शंखनाद -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

bhanu chaudhari apane ganv ke mukhiya the. ganv men unaka bada man tha. daroga ji unhen tat bina zamin par n baithane dete. mukhiya sahab ki aisi dhak bndhi huee thi ki unaki maraji bina ganv men ek patta bhi nahin hil sakata tha. koee ghatana, chahe vah sas-bahoo ka vivad ho, chahe mend ya khet ka jhagada, chaudhari sahab ke shasanadhikar ko poornaroop se sachet karane ke lie kafi thi, vah turnt ghatanasthal par ja pahunchate, tahakikat hone lagati, gavah aur saboot ke siva kisi abhiyog ko saphalata sahit chalane men jin baton ki zaroorat hoti hai, un sab par vichar hota aur chaudhari ji ke darabar se phaisala ho jata. kisi ko adalat jane ki zaroorat n padati. han, is kasht ke lie chaudhari sahab kuchh phis zaroor lete the. yadi kisi avasar par phis milane men asuvidha ke karan unhen dhiraj se kam lena padata to ganv men aphat mach jati thi; kyonki unake dhiraj aur daroga ji ke krodh men koee ghanishth snbndh tha. saransh yah ki chaudhari se unake dost-dushman sabhi chaukanne rahate the.

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chaudhari mahashay ke tin suyogy putr the. bade ladake bitan ek sushikshit manushy the. dakiye ke rajistar par dastakhat kar lete the. bade anubhavi, bade marmgy, bade niti-kushal. mirjee ki jagah kamij pahanate, kabhi-kabhi sigaret bhi pite, jisase unaka gaurav badhata tha. yadyapi unake ye durvyasan boodhe chaudhari ko napasnd the, par bechare vivash the; kyonki adalat aur qanoon ke mamale bitan ke hathon men the. vah qanoon ka putala tha. qanoon ki daphaen usaki jaban par rakhi rahati thin. gavah gadhane men vah poora ustad tha. majhale ladake shan chaudhari krishi-vibhag ke adhikari the. bu़ddhi ke mnd; lekin sharir se bade parishrami. jahan ghas n jamati ho, vahan kesar jama den. tisare ladake ka nam guman tha. vah bada rasik, sath hi uddnd bhi tha. muharram men dhol itane joron se bajata ki kan ke parde phat jate. machhali phnsane ka bada shaukin tha. bada rngila javan tha. khnjadi baja-bajakar jab vah mithe svar se khyal gata, to rng jam jata. use dngal ka aisa shauq tha ki koson tak dhava marata; par gharavale kuchh aise shushk the ki usake in vyasanon se tanik bhi sahanubhooti n rakhate the. pita aur bhaiyon ne to use oosar khet samajh rakha tha. ghudaki-dhamaki, shiksha aur upadesh, sneh aur vinay, kisi ka us par kuchh bhi asar n hua. han, bhavajen abhi tak usaki or se nirash n huee thin. ve abhi tak use kadavi davaiyan pilaye jati thin; par alasy vah raj rog hai jisaka rogi kabhi nahin snbhalata. aisa koee birala hi din jata hoga ki banke guman ko bhavajon ke katu vaky n sunane padate hon. ye vishaile shar kabhi-kabhi usake kathor hriday men chubh jate; kintu yah ghav rat bhar se adhik n rahata. bhor hote hi thakan ke sath hi yah pida bhi shant ho jati. tadaka hua, usane hath-munh dhoya, bnshi uthayi aur talab ki or chal khada hua. bhavajen phoolon ki varsha kiya karatin; boodhe chaudhari paintare badalate rahate aur bhaee log tikhi nigah se dekha karate, par apani dhun ka poora banka guman un logon ke bich se is tah akadata chala jata, jaise koee mast hathi kutton ke bich se nikal jata hai. use sumarg par lane ke lie kya-kya upay nahin kiye gaye. bap samajhata-beta aisi rah chalo jisamen tumhen bhi paise milen aur grihasthi ka bhi nirvah ho. bhaiyon ke bharose kab tak rahoge ? main paka am hoon-aj tapak pada ya kal. phir tumhara nibah kaise hoga ? bhaee bat bhi n poochhenge; bhavajon ka rng dekh hi rahe ho. tumhare bhi ladake-bale hain, unaka bhar kaise snbhaloge ? kheti men ji n lage, kaho kanstibali men bharati kara doon ? banka guman khada-khada yah sab sunata, lekin patthar ka devata tha, kabhi n pasijata. in mahashay ke atyachar ka dnd unaki stri bechari ko bhogana padata tha. mehanat ke ghar ke jitane kam hote, ve usi ke sir thope jate. upale pathati, kuen se pani lati, ata pisati aur tis par bhi jethaniyan sidhe munh bat n karatin, vaky-banon se chheda karatin. ek bar jab vah pati se kee din roothi rahi, to banke guman kuchh narm hue. bap se ja kar bole-mujhe koee dookan kholava dijie. chaudhari ne paramatma ko dhanyavad diya. phoole n samaye. kee sau rupaye laga kar kapade ki dookan khulava di. guman ke bhag jage. tanajeb ke chunnatadar kurate banavaye, malamal ka safa dhani rng men rngavaya. sauda bike ya n bike, use labh hi hona tha ! dookan khuli huee hai, das-panch gadhe mitr jame hue hain, charas ki dam aur khyal ki tanen ud rahi hain-

chal jhatapat ri, jamuna-tat ri, khado natakhat ri.

is tarah tin mahine chain se kate. banke guman ne khoob dil khol kar araman nikale, yahan tak ki sari lagat labh ho gayi. tat ke tukade़ ke siva aur kuchh n bacha. boodhe chaudhari kuen men girane chale, bhavajon ne ghor andolan machaya-are ram ! hamare bachche aur ham chithadon ko tarasen, gadhe़ ka ek kurata bhi nasib n ho, aur itani badi dookan is nikhattoo ka kafan ban gayi. ab kaun munh dikhayega ? kaun munh le kar ghar men pair rakhega ? kintu banke guman ke tevar jara bhi maile n hue. vahi munh liye vah phir ghar aya aur phir vahi purani chal chalane laga. qanoonadan bitan unake ye that-bat dekh kar jal jata. main sare din pasina bahaoon, mujhe nainasukh ka kurata bhi n mile, yah apahij sare din charapaee tode aur yon ban-than kar nikale ? aise vastr to shayad mujhe apane byah men bhi n mile honge. mithe shan ke hriday men bhi kuchh aise hi vichar uthate the. ant men yah jalan n sahi gayi, aur agni bhadaki, to ek din qanoonadan bitan ki patni guman ke sare kapade utha layi aur un par mitti ka tel undel kar ag laga di. jvala uthi, sare kapade dekhate-dekhate jal kar rakh ho gaye. guman rote the. donon bhaee khade tamasha dekhate the. boodhe chaudhari ne yah drishy dekha, aur sir pit liya. yah dveshagni hai. ghar ko jala kar tab bujhegi.

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yah jvala to thodi der men shant ho gayi, parntu hriday ki ag jyon ki tyon dahakati rahi. ant men ek din boodhe chaudhari ne ghar ke sab membaron ko ekatr kiya aur is goodh vishay par vichar karane lage ki beda kaise par ho. bitan se bole-beta, tumane aj dekha ki bat ki bat men saikadon rupayon par pani phir gaya. ab is tarah nirvah hona asambhav hai. tum samajhadar ho, mukadame-mamale karate ho, koee aisi rah nikalo ki ghar doobane se bache. main to yah chahata tha ki jab tak chola rahe, sabako samete rahoon, magar bhagavanh ke man men kuchh aur hi hai.

bitan ki nitikushalata apani chatur sahagamini ke samane lupt ho jati thi. vah abhi usaka uttar soch hi rahe the ki shrimati ji bol uthin-dada ji ! ab samujhane-bujhane se kam n chalega, sahate-sahate hamara kaleja pak gaya. bete ki jitani pir bap ko hogi, bhaiyon ko utani kya, usaki adhi bhi nahin ho sakati. main to saf kahati hoon-guman ka tumhari kamaee men hak hai, unhen knchan ke kaur khilao aur chandi ke hindole men jhulao. hamamen n itana boota hai, n itana kaleja. ham apani jhonpadi alag bana lenge. han, jo kuchh hamara ho, vah hamako milana chahie. bant-bakhara kar dijie. bala se char adami hnsenge, ab kahan tak duniya ki laj dhoven ?

nitigy bitan par is prabal vaktrita ka jo asar hua vah unake vikasit aur pramudit chehare se jhalak raha tha. unamen svayn itana sahas n tha ki is prastav ko itani spashtata se vyakt kar sakate. nitigy mahashay gnbhirata se bole-jayadad mushtaraka, mankoola ya gairamankoola, apake hin-hayat takasim ki ja sakati hai, isaki najiren maujood hain. zamindar ko sakitulamilkiyat karane ka koee istahaqaq nahin hai.

ab mndabuddhi shan ki bari ayi, par bechara kisan, bailon ke pichhe ankhen bnd karake chalanevala, aise goodh vishay par kaise munh kholata. duvidha men pada hua tha. tab usaki satyavakta dharmapatni ne apani jethani ka anusaran kar yah kathin kary sampann kiya. boli-badi bahan ne jo kuchh kaha, usake siva aur doosara upay nahin. koee to kaleja tod-tod kar kamaye magar paise-paise ko tarase, tan dhankane ko vastr tak n mile, aur koee sukh ki nind soye, hath badha-badha ke khay ! aisi andher nagari men ab hamara nibah n hoga.

shan chaudhari ne bhi is prastav ka muktaknth se anumodan kiya. ab boodhe chaudhari guman se bole-kyon beta, tumhen bhi yahi mnjoor hai ? abhi kuchh nahin bigada. yah ag ab bhi bujh sakati hai. kam sabako pyara hai, cham kisi ko nahin. bolo, kya kahate ho ? kuchh kam-dhndha karoge ya abhi ankhen nahin khulin ?

guman men dhairy ki kami n thi. baton ko is kan se sun kar us kan se uda dena usaka nity-karm tha. kintu bhaiyon ki is jan-muridi par use krodh a gaya. bola-bhaiyon ki jo ichchha hai, vahi mere man men bhi lagi huee hai. main bhi is jnjal se bhagana chahata hoon. mujhase n majoori huee, n hogi. jisake bhagy men chakki pisana bada ho, vah pise ! mere bhagy men chain karana likha hai, main kyon apana sir okhali men doon ? main to kisi se kam karane ko nahin kahata. ap log kyon mere pichhe pade hue hain. apani-apani fikr kijie. mujhe adh ser ate ki kami nahin hai.

is tarah ki sabhaen kitani hi bar ho chuki thin, parntu is desh ki samajik aur rajanitik sabhaon ki tarah isamen bhi koee prayojan siddh nahin hota tha. do-tin din guman ne ghar par khana nahin khaya. jatanasinh thakur shaukin adami the, unhin ki chaupal men pada rahata. ant men boodhe़ chaudhari gaye aur mana ke laye. ab phir vah purani gadi adati, machalati, hilati chalane lagi.

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pande ke ghar ke choohon ki tarah, chaudhari ke ghar men bachche bhi sayane the. unake lie ghode mitti ke ghode aur naven kagaz ki naven thin. phalon ke vishay men unaka gyan asim tha, goolar aur jngali ber ke siva koee aisa phal n tha, jise ve bimariyon ka ghar n samajhate hon, lekin guradin ke khonche men aisa prabal akarshan tha ki usaki lalakar sunate hi unaka sara gyan vyarth ho jata tha. sadharan bachchon ki tarah yadi sote bhi hon, to chaunk padate the. guradin us ganv men saptahik phere lagata tha. usake shubhagaman ki pratiksha aur akanksha men kitane hi balakon ko bina kindaragartan ki rngin goliyon ke hi, snkhyaen aur dinon ke nam yad ho gaye the. guradin boodha-sa, maila-kuchaila adami tha; kintu as-pas men usaka nam upadravi ladakon ke lie hanuman-mntr se kam n tha. usaki avaz sunate hi usake khonche par ladakon ka aisa dhava hota ki makkhiyon ki asnkhy sena ko bhi ran-sthal se bhagana padata tha. aur jahan bachchon ke lie mithaiyan thin, vahan guradin ke pas mataon ke lie isase bhi zyada mithi baten thin. man kitana hi mana karati rahe, bar-bar paisa n rahane ka bahana kare par guradin chatapat mithaiyon ka dona bachchon ke hath men rakh hi deta aur snehapoorn bhav se kahata-bahoo ji, paison ki koee chinta n karo, phir milate rahenge, kahin bhage thode़ hi jate hain. narayan ne tumako bachche diye hain, to mujhe bhi unaki nyochhavar mil jati hai, unhin ki badaulat mere bal-bachche bhi jite hain. abhi kya, eeshvar inaka maur to dikhave, phir dekhana kaisa thanagan karata hoon.

guradin ka yah vyavahar chahe vanijy-niyamon ke pratikool hi kyon n ho, chahe ‘nau nagad sahi, terah udhar nahin’ vali kahavat anubhavasiddh hi kyon n ho, kintu mishtabhashi guradin ko kabhi apane is vyavahar par pachhatane ya usamen snshodhan karane ki zaroorat nahin huee.

mngal ka shubh din tha. bachche badi bechaini se apane daravajon par khade guradin ki rah dekh rahe the. kee utsahi ladake pedon par chadh gaye aur koee-koee anurag se vivash ho kar ganv ke bahar nikal gaye the. soory bhagavanh apana sunahala thal lie poorab se pashchim ja pahunche the, itane men hi guradin ata hua dikhayi diya. ladakon ne daudakar usaka daman pakada aur apas men khinchatani hone lagi. koee kahata tha mere ghar chalo; koee apane ghar ka nyota deta tha. sabase pahale bhanu chaudhari ka makan pada. guradin ne apana khoncha utar diya. mithaiyon ki loot shuroo ho gayi. balakon aur striyon ka thatth lag gaya. harsh aur vishad, sntosh aur lobh, eershya aur kshobh, dvesh aur jalan ki natyashala saj gayi. qanoonadan bitan ki patni apane tinon ladakon ko liye hue nikali. shan ki patni bhi apane donon ladakon ke sath upasthit huee. guradin ne mithi baten karani shuroo kin. paise jholi men rakhe, dhele ki mithaee di aur dhele ka ashirvad. ladake done lie uchhalate-koodate ghar men dakhil hue. agar sare ganv men koee aisa balak tha jisane guradin ki udarata se labh uthaya ho, to vah banke guman ka ladaka dhan tha.

yah kathin tha ki balak dhan apane bhaiyon-bahanon ko hns-hns aur uchhal-uchhal kar mithaiyan khate dekh kar sabr kar jay ! us par turra yah ki ve use mithaiyan dikha-dikha kar lalachate aur chidhate the. bechara dhan chikhata aur apani mata ka anchal pakad-pakad kar daravaze ki taraph khinchata tha; par vah abala kya kare. usaka hriday bachche ke lie ainth-ainth kar rah jata tha. usake pas ek paisa bhi nahin tha. apane durbhagy par, jethaniyon ki nishthurata par aur sabase zyada apane pati ke nikhattoopan par kudh-kudh kar rah jati thi. apana adami aisa nikamma n hota, to kyon doosaron ka munh dekhana padata, kyon doosaron ke dhakke khane padate ? usane dhan ko god men utha liya aur pyar se dilasa dene lagi-beta, roo mat, abaki guradin avega to tumhen bahut-si mithaee le doongi, main isase achchhi mithaee bazar se mngava doongi, tum kitani mithaee khaoge ! yah kahate-kahate usaki ankhe bhar ayin. ah ! yah manahoos mngal aj hi phir avega, aur phir ye hi bahane karane padenge ! hay, apana pyara bachcha dhele ki mithaee ko tarase aur ghar men kisi ka patthar-sa kaleja n pasije ! vah bechari to in chintaon men doobi huee thi aur dhan kisi tarah chup hi n hota tha. jab kuchh vash n chala, to man ki god se zamin par utar kar lotane laga aur ro-ro kar duniya sir par utha li. man ne bahut bahalaya, phusalaya, yahan tak ki use bachche ke is hath par krodh bhi a gaya. manav hriday ke rahasy kabhi samajh men nahin ate. kahan to bachche ko pyar se chipatati thi, aisi jhallayi ki use do-tin thappad zor se lagaye aur ghudak kar boli-chup rah abhage ! tera hi munh mithaee khane ka hai ? apane din ko nahin rota, mithaee khane chala hai ?

banka guman apani kothari ke dvar par baitha hua yah kautuk bade dhyan se dekh raha tha. vah is bachche ko bahut chahata tha. is vakt ke thappad usake hriday men tej bhale ke saman lage aur chubh gaye. shayad unaka abhipray bhi yahi tha. dhuniya ruee ko dhunane ke lie tant par chot lagata hai.

jis tarah patthar aur pani men ag chhipi rahati hai, usi tarah manushy ke hriday men bhi, chahe vah kaisa hi kroor aur kathor kyon n ho, utkrisht aur komal bhav chhipe rahate hain. guman ki ankhen bhar ayin. ansoo ki boonden bahudha hamare hriday ki malinata ko ujjval kar deti hain. guman sachet ho gaya. usane ja kar bachche ko god men utha liya aur apani patni se karunotpadak svar men bola-bachche par itana krodh kyon karati ho ? tumhara doshi main hoon, mujhako jo dnd chaho, do. paramatma ne chaha to kal se log is ghar men mera aur mere bal-bachchon ka bhi adar karenge. tumane aj mujhe sada ke lie is tarah jaga diya, mano mere kanon men shnkhanad kar mujhe karm-path men pravesh ka upadesh diya ho.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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