बालक -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

gngoo ko log brahman kahate hain aur vah apane ko brahman samajhata bhi hai. mere sees aur khidamatagar mujhe door se salam karate hain. gngoo mujhe kabhi salam nahin karata. vah shayad mujhase palagan ki asha rakhata hai. mera jootha gilas kabhi hath se nahin chhoota aur n meri kabhi itani himmat huee ki usase pnkha jhalane ko kahoon. jab main pasine se tar hota hoon aur vahan koee doosara adami nahin hota, to gngoo ap-hi-ap pnkha utha leta hai; lekin usaki mudra se yah bhav spasht prakat hota hai ki mujh par koee ehasan kar raha hai aur main bhi n-jane kyon phauran hi usake hath se pnkha chhin leta hoon. ugr svabhav ka manushy hai. kisi ki bat nahin sah sakata. aise bahut kam adami honge, jinase usaki mitrata ho; par sees aur khidamatagar ke sath baithana shayad vah apamanajanak samajhata hai. mainne use kisi se milate-julate nahin dekha. ashchary yah hai ki use bhng-booti se prem nahin, jo is shreni ke manushyon men ek asadharan gun hai. mainne use kabhi pooja-path karate ya nadi men snan karate nahin dekha. bilakul nirakshar hai; lekin phir bhi vah brahman hai aur chahata hai ki duniya usaki pratishtha tatha seva kare aur kyon n chahe ? jab purakhon ki paida ki huee sampatti par aj bhi log adhikar jamaye hue hain aur usi shan se, mano khud paida kiye hon, to vah kyon us pratishtha aur samman ko tyag de, jo usake purukhaon ne snchay kiya tha ? yah usaki bapauti hai. mera svabhav kuchh is tarah ka hai ki apane naukaron se bahut kam bolata hoon. main chahata hoon, jab tak main khud n bulaoon, koee mere pas n aye. mujhe yah achchha nahin lagata ki jara-si baton ke lie naukaron ko avaz deta phiroon. mujhe apane hath se surahi se pani undel lena, apana laimp jala lena, apane joote pahan lena ya alamari se koee kitab nikal lena, isase kahin zyada saral maloom hota hai ki hingan aur maikoo ko pukaroon. isase mujhe apani svechchha aur atmavishvas ka bodha hota hai. naukar bhi mere svabhav se parichit ho gaye hain aur bina zaroorat mere pas bahut kam ate hain. isalie ek din jab prat:kal gngoo mere samane akar khada ho gaya to mujhe bahut bura laga. ye log jab ate hain, to peshagi hisab men kuchh mangane ke lie ya kisi doosare naukar ki shikayat karane ke lie. mujhe ye donon hi baten atynt apriy hain. main pahali tarikh ko har ek ka vetan chuka deta hoon aur bich men jab koee kuchh mangata hai, to krodh a jata hai; kaun do-do, char-char rupaye ka hisab rakhata phire. phir jab kisi ko mahine-bhar ki poori majoori mil gayi, to use kya hak hai ki use pandrah din men kharch kar de aur rin ya peshagi ki sharan le, aur shikayaton se to mujhe ghrina hai. main shikayaton ko durbalata ka praman samajhata hoon, ya thakurasuhati ki kshudr cheshta. mainne matha sikodakar kaha, kya bat hai, ‘mainne to tumhen bulaya nahin ?’ gngoo ke tikhe abhimani mukh par aj kuchh aisi namrata, kuchh aisi yachana, kuchh aisa snkoch tha ki main chakit ho gaya. aisa jan pada, vah kuchh javab dena chahata hai; magar shabd nahin mil rahe hain. mainne jara namr hokar kaha, ‘akhir kya bat hai, kahate kyon nahin ? tum janate ho, yah mere tahalane ka samay hai. mujhe der ho rahi hai.‘ gngoo ne nirasha bhare svar men kaha, ‘to ap hava khane jayn, main phir a jaoonga.' yah avastha aur bhi chintajanak thi. is jaldi men to vah ek kshan men apana vrittant kah sunayega. vah janata hai ki mujhe zyada avakash nahin hai. doosare avasar par to dusht ghanton royega. mere kuchh likhane-padhane ko to vah shayad kuchh kam samajhata ho; lekin vichar ko, jo mere lie sabase kathin sadhana hai, vah mere vishram ka samay samajhata hai. vah usi vakt akar mere sir par savar ho jayaga. mainne nirdayata ke sath kaha, ‘kya kuchh peshagi mangane aye ho ? main peshagi nahin deta.' 'ji nahin sarakar, mainne to kabhi peshagi nahin manga.' 'to kya kisi ki shikayat karana chahate ho ? mujhe shikayaton se ghrina hai.' 'ji nahin sarakar, mainne to kabhi kisi ki shikayat nahin ki.' gngoo ne apana dil mazaboot kiya. usaki akriti se spasht jhalak raha tha, mano vah koee chhalang marane ke lie apani sari shaktiyon ko ekatr kar raha ho. aur ladakhadati huee avaz men bola, ‘mujhe ap chhutti de den. ‘main apaki naukari ab n kar sakoonga.’ yah is tarah ka pahala prastav tha, jo mere kanon men pada. mere atmabhiman ko chot lagi. main jab apane ko manushyata ka putala samajhata hoon, apane naukaron ko kabhi katu-vachan nahin kahata, apane svamitv ko yathasadhy myan men rakhane ki cheshta karata hoon, tab main is prastav par kyon n vismit ho jata ! kathor svar men bola, ‘kyon, kya shikayat hai ? 'apane to huzoor, jaisa achchha svabhav paya hai, vaisa kya koee payega; lekin bat aisi a padi hai ki ab main apake yahan nahin rah sakata. aisa n ho ki pichhe se koee bat ho jay, to apaki badanami ho. main nahin chahata ki meri vajah se apaki abaroo men batta lage.' mere dil men ulajhan paida huee. jigyasa ki agni prachand ho gayi. atmasamarpan ke bhav se baramade men padi huee kursi par baithakar bola, ‘tum to paheliyan bujhava rahe ho. saph-saph kyon nahin kahate, kya mamala hai ?’ gngoo ne badi namrata se kaha, ‘bat yah hai ki vah stri, jo abhi vidhava-ashram se nikal di gayi hai, vah gomati devi ... vah chup ho gaya. mainne adhir hokar kaha, ‘han, nikal di gayi hai, to phir ? tumhari naukari se usase kya sambandh ?’ gngoo ne jaise apane sir ka bhari bojh zamin par patak diya -- 'main usase byah karana chahata hoon babooji !' main vismay se usaka munh takane laga. yah purane vicharon ka ponga brahman jise nayi sabhyata ki hava tak n lagi, us kulata se vivah karane ja raha hai, jise koee bhala adami apane ghar men qadam bhi n rakhane dega. gomati ne muhalle ke shant vatavaran men thodi-si halachal paida kar di. kee sal pahale vah vidhavashram men ayi thi. tin bar ashram ke karmachariyon ne usaka vivah kara diya tha, par har bar vah mahine-pandrah din ke bad bhag ayi thi. yahan tak ki ashram ke mantri ne abaki bar use ashram se nikal diya tha. tab se vah isi muhalle men ek kothari lekar rahati thi aur sare muhalle ke shohadon ke lie manornjan ka kendr bani huee thi. mujhe gngoo ki saralata par krodh bhi aya aur daya bhi. is gadho ko sari duniya men koee stri hi n milati thi, jo isase byah karane ja raha hai. jab vah tin bar patiyon ke pas se bhag ayi, to isake pas kitane din rahegi ? koee ganth ka poora adami hota, to ek bat bhi thi. shayad sal-chh: mahine tik jati. yah to nipat ankh ka andha hai. ek saptah bhi to nibah n hoga. mainne chetavani ke bhav se poochha, ‘tumhen is stri ki jivan-katha maloom hai?’ gngoo ne ankhon-dekhi bat ki tarah kaha, ‘sab jhooth hai sarakar, logon ne hakanahak usako badanam kar diya hai.‘ 'kya kahate ho, vah tin bar apane patiyon ke pas se nahin bhag ayi ?' 'un logon ne use nikal diya, to kya karati ?' 'kaise budhdoo adami ho ! koee itani door se akar vivah karake le jata hai, hajaron rupaye kharch karata hai, isilie ki aurat ko nikal de ?' gngoo ne bhavukata se kaha, ‘jahan prem nahin hai huzoor, vahan koee stri nahin rah sakati. stri keval roti-kapada hi nahin chahati, kuchh prem bhi to chahati hai. ve log samajhate honge ki hamane ek vidhava se vivah karake usake oopar koee bahut bada ehasan kiya hai. chahate honge ki tan-man se vah unaki ho jay, lekin doosare ko apana banane ke lie pahale ap usaka ban jana padata hai huzoor. yah bat hai. phir use ek bimari bhi hai. use koee bhoot laga hua hai. yah kabhi-kabhi bak-jhak karane lagati hai aur behosh ho jati hai.’ 'aur tum aisi stri se vivah karoge ?' mainne sndigdh bhav se sir hilakar kaha, samajh lo, jivan kadava ho jayaga.’ gngoo ne shahidon ke-se avesh se kaha, ‘main to samajhata hoon, meri zindagi ban jayagi babooji, age bhagavanh ki marji !’ mainne zor dekar poochha, ‘to tumane tay kar liya hai ?’ 'han, huzoor.' 'to main tumhara istipha mnjoor karata hoon.' main nirarthak roodhiyon aur vyarth ke bandhanon ka das nahin hoon; lekin jo adami ek dushta se vivah kare, use apane yahan rakhana vastav men jatil samasya thi. aye-din tante-bakhede honge, nayi-nayi ulajhanen paida hongi, kabhi pulis daud lekar ayegi, kabhi mukadame khade honge. sambhav hai, chori ki varadaten bhi hon. is daladal se door rahana hi achchha. gngoo kshudha-pidit prani ki bhanti roti ka tukada dekhakar usaki or lapak raha hai. roti joothi hai, sookhi huee hai, khane yogy nahin hai, isaki use paravah nahin; usako vichar-buddhi se kam lena kathin tha. mainne use prithakh kar dene hi men apani kushal samajhi. 2 panch mahine gujar gaye. gngoo ne gomati se vivah kar liya tha aur usi muhalle men ek khaparail ka makan lekar rahata tha. vah ab chat ka khoncha lagakar gujar-basar karata tha. mujhe jab kabhi bazar men mil jata, to main usaka kshem-kushal poochhata. mujhe usake jivan se vishesh anurag ho gaya tha. yah ek samajik prashn ki pariksha thi samajik hi nahin, manovaigyanik bhi. main dekhana chahata tha, isaka parinam kya hota hai. main gngoo ko sadaiv prasann-mukh dekhata. samriddhi aur nishchintata ke mukh par jo ek tej aur svabhav men jo ek atm-samman paida ho jata hai, vah mujhe yahan pratyaksh dikhayi deta tha. rupaye-bis-ane ki roj bikri ho jati thi. isamen lagat nikalakar ath-das ane bach jate the. yahi usaki jivika thi; kintu isamen kisi devata ka varadan tha; kyonki is varg ke manushyon men jo nirlajjata aur vipannata payi jati hai, isaka vahan chihn tak n tha. usake mukh par atm-vikas aur anand ki jhalak thi, jo chitt ki shanti se hi a sakati hai. ek din mainne suna ki gomati gngoo ke ghar se bhag gayi hai ! kah nahin sakata, kyon ? mujhe is khabar se ek vichitr anand hua. mujhe gngoo ke sntusht aur sukhi jivan par ek prakar kirh eershya hoti thi. main usake vishay men kisi anisht ki, kisi ghatak anarth ki, kisi lajjaspad ghatana ki pratiksha karata tha. is khabar se eershya ko santvana mili. akhir vahi bat huee, jisaka mujhe vishvas tha. akhir bachcha ko apani adooradarshita ka dand bhogana pada. ab dekhen, bacha kaise munh dikhate hain. ab ankhen khulengi aur maloom hoga ki log, jo unhen is vivah se rok rahe the, unake kaise shubhachintak the. us vakt to aisa maloom hota tha, mano apako koee durlabh padarth mila ja raha ho. mano mukti ka dvar khul gaya hai. logon ne kitana kaha, ki yah stri vishvas ke yogy nahin hai, kitanon ko daga de chuki hai, tumhare sath bhi daga karegi; lekin in kanon par joon tak n rengi. ab milen, to jara unaka mizaj poochhoon. kahoon kyon maharaj, deviji ka yah varadan pakar prasann hue ya nahin ? tum to kahate the, vah aisi hai aur vaisi hai, log us par keval durbhavana ke karan dosh aropit karate hain. ab batalao, kisaki bhool thi ? usi din snyogavash gngoo se bazar men bhent ho gayi. ghabaraya hua tha, badahavas tha, bilakul khoya hua. mujhe dekhate hi usaki ankhon men ansoo bhar aye, lajja se nahin, vyatha se. mere pas akar bola, ‘babooji, gomati ne mere sath vishvasaghat kiya.‘ mainne kutil anand se, lekin kritrim sahanubhooti dikhakar kaha, ‘tumase to mainne pahale hi kaha tha; lekin tum mane hi nahin, ab sabr karo. isake siva aur kya upay hai. rupaye-paise le gayi ya kuchh chhod gayi ?’ gngoo ne chhati par hath rakha. aisa jan pada, mano mere is prashn ne usake hriday ko vidirn kar diya. 'are babooji, aisa n kahie, usane dhele ki bhi chiz nahin chhuee. apana jo kuchh tha, vah bhi chhod gayi. n-jane mujhamen kya buraee dekhi. main usake yogy n tha aur kya kahoon. vah padhi-likhi thi, main kariya akshar bhains barabar. mere sath itane din rahi, yahi bahut tha. kuchh din aur usake sath rah jata, to adami ban jata. usaka apase kahan tak bakhan karoon huzoor. auron ke lie chahe jo kuchh rahi ho, mere lie to kisi devata ka ashirvad thi. n-jane mujhase kya aisi khata ho gayi. magar kasam le lijie, jo usake mukh par mail tak aya ho. meri aukat hi kya hai babooji ! das-barah ane ka majoor hoon; par isi men usake hathon itani barakkat thi ki kabhi kami nahin padi.' mujhe in shabdon se ghor nirasha huee. mainne samajha tha, vah usaki bevaphaee ki katha kahega aur main usaki andh-bhakti par kuchh sahanubhooti prakat karoonga; magar us moorkh ki ankhen ab tak nahin khulin. ab bhi usi ka mantr padh raha hai. avashy hi isaka chitt kuchh avyavasthit hai. mainne kutil parihas arambh kiya- ‘to tumhare ghar se kuchh nahin le gayi ? 'kuchh bhi nahin babooji, dhele  ki bhi chiz nahin.' 'aur tumase prem bhi bahut karati thi ?' 'ab apase kya kahoon babooji, vah prem to marate dam tak yad rahega.' 'phir bhi tumhen chhodakar chali gayi ?' 'yahi to ashchary hai babooji !' 'triya-charitr ka nam kabhi suna hai ?' 'are babooji, aisa n kahie. meri gardan par koee chhuri rakh de, to bhi main usaka yash hi gaoonga.' 'to phir dhoondh nikalo !' 'han, malik. jab tak use dhoondh n laoonga, mujhe chain n ayega. mujhe itana maloom ho jay ki vah kahan hai, phir to main use le hi aoonga; aur babooji, mera dil kahata hai ki vah ayegi zaroor. dekh lijiega. vah mujhase roothakar nahin gayi; lekin dil nahin manata. jata hoon, mahine-do-mahine jngal, pahad ki dhool chhanoonga. jita raha, to phir apake darshan karoonga.' yah kahakar vah unmad ki dasha men ek taraph chal diya. 3 isake bad mujhe ek zaroorat se nainital jana pada. sair karane ke lie nahin. ek mahine ke bad lauta, aur abhi kapade bhi n utarane paya tha ki dekhata hoon, gngoo ek navajat shishu ko god men liye khada hai. shayad krishn ko pakar nand bhi itane pulakit n hue honge. maloom hota tha, usake rom-rom se anand phoota padata hai. chehare aur ankhon se kritgyta aur shraddha ke rag-se nikal rahe the. kuchh vahi bhav tha, jo kisi kshudha-pidit bhikshuk ke chehare par bharapet bhojan karane ke bad najar ata hai. mainne poochha- kaho maharaj, gomatidevi ka kuchh pata laga, tum to bahar gaye the ? gngoo ne ape men n samate hue javab diya, ‘han babooji, apake ashirvad se dhoondh laya. lakhanoo ke janane aspatal men mili. yahan ek saheli se kah gayi thi ki agar vah bahut ghabarayen to batala dena. main sunate hi lakhanoo bhaga aur use ghasit laya. ghate men yah bachcha bhi mil gaya. usane bachche ko uthakar meri taraph badhaya. mano koee khiladi tamaga pakar dikha raha ho.‘ mainne upahas ke bhav se poochha, ‘achchha, yah ladaka bhi mil gaya ? shayad isilie vah yahan se bhagi thi. hai to tumhara hi ladaka ?’ 'mera kahe ko hai babooji, apaka hai, bhagavanh ka hai.' 'to lakhanoo men paida hua ?' 'han babooji, abhi to kul ek mahine ka hai.' 'tumhare byah hue kitane din hue ?' 'yah satavan mahina ja raha hai.' 'to shadi ke chhathe mahine paida hua ?' 'aur kya babooji.' 'phir bhi tumhara ladaka hai ?' 'han, ji.' 'kaisi be-sir-pair ki bat kar rahe ho ?' maloom nahin, vah mera ashay samajh raha tha, ya ban raha tha. usi nishkapat bhav se bola, marate-marate bachi, babooji naya janam hua. tin din, tin rat chhatapatati rahi. kuchh n poochhie. mainne ab jara vyngy-bhav se kaha, lekin chh: mahine men ladaka hote aj hi suna. yah chot nishane par ja baithi. muskarakar bola, ‘achchha, vah bat ! mujhe to usaka dhyan bhi nahin aya. isi bhay se to gomati bhagi thi. mainne kaha, ‘gomati, agar tumhara man mujhase nahin milata, to tum mujhe chhod do. main abhi chala jaoonga aur phir kabhi tumhare pas n aoonga. tumako jab kuchh kam pade to mujhe likhana, main bharasak tumhari madad karoonga. mujhe tumase kuchh malal nahin hai. meri ankhon men tum ab bhi utani hi bhali ho. ab bhi main tumhen utana hi chahata hoon. nahin, ab main tumhen aur zyada chahata hoon; lekin agar tumhara man mujhase phir nahin gaya hai, to mere sath chalo. gngoo jite-ji tumase bevaphaee nahin karega. mainne tumase isalie vivah nahin kiya ki tum devi ho; balki isalie ki main tumhen chahata tha aur sochata tha ki tum bhi mujhe chahati ho. yah bachcha mera bachcha hai. mera apana bachcha hai. mainne ek boya hua khet liya, to kya usaki phasal ko isalie chhod doonga, ki use kisi doosare ne boya tha ? yah kahakar usane zor se thattha mara. main kapade utarana bhool gaya. kah nahin sakata, kyon meri ankhen sajal ho gayin. n-jane vah kaun-si shakti thi, jisane meri manogat ghrina ko dabakar mere hathon ko badha diya. mainne us nishkalnk balak ko god men le liya aur itane pyar se usaka chumban liya ki shayad apane bachchon ka bhi n liya hoga. gngoo bola, ‘babooji, ap bade sajjan hain. main gomati se bar-bar apaka bakhan kiya karata hoon. kahata hoon, chal, ek bar unake darshan kar a; lekin mare laj ke ati hi nahin.‘ main aur sajjan ! apani sajjanata ka parda aj meri ankhon se hata. mainne bhakti se doobe hue svar men kaha, ‘nahin ji, mere-jaise kalushit manushy ke pas vah kya ayegi. chalo, main unake darshan karane chalata hoon. tum mujhe sajjan samajhate ho ? main oopar se sajjan hoon; par dil ka kamina hoon. asali sajjanata tumamen hai. aur yah balak vah phool hai, jisase tumhari sajjanata ki mahak nikal rahi hai. main bachche ko chhati se lagaye hue gngoo ke sath chala.

tika tippani aur sndarbh


bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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