata. usaki ankhen nikala lete. kam se kam danhen ghar se ek chhuri lekar chalana tha! or n hota, to do-char hath jamate hi—pichhe dekha jata, jel jana hi to hota ya aur kuchh?

ve jyon-jyon age badhate the, tyon-tyon unaki tabiyat apani kayarata aur bodepan par aurabhi jhallati thin agar vah uchak kar usake do-char thappad laga dete, to kya hota—yahi n ki sahab ke khanasamen, baire sab un par pil padate or marate-marate bedam kar dete. bal-bachchon ke sir par jo kuchh padati—padati. sahab ko itana to maloom ho jata ki garib ko begunah jalil karana asan nahi. akhir aj main mar jaoon, to kya ho? tab kaun mere bachchon ka palan karenga? tab unake sir jo kuchh padegi, vah aj hi pad jati, to kya harj tha.

is antim vichar ne fatahachand ke hriday men itana josh bhar diya ki vah laut pade or sahab se jillat ka badala lene ke lie do-char qadam chale, magar phir khayal aya, akhir jo kuchh jillat honi thi; vah to ho hi li. kaun jane, bngale par ho ya klab chala gaya ho. usi samay unhen sharada ki bekasi or bachchon ka bina bap ke jane ka khayal bhi a gaya. phir laute aur ghar chale.

4

ghar men jate hi sharada ne poochha—kisalie bulaya tha, badi der ho gayi?

phatahachand ne charapaee par letate hue kaha—nashe ki sanak thi, aur kya? shaitan ne mujhe galiyaaun di, jalil kiyan basas, yahin rat lagae hue tha ki der kyon ki? nirdayi ne chaparasi se mera kan pakadane ko kaha.

sharada ne gusse men akar kaha—tumane ek joota utar kar diya nahin sooar ko?

phatahachand—chaparasi bahut sharif hai. usane saf kah diya—huzoor, mujhase yah kam n hoga. menne bhale adamiyon ki ijjat utarane ke lie naukari nahin ki thi. vah usi vakt salam karake chala gaya.

sharada—yahi bahaduri he. tumane us sahab ko kyon nahin phatakara?

phatahachand—phatakara kyon nahin—menne bhi khoob sunayi. vah chhadi lekar dauda—mene bhi joota snbhala. usane mujhe chhadiyaaun jamayin—mainne bhi kee joote lagaye!

sharada ne khush hokar kaha—sach? itana-sa munh ho gaya hoga usaka!

phatahachand—chehare par jhadoo-si phiri huee thi.

sharada—bada achchha kiya tumane or marana chahie tha. me hoti, to bina jan lie n chhodati.

phatahachand—mar to aya hoon; lekin ab khairiyat nahin hai. dekho, kya natija hota hai? naukari to jayagi hi, shayad saza bhi katani pade.

sharada—saza kyon katani padegi? kya koee insaph karane vala nahin hai? usane kyon galiyaaun din, kyon chhadi jamayi?

phatahachand—usane samane meri kaun sunega? adalat bhi usi ki taraph ho jayagi.

sharada—ho jayagi, ho jae; magar dekh lena ab kisi sahab ki yah himmat n hogi ki kisi baboo ko galiyaaun de baithe. tumhe chahie tha ki jyonhi usake munh se galiyaaun nikali, lapak kar ek joota rasidad kar dete.

phatahachand—to phir is vakt jinda laut bhi n sakata. zaroor mujhe goli mar deta.

sharada—dekhi jati.

phatahachand ne muskara kar kaha—phir tum log kahan jati?

sharada—jahan eeshvar ki maraji hoti. adami ke lie sabase badi chiz ijjat he. ijjat gavaaun kar bal-bachchon ki paravarish nahin ki jati. tum us shaitan ko mar ka aye hote to mai karoor se phooli nahin samati. mar khakar uthate, to shayad mai tumhari soorat se bhi ghrina karati. yon jaban se chahe kuchh n kahati, magar dil se tumhari ijjal jati rahati. ab jo kuchh sir par ayegi, khushi se jhel loongi...... kahan jate ho, suno-suno kahan jate ho?

phatahachand divane hokar josh men ghar se nikal pade. sharada pukarati rah gayi. vah phir sahab ke bngale ki taraph ja rahe the. dar se sahame hue nahin; balki garoor se gardan uthaye hue. pakka irada unake chehare se jhalak raha tha. unake pairon men vah kamazori, ankhen men vah bekasi n thi. unaki kayapalat si ho gayi thi. vah kamazor badan, pila mukhada durbal badanavala, daftar ke baboo ki jagah ab mardana chehara, himmat bhara hua, mazaboot gatha aur javan tha. unhonne pahale ek dost ke ghar jakar usak dnda liya or akadate hue sahab ke bngale par ja pahunche.

is vakt nau baje the. sahab khane ki mej par the. magar fatahachand ne aj unake mej par se uth jane ka dntajar n kiya, khanasama kamare se bahar nikala aur vah chik utha kar andar ge. kamara prakash se jagamaga raha than zamin par aisi kalin bichhi huee thi; jesi fatahachand ki shadi men bhi nahin bichhi hogi. sahab bahadoor ne unaki taraph krodhit drishti se dekh kar kaha—tum kyon aya? bahar jaon, kyon andar chala aya?

phatahachand ne khade-khade dnda snbhal kar kaha—tumane mujhase abhi phail maaunga tha, vahi phail lekar aya hoon. khana kha lo, to dikhaoon. tab tak men baitha hoon. itaminan se khao, shayad vah tumhara akhiri khana hoga. isi karan khoob pet bhar kha lo.

sahab sannate men a gaye. fatahachand ki taraph dar aur krodh ki drishti se dekh kar kaaunp uthe. fatahachand ke chehare par pakka irada jhalak raha tha. sahab samajh gaye, yah manushy is samay marane-marane ke lie taiyar hokar ayahai. takat men fatahachand unase pasng bhi nahin tha. lekin yah nishchay tha ki vah eet ka javab patthar se nahin, balki lohe se dene ko taiyar hai. yadi pah fatahachand ko bura-bhala kahate hai, to kya ashchary hai ki vah dnda lekar pil pade. hathapaee karane men yadyapi unhen jitane men jara bhi sndeh nahin tha, lekin baithe-baithaye dnde khana bhi to koee buddhimani nahin hai. kutte ko ap dnde se mariye, thukaraiye, jo chahe kijie; magar usi samay tak, jab tak vah gurrata nahin. ek bar gurra kar daud pade, to phir dekhe ap himmat kahan jati hain? yahi hal us vakt sahab bahadur ka than jab tak yakin tha ki fatahachand ghudaki, gali, hntar, thakar sab kuchh khamoshi se sah lega,. tab tak ap sher the; ab vah tyoriyaaun badale, dada snbhale, billi ki tarah ghat lagaye khada hai. jaban se koee kada shabd nikala aur usane dada chalaya. vah adhik se adhik use barakhast kar sakate hain. agar marate hain, to mar khane ka bhi dar hai. us par faujadari men mukadama dayar ho jane ka sndesha—mana ki vah apane prabhav aur takat ko jel men dalava dege; parantu pareshani aur badanami se kisi tarah n bach sakate the. ek buddhiman aur doorndesh adami ki tarah unhonne yah kaha—oho, ham samajh gaya, ap hamase naraz hen. hamane kya apako kuchh kaha hai? ap kyon hamase naraz hain?

phatahachand ne tan kari kaha—tumane abhi adh ghnta pahale mere kan pakade the, aur mujhase saikado ool-jalool baten kahi thin. kya itani jaldi bhool gaye?

sahab—maine apaka kan pakada, a-ha-ha-ha-ha! kya majak hai? kya main pagal hoon ya divana?

phatahachand—to kya mai jhooth bol raha hoon? chaparasi gavah hai. apake naukar-chakar bhi dekh rahe the.

sahab—kab ki bat hai?

phatahachand—abhi-abhi, koee adha ghanta hua, apane mujhe bulavaya tha aur bina karan mere kan pakade aur dhakke diye the.

sahab—o baboo ji, us vakt ham nasha men tha. behara ne hamako bahut de diya tha. hamako kuchh khabar nahin, kya hua maee gad! hamako kuchh khabar nahin.

phatahachand—nasha men agar tumane goli mar di hoti, to kya mai mar n jata? agar tumhen nasha tha aur nasha men sab kuchh muaph he, to mai bhi nashe me hoon. suno mera phaisala, ya to apane kan pakado ki phir kabhi kisi bhale adami ke sng aisa bartav n karoge, ya main akar tumhare kan pakadoonga. samajh gaye ki nahin! idhar udhar hilo nahin, tumane jagah chhodi aur mainen dnda chalaya. phir khopadi toot jae, to meri khata nahin. main jo kuchh kahata hoon, vah karate chalo; pakadon kan!

sahab ne banavati hnsi hnsakar kaha—vel baboo ji, ap bahut dillagi karata hai. agar hamane apako bura bat kahata hai, to ham apase maphi maaungata he.

phatahachand—(dnda taulakar) nahin, kan pakado!

sahab asani se itani jillat n sah sake. lapakakar uthe aur chaha ki fatahachand ke hath se lakadi chhin len; lekin fatahachand gaphil n the. sahab mej par se uthane n paye the ki unhonne dnden ka bharapoor aur tula hua hath chalaya. sahab to nnge sir the hi; chot sir par pad gee. khopadi bhanna gayi. ek minat tak sir ko pakade rahane ke bad bole—ham tumako barakhast kar dega.

phatahachand—isaki mujhe paravah nahin, magar aj main tumase bina kan pakadaye nahin jaoonga. kasan pakadakar vada karo ki phir kisi bhale adami ke sath aisa beadabi n karoge, nahin to mera doosara hath padana hi chahata hai!

yah kahakar fatahachand ne phir dnda uthaya. sahab ko abhi tak pahali chot n bhooli thi. agar kahin yah doosara hath pad gaya, to shayad khopadi khul jaee. kan par hath rakhakar bole—ab ap khush hua?

‘phir to kabhi kisi ko gali n doge?’

‘kabhi nahi.‘

‘agar phir kabhi aisa kiya, to samajh lena, main kahin bahut door nahin hoon.‘

‘ab kisi ko gali n dega.‘

‘achchhi bat he, ab main jata hoon, ap se mera istipha hai. main kal istipha men yah likhakar bhejoonga ki

tumane mujhe galiyaaun din, isalie main naukari nahin karana chahata, samajh gaye?

sahab—ap istipha kyon deta hai? ham to ham to barakhast nahin karata.

phatahachand—ab tum jaise paji adami ki matahati nahin karoonga.

yah kahate hue fatahachand kamare se bahar nikale aur bade itaminan se ghar chale. aj unhen sachchi vijay ki prasannata ka anubhav hua. unhen aisi khushi kabhi nahin prapt huee thi. yahi unake jitan ki pahali jit thi.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah