प्रतिज्ञा -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pratigya -premachnd
pratigya upanyas ka avaran prishth
lekhak munshi premachnd
mool shirshak pratigya
prakashak dayamnd paauket buks
prakashan tithi 1904
ISBN 81-7182-620-2
desh bharat
prishth: 167
bhasha hindi
vishay samajik, yatharthavadi
prakar upanyas

premachand krit upanyas, jisaka prakashan 1904 ee. ke lagabhag hua tha.

vidhava samasya

‘pratigya’ upanyas visham paristhitiyon men ghut-ghutakar ji rahi bharatiy nari ki vivashataon aur niyati ka sajiv chitran hai. ‘pratigya’ ka nayak vidhur amritaray kisi vidhava se shadi karana chahata hai taki kisi navayauvana ka jivan nasht n ho. nayika poorna ashrayahin vidhava hai. samaj ke bhookhe bhediye usake snchay ko todana chahate hain. upanyas men premachnd ne vidhava samasya ko naye roop men prastut kiya hai evn vikalp bhi sujhaya hai.

vishesh

isi pustak men premachnd ka antim aur apoorn upanyas ‘mngalasootr’ bhi hai. isaka thoda-bahut ansh hi ve likh pae the. yah ‘godan’ ke turnt bad ki kriti hai. jisamen lekhak apani shaktiyon ke charamotkarsh par tha.

kathanak

premachand krit upanyas (pr.1904 ee. ke lagabhag) 'pratigya' men lala badariprasad aur devaki, pandit basntakumar aur poorna ke parivaron, vidhur amritaray aur dananath ki katha hai aur premachandr ne vidhava nari ki samasya uthaee hai. lala badariprasad ki ek putri prema aur ek putr kamalaprasad tatha putravadhoo sumitra hain. amritaray aur dananath ghanishth mitr hai. aur prema se prem karate hai. prema amritaray ki sali hai. amritaray amaranath ka bhashan sunakar prema se vivah n kar kisi vidhava se vivah karane ki pratigya karate tatha apana jivan nissahay vidhavaon ki sahayata ke lie arpit kar dete hain. prema ka pita usaka vivah dananath ke sath kar deta hai, yadyapi prema aur amritaray ek-doosare ko apane-apane hriday men sthan diye rahate hain. prema patni ke roop men apane karttavy-path se vichalit n hokar pativrat dharm ka palan karati hai. gnga men doob jane ke karan basntakumar ki mrityu ho jane ke uparant usaki patni poorna prema ke pita lala badariprasad ke yahan akar rahane lagati hai, kintu kripan aur durachari tatha vilasi kamalaprasad apani patni sumitra se udasin rahane ke karan ab poorna ko apane premajal men phansane ki cheshta men rat rahata hai aur sath hi amritaray ki nari-sahayata sambandhi yojanaon ka virodh karata hai. dananath bhi apane mitr ka virodh karata hai-apane prati prema ke prem ki pariksha karane ke lie. prema yadyapi apane pativrat men koee antar nahin ane deti kintu usaki sahanubhooti poornat: amritaray ki sahayata bhi karati hai. udhar ek din kamalaprasad poorna ko apane bag men le jakar balatkar karane ki cheshta karane men usake dvara ghayal hota hai. poorna amritaray ke ashram men chali jati hai. kamalaprasad sudharakar apana duracharan chhod deta hai aur sumitra ke sath sukhapoorvak rahane lagata hai. amritaray ne ashram ke lie jivan arpit kar apani pratigya poorn ki.

samaj-sudhar sambandhi drishtikon

upanyas men premachand ka samaj-sudhar sambandhi drishtikon aur ary-samaj ka prabhav milata hai. kala ki drishti se vah utkrisht koti ki rachana nahin hai.

pratigya upanyas
bhag-1 | bhag-2 | bhag-3 | bhag-4 | bhag-5 | bhag-6 | bhag-7 | bhag-8 | bhag-9 | bhag-10 | bhag-11 | bhag-12 | bhag-13 | bhag-14 | bhag-15 | bhag-16 | bhag-17 | bhag-18

tika tippani aur sndarbh

dhirendr, varma “bhag- 2 par adharit”, hindi sahity kosh (hindi), 346.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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